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Dr. Karthigayan P M

MBBS, DCH

Pediatrician, Chennai

39 Years Experience  ·  150 at clinic
Dr. Karthigayan P M MBBS, DCH Pediatrician, Chennai
39 Years Experience  ·  150 at clinic  ·  ₹ online
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Personal Statement

Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. Karthigayan P M
Dr. Karthigayan P M is one of the best Pediatricians in Chromepet, Chennai. He has helped numerous patients in his 39 years of experience as a Pediatrician. He has completed MBBS, DCH. He is currently practising at R K Nursing Home in Chromepet, Chennai. Don’t wait in a queue, book an instant appointment online with Dr. Karthigayan P M on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Pediatricians in India. You will find Pediatricians with more than 39 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Pediatricians online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS - Karnataka University - 1977
DCH - Madras Medical College, Chennai - 1981
Professional Memberships
Indian Medical Association (IMA)

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No 18, Ramachandra Iyer Street, Chrompet, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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#18, Ramachandra Iyer Street, Nehru Nagar.Chennai Get Directions
150 at clinic
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My one and half year old daughter is medically situs inversion case. I want to know there will be all ok in future ? Currently no problem.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician
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My one and half year old daughter is medically situs inversion case. I want to know there will be all ok in future ? ...
There will not be any problem. However you send me her echo report and other reports/privately. Situs inversus (also called situs transversus or oppositus) is a congenital condition in which the major visceral organs are reversed or mirrored from their normal positions. The normal arrangement of internal organs is known as situs solitus while situs inversus is generally the mirror image of situs solitus. Although cardiac problems are more common than in the general population, most people with situs inversus have no medical symptoms or complications resulting from the condition, and until the advent of modern medicine it was usually undiagnosed.
1 person found this helpful

Good Morning! The age of my son is 3 months n 13 days now and weight is 5 KG. All regular vaccine have been injected. Kindly advise, if there is any suggestion. Thanks n Regards.

BHMS
Homeopath
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Good Morning! The age of my son is 3 months n 13 days now and weight is 5 KG. All regular vaccine have been injected....
Hello, the baby should be on mother's feed and follow the vaccination chart time to time. Your baby is quite healthy otherwise. Take care.
1 person found this helpful

My 3 year old son shows very strong resistance to take antibiotics (because of the bitter taste) and refuses to take them. When we try to forcibly give him, he spits it out. At times it happens that he gulps the medicine but immediately vomits. Please suggest solution ?

Pediatrician
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He is right, antibiotics may not be always required for each and every illness, they have their own problems, and are very bad to taste, please try one which you are giving to your child. Avoid unjust use and abuse of antibiotics, they are the only weapons with us to fight the deadly organisms, frequent use makes their susceptibility less, and they dont work when definately needed.
1 person found this helpful

What should be given to 12 years old boy to make him strong internally. To boost his immunity. Is yokult good? how it works. My boy is allergic to dust. Please help.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician
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Yogurt is good. Nutritious diet and physical activity will increase immunity. For dust allergy best remedy is to avoid.

How to Reduce a Fever in Babies

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), PGDHHM
General Physician
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How to reduce a fever in babies

A fever is a common sign of illness, but it's not always a bad thing. In fact, a fever is usually a normal response of a child's immune system to a virus or bacterial infection.

Most healthy children can tolerate a fever well, and it lasts about 3 to 5 days under normal circumstances.

The most common cause of fevers in babies is a viral infection. In some cases, teething can cause a slight increase in body temperature. In younger babies, a fever could be a sign of a serious infection.

When you see your baby's temperature rise, it can be a great concern for you. You may be in a dilemma whether to call the doctor or get emergency medical care. The guidelines below may be helpful.

Baby fever guidelines as per the American academy of pediatrics (aap):

Newborns up to 3 months of age: anything higher than 100.4 degrees (38 degrees celsius) is a matter of concern.
Infants between 3 and 6 months of age: a fever higher than 101 degrees (38.3 degrees celsius) should be checked by your pediatrician.
Babies age 6 months or older: a temperature over 103 degrees (39.4 degrees celsius) needs an immediate consultation with a doctor.
If your baby shows other signs or symptoms of illness, such as a cold, cough, vomiting or diarrhea, consult your doctor. Moreover, as a parent, always trust your instincts. If you think you should contact the doctor, go ahead.

