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Dr. K.M. Ganapathy

Orthopedist, Chennai

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Dr. K.M. Ganapathy Orthopedist, Chennai
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. K.M. Ganapathy
Dr. K.M. Ganapathy is a trusted Orthopedist in R A Puram, Chennai. He is currently practising at Nova Ivi Fertility in R A Puram, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. K.M. Ganapathy on has an excellent community of Orthopedists in India. You will find Orthopedists with more than 40 years of experience on You can find Orthopedists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


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Madras Orthopaedic society


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Plot no. 41/42,Sathyadev Avenue,R A Puram,M R C Nagar, Landmark: Near Chettinad School, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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I am having pain in my neck sometimes when I wake up in the morning with little swelling. so, what should I do?

Dip. SICOT (Belgium), MNAMS, DNB (Orthopedics), MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Hi thanks for your query and welcome to lybrate. I am Dr. Akshay from fortis hospital, new delhi. If you have localized neck pain with no other symptoms like radiating upper limb pain, neurological symptoms like numbness, weakness, paresthesias etc, then you can start with following recommendations for initial period of 2-3 weeks: - to maintain proper posture of your neck while working and sleeping - if pain is more then you can take a short course of an anti-inflammatory medication like tab etoshine or paracetamol or one which suits you - physical therapy initially under supervision of a trained physiotherapist and then to continue at home - adequate calcium & vitamin d intake if levels are low in body - ice packs can applied if your pain is acute, then hot fomentation can be done at home - analgesic spray for local application can be used and is easily available. We will observe you for next 2-3 weeks how you respond to this conservative management protocol. If you are not feeling better, then we will have to get some investigations like, dynamic x rays of neck and few blood tests for evaluation. Do not hesitate to contact me if you need any further assistance. You can also discuss your case and treatment plans with me in a greater detail in a private consultation.
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Sir, I have slip disc problem in L5S1 two years back. I consulted a neurologist and was checked. MRI was also done. I am regularly taking physiotherapy and doing exercises prescribed by the physiotherapist. But minor pain still persists in my back left side and I use back pad for the safety while travelling and working. Can you please suggest me some good exercises and precaution methods to take care of my back. I shall be thankful and grateful to you. My age is 40 years. I drive two wheeler occasionally, whether it is safe, please guide me. Any more suggestions from your side will be highly appreciated. Thanks and Regards.

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
I have slip disc problem in L5S1 two years back. I consulted a neurologist and was checked. MRI was also done. I...
Sleep on a hard bed with soft bedding on it. Spring beds, folding beds or thick matress are harmful use no pillow under the head. Do hot fomantation. Paracetamol 250mg od & sos x 5days. Caldikind plus 1tab od x10. Do neck, back knee & general exercises. It may have to be further investigated. Make sure you are not allergic to any of the medicines you are going to take. For emergency treatment contacts your nearest hospital or family doctor. If it doe s not give relief in 4-5days, contact me again. Why not discuss with me in a video conference?
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Arthritis - How Physiotherapy Can Help?

BPTh/BPT, MPT - Orthopedic Physiotherapy
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Arthritis - How Physiotherapy Can Help?

Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain, swelling, and stiffness are the primary symptoms of arthritis. Any joint in the body may be affected by the disease, but it is particularly common in the knee.

Knee arthritis can make it hard to do many everyday activities, such as walking or climbing stairs. It is a major cause of lost work time and a serious disability for many people. There are 2 types of arthritis the knee joint in the human body can get afflicted with. They are:

  • Osteoarthritis: The form of arthritis which, with increasing pain, slowly wears down the joint cartilages is called osteoarthritis. This form of arthritis usually affects people after the age 40. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include:

    • severe pain in the knee joints
    • pain after walking up the stairs and it subsiding once you are on rest
    • severe pain after the movement of joints for a long time
    • pain that becomes worse in rainy days
    • joints becoming stiff after waking up in the morning but they improve in the latter part of the day
    • pain which also occurs in the thighs and the genital regions coupled with joints swelling and joints getting stiff after rest.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic form of arthritis caused because of the knee joint inflammations. This form of arthritis can occur at any age. Being an auto-immune disease, its symptoms include, but are not limited to:

    • severe pain in the morning
    • mild fever accompanying the pain
    • joints suddenly becoming swollen, red and warm causing, immense pain
    • sudden stiffness of the joints
    • pain that increases in cold weather
    • mild fever, extreme tiredness and weakening of the muscles

Doctors are still doubtful about what exactly causes the disease; but the deformation of the immune system might cause the damage of the joints, causing people who are already suffering from obesity, smokers, and women, in general, more prone to this disease.

When the knee pain is diagnosed as a form of arthritis, the following treatments are suggested:

  1. If you are overweight or obese, losing some of those extra pounds can go a long way in reducing the pain.
  2. Muscle-stretching exercises are effective in keeping the knee joints flexible.
  3. Acupuncture and devices such as knee braces and knee caps can relieve the pain.
  4. Prescribed dosage of anti-inflammatory drugs such as Tylenol, Motrin, and Advil or injections of hyaluronic acid might relieve your pain.
  5. If regular treatments do not work, you might opt for knee-replacement surgery and osteotomy (the process of cutting a bone with the help of surgery) which might better the alignment of the knee by transforming the bone shapes.

Physiotherapy For Knee Arthritis-

Physiotherapy treatment is aimed at improving the symptoms of the disease (i.e. knee pain, swelling, stiffness), and you should begin to notice a positive difference within one or a few physiotherapy sessions.

