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Everytime after two days of waxing of my arms or legs (through wax or razor), red pimples pop out due to lots of itching till full growth. This makes my arms look ugly and also leave marks. Suggest some ways.
I am loss my hair very quickly I am use all kind of shampoo but no work I want perfect solution to stop my hair loss so give me how I atop this.
Hello I am 27 year old, I used to get pimples on my things and after that it leaves marks on my things every week one new pimple and than mark what should I do to remove this marks and there is some marks on my leg also due to in growth hair after waxing marks left. What to do.
Hi I am 25 years old male. I got pimples on my face n some black spots. I have dry skin. I do not use any beauty products. What I do.
I have a problem of skin spots and pimples on my skin bcoz of oil, do I recommend any face wash for me or cream to repair it. Of which company I should buy a facewash and cream?
Dandruff or Seborrhea is one of the most common scalp diseases that majority of the population suffer from. Although, it is most common among the adolescent, but it can affect people of any age group. We all know that at some point in our lives we have desperately tried almost all types of dandruff treatment and over-the-counter antidandruff shampoos, but this is one sticky problem that keeps coming back. In most cases, the problem of dandruff itself is not very serious but it is embarrassing and irritating indeed. In certain cases it can lead to other skin problems such as pimples, acne or even worse, it can lead to social problems and lowered self-esteem.
Dandruff may be the result of a dry scalp, or a skin condition called seborrheic dermatitis. It could also be caused by eczema, psoriasis, or, very commonly, an overgrowth of a yeastlike fungus called Malassezia. Drugstore remedies might include shampoos with zinc pyrithione, which targets fungus and bacteria; ketoconazole, which also fights fungus; coal tar and selenium sulfide, which slow the growth and die-off of skin cells on your scalp; and salicylic acid, which loosens flakes so they can be washed away.
Aspirin contains the same active ingredient (salicylic acid) as many medicated dandruff shampoos. Keep flaking in check by crushing two aspirins to a fine powder and adding it to the normal amount of shampoo you use each time you wash your hair. Leave the mixture on your hair for 1-2 minutes, then rinse well and wash again with plain shampoo.
Basic Reasons for Dandruff:
Imagine a situation where you get a chance to get close and personal with your office crush, but just as you are tucking in your shirt or top you see a drizzle of white flakes on your collars and shoulder- what on earth can be more embarrassing than this? We keep brushing it off without ever trying to get to the root of the problem. But have we ever thought that the cause of this persistent problem may lie in very simple things, like our lifestyle, habits, diet, hygiene and stress? But no need to worry, because we bring to you some of the basic reasons for dandruff and 10 simple home remedies to get rid of it.
Poor brushing leads to a higher risk of dandruff. It is a natural mechanism for the scalp to shed the dead skin cells periodically. Proper brushing and combing of hair at least twice a day is very important to get rid of these flakes. In addition, brushing also improves air supply and blood circulation to scalp and hair that's crucial for healthy hair.
Not Proper Shampooing:
Not enough washing of the hair leads to accumulation of dead cells and oil on the scalp which can lead to dandruff and itchy scalp. It is recommended to wash your hair every other day with a mild herbal shampoo because the detergent and chemicals present in common shampoos causes rough and frizzy hair. If you are using a conditioner after shampooing, make sure to apply it at least an inch away from the scalp and wash it off thoroughly so that no residue is left in the hair.
Excessive emotional or work stress, overnight work shift, back to back exams or an ugly divorce- all these and many more things can lead to dandruff and hair loss. Stress has an impact on us both physically and mentally. But try to stick to a routine, eat healthy meals at proper times and drink plenty of water to keep situations under control.
Excessive Use of Hair Products:
While everybody out there is boasting of salon treated hair thanks to the chemical loaded styling products, it is impossible to get out with bland, plain hair. So if it is a must for you, then use the hair sprays, gels, and mousse in moderation, because certain chemicals present in these products might aggravate the problem of dandruff.
To a large extent, the modern diet is also responsible for problems such as dandruff. In the present times, our staple diet consists of processed food, refined sugar, fatty and fried food that leads to inflammation, which in turn leads to flaking and dandruff. Try to limit the intake of salt, sugar, and trans-saturated fat. Substitute the processed diet with an antioxidant-rich diet that includes minerals like zinc and vitamin B and omega 3 fatty acids. Include lots of green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits to your diet and eat them raw as well as cooked.
