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Breast cancer begins when the cells that are present in the breast start to go out of control. These cells generally form a tumor which can be seen on mammogram or one can feel it as a lump. The tumor is threatening if the cells can grow into the tissues that surround it or spread to other areas of the body. Breast cancer happens mostly in ladies. Here are a few methods with which you can prevent breast cancer-
- Keep your weight in check: Maintaining a healthy weight is important for everyone although, it is easy to tune it out since it is said so often. Being overweight can expand the danger of a wide range of cancers, including breast cancer, particularly after menopause.
- Be physically active: Women who are physically active for almost or at least 30 minutes a day have a lower danger of breast cancer. Normal activity is additionally one of the ideal approaches to keep weight under control.
- Eat Your Fruits and Vegetables and Avoid Too Much Alcohol: A balanced and healthy diet can bring down the danger of breast cancer. Attempt to eat a considerable measure of fruits and vegetables and keep liquor at moderate levels or lower. While moderate drinking can be useful for the heart in most grown-ups, even low levels of intake can build the danger of breast cancer. If you do not drink, don't feel you have to begin. In case you drink modestly, there is less risk.
- Try not to Smoke: Smokers and non-smokers alike know how undesirable smoking is. It brings down a person’s quality of life and expands the danger of heart and lung diseases, stroke, and no less than 15 types of cancer, including breast cancer. It additionally causes bad breath, awful teeth, and wrinkles.
- Breastfeed, If Possible: Breastfeeding for almost one year or more brings down the danger of breast cancer. It additionally has extraordinary medical advantages for the baby as well, especially in terms of immunity.
- Keep away from Birth Control Pills: Contraceptive pills have both dangers and advantages. In many cases, the more young a lady is, the lower the danger is. While ladies are taking birth control pills, they have more chances of falling prey to breast cancer as per various medical studies. This danger leaves rapidly in the wake of stopping the pill. The danger of stroke and heart attack is increased while on the pill, especially if the woman smokes. Long term use can likewise have essential advantages, such as bringing down the danger of ovarian cancer, colon tumor and uterine cancer and undesirable pregnancy. In case you are exceptionally worried about breast cancer, staying away from birth control pills is also an alternative to lower the risk.
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Minimally invasive surgery or laparoscopic surgery is increasingly becoming popular in all fields of surgery including gynecological oncology. Given its many advantages, it is easy to see why people prefer this form of surgery. The use of laparoscopy in the field of gynecological oncology began in the late 1980s. The first laparoscopic-assisted hysterectomy was performed in 1989.
Laparoscopy and Endometrial Cancer
The endometrium refers to the lining of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is rare are usually affect women over the age of 55 years. A hysterectomy is one of the forms of treatment for this condition. If detected in its early stages, this hysterectomy may be performed laparoscopically. As compared to traditional surgery, this reduces the hospital stay required and is associated with fewer postoperative complications. Laparoscopy may also be used to restage patients who have already undergone a hysterectomy.
Laparoscopy and Cervical Cancer
The lowermost part of the uterus is known as the cervix. A pap smear can help in the early detection of cervical cancer. This can be treated surgically in the form of a lymphadenectomy or a radical hysterectomy. One of the factors crucial to the management of this type of cancer is an evaluation of the lymph nodes. This is where laparoscopy is very useful. As in the case of endometrial cancer, laparoscopy may also be used for a hysterectomy procedure. A laparoscopic lymphadenectomy may also be performed to investigate the extent to which the cancer has spread. Advanced stages of cervical cancer can be treated with chemotherapy and radiation. In such cases, the role of laparoscopy may be limited to staging the patient before treatment.
Laparoscopy and Adnexal Masses
Adnexal masses refer to ovarian abnormalities and development of masses in the fallopian tubes, uterus and other organs in the pelvic cavity. Laparoscopy is routinely used to treat benign Adnexal masses. It can also be used in the management of malignant adnexal masses. However, its role is less clearly defined in such cases. When using laparoscopic procedures to address adnexal masses, it is important to identify benign masses beforehand.
Laparoscopy and Uterine Cancer
Laparoscopy can be used in a number of ways when it comes to the management and treatment of uterine cancer. These include staging apparent early stage cancer, determining the extent of the disease and resectability potential and to reassess a patient in cases of recurrent cancer. A hand assisted laparoscopy may also be used to resect the disease in some cases.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
What are the symptoms of breast cancer? I oftenly get pain in the breast. Is it a symptom of a breast disease?
