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Dr. Muthukumaran

Endocrinologist, Chennai

500 at clinic
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Dr. Muthukumaran Endocrinologist, Chennai
500 at clinic
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Muthukumaran
Dr. Muthukumaran is a popular Endocrinologist in Gopala Puram, Chennai. Doctor is currently practising at Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre in Gopala Puram, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Muthukumaran on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Endocrinologists in India. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 38 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Endocrinologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Dr. Mohan's Diabetes Specialities Centre

6B, Conran Smith Road, Gopalapuram, Chennai, Near Sathyam Theatre, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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Female Infertility - When Should You Actually Worry?

DGO, MAOGD, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Panchkula
Female Infertility - When Should You Actually Worry?

Trying to get pregnant can go either ways for most couples that is it can be a breeze, or it can be a difficult process that ends up with lots of fertility clinic visits. While in some cases, the reasons for not being able to conceive may come down to male infertility, there are many cases where the reason may be female infertility too. In many other cases, both male and female infertility may be the cause.

Let us discuss female infertility in more details here.
When can it be called Infertility?

When a couple is not being able to conceive even after trying for a period of over a year, then a case can be made in favour of infertility. Infertility can result from females in at least one third of the cases, as per various medical studies. While the actual cause may be difficult to diagnose, there are many available treatments that one can use in order to fix the underlying issues.

When to Start Worrying? 

Female infertility comes with many symptoms, while the main symptom may be the inability to conceive, the other symptoms include excessively long menstrual cycles that show signs of slowing down only after 35 days or so, or even cycles that are too short where they appear within 21 days. Irregular and absent periods can point at the lack of ovulation which is the main sign of infertility. Other than that, there are no outward signs of infertility as such apart from pelvic pain and cramping or heavy bleeding during periods. If you are 30 years of age, or younger, then you may want to see a doctor regarding irregular and absent periods, or the lack of conception even after trying for a year. Also, if you are between 35 and 40 years of age, you can discuss the inability to conceive with your doctor, after efforts for six months. If you have been trying to conceive and you are over 40 years of age, then the doctor will put you through tests on an immediate basis.

The Requirements for Conception? 

In order to conceive, you will need to ovulate on a normal basis and have regular menstrual cycles as well as intercourse. Also, your fallopian tubes and uterus must be in normal working condition without any infections and other conditions.

Causes

There may be many causes for female infertility including ovarian faults like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hypothalamic dysfunction, premature ovarian insufficiency and excessive prolactin in the ovaries. Also, pelvic inflammation disorders that lead to damage of the fallopian tubes and other uterus related issues like endometriosis can lead to female infertility. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Gynaecologist.

2695 people found this helpful

I am 37 Years old Male, and i am Diabetic Patient. How to Control Diabetic? and My Wife is 28 Years she has Frequent Urine Problem tell me the Solutions. Thanks.

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
I am 37 Years old Male, and i  am Diabetic Patient. How to Control Diabetic? and My Wife is 28 Years she has Frequent...
TIPS TO PREVENT COMPLICATIONS OF DIABETES: Following are the tips to prevent onset/or control diabetes 1-Losing Extra Weight: helps lower your blood pressure and cholesterol too. waist of more than 80 cm in women & 90 cm in man are at risk 2- Constant and regular food timings :improves metabolic activity and helps reducing weight. 3- Split meals and eat in moderate amount 4- No long Gaps and skipping of meals:-Never miss out breakfast. 5- No overeating:-Never eat in a bulk on one time Remember to eat food slowly & chew well. 6- Proper Exercise and work outs: regular brisk walking for 30 min. five times a week is best .Cycling, swimming, dancing can also be done. Do not eat right away after a workout . 7-constant and regular timings for medication 8-Avoid fried foods ,meat,fats and sweets. 9- Take high-fibre and complex carbohydrates:-like oats and include high-fiber carbohydrates like wheat bran, flaxseed and methi seeds to your wheat flour .Add whole grain foods in your diet. Avoid white bread, pasta, pizza , candies, and snacks . 10-Drink enough fluids:-Keep your body well hydrated. 11.Fresh vegetables and fruits: .Include sprouts in the diet as they are easily digestible tell ur latest sugar reports for treatment
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Is there any medicine elopathic/homeopathic/ayurbedic for permanent cure of diabetic. My fbs 120 &ppbs 180.please provide me the solution ?