People with dry skin commonly complain of dry dandruff more often. The problem surges during winter because of dry weather and cold wind. They suffer from a type of dandruff that is not oily and the flakes are smaller in size.
Lemon and Coconut Oil Massage:
The citric property of lemon works wonders in reducing dandruff over time. For this massage, Heat 2 tablespoon of coconut oil and mix equal amount of lemon juice to it and massage gently on your scalp. Leave it for 20 minutes and then rinse off with a mild shampoo. Repeat this 3-4 times a week for a few weeks to get effective results.
This good old baking ingredient is of great use when it comes to fighting dandruff. Take a spoonful of baking soda and rub it thoroughly into your wet hair and scalp. Leave it on for a minute and then wash it off. Continue this four times a week for a few weeks. The results may take time to appear, but this one is a sure remedy for flakes.
Take a small amount (enough to make a mask for your hair) of white sour curd or yogurt and leave it in the open for a day or two for fermentation. Whisk the curd and apply it to your scalp and hair like a mask and leave it on for an hour. Rinse it thoroughly with a mild shampoo. The acidic quality of the curd not only helps combat dandruff but conditions it to give it a shiny, soft texture.
Fenugreek (Methi) Pack:
Fenugreek is a spice that is readily available in our kitchen. Soak a handful of fenugreek seeds in water overnight. Make a paste and apply on scalp and hair and leave on for about an hour. Rinse it off and wash hair with a mild shampoo. Repeat this 3-4 times a week for best results. The anti-fungal property of fenugreek helps reduce dandruff and soothe irritation and itching.
Heena or mehndi is an age-old natural hair conditioner that has been used for centuries to treat hair problems. Mix henna, tea liquor and curd in a glass bowl and add lemon juice to it. Keep aside for 8-10 hours and apply it to hair and scalp in the form of a pack. Leave it for 1-2 hours, rinse it off and wash thoroughly with a mild shampoo. Repeat it once a week for best results.
Apple Cider Vinegar:
Apple Cider Vinegar is available in any major departmental store or supermarket. Vinegar is an active agent in fighting fungus. Mix one part of apple cider vinegar with an equal part of water and keep aside. Wash your hair normally and then apply the mixture to wet hair. Massage your scalp thoroughly with this mixture. Make sure it does not get into your eyes. Leave it on for 15 minutes and rinse off with water. Repeat it daily for about a week and say bye-bye to dandruff.
Tea tree Oil:
Tea tree oil is great for hair and it smells wonderful too. Apply a small amount of this oil to the flaky patches. Leave it on for 5 minutes and wash off. Repeat this 2-3 times for a week. Tea tree oil often triggers allergies in some people. In that case, go for a tea tree oil shampoo that has at least 5% tea tree oil which works as good as the oil. Shampoo frequently and while shampooing scrub the scalp lightly and leave it in of about 5 minutes before washing off.
Fuller Earth (Multani Mitti) Hair Pack:
When it comes to skin care, there is nothing better than a fuller earth face pack. But fuller earth also works miracles for hair and scalp. The cooling effect of fuller earth soothes the scalp, removes excess oil and fights irritation. For the fuller earth hair pack, make a paste of fuller earth and water and add lemon juice to it. Apply it on hair and scalp and leave on for 20 minutes and wash off with water.
Since ancient times, neem has been used as a medicine for its natural antiseptic properties. Make a thick paste by grinding neem leaves in a food processor and apply this paste to the scalp and leave for 10 minutes then wash off with water. Leaves of neem can also be boiled in water and the water can be used for washing hair. This method is equally effective in keeping dandruff at bay.
Orange Peel Pack:
Citric acid and vitamin C in oranges helps in improving skin texture and tone. But orange peel too has great benefits when it comes to hair. The acidic property of orange peel helps reduce excess oil, and conditions hair. Mix orange peel and lemon juice in a food processor to bring it to a paste. Apply it to the scalp, leave for half an hour and wash off with a shampoo. Repeat this 2-3 times a week for best results.
Although dandruff might be a nagging problem, but remember the next time you are beating your head about the flakes, the solution might be just in front of your eyes- in your kitchen or freezer.
Scalp dryness can be cured with the regular use of extra-virgin olive oil, an effective natural moisturizer.
