Lybrate.com has a nexus of the most experienced Endocrinologists in India. You will find Endocrinologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Endocrinologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment Of Female Sexual Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Diabetic Diet Counseling
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Pre And Post Delivery Care
Sperm Donor Program
Adult Diabetes Treatment
Type 1 Diabetes Treatment
Submit a review for Dr. J.SelvakumarYour feedback matters!
Dear Doctor, I am 61 years old male. My Glucose fasting is 110 mg/dL PP 149ng/dL. Shall i take honey/ dates/jam.
There are many myths about diabetes, especially related to what you can eat and what you can’t. Lots of people think that diabetics shouldn’t eat sweets at all. This is not true. Similarly, all carbs and fats are not bad. A high protein diet is also not required and there are no special diabetic meals. So, what should you as a diabetic, eat to combat diabetes? Read on to find out:
- Low glycemic index foods: Complex carbs are best for you as they limit the amount of sugar released into your blood stream and are digested more slowly and prevent your body from releasing too much insulin. These are also called low GI foods as well as slow-release carbs and are also high in fibre. Processed carbs like white bread, pasta, and rice, as well as sodas, packaged meals, and snacks must be junked. These are all called high glycemic index (GI) foods and spike your blood sugar.
- Manage sugar wisely: Diabetes doesn’t mean that you can’t eat sugar or desserts. It means you have to be smart with sugar, like
- Take smaller servings of your favourite desserts as they are best eaten in moderation.
- Reduce the sugar in your diet slowly rather than at once. This will give your taste buds some time to adjust, reducing sugar cravings.
- If you want to eat dessert, hold back on carbs in a meal. Balance out meals so that you don’t eat too many carb-heavy foods.
- Add some healthy fat to your diet, as it slows down the digestive process, which means that your blood sugar levels don’t spike as quickly.
- Eat sweets along with a meal and not alone: Sweets eaten alone can spike your blood sugar levels a lot.
- Don’t drink alcohol: Alcohol is full of calories and carbs and cocktails are loaded with sugar. Alcohol can interfere with diabetes medication and insulin, as well.
- Avoid junk, soft drinks, soda and juices: They are all packed with sugar.
- Avoid processed or packaged foods: These are loaded with hidden sugars. Eat food cooked at home.
- Remember high protein diets are not always good: Studies have shown that if you eat too much protein, especially animal protein, you may become insulin resistant. A healthy diet for diabetics includes protein, carbohydrates, and fats for the body to function properly.
- Eat more of these
- Healthy fats found in raw nuts, olive oil, fish oils, and flax seeds.
- Also eat more fruits and vegetables. Avoid juices.
- Eat more high fibre cereals.
- And avoid foods like
- Trans fats which means all deep-fried foods
- Fast foods, especially cakes, pastries, and chips
- Red meat
Remember, your overall eating patterns are very important. It’s also important to eat at regular intervals and avoid missing meals. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.
I am having hypothyroidism and using tablet thyronorm 125 power one in the morning from last 1 year. I am alcoholic from last 5 years. Can I continue to take alcohol or should I stop. Now my thyroid levels are in normal range. Please suggest.
I have hypothyroid and TPO of 1300 instead of 60. My doctor said that since its an auto immune disease, it cannot be cured. I wanted to know, if changes in diet can help me cure this or will I have this throughout my life? I am a 25 years old woman.
Knowing thyroid problems
Hello everyone! My name is Dr. Hanish Gupta and I’m here today to discuss with you the important effects of thyroid gland on human body.
We have appropriately titled this video as three minute thyroid consult because I’m going to explain you within three minutes that what is thyroid gland and how it affects the human body.
Thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland which is located in front of your windpipe just like this. This is the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland despite its small size is a very very important gland for the human body because it controls the growth and the energy processes of the human body that is why the effect of this hormone has a far reaching effect on the entire functioning of the human body.
