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Benign Prostrate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition which results in the enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostrate grand is situated near the Urethra (a tube which helps flush out the urine from the bladder). Generally, the chance of developing BPH increases after one crosses the age of 50. But it is yet unknown as to why some men experience more severe symptoms than others.
Causes of BPH
This condition generally occurs because of old age and affects almost all men above the age of 75. It occurs because of the various hormonal changes and changes in cell growth that the body goes through, as one becomes old. Sometimes BPH can set in due to genetics. If BPH sets in due to genetically reasons, it usually is quite severe and affects men before they reach 60.
Symptoms of BPH
Quite a few men who develop BPH, experience no symptoms at all. But when symptoms of BPH, known as lower urinary tract symptoms (LUT) start, they can be either mild or very severe. The severity of the symptoms is not related to the extent of the enlargement. Many a times men with only a mild enlargement complain about severe symptoms, while men with a highly enlarged prostate gland have not complained about any discomfort faced.
Symptoms of BPH tend to worsen due to cold weather and also because of physical and emotional overexertion. There are certain medicines, which should be avoided if you suffer from BPH, as they have a tendency to worsen your symptoms, for example diphenhydramine, pseudoephedrine, oxymetazoline spray and other antidepressants.
The symptoms of BPH are related to bladder emptying and issues with bladder storage.
Symptoms related to the urine drainage from the bladder are:
- Strain while urinating
- Weak urine flow
- Some dribbling after urination
- Sudden urge to urinate
- Pain while urinating
Symptoms related to storage of urine in the bladder are:
- Waking during the night to urinate
- Urinating frequently during the day and at night
- Sudden urge to urinate, which may be hard to control
It however, has to be kept in mind that these symptoms may not primarily occur due to prostate enlargement, but are the result of other conditions like urinary tract infections, prostatitis, prostate cancer, neurological disorders and even diabetes. Thus, it is essential that you visit a doctor and get the cause for these symptoms diagnosed properly.
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Hello doctor I am 20 yrs, since 8th months my right hip was paining while sleeping and riding scooty so doctor suggested me to go for MRI ,during mri of my hips I was trying to straightening my hips and doing some little movements so my question is these movements enough to loss information by the mri machine? Can it loss some information if there is existence of tumor or cancer?
I am 61 years old male. I have prostrate and had been taking" tab Alfoo 10" mg for the last eight years. Whenever some pressure is applied on the lower abdomen, especially during defecation, there is ejaculation. There is ED problem also. Kindly advise me in the matter.
In my mom's family 3 aunties having cancer but my mom don't have cancer. In this case, how many chances to have happen cancer in my body?
Diarrhea and constipation and common digestive ailments but if these persist for over 4 weeks, it could be a sign of colon cancer. Colon cancer refers, to a type of cancer that affects the lower half of the digestive system and the large intestines. In most cases, this type of cancer begins in the form of small adenomatous polyps. However, with time, these polyps turn cancerous.
As mentioned above a change in bowel movements is one of the main signs of colon cancer. Some of the other common symptoms include:
- Blood in the stool
- Cramps or pain in the abdomen
- Unexplained weight loss
- A feeling of not having completely emptied your bowel
The symptoms of colon cancer vary according to the stage of the cancer. In its early stages, many patients may not recognize any symptoms. Symptoms also depend on the location of the cancer tumour.
Colon cancer can affect men and women but elderly people are considered at a higher risk for this disease as compared to others. For this reason screening for colon cancer is considered part of a routine health checkup for people over the age of 50. Certain genetic syndromes can also increase a person’s risk of colon cancer. Additionally, a sedentary lifestyle, obesity, low fiber diet, smoking and alcohol consumption can also increase the risk of colon cancer.
Colon cancer can be treated. Treatment depends largely on the stage of cancer. There are 4 stages of colon cancer.
- Stage I: In this stage, the cancer would have grown through the lining of the colon but is restricted to being within the rectum and colon wall.
- Stage II: Here, the cancer grows past the colon walls but does not yet spread to the lymph nodes.
- Stage III: At this stage, cancer can be detected in the lymph nodes surrounding the colon and large intestines
- Stage IV: This is an advanced stage of cancer where it would have begun to affect other organs such as the lungs and liver.
In the case of early stage colon cancer, minimally invasive surgery may be suggested to remove the polyps and resection the colon walls. If it has turned invasive, a partial colectomy may be performed or an artificial route for waste matter may be created. In most cases, surgery will be followed by chemotherapy or radiation to kill the remaining cancer cells.