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
Is there any medicine elopathic/homeopathic/ayurbedic for permanent cure of diabetic. My fbs 120 &ppbs 180.please pro...
You have to take medicines regularly..diabetes can only be controlled not cured...besides medicines follow these simple tips: Following are the tips to prevent onset/or control diabetes 1-Losing Extra Weight:-The most significant thing which can make a big difference to your health is to lose your extra weight. This will not only lower your blood pressure but also helps lowering your cholesterol too. For woman: waist of 80 cm or more & for man: waist of 90 cm or more are at risk 2- Constant and regular food timings :-the timings at which you have your meals should be set fixed and at regular intervals each day. This will considerably improve your metabolic activity and helps reducing your weight. 3- Split your meals and eating in moderate amount:-Splitting your meals into 3-4 times per day (including snacks)and eating in fair and consistent amount , improves your metabolic rate as the food u take is not concentrated at one time. 4- No long Gaps and skipping of meals:-There should be no long gaps between meals. Never miss out breakfast. 5- No overeating:-Never eat in a bulk on one time .Try to have moderate amount of food each time u eat. It will help maintain your blood sugar at a healthy level and won’t let it to fluctuate. Remember to eat your food slowly, chew well. 6- Proper Exercise and work outs:-Exercise is very important and a fast way to trim down calories, extra weight and controlling glucose level. Brisk walking for 30 min. atleast five times a week is the best and easiest way of exercising. You can also try Cycling, swimming, dancing. Timings for exercise should be fixed and regular. Avoid heavy exercise. Do not eat right away after a workout . 7-constant and regular timings for medication 8-Avoid fried foods and meat: Limit fats and sweets. Rather choose a variety of foods including whole grains, fresh vegetables, salads, fruits, low fat dairy products. 9- Take high-fibre and complex carbohydrates:-like oats as they are easily broken down to basic sugars. Add whole grain foods in your diet. Avoid carbohydrates like white bread, pasta, pizza , candies, and snacks .Instead include high-fiber carbohydrates like wheat bran, flaxseed and methi seeds to your wheat flour. This will increase fibre in your diet. 10-Drink enough fluids:-Keep your body well hydrated. Drink a lot of water that will help flush the toxins off your system. 11.Fresh vegetables and fruits:- gives essential benefits as these contain a lot of vital minerals as well as nutrients .Include sprouts in the diet as they are easily digestible and a rich source of nutrients. 12- Avoid excess salt:-in form of pickles/papads etc. 1 tsp(5 gm)is sufficient for a healthy hypertensive individual. 13-Avoid alcohol consumption:-Alcohols such as beer and wine contains large amount of calories. choose sugar-free drink. 14- dairy products :-Dairy products are high on fat content such as cheese, curd, milk etc. So instead consume skimmed milk products , low fat cheese, yogurt (curd) etc. Do not have more than two cups of tea or coffee every day. Try green tea instead.
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My father's chief complaints an history are ckd4, cad dcmp, dm type 2. Creatinine is 5.4 urea 130. Gone through colondoscopy recently after being discharged from icu. Please advice something for chronic constipation. He's on lot of nedicines like aplazar, cudo forte, minipress, amlopress, flavodon, prolomet, lasix &lazon.

MD - Pathology
General Physician, Amritsar
My father's chief complaints an history are ckd4, cad dcmp, dm type 2. Creatinine is 5.4 urea 130. Gone through colon...
He cannot take many medicines and many home remedies because of the number of conditions he is suffering from Try eating apple, papaya and guava daily He must go for a walk
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I m 32 years old. I m having sugar since 4 year. Taking medicines but there is no recovery. What to do?

CDIABT, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
I m 32 years old. I m having sugar since 4 year. Taking medicines but there is no recovery. What to do?
For diabetes follow a diet low in carbohydrate, low in fat and high in fibre. Walking for 30 mins a day for at least 5 days in a week is recommended. Follow a stress free life. Medicine will depend on blood sugar report.
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How much sugar content is necessary for everyday routine and not harmful at all and which food can help achieve this?

