Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}
Call Doctor
Book Appointment

Dr. Padma Sundaram

Gynaecologist, Chennai

450 at clinic
Book Appointment
Call Doctor
Dr. Padma Sundaram Gynaecologist, Chennai
450 at clinic
Book Appointment
Call Doctor
Submit Feedback
Report Issue
Get Help
Services
Feed

Personal Statement

I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Padma Sundaram
Dr. Padma Sundaram is a renowned Gynaecologist in sholinganallur, Chennai. She is currently practising at Global Hospital And Health City in sholinganallur, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Padma Sundaram on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 25 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Location

Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Padma Sundaram

Global Hospital And Health City

#439, Medavakkam Road, Cheran Nagar, Sholinganallur, Perumbakkam. Landmark: Near HCl & Near Shollinznumur Junction, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
450 at clinic
...more

Global Hospital

439, Cheran Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600100Chennai Get Directions
450 at clinic
...more
View All

Services

View All Services

Submit Feedback

Submit a review for Dr. Padma Sundaram

Your feedback matters!
Write a Review

Feed

Nothing posted by this doctor yet. Here are some posts by similar doctors.

At the time me and my husband have sex I'm getting Soo much pain. Can you help me why.

CCT (UK) General Psychiatry, MD-Psychiatry, MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
Psychiatrist, Delhi
At the time me and my husband have sex I'm getting Soo much pain. Can you help me why.
Dyspareunia is a term used for pain felt in the genital area or pelvis during or after having sex (intercourse). Nobody really knows exactly how common it is, as many women never seek medical help. However, questionnaires asking women if they have symptoms suggest that somewhere between 1 and 4 out of 10 women experience it. Most commonly, this is early in their sexual lives or around the menopause. There are many causes of dyspareunia, most of which are not serious or damaging in nature, but all can be detrimental to your sex life and ultimately may lead to relationship difficulties. It can be a vicious circle, with pain leading to nervousness about having sex, and nervousness leading to dryness and further pain. It's also not uncommon for dyspareunia to remain after the cause has been treated, particularly if things have been left untreated for a while. For this reason, it is important to seek help early, so that treatable causes can be discovered and managed. This leaflet discusses the types and possible causes of dyspareunia. What is dyspareunia? Dyspareunia is pain felt in the genital area or pelvis during or after having sex (intercourse). It may be thought of as either superficial dyspareunia or deep dyspareunia. They have different causes and treatments and, although it's possible to experience both at the same time, most women find that their dyspareunia is predominantly one or the other type. Superficial dyspareunia This is pain felt in the lips of the vagina (labia), at the vaginal entrance (introitus) and the lower part of the vagina. It typically begins with penetration or very early on after intercourse has begun. It is sore and instant. It is usually quickly relieved by stopping penetration, although you may be sore to the touch afterwards for a little while. The causes of superficial dyspareunia are usually local problems of the labial, vaginal and perineal skin (the perineum is the area of skin between the vaginal opening and the back passage). Deep dyspareunia This is the term for pain felt deeper in the pelvis during or after intercourse. It can also spread to involve the fronts of the thighs. It may be sharp or dull, may stop when penetration stops or can continue for minutes or even hours. The causes of this type of pain usually lie rather deeper in the pelvis. Causes of superficial dyspareunia Skin bridge Formation of a little bridge of scar tissue at the very back of the vaginal entrance (introitus) is common after childbirth, particularly if you have had a cut between the vagina and back passage (anus) - a procedure called episiotomy. The scar tissue contains nerve endings and is very sensitive, and so it causes pain on penetration. The pain tends to become worse as having sex (intercourse) continues, as the skin bridge becomes rubbed by the continuing rubbing of penetration. Intact hymen The hymen is a membrane that lines the vaginal opening. Early in your sex life the hymen is broken down by the act of having sex. In many young women it will already have been stretched by use of tampons. The name 'intact hymen' is misleading, as the hymen does in fact have a small hole in it from birth. This hole becomes larger little by little as girls grow older. However, the hymen can be quite thick and the hole not quite large enough. This can mean that early in her sexual life a woman my feel pain from the hymen as it is forced open the first time she has intercourse. The pain is superficial, felt at the entrance to the vagina as soon as penetration is attempted and may prevent it from taking place. Vaginismus Vaginismus causes a powerful and often painful contraction of the muscles around the entrance to the vagina, which makes penetration painful or impossible. It may also prevent the use of tampons and any sort of gynaecological examination. The spasm of vaginismus is not something you can cause deliberately; it's completely outside your control. It may seem to begin for no reason but can also result from a painful or worrying experience of sex, when it becomes a kind of protective reflex. However, vaginismus is upsetting and dispiriting for both halves of a couple, as it can prevent the enjoyment of sex for many