Heat some extra virgin olive oil until it is slightly warm.
Massage it into your scalp and then wrap your hair in a warm towel.
Leave it on for at least 45 minutes or overnight and then shampoo and condition your hair.
Repeat this remedy a few times a week.
Camphor And Coconut Oil:
Here's a simple Ayurvedic remedy that you can try to get rid of your dandruff problem. As you might know, coconut oil is great at nourishing your hair and scalp.
Add one teaspoon of camphor to half cup of coconut oil and store in an airtight container.
Apply it on the scalp and massage for 10 minutes each night before going to bed.
Continue this treatment for 2 weeks and once your dandruff is in control, switch to applying only on alternate evenings.
Aloe Vera gel has antibacterial and antifungal properties and is known to lessen dandruff in addition to its myriad of benefits for our skin and hair. Aloe Vera removes dandruff, soothes and heals the scalp, acting as a clarifying agent.
Apply pure Aloe Vera gel on the scalp and massage.
Hi, I am having hair fall since past 1 year. As of now I'm shedding lot of hair and have white flakes or dandruff kind of dust coming off. My head becomes very itchy cause if these white particles. Thank you.
Hii I am a 21 years old female and I have dry skin and I had a little bit of pimples and iam always felt to b dryness and I used a OLAY cream and Fair lovely cream. And my skin colour is black and I didn't get any shiningness and colour from it what can I do?
Sometimes my face becomes dry and starts itching and acne appears on my face. Is it due to allergy problem or due to dryness?
Hello sir ,I m 18 years old and day by day my hair is becoming white .What should I do? I have done full body check up by medical practitioner ? Please suggest me remedy, I really need it.
I am suffering from too much hairfall and my hairs are dry. I want to prevent hairfall and want to grow new hairs. Please consult me.
I have been losing hair from the front part of my head, I am almost turning bald and I am just 21. I do not see any hair growing back and my hair are thinning and I have severe split ends.
main 27 years old hu meri skin par ring worm ho gaye h jinme bahut itching hoti h khujlane k sath hi ye aur bade ho jate h bahut serious problem hum bahut paresan hu koi permanent ilaaj bataiye.
I have fungal infection and due to that I have ringworms on my neck and chest and I am also facing high hairfall. This issue is there from last 6 months, earlier it was very less but now it has increased and also hairfall is very much high. How can I treat this. Please refer a medicine.
Chemical peeling is a medical procedure which includes application of a chemical agent to the skin, causing controlled destruction of the epidermis, with or without the dermis, leading to exfoliation and removal of superficial lesions, followed by regeneration of new epidermal and dermal tissues. In simple words chemical peeling or chemical rejuvenation is procedure where a chemical agent or combination of agents of defined strength are applied the skin causing a controlled destruction of layers of the skin. This is followed by regeneration and remodeling leading to improvement of texture and surface abnormalities. It is a safe, effective and affordable option for improving skin ageing and imperfections.
Skin is considered the largest organ of the body and has many different functions. The skin is divided in two main regions, the epidermis and the dermis. The dermis is attached to an underlying hypodermis also called subcutaneous connective tissue.
Epidermis: It is the most superficial layer of the skin. The first barrier of protection from the invasion of foreign substances. The epidermis is divided into four layers – stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum and stratum basalis(basal layer).
Dermis: It is composed of fibroblasts which are responsible for secreting collagen, elastin and ground substance that gives support and elasticity to skin. It supplies the epidermis with nutrients and has its role in thermoregulation. The dermis is subdivided into two zones, upper papillary and lower reticular layer.
Classification of peels according to histological depth
- Very superficial peel – Exfoliation of the stratum cormeum, without any epidermal necrosis.
- Superficial peel – Destruction of the full epidermis, up to the basal layer
- Medium peel – Destruction of the epidermis, papillary dermis and upto the upper one third of the reticular dermis.
- Deep peel – Necrosis of the entire epidermis and papillary dermis with inflammation extending to the mid reticular dermis.