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
How much sugar content is necessary for everyday routine and not harmful at all and which food can help achieve this?
If you don't have or your parents don't have diabetes, then there is no strict restrictions but if your parents or grant parents have diabetes then reduce sugar intake by 30 %, do regular exercise yoga and pranayam.
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My weight is increasing due to thyroid. I have too much busy schedule. And i'm unmarried also. I'm also worried about thyroid. I'm taking pills of 12.5 mg for thyroid prescribed by a physician. please suggest me how can I reduce my weight and how can I lesser the problems of thyroid.

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
My weight is increasing due to thyroid. I have too much busy schedule. And i'm unmarried also. I'm also worried about...
Take high fiber low fat diet. Drink lot of water everyday. Take small and frequent meals at regular intervals of 2-3 hrs. Avoid outside food completely. Ask me privately for customized diet plan for you.
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Can I eat cabbage or cauliflower/broccoli since I have a thyroid condition

CCMTD, CCEBDM, C.Diabetology, American Diabetes Association, DOMS, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Mumbai
Can I eat cabbage or cauliflower/broccoli since I have a thyroid condition
Many people ask me "Can I eat cabbage or cauliflower/broccoli since I have a thyroid condition?" let me try to give the answer in scientific way.

What are goitrogens?

Goitrogens are substances that interferes with thyroid hormone production causing enlargement of thyroid. This enlargement also known as a goiter.

Different goitrogenic substances are present in various foods. 

Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, and cauliflower contain glucosinolates, which blocks iodine uptake into the thyroid.
Luckily, these vegetables are only goitrogenic in the raw state. Cooking or lightly steaming will deactivate the glucosinolates,
Thus diminishing the goitrogenic activity. While consuming cooked cruciferous vegetables is preferred, occasionally eating small amounts of these foods in the raw states should not aggravate autoimmune thyroid conditions. 

1. Iodine deficiency induced hypothyroidism should not consume as they cause further suppression of thyroid activity

However

2. Hashimoto's (most common cause of hypothyroidism) do not have iodine deficiency, and eating such otherwise very healthy vegetables is not of particular concern.

People with sub-clinical hypothyroidism (when their thyroid is still producing its own thyroid hormone and TSH is slightly elevated) may find that eating lots of goitrogens may suppress some of their own thyroid hormone production. 

Soy and canola are two goitrogens that should be avoided in those with hashimoto's.

Canola-- should be avoided in all individuals with hashimoto's- it's highly processed and made from genetically modified crops.

Soy- is a goitrogen. It blocks the activity of the TPO enzyme (important for thyroid hormone formation) soy has been linked to the development of autoimmune thyroiditis and should be avoided by those with hashimoto's.

List of goitrogens foods
Bamboo shoots
Broccoli
Broccolini
Brussels sprouts
Cabbage
Collard greens
Horseradish
Kohlrabi (Ganth Gobhi)
Mustard greens (Sarso ka Saag)
Peaches
Peanuts (Moongphali)
Pears
Pine nuts (Cheedh ki Supari)
Radishes (Muli)
Spinach (Palak)
Strawberries
Sweet potato
Turnips (White beetroot- Saljam)

Therefore, although everyone is different, most people with hashimoto's should be able to eat most goitrogens, even in their raw state, (with the exception of soy and canola).

Thank you for reading it. I hope it will be helpful to you.
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Male Menopause - Can Homeopathic Remedies Help Treat it?

BHMS, Certificate in Sex Education & Parenthood, PG Dip (Preventive & Promotive Healthcare), Dip in LSM (Prescribing Exercises), Dip in LSM (Metabolic Disroders & Nutrition), Dip in Occupational health & industrial hygiene., MBA (Healthcare), Certificate in Good Clinical Practice, Dip in Healthcare Quality, Core Competency In Lifestyle Medicine
Homeopath, Jamshedpur
Male Menopause - Can Homeopathic Remedies Help Treat it?

Do men encounter a comparable physiological stage to what women encounter amid menopause? Alluded to as 'andropause', 'male menopause', 'man-opause', and all the more as of late, 'low T', is called as Andropause or male menopause. In any case, while all women experience menopause, not all men encounter andropause.

What Is Andropause?
Andropause is a slow, enduring disease in the male hormones testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone. Testosterone naturally diminishes as men age, yet in andropause (therapeutically characterized as 'hypogonadism'), levels of the hormone drop below the ordinary range for a given age, commonly in moderately aged men.