years and can prevent sex completely. Once it has begun, fear of failure and nervousness about not being able to have sex make it worse. It's important to seek help to break the cycle of anxiety and pain. Vaginismus is not difficult to treat but your doctor may need to refer you to a psychologist or specialist physiotherapist. Bartholinitis Bartholin's glands are a pair of glands on either side of the vagina, in the tissues of the wall. They can become inflamed and tender causing Bartholinitis and this will lead to pain during sex. Occasionally, the glands swell during sex, so that it starts off as painless but then becomes painful as it continues. See separate leaflet called Bartholin's Cyst and Abscess for more details. Vulvodynia This is a very troublesome condition where the vulval area becomes painful and extremely sensitive to pressure and touch. It can be accompanied by severe pain on attempted penetration. It can also cause the vulval area to be painful touched and during activities of everyday living. It can lead to frustration and depression, as symptoms can be very long-standing. The causes are uncertain but may involve the nerves in the area becoming much more sensitive than normal and the way the brain communicates wtih these nerves changing in some way. Treatment includes the use of emollient soap substitutes, creams that numb the area, medicines that lessen pain, physiotherapy and cognitive behavioural therapy. Lichen sclerosus This is a scarring skin condition which may affect women of any age, including children. It can affect men too. It results in thinning of the skin of the genital area, together with formation of white patches. It may be caused by the immune system. It causes itching and pain, which can last for a very long time. It's often mistaken for thrush as it can be very itchy and sometimes slightly sore. Lichen sclerosus carries a small risk risk of cancer of the genital skin. For this reason it should be diagnosed and treated - treatment is usually with regular application of creams. See separate leaflet called Lichen Sclerosus for more details. Female genital mutilation Female genital mutilation (which used to be known as female circumcision), involves varying degrees of mutilating surgery to the genitals of a girl. In the more extreme forms, the vagina is stitched shut. Following genital mutilation there is usually permanent scarring, which may lead to damaged nerves and pain. Any of these issues can cause pain on penetration and may make sex impossible. Vaginal abnormalities Very rarely, abnormalities of the vagina itself make sex painful or even impossible. These include pieces of extra tissue inside the vagina which are present at birth (vaginal septa). Causes of superficial and deep dyspareunia Vaginal trauma The vagina is pretty flexible and strong and usually recovers well from the stretch and (sometimes) small tears of childbirth. However, more significant injury to the vagina - for example, from difficult childbirth or mutilation - can lead to scarring and then to pain and difficulty during sex (intercourse). Vaginal or genital infection Infections of the vagina and the area around it cause inflammation of the tissues and so commonly cause pain on having sex. Infection may be with thrush (candida - a yeast that often lives in the bowel), with viruses such as herpes and with germs (bacteria). A wide range of bacterial infections can infect the vagina. Some (but by no means all) are sexually transmitted. The vagina is not always sore and itchy before sex but becomes so afterwards. There is often a coloured discharge and you may notice an offensive smell. See separate leaflets called Vaginal Thrush (Yeast Infection), Genital Herpes and Bacterial Vaginosis for more details. Vaginal dryness Sometimes pain during sex is due to lack of lubrication, meaning that the vagina is too dry. Normally, the vagina produces secretions which keep it moist and these increase when you become sexually aroused. If there isn't enough foreplay, or you are not aroused enough, you may not produce enough secretions to make penetration comfortable. However, it isn't always as simple as that. There may be reasons why you don't produce the secretions that you should. These can include psychological reasons such as nervousness because sex has previously been uncomfortable; anxiety around becoming pregnant; or anxiety around waking your sleeping children. Dryness can also be for physical reasons - the vagina tends to be drier after the menopause (see below). Some medicines can cause vaginal dryness, including some contraceptive methods. Vaginal dryness is also associated with a condition called Sjögren's syndrome, in which the body's secretions are generally rather reduced. Finally, pregnancy itself can make the vagina dry during intercourse (although it can also have the opposite effect). Vaginal atrophy After the menopause the levels of hormones in your body fall - particularly the level of oestrogen. Oestrogen is the hormone that keeps the vaginal wall strong and resistant. It increases the blood supply and the level of secretions and makes the wall softer and more stretchy. Therefore, when oestrogen levels fall after the menopause, the tissues become thinner, less stretchy and less well lubricated. Sometimes they can become as fragile and delicate as the vaginal tissues of young girls (who have not yet reached puberty and started their periods). There are lots of very effective treatments for this problem. See separate leaflet called Vaginal Dryness (Atrophic Vaginitis) for more details. Causes of deep dyspareunia Deep dyspareunia can be caused by the genital organs themselves but may also be caused by other structures in the tummy (abdomen) that can be easily knocked during sex (intercourse). There are therefore many possible causes of deep pain in the tummy during