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I am 36 year old man. Wanted to know the line of treatment for Radiofrequency (RF) collation for retrocalcaneal spur?
Skin is one of the most obvious parts of our body, which ages with an increase in the number of candles on our birthday cake. As you age, joints tend to become stiffer and less flexible. The body does not recover from bumps and bruises as easily as it did before, and it becomes difficult to stand for extended time intervals. This is caused mostly by a breakdown of cartilage and inflammation of the synovium.
What is cartilage?
Cartilage is a flexible connective tissue. It connects the ends of two bones in a joint. It is softer than bone tissue but less flexible than muscle tissue. Cartilage is responsible for the smooth movement of joints.
With age, cartilage begins to degenerate. As the cartilage gets thinner, movement becomes more and more difficult. If left untreated, the cartilage may completely wear off leaving no buffer between the bones. This is one of the leading causes of knee replacement surgery.
What is synovium?
Synovium is a membrane responsible for keeping the cartilage healthy. It produces a thick fluid that keeps the cartilage and joint lubricated. In cases of osteoarthritis, this membrane can swell up and produce excess fluid. This in turn causes the joint to swell as well.
Along with age, factors like being overweight, genetics, gender and lifestyle also play a role in the condition of your joints. Being obese point towards a sedentary lifestyle and puts extra pressure on joints, leading to the thinning of cartilage. While men have higher chances of becoming osteoarthritis patients before 45, women have higher chances of developing this disease after 50. A healthy lifestyle is the easiest way to ensure that your joints work well even when you're old and grey.
Movement of the joints keeps the fluid in them moving. It also prevents the cartilage from shrinking and stiffening up. Exercise also makes the bones stronger, and slows the rate of bone tissue deterioration. Stretching exercises are also a good way to maintain the flexibility of joints.
Foods that are known as natural antihistamines, antioxidants and foods that fight inflammation promote healthy joints. Some of these are:
- Green tea: It prevents the breakdown of collagen and cartilage
- Nuts and seeds: These are rich in omega 3 fats that are essential for good bone health
- Ginger: It relieves pain and joint swelling
- Yogurt: It helps soothe tender joints and fights inflammation
- Pomegranate: It protects the cartilage against damage
Hot and cold therapy can also help relieve joint pain and reduce inflammation. As you get older, avoid putting too much pressure on your joints and give them adequate rest. Lastly, avoid smoking, as people who smoke have an increased risk of cartilage loss.
Related Tip: "How Homeopathy Can Cure Muscle and Joint Pain?"
I have shoulder pain from last 3 months and its not recovering. I have tried 15 days physiotherapy but the pain is still there in the front part of the shoulder. I have gotten a MRI done and it shows likely tear in the supraspinatus tendon in the humeral part. Please suggest.
She has been suffering with a leg-pain from past 2months We did x-ray scan and other things but all is fine what would be the reason? Maybe calcium problem She's also having thyroid.
My wife has an tendon repair operation jersey finger little finger right hand three month back but still the stiffness and pain is there while making fist of right hand which is not possible my question is how long time will it take to come to original position still physiotherapy is going on?
Hi sir my legs have been paining a lot from few days, can't even move it properly. Had injury while playing cricket, wat to do?
My mother is facing problems while doing daily chores with her left hand. The hand shakes and keeps paining. The problem first started with just a pain and now she finds it even difficult to lift things. She is not able to keep her hand straight. She doesn't feel any strength in her hand.
I am feeling pain in my tail bone from past one month and want to know what can I do about it to cure. This is not a back pain.
I have this constant pain in my left foot heels since the past 1 year. Got an x-ray, but that too was normal, started wearing Dr. Scholls sandals, had pain killers, that too hasn't helped. What could be the cause as it is very uncomfortable at times I can't keep my foot down. Please Help.
Since 1 month having lower back pain mainly above rt hip joint. I am having this problem off & on. I had a c.p problem spastic effecting lower limbs for that I am taking physiotherapy three times in a week since last few years my problem remain same.In sept 2016 my vit d level was 14 for this I had completed medicine course of 3 months. But pain started again in dec 2016. Now orthopedic advice me to go MRI of whole spine although my xray of spine and pelvic are ok. Should I go for MRI or is it necessary? Pls advice.
I get tired easily whenever I play badminton and got pain in my joints. So please help me on this issue.
I am a 60 yrs male. I am experiencing pain in my shoulders, palm and fingers. Please suggest suitable medicine.
I am 50 years old Female having Arm Joint pain since 6 months. Pain heavily at night 2 to 3 times heavy pain. Kindly advice what should I do?
I have pain beside my spinal cord. Maybe I am sitting in front of computer for a long time. Dont know if I have to do an mri. Let me know.
I am suffering from a pain on back of my right waist for around 3 weeks. If I apply any ointment or balm, pain gets reduced for 1-2 days. After that it returns again. But I was not hit in waist by any way. Again if I lie on my stomach for 1-2 hours at a stretch, then while I try to get up, it feels like my waist got locked. After that if I try to bend forward then I have to hold my waist by hand else I feel insufferable pain. Please advise.
Bones are similar to a porous framework which is filled with minerals that make it hard and strong. With age, there is gradual degradation and the mineralized portion is lost, thereby leading to thinning of the bone. The word osteoporosis literally translates to porous bones, which is due to the gradual demineralisation. In addition to the natural ageing process, there are other diseases that can accelerate the demineralization process.
Women are more prone to demineralisation, and after the age of 40, they should take extra precaution to slow down the onset of the condition. The following are some ways to improve bone health and halt osteoporosis in the long run-
Diet: Ensure that your diet has sufficient amounts of vitamin D and calcium. Though calcium is the essential mineral for bone formation, vitamin D is required for the absorption of calcium, and therefore both these elements play a vital role in maintaining the quality of the bones in our body. Most people require about 1,000 mg of calcium and about 500 units of vitamin D for optimal bone health. This requirement goes up slightly in postmenopausal women.
Sun Exposure: In most people, exposure to the sun allows the body to make vitamin D, but careful sun protection prevents this from happening. Also, with age, the body’s ability to form intrinsic vitamin D also declines. The body, therefore, relies on supplements. Most dairy products are good sources of calcium. In addition, spinach, salmon, turnips, and broccoli are some calcium-rich foods. Supplements of calcium carbonate or calcium citrate can be taken if your diet is lacking in calcium. Vitamin D also should be included in the supplementation. The treatment for osteoporosis is incomplete without these two supplements.
Exercise With Weights: The constructive tension that exercise puts on the body helps in bone building, whatever the age may be, which prevents the onset of osteoporosis. Any exercise which improves muscle mass strengthens the bones, and puts stress on the bones is advisable. Since the fractured area due to osteoporosis mainly includes the spine, lower back exercises, yoga, tai chi, and abdominal exercises all work wonders. Pick any of these and do them for 30 minutes three times a week.
Quit Smoking: Continuing to smoke while taking osteoporosis medications is completely useless. Nicotine negates all the effects which defeat the purpose of taking the medication and is as good as taking no medication at all. So if you want the bone thinning to stop, stop smoking.
Alcohol Consumption: While a drink or two per week is permissible, more than this can harm the bones significantly.
Constant Health Watch: Talk to a doctor about how other routine medications (if any) can affect your bone health. Also, identify how frequently you should check your bone mineral density and stick to the schedule.
Bone health and osteoporosis can be managed with some conscious efforts. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Orthopaedics.