Symptoms of Low Testosterone Level:
Do low level of testosterone deliver symptoms in moderately aged men? Actually, the exemplary symptoms were initially perceived over 70 years prior when two American physicians, Carl Heller, MD, and Gordon Myers, MD, demonstrated the adequacy of testosterone treatment for symptoms of weakness, discouragement, fractiousness, low sex drive, erectile brokenness, night sweats and hot flashes in men.

Why Do Hormones Drop?
There are various elements that can prompt to low testosterone:

  1. Obesity, diabetes and insulin resistance: The level of aggregate and free testosterone is decreased in large men in extent to the level of heftiness. Weight reduction alone has been appeared to build testosterone levels by 50 percent.
  2. Chronic aggravation: Insulin resistance is the key figure creating quiet irritation and lifted levels of high-affectability C-responsive protein (hs-CRP), a marker of aggravation that can be measured by a blood test.
  3. Increased introduction to xenoestrogens: Certain mixes found in nourishment and the environment can increase the impacts of estrogen in men, in this manner decreasing testosterone creation. These "xenoestrogens" incorporate pesticides, phthalates from plastics, tobacco smoke side effects, substantial metals, and solvents.
  4. Lack of physical movement: Participating in consistent episodes of short, extreme work out, particularly weight lifting, is one of the speediest approaches to support testosterone.
  5. Stress: It negatively affects testosterone levels by expanding the arrival of the adrenal hormone cortisol.

Homeopathic Medicines for Andropause: (Medicines should be taken on proper prescription of Doctor)

  1. Ashwagandha
  2. Suma
  3. Avena sativa
  4. Maca
  5. Catuaba
  6. Tongkat ali
  7. Muira puama

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a homeopath.

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I am a diabetic patient I take daily 6 tab of glynase mf regularly, take green tea, 1/2 hr walking daily then also I get numbness on leg fingers pl. Advice.

BHMS
Homeopath, Ahmedabad
I am a diabetic patient I take daily 6 tab of glynase mf regularly, take green tea, 1/2 hr walking daily then also I ...
Take syzygeum j. Q -10 drops in 25 ml of water three times a day, acid phos q -10 drops in 25 ml of water three times a day, after 2 week reply me back.
1 person found this helpful
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Skipping roap is helpful for diabetes my height is 5.6 and weight 66 kg and I am doing 2300 skipping rope how many calories burn during this acts.

MBBS, CCEBDM
Diabetologist, Bangalore
Skipping roap is helpful for diabetes my height is 5.6 and weight 66 kg and I am doing 2300 skipping rope how many ca...
Hi The number of calories you burn from jumping rope depends on different factors like your weight, jumping intensity and the pace at which you jump. Generally skipping for 15 min help you lose approximately 188 calories. If its 70 jumps per minute then your losing 430 calories for every 1000 jumps and so with 2300 jumps your probably losing about 1000 calories approximately.
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I am 45 years old ht 5`8" weight 88 kg, I have the problem of hiatus hernia and my uric acid is 7.8 What should I do?

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
for hiatus hernia you should consult general surgeon. Avoid protein diets, avoid more milk products. bad habits , fast food/fat/oily,salty foods. Coffee, smoking, alcohol intake. Non-veg., take whole grain,oats,green veg.,plenty of water in day time, 1 glass of water at night before bed. Take tab. Zyloric 100 mg once a day. Tab. Ulracet sos for pain in joints.
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I am a diabetic patient . The sugar level fasting is 222 and after food it is 198. How can I control this ? And what kind of food can you recommend for me , and what exercise should I do? My weight is 54 kg and height is 5.5" am a thyroid patient too (hyper hypothyroidism )