sex. Cervical pain The neck of the womb (cervix) should not normally be painful. However, if can become infected by many of the organisms which can infect the vagina - particularly herpes. If the cervix becomes inflamed then knocking it with the penis during sex may cause deep pain in the pelvis and sometimes across the fronts of the thighs. The cervix may also become tender and sensitive if you have an intrauterine contraceptive device, particularly if it is sitting a little too low or falling out. This can cause sudden sharp pains in the cervix during sex. (Fortunately cervical cancer is very rare and does not usually cause painful sex.) Endometriosis Endometriosis is a condition in which little bits of womb (uterine) lining become embedded in other parts of the body. Most usually this is in the ovaries, the Fallopian tubes that link the womb to the ovaries, and the cervix. These bits of tissue bleed whenever you have a period. This blood tends to cause scar tissue formation with sticking of organs to one another, and the whole pelvis can become painful. Endometriosis is typically found in young women, and may only become apparent when they come off the contraceptive pill if they have been taking it for a while. This is because 'the pill' suppresses it and is, in fact, a treatment for endometriosis. Endometriosis causes pain on sex, typically pain that comes on with deep penetration and continues for some time after penetration is over. It also causes painful periods, and women with endometriosis can find it difficult to get pregnant. See separate leaflet called Endometriosis for more details. Ovarian cysts The presence of cysts on the ovaries can cause pain during sex (intercourse). This is because the ovaries can be knocked by the penis during intercourse and this can cause the cysts to leak fluid. It's not unusual to have cysts on the ovaries, as cyst formation is a normal part of the period (menstrual) cycle. However, these 'physiological cysts' are typically very small. Larger cysts are more likely to leak and cause pain, and can be a sign of endometriosis, especially in younger women. In women who have passed their menopause, ovarian cysts are worrying, as they can be a sign of ovarian cancer. See separate leaflet called Ovarian Cyst. Another, harmless form of pain from the ovary is called 'Mittelschmerz. This is pain when an egg is released from the ovary. Pain from Mittelschmerz may not be related to sex at all, and typically lasts for two or three days in the middle of the month - but sex may make it worse when it's there. Fibroids and growths in the womb Fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) growths in the muscle of the womb, which can cause the womb itself to become quite bulky. This is not always painful but it can lead to discomfort during sex. See separate leaflet called Fibroids. Causes related to womb position In some women the womb tilts backwards, rather than forwards; the ovaries then tend to fall backwards too. This can lead to them being knocked in positions involving deep penetration. This can result in deep pain in the pelvis that is more noticeable with deep penetration and which settles slowly when penetration stops or when you change your position. Bowel pain During intercourse the bowel is also knocked and moved. If the bowel is sensitive or tender then this can be the origin of pain during sex. This is particularly likely in women who have Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or irritable bowel syndrome, all of which are conditions that cause the bowel to be painful. See separate leaflets called Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis. Pelvic inflammatory disease This is a condition of the Fallopian tubes, the womb and, sometimes, the ovaries. It is caused by infection and makes these organs inflamed. As they tend to move during sex, this is painful. The pain is typically felt deep in the pelvis, is worse with deep penetration and settles slowly when penetration stops. Pelvic inflammatory disease also tends to make you feel unwell, and may cause a temperature and a vaginal discharge. See separate leaflet called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. Bladder pain The bladder sits on top of your womb, just behind and above your pubic bone. Like the womb, the bladder moves and gets pressed on during intercourse. So, if the bladder is inflamed, this may hurt. Typical causes include urine infections and interstitial cystitis. This is a condition in which the bladder becomes sensitive and painful. It behaves like a urine infection but no infection is present. Summary Symptoms of dyspareunia (pain felt in the pelvis during or after sex) are distressing and depressing. They can affect your sex life, your fertility and even your relationship. Many of the causes have a very simple solution and it is important to seek help if you are experiencing problems.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I had cesarean delivery through spinal anesthesia process on 10th nov 2016. After that my waist and rib pains a lot. Sometimes I feel numb on my tail bone and waist part. Even it becomes hard to get up from bed putting pressure on my waist till someone helps me to turn or get up.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bangalore
I had cesarean delivery through spinal anesthesia process on 10th nov 2016. After that my waist and rib pains a lot. ...
Hi, You have to walk everyday to improve the blood circulation in the body. You can do oil massage with Ksheerabal Taila and take hot water fomentation which will help to increase the blood circulation in the body. Do not lie down always.
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Agar 9 month mei movement kam ho means ho rhi h movement but kafi distance hour pr. Jaise subah hui phr dophr mei hui. Nd mujhe bhook bhi ni lg rhi h like b4.

