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Dr. S.Rajasundaram

Oncologist, Chennai

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Dr. S.Rajasundaram Oncologist, Chennai
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Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. S.Rajasundaram
Dr. S.Rajasundaram is one of the best Oncologists in Arumbakkam, Chennai. Doctor is currently associated with Appasamy Hospital in Arumbakkam, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. S.Rajasundaram on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Oncologists in India. You will find Oncologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Oncologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#1 & 2, SBI Officers ColonyArumbakkam. Landmark: Near Ford Showroom, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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What to Know About Melanoma

M.D., D.P.H.,
Dermatologist, Secunderabad
What to Know About Melanoma

Melanoma, also referred to as malignant melanoma, is a type of cancer. It evolves from the color or pigment containing cells known as melanocytes. Melanomas normally happen in the skin, yet may once in a while it may happen in the mouth, guts, or eyes as well. In women, it generally happens in the legs, while in men they are most regularly on the back. Sometime a mole may also raise your concern by increasing in size, developing abnormal edges, a change of color or itching and irritability. This may also prompt breakdown of the skin.

Some general facts on melanoma are mentioned below:
1. More than one million new instances of skin cancer or melanoma are analyzed every year.
2. There has been a 2000% increase in rate of melanoma since the year 1930. One out of fifty get affected by this cancer.
3. This is common in young women and causes many deaths.
4. Women below the age of forty are at more risk of getting melanoma than any other kind of cancer such as breast cancer.
5. There has been a high rise in the rate of melanoma from 1970 to 2008. There has been an 800% increase in young women and 400% increase in case of similar aged men.
6. Early recognition makes melanoma treatable. It is screened for growth very minimally.

Primary causes:
Melanomia may be caused primarily due to these causes:

  1. The most primary cause of melanoma is ultraviolet light (UV) in people with a low level of skin pigment. The UV light might be from either the sun or from different sources, for example, tanning devices. Around 25% of cases occur from or in the form of moles. 
  2. Those with numerous moles, presence of the disease in family members and who have poor immunity are at more noteworthy risk to get melanoma. Various uncommon hereditary defects, such as xeroderma pigmentosum increase the risk of melanoma.
  3. The individuals who work on airplanes seem to have an expanded danger, due to more contact with UV rays.
  4. Ultraviolet UVB light of wavelengths between 315 - 280 nm from the sun react with the skin cell DNA and result in a kind of direct DNA harm called cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers (CPDs). 

In order to stay away or avoid melanoma, you should:

  1. Spend less time in direct sunlight and should seek shade.
  2. Avoid the sun at peak hours.
  3. Examine your skin at times for some kind of change.
  4. Keep away from tanning salons.

Melanoma is a dangerous form of cancer and causes a lot of deaths. You should stay away from anything that causes melanoma.

3531 people found this helpful

How serious is Prostrate, what is the stage of must surgery, is there any chance of curing by medicine ?

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Delhi
First of all there is no definite cure for prostatic enlargement as this gland keeps on increasing in size under influence of male hormones. Medicines can halt the progression of size but once you stop medication, the growth of the gland recurs. Similarly surgery can only remove the excessive gland tissue present at that particular time, It won't stop the gland from further growth. So your decision to undergo surgery depends upon control of symptoms by drugs. If the difficulty in urination is relieved by medicines then you don't require surgery. If your problem exists despite medicines then you have to go under the knife.
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What are treatment available for prostate cancer. And suggest his diet. Reason behind.