In any situation, in addition to your doctor's prescribed medication, you can follow a few tips to help manage or reduce your baby's fever.

Here are the top 10 ways to reduce a fever in babies.

1. Cold compresses

As soon as your baby develops a fever, the first thing to do is put a cool, wet washcloth on your baby's forehead. As the water from the wet washcloth evaporates from the skin, it will draw the fever out and the temperature will come down quickly.

Put some cool tap water in a bowl.
Soak a clean washcloth in the water.
Wring out the excessive water, then place the wet cloth on the baby's forehead.
Once the cloth warms, remove it and repeat again.
Do this until the fever has gone.
You can also use the damp washcloth to sponge areas like your baby's armpits, feet, hands and groin to reduce the temperature.

Note: never use very cold or ice water, as it may cause the internal body temperature to increase.

2. Lukewarm bath

A lukewarm bath will help relax a fussy baby and help regulate the body temperature. It will even help your baby sleep better, which is needed for faster recovery.

For babies younger than 6 months, give a lukewarm sponge bath 2 or 3 times a day.
For babies, 6 months or older, give them a regular bath in lukewarm water a few times a day.
After each bath, dress your baby immediately.

Note: never use very hot or cold water, as it may cause the internal body temperature to rise.

3. Breast milk

For babies younger than 6 months old who have a fever, breast milk is very important. It offers a unique balance of nutrients that strengthens a baby's weak immune system and is tailored to fight a baby's illness.

Breast milk is quickly and easily digested. It will even keep a sick baby properly hydrated, which is essential for faster recovery.

Try to breastfeed your young baby frequently. If your baby refuses to nurse while experiencing a fever, try different nursing positions. You can keep the baby upright while breastfeeding to make your baby more comfortable during feeding sessions.
If your baby regularly refuses to nurse, pump out the breast milk and feed it to your baby using a spoon or bottle.

4. Give more fluids

For sick babies, it is important to increase fluid intake. Fluid will help cool them down and replace the fluid lost through sweating to prevent dehydration.

Dehydration may lead to various other complications and delay recovery.

Due to having a fever, babies may refuse large amounts of fluid at a time. So, try to give them smaller amounts more often.

Give oral rehydration solutions (either homemade or readily available in the market) along with lukewarm water to small babies younger than 6 months old to help replenish fluids and electrolytes.
Along with water and oral rehydration solutions, cold milk, ice pops, fruit juice and chilled yogurt can be given to babies 6 months or older.

5. Keep your baby in a cool place

When taking care of a sick baby, it's important to keep a close eye on the room temperature. It should not be too hot or too cold. Keep your baby's room at a comfortable temperature between 70 and 74 degrees (21.1 to 23.3-degree c).

If using a fan, keep it on a low setting. However, make sure your baby is not sleeping directly under the fan.
If using an air conditioner, keep the temperature at a comfortable level. Make sure your baby doesn't shiver and raise his or her temperature.
Also, avoid using the room heater nonstop, as it can make your baby overheated.
Keep your sick baby indoors in a cool place most of the time. If you are taking your baby outside, try to stay in the shade.

6. Dress your infant comfortably

Many parents make the mistake of bundling up their sick child with layers of clothes or extra blankets. This is something parents should avoiding doing, as it may keep the temperature from going down or even make it go higher.

Infants cannot regulate their temperature well, hence, when bundled in layers, it will be harder for them to cool down once overheated. Too much clothing will even prevent radiating body heat into the surrounding air.

Dress your baby in one layer of lightweight clothing. If needed, use a light blanket when your baby is sleeping.

Also, keep your baby in a comfortable room, where the temperature is not too hot or too cool.

7. Foot massage

Rubbing the soles of your sick baby's feet with some warm oil is one of the best ways to calm your fussy baby. Apart from relaxation, it will promote better sleep, which is necessary for quick recovery.

Foot massage also helps regulate body temperature.

Rub some warm olive oil on the bottoms of your baby's feet.
Apply gentle pressure on the soles with your thumbs.
Finally, give a nice massage to the whole foot.
Do this for just a couple of minutes and repeat as needed.
When it comes to a foot massage, be careful not to do too much.