Classification of chemical peeling agents
Very superficial Peel:
- Glycolic Acid 30-50% applied for 1-2 minutes
- TCA* 10% applied as one coat
- Jessner’s solution 1-3 coats
- Glycolic acid 50-70% applied for 2-10 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin)
- TCA 10-30%
- Jessner’s solution 4-10 coats
- Very superficial and superficial Peels are the mildest form and often called, “the lunchtime peel.” These peels break down corneocyte adhesion, causing dead skin cells to shed off to reveal the fresh, healthy underlying skin. These peels address minor skin irregularities like discoloration, acne, surface scarring, fine lines, and sun spots.
- Glycolic acid 70% applied for 3-30 mins (depending on the type and thickness of the skin)
- TCA 35-50%
- Glycolic Acid 70% plus TCA 35%
- Jessner’s solution plus TCA 35%
- Phenol 88%
- Baker Gordon phenol formula
- Medium and deep peels increase the collagen and glycosaminoglycans content, cause collagen remodeling and increase dermal thickness to improve the clinical appearance of the skin with reduced wrinkles, skin tightening and pigmentary dyschromia.
Reason behind chemical peeling:
- Wound healing process is an important reason for rejuvenation. The phases of wound healing after chemical exfoliation are apparent:
- Inflammatory phase (1-5 days) – This phase is evident after peeling as erythma and swelling on the skin
- Proliferative phase (2-21 days) – In superficial peels, the basement membrane is intact, hence normal epidermis is restored in 2 to 3 days. In medium to deep peels, wound is below basement membrane and re-epithelialization takes time.
- Remodeling phase (3 weeks to 2 years) – collagen remodeling is the main reason that chemical peels cause rejuvenation and reduce wrinkles.
Indications for peels:
1. Pigmentary disorders
- Resistant melasma
- Pigmented cosmetic dermatitis
- Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation
- Comedonal acne
- Post acne scars
- Acne cosmetic
- Acne excoriee
- Fine wrinkling
- Skin glow and rejuvenation
- Oily to rough skin
- Actinic keratosis
- Keratosis pilaris
- Macular amyloidosis
- Dilated pores
- Seborrheic keratoses
- Active bacterial, viral and fungal infection and open wounds
- Oral isotretinoin use within the past three months
- Pregnancy and breast feeding
- History of keloid formation
- History of taking oral contraceptive and photosensitive drugs
- Unrealistic patient expectation
- Uncooperative patient, eg. Patient is careless about sun exposure or application of medicine
- For medium depth and deep peels, history of abnormal scarring, atrophic skin and isotretinoin use in the last six months.
How to choose a patient:
A patient should be chosen depending upon 4P’s:
P – Pathology
P – Point of depth required
P – Patients skin
P – Previous peeling agents
Many peels like mandelic acid, kojic acid, lactic acid, citric acid and many more have been introduced in the market which are also available in combination. These peels are not only more skin friendly but also more patient friendly. They have buffering agents like licorice extract and willow bark extract to minimize irritation to skin and antioxidants to infuse the skin with restorative nutrients. The change in the skin often occurs at cellular level and are not apparent to the naked hence making it more popular amongst busy patients who are seeking effective treatments quickly with little or no downtime.
Benefits of chemical peels:
The skin becomes noticeably smoother and rejuvenated.
- It reduces pigmentation, improves dull and uneven skin tone, reduces signs of photoagaeing, acne and enlarged pores.
- Removes dead and damaged skin cells and improves skin texture
- Helps in removal of tan
- Skin becomes brighter and more vivid because chemical peels not only cause re-epithelialization of the epidermis but also collagen remodeling.
Pre peel and post peel precautions:
- Patient has to be motivated enough to get multiple sittings of the peel ( 4-8, depending on the indication and type of peel) every 2-3 weekly to get the desired result.
- Patient should not wax, bleach, scrub, shave(the same day) or get any other aesthetic procedure like microdermabrasion, ipl, derma-roller one day before the chemical peel procedure. A gap of at least 7 days before and after the peel should be maintained.
- Patient should use a mild soap/ non soap cleanser after the peel
- Broad spectrum sunscreen and moisturizer should be used liberally, at least 2-3 times a day and sun exposure should be avoided.
- Patient should be strictly prohibited from scratching, picking or scrubbing the skin.
Take home message:
Chemical peeling is a simple office procedure for the treatment of acne, pigmentation, skin rejuvenation and photo ageing. These are not one time procedures but require 6-8 sessions and maintenance peels to achieve maximum improvement and prevent recurrences. The newer peels are safer and effective.