B.E (Computer Sc. & Engg.), Advanced Strategic Management (APSM), Ayurveda (I) Cert., Doctor of Natural Medicine (N.D/ N.M.D), Integrative Oncology for Physicians (MSKCC, N.Y, USA), Clinically Relevant Herb-Drug Interactions (CME) (Cine-Med Inc. USA), Post Doctoral Research (PhD) (Alternative Medicines)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Bhubaneswar
What are treatment available for prostate cancer. And suggest his diet. Reason behind.
Hi lybrate-user, I appreciate you seeking help. As far as I understand, there is a wide spectrum of diagnostics/ treatment available these days, for cancers of the prostate. I would advise that you visit an expert oncologist specializing in genito-urinary cancers who can clinically evaluate the case and take it forward as would deem appropriate contextually. Simultaneously, please note that an integrative treatment with alternative medicines can improve clinical outcomes too. As regards diet, a healthy and balanced Mediterranean diet and an active lifestyle helps during the treatment. You can connect with relevant details, for the specifics. Hope this helps. Do take care and all the very best.
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What are the effects of painless lumps below the skin? What are natural treatment methods to be​ given at the age of 58 years? Do you consider these are leads to skin cancer?

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
What are the effects of painless lumps below the skin? What are natural treatment methods to be​ given at the age of ...
Most common cause of painless lumps below skin are lipomas, which are not harmful. To confirm you need to consult further for appropriate tests.
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Cervical Cancer Awareness

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Cervical Cancer Awareness
No woman should die of cervical cancer. The most important thing you can do to help prevent cervical cancer is to get screened regularly starting at age 21.

Cervical cancer is highly preventable with regular screening tests and appropriate follow-up care. It also can be cured when found early and treated. Cervical cancer is almost always caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Vaccines are available to protect against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical cancer.
Screening Tests

Two tests can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early—
•The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, which are cell changes on the cervix that might become cervical cancer if they are not treated appropriately.
•The HPV test looks for the virus that can cause these cell changes.

The Pap test is recommended for women between ages 21 and 65, and can be done in a doctor’s office or clinic. Women should start getting Pap tests regularly at age 21. If your Pap test results are normal, your doctor may say you can wait three years until your next Pap test. If you are 30 years old or older, you may choose to have an HPV test along with the Pap test. Both tests can be performed by your doctor at the same time. If your test results are normal, your chance of getting cervical cancer in the next few years is very low. Your doctor may then say you can wait as long as five years for your next screening.

Why does my child need HPV vaccine?

HPV vaccine is important because it protects against cancers caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.HPV infection can cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers in women; penile cancer in men; and anal cancer, cancer of the back of the throat (oropharynx), and genital warts in both men and women.

When should my child be vaccinated?

The HPV vaccine is recommended for preteen boys and girls at age 11 or 12 so they are protected before ever being exposed to the virus. HPV vaccine also produces a more robust immune response during the preteen years. Finally, older teens are less likely to get heath check-ups than preteens. If your teen hasn't gotten the vaccine yet, talk to their doctor or nurse about getting it for them as soon as possible

3 Things Parents Need to Know about Preventing Cancers
The HPV vaccine is given in 3 shots. The second shot is given 1 or 2 months after the first shot. Then a third shot is given 6 months after the first shot.
IN new current concept
Girls between 9-15 years need two doses of Cervical cancer vaccine ( HPV Vaccine) at 6 months apart
After 15 years Three Doses are required at 0 ,6 ,24 months
43 people found this helpful

What are symptoms for cervical cancer and how to prevent it? Is vaccination available for this?