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc Home Science (hons)
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ludhiana
I am a diabetic patient . The sugar level fasting is 222 and after food it is 198. How can I control this ? And what ...
Hello you need not worry, you are not overweight. You need to understand that for a diabetic patient medicine works excellent when you do exercise regularly like brisk walk or cycling or any sport you love or stretching and yoga for 40-45 minutes for 5 days a week along with healthy food options at right time. Include whole grains, sprouts, seasonal fruits and vegetables, salad vegetables like cucumber, kakri, onion, tomato etc. Include green tea 4-5 times a day. Drink plenty of water. Take 3 main meals and 2 side meals. Avoid fried foods, sweets, carbonated drinks and processed foods. Sleep for 7-9 hours per night. Don't skip breakfast. Avoid mango, banana, cheeku, zimikand and arbi. Also avoid raw and cooked broccoli, cauliflower and soya and soya products. Take chamomile tea before going to bed. Also prepare a powder by grinding the following almonds - 50 neem leaves dried - 50 whole black pepper - 50 green elaichi - 50 bhunne channe - 125g take 1 tsp after breakfast and 1 tsp before dinner. Thank you.
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Hi. Could you please suggest the foods to be taken for infertility especially during ovulation to increase the chances of conception.

MS GYNE
IVF Specialist, Jaipur
Hi. Could you please suggest the foods to be taken for infertility especially during ovulation to increase the chance...
avoid smoking,tea,,coffee avoid zunk food do exercise citrus food, aloe vers,amla.,beans increase yr fertility capacity
1 person found this helpful
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My Mother is a diabetic patient. She always feels like to pee. In Evey half and hour she goes for three times to the washroom. Please tell what should we do. No doctor also tell properly. What we should do. Really sad to see my mother condition.

Practical Course in Diabetology, POST GRADUATE COURSE IN DIABETOLOGY, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Jammu
My Mother is a diabetic patient. She always feels like to pee. In Evey half and hour she goes for three times to the ...
Control her sugar strictly, check urine for infection. If urine is normal, Give tablet Darif 7.5 daily for one month.
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Because of hypothyroidism missing periods and gaining weight. Please any suggestions Thanks Preet.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
Because of hypothyroidism missing periods and gaining weight. Please any suggestions
Thanks
Preet.
lybrate-user, Hypothyroidism if not well controlled with proper dosage of Thyroxine is bound to affect menstrual cycle and cause weight gain. Only option is to see that adequate dose of thyroxine is taken and TSH is maintained between 3 to 4 mU/L, then only all the symptoms will be in control and efforts to reduce weight also are likely to be successful. Hence, make sure that TSH levels are as mentioned. Thanks.
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What are the precautions o be taken by diabetes patients and what are their daily food diet to decrease the sugar level.

AUTLS, CCEDM, MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
What are the precautions o be taken by diabetes patients and what are their daily food diet to decrease the sugar level.
DIABETIC DIET ADVICE: ●Eat regular meals throughout the day at same time everyday..Avoid skipping meals ●Include high fibre foods at each meal e.g. legumes(beans/lentils ),nuts(almonds,walnut),eggs etc ●Take fruit as a healthy snack e.g. apples,pears,papaya,mausami,jamun,guava ●Try to avoid –grapes,mango,bananas,jackfruit(cheeku) ●Vegetables to be included in plenty-at least 2 servings per meal ●Reduce the fat intake,fried foods,cakes,pastries and foods containing palm oil and coconut oil ●Include healthy foods like daliya,oats ●Reduce salt intake in the diet to 1 tsp or less per day ●stay away from especially labelled diabetic foods(they are of no benefit),and saturated fats ●Limit intake of sugar and sugary foods like sweets ●If so desire can take sugarfree as sugar substitute for sweetening purposes DIABETIC DIET CHART: Morning: 4-5 Almonds soaked overnight in water or 1-2 walnuts 6:30 a.m.: Tea + 2 mariegold biscuits(only for those who can’t skip their morning tea) 8:00-9:00 a.m. : 2 Roti + subzi + daliya /upma/poha/raw cheese/sprouts + 1 glass skimmed milk 11:00-12:00 a.m.: Fruits (only those permitted), salads, guava, papaya, pomegranate, cucumber, carrot, sprouts etc 1:00-2:00 p.m.: 2 roti +dal + salads+curd/raita/buttermilk 4:00-5:00 p.m : tea + roasted chana/bhelpuri(only if hungry) 7:00 p.m : salads/coconut water/lemon water(without sugar) 8:00-9:00 p.m: 2 roti +dal/khicdi + skimmed milk Try to sleep daily on sametime till 11:00 p.m. SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS : Avoid potato/sweet potato/arbi banana/cheeku/grapes/mango/litchi papads/ chatni/pickles/fried foods groundnuts/cashew/pista/raisins sweets/honey/cold drinks/jaggery Note: For preparing chapatis, use whole wheat flour mixed with chana flour or besan in 3:1 proportion alongwith small amounts of soyabean flour Learn how to live with diabetes: It is common to feel overwhelmed, sad, or angry when you are living with diabetes. You may know the steps you should take to stay healthy, but have trouble sticking with your plan over time. Stress can raise your blood sugar. Learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, meditating, working on your hobby, or listening to your favourite music. Eat well: stick to a diabetes meal plan .chose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt.Eat foods with more fibre, such as whole grain cereals, crackers, rice, or pasta. Set a goal to be more active most days of the week. Start slow by taking 10 minute walks, 3 times a day.Twice a week, work to increase your muscle strength. Use stretch bands, do yoga, heavy gardening (digging and planting with tools), or try push-ups. Check your feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling. Brush your teeth and floss every day to keep your mouth, teeth, and gums healthy. Stop smoking. Ask for help to quit. Keep track of your blood sugar. Check your blood pressure if your doctor advises and keep a record of it. At each visit, be sure you have a: blood pressure check,foot check,weight check Two times each year, have an: HbA1C test. It may be checked more often if it is over 7. Once each year, be sure you have a: cholesterol test,complete foot exam,dental exam to check teeth and gums,dilated eye exam to check for eye problems,urine and a blood test to check for kidney problems
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I am 30 year old and my fasting glucose is 105, want to know that am I suffering from diabetes or its normal.

