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Management of Abortion
Caesarean Section Procedure
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Termination Of Pregnancy Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Medical Diseases In Pregnancy
Treatment Of Menstrual Problems
Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI) Treatment
Medical Termination Of Pregnancy (Mtp) Procedure
Gynecology Laparoscopy Procedures
Pap Smear Procedure
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At 12 weeks NT scan I was told I have posterior low lying placenta (reaching upto the margins of internal is) grade-o, but doctor did not advice me any bed rest etc only no sex and no heavy lifting. I am getting little blood streaks in my discharge sometimes and sometimes it is clear like once in two days there is little blood. So I want to know do I need second opinion or am I at a risk of miscarriage?
She is having bleeding since 1 month now yesterday it stopped. She consulted a going over here. Done blood tests thyroid test. All are normal. Haemoglobin is 8.and after doing sonography there is a 3.5*2.3 cyst in uterus and fibroids of 1.8 cm so can you suggest any medication for curing this. And removing cyst without surgery?
Dysphagia is the medical term associated with difficulty in swallowing. This condition results from an impeded transport of liquids and solids from the pharyngeal opening to the stomach. Some people with dysphagia have difficulty in swallowing certain foods or liquids, while others are unable to swallow at all. Painful swallowing is termed as Odynophagia. It is usually caused by nerve or muscle problems and it can be painful. It is more common in older people and infants.
The different types of dysphagia are as follows:
- Oral dysphagia (high dysphagia): Caused by tongue weakness after a stroke, difficulty in chewing food, or problems transporting food from the mouth. The causative factor is present in the oral cavity itself.
- Pharyngeal dysphagia: Throat is the area of causation. Problems in the throat are often caused by a neurological problem that affects the nervous system (e.g. Parkinson's disease, stroke, or sclerosis).
- Esophageal dysphagia (low dysphagia): Esophagus is affected primarily, usually due to a blockage or irritation. A surgical procedure is often required.
Causes of esophageal dysplasia include
- Diffuse spasm
- Esophageal stricture
- Esophageal tumors
- Presence of foreign bodies
- Esophageal ring
- Gastro intestinal reflux diseases (GERD)
- Eosinophilic esophagitis
- Scleroderma and radiation therapy
Odynophagia is different condition. It is possible to be suffering from both conditions at the same time. Globus is the sensation of something being stuck in the throat. Differential diagnosis should be made prior to treatment.
Signs and symptoms of dysphagia include:
- Inability to swallow
- Experiencing sensation of food getting stuck in throat or chest
- Frequent heartburn
- Feeling of food or stomach acid back up into the throat
- Unexpected weight loss
- Coughing or gagging during swallowing
- Swallowing disorders needs proper diagnosis before treatment
- Aging affects the normal wear and tear of the esophagus and increases the risk of swallowing difficulties.
- Certain neurological or nervous system disorders are more likely to act as risk factors of dysphagia.
- Upper GI tract endoscopy is done to provide a confirmatory diagnosis of dysphagia.
- When the upper GI endoscopy is normal, biopsies are advised to rule out eosinophilic esophagitis.
Treatment of dysphagia is aimed at an elimination of the cause.
Oropharyngeal or high dysplasia: Since oropharyngeal dysphagia is commonly a neurological problem, provision of an effective treatment is challenging.
- Targeted treatment is useful, e.g Patients with Parkinson's disease respond well to Parkinson's disease medication.
- Swallowing therapy is done with a speech and language therapist.
- The individual will learns different ways of swallowing properly and conveniently.
- Exercises can help to improve the muscles and their response.
- Dietary changes are advised.
- Certain foods and liquids are easier to swallow.
- A well-balanced diet easy to swallow diet is prescribed.
- If the patient is at risk of pneumonia, a nasal feeding tube (nasogastric tube) or PEG (percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy) is used to provide nutrition.
- The PEG tubes are surgically implanted directly into the stomach. They are passed through a small incision in the abdomen.
Esophageal or low dysplasia: Surgical intervention is usually necessary. A dilatation procedure is undertaken to widen the esophagus. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
I am having tightness in my right breast from past 2 days. I felt like a knot in my breast. Then I took a hot bag as it was paining allot. Now the tightness is less. And I can feel the pain only when I touch it. Little redness was there. But no excretion was there from my breast.
Both women and men suffer from infertility troubles. There are a host of causes that may lead to infertility in men such as lifestyle choices and obesity. Male infertility is characterized by irregular sperm function or reduced sperm count. Infertility has emerged as a common problem as a result of the modern day lifestyle. Extremely hectic schedules, stress, burnout, depression, unhealthy diets; all of these can contribute to fertility issues.
The various reasons for infertility in men are:
- If you are overweight, then it is time to lose those extra kilos. Obesity leads to a number of health problems, one of them being erectile dysfunction.
- Various hormonal problems such as complications of the hypothalamus, pituitary and adrenal glands may lead to low testosterone levels in the body.
- Various infections such as inflammation of the testicles and epididymis that causes blockage of the tubes carrying the sperm can be a cause.
- Various medications such as using anabolic steroids, antifungal medications and chemotherapy may hamper production of the sperm and thus hit fertility.
- Both alcohol and cigarettes may cause problems in sperm production, and cause erectile dysfunction. Excessive drinking may lead to complications in the liver resulting in infertility.
The reasons of infertility may range from medical causes to lifestyle choices; some of the causes may be related to the environment. A common cause of infertility is due to problems with transportation of the sperm. These are mainly due to blockages in the tubes that carry the sperm.
Symptoms of infertility in men are:
- You may experience low libido
- Your sperm count may be low
- You may experience lumps or swellings in the testicles
- Chromosomal complications such as reduced body hair
- You may have chronic respiratory problems