8. Apple cider vinegar

For babies 1 year and older, you can try an apple cider vinegar remedy. Because apple cider vinegar helps draw heat out of the body, it can reduce a high body temperature.

Add a quarter cup of raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar to a large bowl of lukewarm water.
Soak a washcloth in it, then wring out the excess liquid.
Use this damp cloth to give your baby a sponge bath.
Repeat 2 or 3 times a day until the fever has dropped.

9. Basil

For bringing down a fever, basil is suitable for babies older than 1 year. The herb can help reduce the heat in the body. It works as a natural antibiotic and immune booster.

Boil a handful of basil leaves in 2 cups of water, until the solution is reduced to half. Add a little sugar and give it to your little one, a few times a day.
If your baby is big enough to chew basil leaves, give him or her some thoroughly washed basil leaves to chew at regular intervals.

10. Monitor body temperature

Another important thing when your baby is having a fever is to regularly monitor his or her body temperature. Do not rely on your hand as a means of assessing the child's temperature.

Instead, you can try several ways to take your baby's temperature:

Rectal method (by the rectum)
Oral method (by the mouth)
Axillary method (under the armpit)
Tympanic method (in the ear)
Regularly take your baby's temperature and write it down on a notepad. This will help a doctor assess the changes that have occurred during the days when your baby is not well.

Additional tips

Check on your sick baby from time to time during the night, also.
Monitor your baby and if you notice signs of dehydration and rashes, consult a doctor immediately.
Your baby should urinate at least every 4 hours and the urine should be light colored.
If your child is inconsolable and doesn't stop crying, consult your doctor.
Do not send your baby to daycare until he or she recovers fully.
If your baby is fussy, try to rock your baby while walking to ease his or her distress.
Do not leave a small child with a fever alone for any length of time.
You can give solid food to your baby during a fever, but do not force it.
It is better to feed them foods that are soft and low in fiber, such as bread, crackers and refined hot cereals like oatmeal or cream of wheat.
If your doctor has prescribed medicine, never give more than the recommended dosage to your child.
Always use a measuring device to give medication.
Don't treat a fever in children under 18 years of age with aspirin, as it can lead to serious health problems.
Make sure to keep your baby up to date with all of his or her immunizations.
How to Reduce a Fever in Babies

My kid aged 8 years is having cold cough symptoms with high fever going upto 102 occasionally, the local doctor prescribed meftal b.

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician
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My kid aged 8 years is having cold cough symptoms with high fever going upto 102 occasionally, the local doctor presc...
I think this is a viral fever and your local doctor has done a great job. In most of the cases fever might take up to 5 days. If child is active alert and there is no other problem after giving meftal p I think you can wait for another 3 days. If fever do not respond after that you must revisit your local doctor for further investigation and management.
1 person found this helpful

Tips To Help You Reduce The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist
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Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.

Check your risk of diabetes. Take the life! risk assessment test and learn more about your risk of developing type 2 diabetes. A 12+ score indicates that you are at high risk and may be eligible for the life! program - a free victorian lifestyle modification program that helps you reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Manage your weight. Excess body fat, particularly if stored around the abdomen, can increase the body’s resistance to the hormone insulin. This can lead to type 2 diabetes.

Exercise regularly. Moderate physical activity on most days of the week helps manage weight, reduce blood glucose levels and may also improve blood pressure and cholesterol.

Eat a balanced, healthy diet. Reduce the amount of fat in your diet, especially saturated and trans fats. Eat more fruit, vegetables and high-fibre foods. Cut back on salt. 

Limit takeaway and processed foods. convenience meals are usually high in salt, fat and kilojoules. It's best to cook for yourself using fresh ingredients whenever possible.

Limit your alcohol intake. Too much alcohol can lead to weight gain and may increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should have no more than two standard drinks a day and women should have no more than one. 

Quit smoking. Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers.

Control your blood pressure. Most people can do this with regular exercise, a balanced diet and by keeping a healthy weight. In some cases, you might need medication prescribed by your doctor.

Reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease have many risk factors in common, including obesity and physical inactivity.

See your doctor for regular check-ups. As you get older, it's a good idea to regularly check your blood glucose, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels.