md general phisician
General Physician, Hyderabad
I am 30 year old and my fasting glucose is 105, want to know that am I suffering from diabetes or its normal.
Hello, 105 mg/dl isnormal fasting blood sugar levels. In fasting sugar levels should be between 80 to 125mg/dl is normal and in post lunch or in random blood sugar levels should not exceed 150mgs / dl. But please do regular exercises maintain healthy diet and vegetables. And last but not least is should avoid stressful life. Do yoga and meditation.
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I am a 65 years old male suffering from High BP and diabetic since last 7 years. Recently I am getting white patches on my elbow and ankles. What may be the reason and treatment?

MBBS
Sexologist, Gurdaspur
I am a 65 years old male suffering from High BP and diabetic since last 7 years. Recently I am getting white patches ...
White patches can be due to uncontrolled sugar. You need to have sugar in control. And it will subside itself. Go for your glucose levels and hba1c levels. Do reply with reports.
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Addison's Disease - 4 Causes Behind It

Diploma in Diabetology, P.G. Diploma in Health Science (Diabetology), Certificate Course in Evidence based Diabetes Management -, MBBS
Endocrinologist, Thane
Addison's Disease - 4 Causes Behind It

Addison’s disease is a disorder caused due to significant damage in the adrenal cortex (located alongside the adrenal gland’s perimeter that helps mediate stress reaction), which leads to a deficiency in the secretion of the hormones ‘aldosterone’ (that regulates the sodium and potassium level of the body), ‘androgen’ and ‘cortisol’ (which control the body’s reaction in situations of intense pressure) by the adrenal glands.

Causes
There are generally two stages of Addison’s disease. The causes vary according to the stages:

In the primary stage of the disorder, the body’s immune system attacks the adrenal cortex and significantly damages it.

Other significant causes are as follows:

  • This might occur as a result of the development of tumors and cancerous cells in the body
  • Resulting from certain infections
  • Long-term usage of glucocorticoids (inflammation reducing steroids) might result in the primary adrenal insufficiency
  • This might also be caused due to tuberculosis or severe bleeding in the adrenal glands.

Risk Factors

If you’re suffering from any one of the following complications, your chances of contracting Addison’s disease increase significantly:

  • Cancer or if you have undergone any surgery to remove parts of the adrenal gland
  • Tuberculosis or diabetes.
  • Frequent usage of coagulants

Treatments
The treatment of Addison’s disease varies according to the cause of the disorder.
The most common treatments for the disorder include:

  • A prescribed dosage of glucocorticoids might be recommended
  • Replacement of the hormones that the adrenal glands are unable to produce: Cortisone acetate or prednisone might be used in order to replace the ‘cortisol’ hormone.
  • Meditation or other relaxing techniques to ease excessive stress levels or manage any trauma that you have been through.
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