Now I will talk about the excess and the deficiency of this hormone in the human body which needs two conditions called hypothyroidism when there is a deficiency of this hormone in the body and hyperthyroidism when there is an excess of this hormone in the human body. The most common condition of hypothyroidism or deficiency of this hormone in the human body is hashimoto thyroiditis in which the thyroid gland looks like this. This is a condition in which all the energy processes of the human body, they become slower. There is weight gain, there is slowness of the heart rate or bradycardia there is swelling of the human body, there is hair fall, there is infertility or menstrual problems in females, there is depression, and most importantly all these things they collect together and become a very big problem for the patient.
However, the help is nearby because this condition can be treated with taking only one pill on daily basis. Similarly, a condition in which there is an excess of this hormone in the human body is known as hyperthyroidism and the most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Grave’s disease in which the thyroid gland looks like this. This is a condition in which all the energy processes of the human body, they become fast, there is faster heart rate, there is tremors or tremulousness, there is irritability of mood, there is weight loss, there is lot of other things that indicate that the patient is having faster energy but of no use because he’s having this condition for a long time and this condition can also be treated by taking only one pill, which can even be stopped later in life.
So, friends I hope that I have been able to dispel your doubts about thyroid hormone and I believe that you would love to come back to me on Lybrate for an online opinion or at my clinic at life aid clinic located in Delhi.
Thanks for watching and keep healthy!
My age is 19 and I have obesity problem what can I do to reduce my weight should I go for thyroid check up or not Which one will be more helpful and please mention what are the symptoms of a thyroid.
Hello Doctor, My mom is diabetic since last 6 yrs. She is on oral medications metformin +glimepiride (500/2) bd. From last 6-8 months her blood sugar was not under controlled. Her Hba1c was 9 one month back. Then sitagliptin was added to her medications. Since then her blood sugar is under control. She is hypertensive also for that she is taking telmisartan 40 mg od. Since last 1-2 months consistently she is suffering from pain in both lower limb mainly in calf muscles which get relieved on taking aceclofenac or other NSAIDS. After stopping medicine she develops severe pain in legs. Is it related to diabetes. Plzz give your needful opinion. Thanking you.
I am a 54 year diabetic patient. I feel so much disturbance due to my disease. Nowadays I seems to notice that my gums are swelling up and some times blood comes out the swellings. Plse help me. How can I over come this swelling of gums? Is there any remedial method to decrease my diabetics? Basically I ate only ayurvedic medicines. I did not eat allopathy medicines ever for diabetics.
Hello. I want to know does stem cell therapy is effective for people with diabetes type 1? . In mumbai there is stem cell therapy clinic name reelab, stemrx , etc . Help me for the same?
Tip 1: Get more physical activity
There are many benefits to regular physical activity. Exercise can help you:
• Lose weight
• Lower your blood sugar
• Boost your sensitivity to insulin — which helps keep your blood sugar within a normal range
Research shows that both aerobic exercise and resistance training can help control diabetes, but the greater benefit comes from a fitness program that includes both.
Tip 2: Get plenty of fiber
It's rough, it's tough — and it may help you:
• Reduce your risk of diabetes by improving your blood sugar control
• Lower your risk of heart disease
• Promote weight loss by helping you feel full
Foods high in fiber include fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, nuts and seeds.
Tip 3: Go for whole grains
Although it's not clear why, whole grains may reduce your risk of diabetes and help maintain blood sugar levels. Try to make at least half your grains whole grains. Many foods made from whole grains come ready to eat, including various breads, pasta products and many cereals. Look for the word "whole" on the package and among the first few items in the ingredient list.
Tip 4: Lose extra weight
If you're overweight, diabetes prevention may hinge on weight loss. Every pound you lose can improve your health, and you may be surprised by how much. Participants in one large study who lost a modest amount of weight — around 7 percent of initial body weight — and exercised regularly reduced the risk of developing diabetes by almost 60 percent.
Tip 5: Skip fad diets and just make healthier choices
Low-carb diets, the glycemic index diet or other fad diets may help you lose weight at first, but their effectiveness at preventing diabetes isn't known nor are their long-term effects. And by excluding or strictly limiting a particular food group, you may be giving up essential nutrients. Instead, think variety and portion control as part of an overall healthy-eating plan.
Please tell me how to loose weight, i also walk but it has no effect on me, I am a diabetic patient also I have a lot of hair fall .