Tips To Help You Reduce The Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes
3 people found this helpful

My sister's baby girl is having little temperature from last three days and their family were still giving bath to the baby. Today after bath baby was not properly behaving as always. And yesterday baby was also taken out at 5: 00pm. And also during feeding the baby is removing some milk out from her mouth. We visited a doctor today. Doctor said it is usual and gave drops of viral infection. What would you recommend. Any test?

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), F.I.A.M.S. (Pediatrics)
Pediatrician
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My sister's baby girl is having little temperature from last three days and their family were still giving bath to th...
To recomend any advice, it is necessary to know age, weight and temperature of child and type of change in behaviour. As for removing of milk is concerned, it may be normal.
1 person found this helpful

My 8 years baby suffering with stomach ache. We gave hot water. Some home remedy zira honey. Finally she vomited after an hour but still she didn't get relief. Please suggest us what medicine we can give.

M.D.Pediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician
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Dear Lynbrate user Its late to answer but is your child fine. Most common reason of stomachache in children of this age is worm infestation . Or is your child having loose motions. Hope your child is ok

My son is now 5 yrs old. But he has problem of constipation also he is not go to toilet daily

MD
Pediatrician
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Mention weight and height. If stool consistency and not the frequency is important in labeling patient to be constipated. If consistency is normal : by and large there is nothing serious. But do consult a doctor. It is not ethical to advice without examining a patient

Diploma in Child Health (DCH)
Pediatrician
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Foods like peanuts, whole grapes, cherry tomatoes, carrots, hot dogs, meat sticks, or hard candies should be kept away from toddlers as they may have problem in chewing them. Give them mashed, cut and easily chewable food.
2 people found this helpful

My daughter gets stomach ache during first two days of menstruation cycle. What steps should be taken to relieve her of the pain?

Diploma in Child Health (DCH), MBBS
Pediatrician
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Give her antispasmodic tablet on the first day of anticipated period, even if she is having irregular one. Taking tablet won't harm her but severe pain and collapse may.

He has started his 6th month today so wat food we need to start with him as he is on only feeding and powder milk?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician
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He has started his 6th month today so wat food we need to start with him as he is on only feeding and powder milk?
If you are giving formula feed you should never give in bottle with nipple. Instead give from cup with spoon. You can start giving smashed home made foods.

I am concerned about introducing certain food to my 6 months old as she hasn't pooped for last 3 days. Is it okay to give barley cereal, brown rice, ragi,sooji, kellogs oats and veggies during night. Which foods from above should be given to the baby at night and which all fruits to be given and when.

BHMS
Homeopath
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I am concerned about introducing certain food to my 6 months old as she hasn't pooped for last 3 days. Is it okay to ...
Hi, if you have already introduced liquid diet (like'dal ka paani'chawal ka paani') earlier then you can introduce semi-solid diet like'sooji ka hawla'ragi'khichri' mashed fruits (like apple, banana, papaya) initially later can switch over to oats, veggies, etc.

Baby is one year nine months old. She fell on the floor and had a cut on her forehead for which it was stitched. Pls help us so that the cut doesn't leave a permanent scar on her forehead.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath
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Baby is one year nine months old. She fell on the floor and had a cut on her forehead for which it was stitched. Pls ...
Homoeopathic cream ANTIMARKS CREAM ( BIOVALLEY) Apply twice daily in circular fashion you can also use the one part of baking soda with two part of water to create a paste. Baking soda is a natural exfoliator and helps in the gentle scraping of the scar tissue layer by layer. Scrub (avoid vigorous rubbing) this paste on your scars for a minute or two and after that you can rinse it off with cold water.
1 person found this helpful

I am having stomach ache from last one week. Also feeling feverish and vomiting. What to do? pleasea dvise.

MBBS
General Physician
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I am having stomach ache from last one week. Also feeling feverish and vomiting. What to do? pleasea dvise.
For stomach pain take tablet meftalspas-ds and you seemed to have an episode of enteritis which should have been treated with an antibiotic.

Hello, Mera baby ko vomit hua two times. Uske baad still usko vomit jesa hota rehta hai. Jese hi use vomit sa hota hai main usko shoulder se laga deti hu. N tap krti hu uski back ko toh thodi der mai normal ho jata hai. I don't know ki kya hua hai use. Jab use bottle feed karati hu toh bht pblm se feed karta hai. Like bottle muh se nikal deta hai. Or breast feeding mai b ye hi pblm hai. please help.