MBBS, MD Obs & Gynae, FNB Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist, Jalandhar
Agar 9 month mei movement kam ho means ho rhi h movement but kafi distance hour pr. Jaise subah hui phr dophr mei hui...
Total 10 movement in 12 hrs are normal make a diary and note it, we call it daily fetal movement count. If less visit a doctor to see heart beat.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Health Quote of the WeekNo Title

Advanced Infertility, MIS TRAINING, FICMCH, PGDS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Health Quote of the WeekNo Title

During pregnancy you should consume extra protein and calcium to meet the needs of the growing fetus.

1 person found this helpful

I did unprotected sex today. Is there any contraception pill to avoid pregnancy? 24 hours is till not completed. It can be normally available in medical store?

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I did unprotected sex today. Is there any contraception pill to avoid pregnancy? 24 hours is till not completed. It c...
You can take one tablet of emergency contraceptive pill like I pill/unwanted 72. to avoid riskof pregnancy
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Super Fact of the Day: Your sense of vision, trumps all other senses!

Fellowship in Vitreoretinal Surgery, MS - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist, Panipat
Super Fact of the Day: Your sense of vision, trumps all other senses!
When you hear a piece of information, you remember 10% of it days later. Add a picture and you’ll remember it 65%

Would you like to share this interesting fact with family or friends? Go ahead and Share!
182 people found this helpful

I have a gay sex unprotected sex and 3 month after I go for HIV test and get a negative result but am facing mouth sores and small nodes on necks am I safe or not should I go for any other tests.Please tell sir .

BDS, D.pharm
Dentist, Chennai
See it's very risky to have unprotected gay sex. Well if h I v showed negative then take it as your luck. Next time be careful and don't worry abt the nodes.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

MD - Paediatrics, Anaphylaxis expert
Pediatrician, Pune
Smog is very hazardous, which is causing respiratory, skin and eye allergies. Take precautions as it will cause severe bronchitis.

Do You Regret Your Action Or Inaction? Learn To Play At The Brink

MBBS, MRCPsych (UK), CCST (General Adult Psychiatry and Geriatric Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Visakhapatnam
Do You Regret Your Action Or Inaction? Learn To Play At The Brink

Do you regret your Action or Inaction? Let’s learn the art of playing at the brink

Regretting one’s own action or inaction can not only be distressing in the short term but a recurring regret can potentially lead to mental illness such as Depression.  While there is enough literature available about how we can handle regret over past experiences, in this article we shall look at whether it is possible to develop the ability to work positively to make right choices and thus reduce the chances of regretting our actions.

Let’s start looking at certain examples. How many of us prefer to sit in a car driven too cautiously or dangerously? Surely, not in both the cars as one leads to frustration and another to fear. The person who drives too slow all the time and keeps missing his appointments is likely to have regret and the guy who is too rash and ends up in an accident would regret too. An efficient driver has the skill, patience, confidence and the presence of mind to drive well. By doing so he reduces the chances of making consequential errors in life of being too cautious or being too rash. Similarly, in business, how often do we hear of someone who risked too much money to invest and lost it all only to regret or someone who played too safe on stocks and regretted having missed the chance to buy stocks which have skyrocketed. Surely these regrets hurt the person considerably.  