Respected doc. I am obese, and in April, I miss my cycle too. Doc prescribed me medroxyprogesterone acetate and it bleeds on 10 may to 15 may. Now, I do jogging, walking, running squatting regularly about 30 mins. I avoid junk food, soft drinks, sugars, chips, I eat only home food. I studied about thyroid effects on menses. Pls prescribe me way how to keep healthy thyroid. Do I avoid rice and potato too. Thankyou.
Two months back I did my blood test done in tht my hbnc report was 10% 287 blood sugar. I have been to doctor he prescribed some medicine for diabetic. Yesterday afternoon I had one sweet dish and evening I check my sugar and it was 167 .So want to know is my sugar under control or more.
For a diabetic which is good alcohol drink and how much ml should he take per day or week? If beer can be taken by a diabetic person? If so how much ML? Please reply.
What are the precautions and foods to take more and foods to avoid for throid patients. My sister is becoming very week during evenings and uncontrollable headache in between the days. We have done some tests The Result is Free T3 : 2.76 pg/ml Free T4 : 1.06 ng/dL TSH : 8.03 Please help By looking at the result.
I am male 42. I am diabetic for last 10 years. I also suffer from GERD for which my doctor has prescribed Sompraz L, once daily, empty stomach. I have been taking it for the last 4 years. If I take Sompraz L daily, I do not feel any heartburn etc. But If I skip it even for 1 day, I get heartburn, indigestion etc problems. My query is : Sompraz L contains Esomeprazole (40 Mg) Levosulpiride (75 Mg) Is there any way I can avoid taking psychotic drug like levosulpiride and still keep my GERD under control. What is the alternate ? For the last 2-3 months my fasting blood sugar levels are around 100 and, 2 hours after meal levels are around 140. My hbA1c is 8. It was tested 10 days ago. I exercise for 30 mins daily, five days a week.
Understanding Uric Acid and how to manage them.
Uric acid results from the breakdown of compounds known as purines in the body. Purines are both produced in the body and consumed through the diet. Normal values of uric acid in the blood range from 2.4 to 6.0 milligrams per deciliter for females and 3.4 to 7.0 milligrams per deciliter for males. Uric acid levels higher than 7.0 milligrams per deciliter in the blood can cause crystals to form and build up around joints, resulting in a painful form of arthritis known as gout. Many foods contain high levels of purines, and eating these foods can lead to high levels of uric acid in the blood.
Diet Tips for High Uric Acid Patients:
1. Lower fat intake as excess fat reduces normal excretion of uric acid.
2. Liberal fluid intake to keep the urine dilute and uric acid soluble to facilitate excretion by kidney.
3. Restriction or elimination of alcohol.
What to Avoid:
1. Shell fishes, red meat, mince meat, meat extracts, organ
meats, fishes (sardine, roe, makeral).
2. Whole pulses (masur, rajmah, chana, chole, etc.). Other dals
3. Vegetables and fruits - green peas, spinach, French beans,
brinjal, cauliflower, mushroom, chickoo, custard apple.
A. Use less salt while cooking. Avoid adding salt while cooking
rice or in chapatti dough.
B. Use adjuncts like tomato, vinegar, cocum, amchur, lime juice,
curd, pepper powder to make the food cooked with less salt
C. Remove the salt shaker from the table.
D. Avoid salted nuts/ biscuits, papads, pickles, chutneys.
E. Avoid excess consumption of processed and preserved
foods; eg. Bakery products
F. Caution - Do not overdo on salt substitutes as that might
cause an electrolyte imbalance.
a. Fresh cherries, strawberries, blueberries and other red-blue
e. Vegetables including cabbage and parsley
f. Foods high in bromelain (pineapple)
g. Foods high in vitamin C (red cabbage, red bell peppers,
tangerines, mandarins, oranges, potatoes)
h. Low-fat dairy products
i. Complex carbohydrates (whole grain breads, cereals)
j. Chocolate, cocoa
k. Coffee, tea
Although Purines (organic compounds, which create uric acid breakdown in the body) are found in vegetable sources, they don't cause the same amount of uric acid buildup in the body that meat sources do. In fact, fresh fruits and vegetables reduce acid levels in the body and it is often advised to avoid red meats, organ meats and highly processed foods. Fresh fruits and vegetables are encouraged so the patient can increase alkalinity in the blood.