MS ( General Surgery)
Oncologist, Mandsaur
What is cervical cancer? Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus or womb. Persistent HPV infection, usually with certain high-risk types of HPV, can cause abnormal cells to develop on the cervix. Regular Pap tests can detect these abnormal cells at an early stage, when they can usually be treated quickly and easily. Without regular Pap tests the abnormal cells may remain undetected and could develop into cervical cancer, usually over many years. Treatments for cervical cancer can include surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The best way for women to protect themselves against cervical cancer is to have the HPV vaccine when aged 12–13 years, and then have regular Pap tests once they are 18, or 2 years after first sexual contact, whichever comes latest. So women who become sexually active at 21 should have a Pap test at 23. The incidence of cervical cancer is more than two times higher in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women than non-Indigenous women and the mortality rate is five times higher than in non-Indigenous women. Although cervical cancer is the most common type of cancer caused by HPV, the virus is also known to cause vulval, vaginal, anal and mouth/throat cancers in women. What are the risk factors of cervical cancer? Almost all cases of cervical cancers are caused by HPV; persistent HPV infection is the biggest risk factor for cervical cancer. For women, additional factors may contribute: Smoking: this can increase the likelihood that HPV will persist in the body. Sexual partners: the more sexual partners a person has, the higher their risk of contracting different and more types of HPV. However HPV exposure can occur the first time a person is sexually active, and in people who have only had one partner. Early age at first intercourse. Not having regular Pap tests: this means that abnormal cells caused by persistent HPV infection may remain undetected and untreated, and develop into cervical cancer – usually over many years. Other sexually transmitted infections: women with genital herpes or Chlamydia are more likely to develop cervical cancer. This may be due to the inflammation of the cervix associated with having these infections. This is another reason to practice safe sex, including always using condoms. Long term use of the Pill: being on the Pill for many years is associated with a higher risk of cervical cancer. The risk returns to normal after stopping the Pill. This might be due to the hormones in the Pill producing a favourable environment for the virus or because women on the Pill are more likely to be sexually active. Early age of childbirth. Weakened immune systems: People who are immunocompromised (for example, people with HIV or AIDS, organ transplant recipients, or people who are taking medication that suppresses the immune system) are at an increased risk of genital HPV infection. Condoms offer some, but not total, protection from HPV, as they don't cover all of the genital skin. They do offer protection from many other sexually transmitted infections though, and help prevent unwanted pregnancy. Search Main menu The HPV vaccine A vaccine called Gardasil has been developed which can significantly decrease your child's chances of developing HPV-related cancers and genital warts. Over 187 million doses of the vaccine have been safely given, in over 130 countries. The vaccine protects against the two high-risk HPV types (types 16 and 18) which cause 70% of cervical cancers in women and 90% of all HPV-related cancers in men. It also protects against the two low-risk HPV types (types 6 and 11) which cause 90% of genital warts in men and women. The vaccine is given in three doses over six months, as an injection in the upper arm. Go to the The HPV vaccine program section for much more information about the vaccine.
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I have. Tumor palpation in my right side breast. please tell about it? I m so worried? Is this cancerous tumor?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Since you are quite young, you can get an ultrasound breast done after clinical confirmation by a doctor, preferably oncologist. If ultrasound shows some suspicious lump you can get an FNAC done for the confirmation of finding and diagnosis. Don't worry in most cases if is likely to be a benign disease.
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Sometimes I had a little pain in one of my breast but pain was not too much but do not know why I am soo scared off.

UICC International Fellow in Oncollogy , ESTRO certification in Head and neck oncology, MD - Radiothrapy
Oncologist, Jamnagar
Nothing to worry. as it's common in young age with menstrual cycles. It's mainly due to hormonal changes
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Hello sir what is the food or fruit or anything else we can take which prevent all type of cancer.

MS ( General Surgery)
Oncologist, Mandsaur
They're low in calories and fat and power-packed with phytochemicals and antioxidants that may help reduce your cancer risk.
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I'm 27 year old. Married no children I been suffering with fibroadenoma 7 years now I see dimpling 3 inches below my under arm it can be seen only when my arm is in air. Some pain also ultra sonography is clear it show 2 fibroadenoma side by side. Dimpling area is clear in ultra sonogram my gp don't see dimpling or puckering. What should I do?