FELLOWSHIP IN PCCM, FELLOW-PEDIATRIC FLEXIBLE BRONCHOSCOPY, FELLOWSHIP IN PEDIATRIC CARDIAC CRITICAL CARE, D.C.H., M.B.B.S
Pediatrician
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Hello,
Mera baby ko vomit hua two times. Uske baad still usko vomit jesa hota rehta hai. Jese hi use vomit sa hota ha...
first of all..get rid of bottle asap.bottle feed brings many disease and future teeth malalignment issues also. secondly ...give anti reflux measure ..symptoms you mentioned is of reflux disease. 1.esomac 10mg half sachet for a 5kg baby shall help. 2.give syp.ondem 2ml for severe vomits . 3.mild one shall be fine with taking baby on shoulders. regards
1 person found this helpful

My son is 9 years old. But he is still in the habit of bed wetting daily. What should I do?

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath
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Bed wetting in small children not only required medicines but a proper management is also required from your side.In order to control bed wetting problem of your child you must have proper knowledge of the exact reason of this problem. Actually normally a normal human being can retain urine in his bladder even for hours even if bladder is full because our mind controls the opening of Bladder valve.But sometimes this control breaks due to some reasons in elderly like old age,Uterine prolapse or displacement in females,Diabetes to name a few.But in small school going children it is a common problem and in majority of cases in children while sleeping the contact between their mind and bladder is broken and this is the reason why children cant feel their bedwetting problem even after urinating and continue with their sleep.There are a number of factors which leads to this problem but the main being Worms ,Excessive cold,Weak nervous system due to which whenever bladder fill slightly with urine,it exerts pressure on the valvular opening and while sleeping their mind-bladder control is not working,slight pressure on valve make it open and urine passes out without knowledge of the child.In some children this can happen while they are awake also. So our main aim while treating is to 1.set up a control betweem Mind and bladder 2.Try to remove all the causative factors 3.Try to make pass the urine of the child before hand time to time during the day so that there is no urine left in bladder so that no pressure is exerted on U.bladder valve. 4.Start giving medicines which will set up a contact between Mind and Bladder valve. 5.To start Pelvic Floor Muscles Stregthening exercises called KEGELS EXERCISE in teenage children and Mature people as small children cant do these exercises. Homoeopathic treatment R-74 Drops ( Dr Reckeweg) Drink 5 drops in 1 spoon fresh water 3 times daily ENUROSAN or BOOUME 42 ( BIOFORCE) Drink 1 spoon twice daily Before starting the above 2 medicines first give below given medicine for 5 days and start the above medicines from 6th day D-WORM ( ADVEN) Drink 1 spoon twice daily for 5 days.Finish the bottle. Repeat the above medicines for 3 months. Management by Parents during this course 1.Stop all fluids at night 2 hours before sleep like water,milk,and fluids of all kind including liquid vegetables. 2.For first 45 days set up an alarm in the middle of night 30 minutes before when you think that the probability of your child urinating during sleep at that particular time is high.Make this time adjustments in next few days and void urine of your child at that time to relieve Bladder valve from pressure.It is difficult but you have to do it for your child. 3.See that your child doesnot put on weight by letting him eat fatty food and cold drinks.
6 people found this helpful

My Son Is 19 Months Old. His Weight Is 9kgs And Look Like Weak. He Is Not Getting His Personality. But He Is Very Active. He will not Eat Healthy Food, Juices, Soups.

Postgraduate Programme in Pediatric Nutrition, Diploma in Pediatric Emergency Medicine, MRCPCH, MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician
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My Son Is 19 Months Old. His Weight Is 9kgs And Look Like Weak. He Is Not Getting His Personality. But He Is Very Act...
Growth depends on lot of factors like genetics, nutrition, physical and psychosocial environment. Average weight at this age is about 11 kgs. It also depends on the child's birth weight and growth potential. Children become more active and less interested in food at this age. Child should be offered balanced food and allowed to self feed as much as possible.

my daughter age 4 every 15 days she have cough n cold cough comes continuously during night it comes more right now I am giving levolin syrup please help.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician
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Is she febrile? maybe it is allergic cough. Try giving levocet-m syrup 5 ml daily once in the evening and report privately. Send reports of her cbc, absolute eosinophil count and tsh.
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