We shall now imagine a football field. I really find it very fascinating watching international football where the players often display a predictable and time tested strategy to enhance the chances of scoring goals. They often play the ball at the edge of the field to either create a corner or a sharp angle to shoot towards the goal, just as David Beckham would bend the ball. A novice may tend to play it too safe within the field and hesitate to play it at the edge for fear of losing the ball outside the line. However with some sincere practice he would have developed the skill and confidence to literally play the ball at the brink and create amazing opportunities to score goals. I bet this player would surely be enjoying it the most and perhaps not regretting as he is no more too cautious or reckless. If we think of it, he carefully cultivated this apparently risk prone skill while still playing within the defined limits of safe zone.

So why is it relevant? It is so as in my several years of psychiatric practice in varied healthcare settings such as the UK and Singapore, having treated several patients, with either Acute Stress Reaction, Adjustment Disorder or Major Depression, one factor that tends to present often is Regret, for having acted or not acted the right way. Furthermore, recurring regret can lead to depressed mood, loss of confidence and self-esteem, and perhaps more importantly a sense of failure. The good news is that experienced mental health practitioners such as psychiatrists can effectively treat these mental health conditions with medications and appropriate counselling and psychotherapeutic approaches.

I would advocate that one should develop the ability to gradually train oneself to masterly balance risk and caution, thereby enhancing the chances of measured success in their endeavors and minimize the chances of regret. To cite an example, a person may do the necessary calculations to know the safe limit to which he can stretch himself to take manageable repayable loans and learn to never exceed that limit, unless personal circumstances have become more favorable.  

To follow this strategy, naturally one has to sincerely do all the homework looking at:

  1. One’s own personal strengths and weaknesses
  2. Study the situation well
  3. Form judgment
  4. Make a clear decision, and, most importantly
  5. Learn to stick to the decision and see it through.

 

These can be done as a self-driven exercise or with the help of a therapist. Once the homework is done, the person should learn to stick to the rules of the game, and be consistent and confident in that approach. He may see failures at times but is more likely to succeed in the long run. Importantly, the biggest psychological benefit is that he stays well mentally, as he has learned to be emotionally balanced. Such a person is more likely to back himself or herself in testing times and be proud that he or she tried to their best of ability by being sensibly adventurous. A more advanced practitioner of this method is one who learns to detach himself from the results of these well-made efforts. In the Bhagavad Gita such person is called a Sthitaprajna!

1 person found this helpful
View All Feed

Near By Doctors

93%
(110 ratings)

Dr. Shiva Singh Shekhawat

MBBS, DGO, DNB, CIMP, Fellowship In Minimal Access Surgery, Diploma In Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship In ART
Gynaecologist
Apollo Medical Center Karapakkam (Apollo Cradle), 
350 at clinic
Book Appointment
89%
(45 ratings)

Dr. Parimalam Ramanathan

CCT, DMAS, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, MBBS
Gynaecologist
London Harley Street Women & Fertility Centre, 
250 at clinic
Book Appointment

Dr. S Samundi Sankari

MBBS
Gynaecologist
Srushti Fertility Centre & Women's Hospital, 
350 at clinic
Book Appointment

Dr. Divya Sivaraman

MBBS, DNB - Obstetrics and Gynecology, DRCOG
Gynaecologist
Srushti Fertility Centre & Women's Hospital, 
0 at clinic
Book Appointment
88%
(51 ratings)

Dr. Deepa

M.B.B.S, M.S Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Diploma in Minimal Access Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, Diploma in Advanced Modern Cosmetic - Plastic Gynaecology, Diploma in Minimal Invasive Surgery(Germany), Fellowship of International College of Robotic Surgeons
Gynaecologist
Apollo Cosmetic Clinic , 
300 at clinic
Book Appointment
88%
(22 ratings)

Dr. Smisha

MBBS, Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), FNB Reproductive Medicine, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine
Gynaecologist
Parvathi Nursing Home, 
300 at clinic
Book Appointment