The main goals of physiotherapy for your knee arthritis are:

  1. Reduce your knee pain and inflammation.
  2. Normalise your knee joint range of motion.
  3. Strengthen your knee: esp quadriceps (esp VMO) and hamstrings.
  4. Strengthen your lower limb: calves, hip and pelvis muscles.
  5. Improve your patellofemoral (knee cap) alignment and function.
  6. Normalise your muscle lengths.
  7. Improve your proprioception, agility and balance.
  8. Improve your technique and function eg walking, squatting.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3571 people found this helpful

I am 23 year old. I have a neck pain since a last 2 year. I used so many treatment but does not effect anything. Now what can I do for that?

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Do take ift and laser therapy for pain relief for 12 days followed by strengthening exercise from neuro physiotherapist best wishes.
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I have pain in my right hand and I can not control this pain please help me fast.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I have pain in my right hand and I can not control this pain please help me fast.
Dear lybrate user, for how many days, you feel pain in your arms? take, homoeo medicine. @ arnica mont 200-6 pills, thrice a day. @ sang nit. 200-6 pills, thrice a day. You r advised to go to a physiotherapist. Please. Take, care.
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Osteoporosis - Why DEXA Scan Is Important For You?

Fellowship in Joint Replacement , M.Ch , MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Delhi
Osteoporosis - Why DEXA Scan Is Important For You?

Osteoporosis is a disease that affects the bones of a patient. This is most commonly found in women, especially in those women who are close to or going through menopause. Hormonal changes around this period in a woman's life usually lead to various changes in her body. One of these changes include loss of bone tissue which can leave the patient with brittle and weak bones, a condition that is also known as osteoporosis. This condition literally imbibes the word porous, meaning hollow bones. It is born from an acute deficiency of calcium and vitamin D. The DEXA Scan or bone density test, also known as the Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry Scan, is one of the most effective tests that can help you in detecting this kind of damage or thinning bones. Here's why.

  1. Fractures: The DEXA Scan is an important one because it sends low energy beam to areas like your joints and tissues to show how susceptible you are to fractures. It does so by measuring the strength of the tissues as well as the bones to see how brittle they may be.
  2. Other Ailments: Measuring the thinning of your bones can also point to the presence of other ailments that may have gone unnoticed or undetected, earlier. These can include kidney disease, hyperparathyroidism which happens due to overactive secretions of the said gland, as well as liver disease due a malfunctioning liver, intestinal disease and various disorders in the intestinal tract, and a serious vitamin D deficiency. With this scan, you can get an insight into the other parts of the body affected by the bone density and whether or not they are functioning properly.
  3. Estrogen: Simply checking the estrogen levels cannot ascertain whether or not you have osteoporosis, as a high estrogen level can be credited to a particularly heavy period cycle. It does not show the bone health the way a DEXA Scan does.
  4. Easy and Standardised: This method of scanning usually happens with the help of a mounted X ray machine type, hand held gadget which can be extended to conduct the scan. This is an easy and standardised method that releases low levels of radiation which also makes it a healthier option.
  5. Bone Density Scores: The T Scores and Z scores point towards the bone density and help in diagnosing the condition efficiently. With a systematic scoring system, it is a sure shot test for osteoporosis.

Osteoporosis is a serious condition. The first step in treating the same is to get a detailed scan like the DEXA scan done, so as to test the extent of the bone thinning to ensure that proper and timely treatment takes place. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3404 people found this helpful

I had an injury in my knee from which I recovered. However, the pain has started again. What Should I do?

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Delhi
I had an injury in my knee from which I recovered. However, the pain has started again. What Should I do?
It must be investigated. Get a MRI of the knee. You would probably need arthroscopic knee surgery. It is a very safe procedure with uniformly good results. Don?t ignore it lest it become beginning of a bigger problem Why not discuss with me in a video conference? ( Facility provided by
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I am Amar Joshi 23 years old Ankylosing spondylitis patient I am suffering As from 5 years I'm doing exercise regularly but my neck posture is not getting well please suggest what to do for that as soon. As possible please.

Fellowship in Neurological Rehabilitation, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Gurgaon
Hi * Prone lying is the best exercise for maintaining erect posture. Lie face down on a firm surface, such as the floor or a firm bed. In case you are uncomfortable, you can place a pillow under your chest and a folded towel under your forehead. It's often helpful to do this posture training after a warm bath or shower or whenever the body is warmed up. *Try sleeping on a firm, but not hard, bed to maintain a good, non-bent resting posture at night. Avoid using a pillow, to prevent pain from over-extension of the neck and spine. *Splints, braces, and corsets are generally not advised for spondylitis patients. *Hardback, upright chairs or straight-backed rocking chairs are better for your posture than low, soft, upholstered chairs or sofas. Use a cushion behind your lower back to give extra support and help you keep good posture. *try to seat at the proper height and don’t sit in one position for too long without moving your back. *Try doing specific strengthening and flexibility exercises under guidance of physiotherapist. Thanks and take care.
4 people found this helpful
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I am a 15 year old diabetic; from the past two/three months, I have a lot of burning sensation on the bottom side of my feet; sometimes I also feel numb; I am afraid that is it due to improper blood circulation? Please suggest me suitable remedies.

MD - Alternate Medicine, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Mohali
I am a 15 year old diabetic; from the past two/three months, I have a lot of burning sensation on the bottom side of ...
There are two reasons for burning sensation in feet. One is zinc defeciency and the other reason is diabetic neuropathy. Please go fbs, ppbs and hba1c and then get back to me. It is treatable don't worry. Take care.
1 person found this helpful
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