Hi All, Hope you are doing well. I have been suffering from breast cancer. Taking medicine and check up regularly. Can you please suggest which type of food or fruits need to take and exercise as well. Thanks in advance. Have a great weekend!
I am a male aged 58. I have prostate problem with a slow speed urination. If I will not urinate when I feel to do so, urination will happen only in installments. I have no sleep problem or other symptoms of this disease. Can any medication improve my urination speed. My disease is almost 6 years old.
I am 75 years and recently had a operation in which a cancerous tumor of 7 kg was surgically removed. Currently I am bed ridden and doctor has advised against chemo as my health is fragile as I am in liquid diet post surgery. I would like to know about any medication apart from chemo or Radio that will improve the health and give stability.
Hii. I want to know if a person is suffering from any type of cancer .how will he be able to know before it gets too late as always seen in maximum cases.
Good Morning, everyone, my name is Dr Ninad Katdare I am a cancer surgeon and I specialise in gastrointestinal cancers and gynae cancer and peritoneal cancers. I practise at H.N. Reliance Hospital, Charni Road, Global Hospital, Parel, Raheja Hospital, Mahim, BSES Hospital, Andheri and HCG Cancer Centre at Borivali. Today we will be speaking about peritoneal cancer peritoneal cancers is one of the least understood cancer and as such many of these patients don't receive good form of treatment, so I will be taking you through a short presentation about what is peritoneal cancer and what are the new modalities which can be actually curative in certain cases of peritoneal cancers. So the presentation is titled peritoneal cancers which are no more a death sentence which was the situation just 5 years ago. So basically what are peritoneal cancer so those can be one, the last stage of Cancer such as colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, appendix cancer, gallbladder cancer and pancreas cancer. In all of these the fourth stage is presents with peritoneal disease and what is known as peritoneal metastasis. It can also be a third stage cancer in ovarian cancer when the disease spread out of the ovary and through the pelvis into the rest of the abdominal cavity it present with peritoneal cancer. It can also present as a primary peritoneal cancer which is called as primary peritoneal adenocarcinoma and a rare case of cancer called as mesothelioma, and there is one specific NDT called as Pseudomyxoma pertonei, all these diseases basically are club together because the routine chemotherapy which is the IV chemotherapy given through your veins is very less effective in this type of cancers. Hence newer technologies which are called as HIPEC and PIPAC which I will come to it shortly are used and this can have curative effects on this type of cancer. So why does chemotherapy fail because usually this peritoneum receive only 1% of cardiac volume that is the amount of blood which your heart pumps, that is 5 litre per minute only 1% of that is received by your peritoneum and there is something called as a peritoneum plasma barrier so whatever chemotherapy which is given through your saline, very less quantity reaches to the peritoneum and as such the routine chemotherapy does not work on this peritoneal cancers. Hence, to combat that we have interesting new technologies the first is called as Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC so CR stands for Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC stands for Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy.
In Cytoreductive surgery what we aim is to remove all the visible disease from your abdominal cavity and once that has been clear we circulate a chemotherapy solution which is heated to around 43 degrees and is kept circulating in the abdominal cavity for 90 minutes. Using a combination of Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC, in many of these peritoneal cancers you can have a cure, it exceeding 5 years and which is a standard patient with the standard chemotherapy with the patient would like for more than 6 months. So in such cases from 6 months, the survival goes to beyond 5 years. Certain cases which are not suitable for this CRS and HIPEC we have a revolutionary technology known as PIPAC. So what is PIPAC stand for is Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy, in this basically the chemotherapy which is in the liquid form is converted into a gas form and through small keyholes surgery that is called as Laparoscopy we introduce this gaseous chemotherapy into your abdominal cavity. It has been found that patients who have stopped responding to routine chemotherapy also a response to this gaseous chemotherapy. So with the help of this HIPEC and PIPEC many of the peritoneal carcinomatosis are almost 30% can be cured and another 30% can be controlled with this kind of therapy and these patients normally would have died in 6 months, some of them alive for even after 2 years and even 30% of them are alive even 5 years after the diagnosis of their disease. So these therapies can really make a difference in your treatment, thank you. For any further questions, you can contact me on lybrate.com.