Therefore, rather than attempting to find foods that are free of purines and uric acid, it’s important to know how to increase the body’s alkalinity, which naturally reduces the body’s acidity. Fresh, non-processed foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are the way to go.
Foods identified that lowers your Uric Acid
Water flushes out toxins including excess uric acid from the body. Have at least 10- 12 glasses of water daily.
Cherries have anti–inflammatory substances named anthocyanis that help reduce uric acid levels. It prevents the uric acid from crystallising and being deposited in the joints. Cherries also neutralise the acids and help prevent inflammation and pain. 200 gms per day is very effective in bringing down uric acid.
Malic acid in apple neutralises uric acid and thus provides relief to the sufferers. You should consume one apple daily after a meal.
The citric acid found in lime is a solvent of the uric acid .The juice of half a lime squeezed into a glass of water should be taken twice daily.
5. French bean Juice
Another effective home remedy for gout is French beans juice. The healthy juice can be consumed twice everyday for treating gout or high uric acid.
6. Celery seed
This is a popular home remedy to lower uric acid levels in the body. Have celery seeds extract to get best results.
Berries especially strawberries, and blueberries have anti-inflammatory properties so include them in your diet.
8. Apple Cider Vinegar
Drink apple cider vinegar. Add 3 teaspoons of vinegar to 8 ounces of water and have it 2-3 times every day to treat uric acid.
9. Pinto Beans
A diet rich in folic acid can help lower uric acid naturally. Folic acid rich foods like pinto beans, sunflower seeds and lentils should be included in your diet.
10. Vegetable Juices
Carrot juice in combination with beet and cucumber juice is also very effective. 100 ml each of beet juice and cucumber juice should be mixed with 300 ml carrot juice and taken daily.
11. Low fat dairy products
Low fat dairy products like milk, curd help lower uric acid level.
12. Foods rich in Vit C
Include Vitamin C rich foods and supplements in your daily diet to reduce uric acid in the body. It disintegrates uric acid and forces it out of the body through urine. Good sources of vitamin C are Awla, Guava, Kiwi, Sweet lime, oranges, capsicum, lemon, tomato and green leafy veg.
13. High-fiber foods
According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, adding foods high in dietary fibre may help lower uric acid levels in your blood. Dietary fibre may help absorb uric acid in your bloodstream, allowing it to be eliminated from your body through your kidneys. Increase the consumption of dietary soluble fibres such as Isabgol , Oats, Broccoli, apples, oranges, pears, strawberries, blueberries, cucumbers, celery, and carrots, barley.
Bananas are also beneficial in lowering uric acid.A banana-only diet, consisting of eight or nine bananas per day for three or four days, may alleviate the swelling and inflammation of joints caused by gout or other forms of arthritis more rapidly.
15. Green tea
Consume green tea on a regular basis to control hyperuricemia (high uric acid levels) and lower your risk of developing gout.
Eating grains that are more alkaline such as jowar, bajra are helpful to reduce the level of uric acid in the body.
17. Tomatoes, broccoli, and cucumbers
Tomatoes, broccoli, and cucumbers are some of the veggies that you need to start including in your meals. Tomatoes are one of the best vegetables that you could have for lowering uric acid. Fresh tomato is alkaline by nature and when it is exposed to the blood stream it increases the alkalinity of the blood.
18. Dark Chocolate, cocoa
Theobromine is an alkaloid that is similar in structure to caffeine. It is found mainly in the cocoa bean and is at the highest levels in dark chocolates. Theobromine also can relax the bronchial muscles of the lungs and according to a small study, was more effective than codeine in relieving coughing. According to Dr. Shmuel Halevi at Acumedico.com, theobromine has the highest concentration of uric acid per gram of food than any other substance”, as reported by Livestrong.
19. Raw vegetables
Raw vegetables like potatoes or corns are effective to reduce uric acid in the body. Have them raw or steam these vegetables.