MBBS, DNB ( Radiation Oncology)
Oncologist, Mumbai
I'm 27 year old. Married no children I been suffering with fibroadenoma 7 years now I see dimpling 3 inches below my ...
Hi lybrate-user I think you should just go ahead and remove the fibroadenoma by a good surgeon. That wll relieve you from the tension.
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What are the symptoms of blood cancer and lung cancer. How can we prevent from it.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Blood cancer is caused by abnormal proliferation of one of the components of blood causing suppression of others.hence leading to symptoms like prolonged fever, frequent infection, anemia, bleeding, or easy bruising, lumps, lymphadenopathy, and lung cancer present as Cough, breathing difficulty, blood in sputum, weight loss, fever or lymphadenopathy. Smoking is single most common cause of lung cancer and sometimes leukaemia aswell. Quit smoking and regular health screening will help in prevention and early diagnosis.
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Does smoking hookha and cigarette may be lead to TB. What are the diseases cause by them other then cancer.

MBBS, MD - Medicine, MD - Oncology
Oncologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user, it is not proved that smoking causes tb but it definitely weakens your chest and may lead to many chest problems and even tb if already there may be aggravated.
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How actually carcinoma cancer is cured? And are there any kind of medicines to it? How to know that am I affected with cancer?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Dear mam. Cancer is treated by combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, Surgery etc. Nowadays treatment is done to treat the faulty gene, which will probably lead to cure. You can go for a cancer screening check up to know if you have any sign of cancer or premalignant conditions.
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Is wheat grass juice helpful for cancer patients And such natural remedies for cancer.

M.Ch - Surgical Oncology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Oncologist, Delhi
No proven benefit, but no harm in trying. Just don't solely rely on it, continue with other parallel efforts
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My grand father having age 81, Prostrate get increased and having value is 6.034 (PSA), What is the daily diet to decrease that and what is the resolution of it.

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kanpur
My grand father having age 81, Prostrate get increased and having value is 6.034 (PSA), What is the daily diet to dec...
Psa is slightly raised so he may be suffering with bph. Treatment is required if he has any urinary symptoms or problems. Consult a urologist.
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Can numerous fibroids and an enlarged uterus cause bladder prolapse? Why does my gynecologist think my bladder bulging into my vaginal canal is a fibroid even after I was sent to a urologist for stress incontinence issues? My son is entering middle school in the fall. What advice can I give him if he finds himself on the receiving end of cyberbullying? Will a person with Type 2 diabetes under control end up with the need for insulin? Which is better for covering up during a sunny day, light or dark clothes? Also, is there a danger from tanning sprays rather than tanning beds? Is breast cancer inherited? What causes Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and what is the best method of treatment? Can iodine help this condition?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist, Faridabad
Can numerous fibroids and an enlarged uterus cause bladder prolapse? Why does my gynecologist think my bladder bulgin...
Dear lybrate user, you seem to be having multiple problems, let me try to solve one by one. There could be many reasons for bladder prolapse, but most likely uterine fibroids would cause uterine prolapse. You can get a pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound done to confirm. Uncontrolled diabetes may require insulin, you should check it regularly and may continue with oral hypoglycemics if controlled with that. You must use sunscreen cream to protect your self from sun. Some breast cancer may be inherited not all. Hashimoto thyroiditis is autoimmune disease. You must consult endocrinologist.
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Can numerous fibroids and an enlarged uterus cause bladder prolapse? Why does my gynecologist think my bladder bulging into my vaginal canal is a fibroid even after I was sent to a urologist for stress incontinence issues?

BHMS PGCGO
Homeopath, Hubli-Dharwad
Can numerous fibroids and an enlarged uterus cause bladder prolapse? Why does my gynecologist think my bladder bulgin...
yes. bulky uterus may lead to cystocele which mean prolapse of bladder in vagina. due to age you may have this effect. do pelvic floor excessie to increase strength of it.
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Is this normal to get blood from saliva in Blood cancer? It's is normal or some serious problems?

DNB (Oncology), M.B.B.S
Oncologist, Chennai
Hi Lybrate user, Spitting of blood in saliva is a presenting symptom in many disorders. Blood in saliva commonly come from the mouth, the nose, and other parts of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts problems. Finally comes the cancerous condition. The detailed history like when it started, frequency, quantity, consistency and investigations helps us to tell you what is the real cause. Get checked with your family physician once for a healthy life. Take care.
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