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Treatment of Child and Adolescent Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Paediatric Critical Care
Treatment of Childhood Infections
Child Nutrition Management
Growth And Development Including General Paediatri
Management of New Born Care
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Pgd)
Congenital Ear Problem Treatment
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome In Adolesce
Treatment of Thyroid Disease in Children
Cleft Lip Treatment
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My daughter age is 2 year her vitamin D3 level is 16. 86nmol/L Hemoglobin is 6.80 what should I do. She is taking D3 must forte 5 ml/day and multivitamin 5 ml once.
My son does not responds properly when we call him even though he has no problem in hearing. He also does not speaks properly at the age of 5 years. please help.
My son is now 8 years old.When he was 47 days hold he was operated V Shunt due to Hydrocephalus deices.In jun-14 first historic attack came and now VALPRIN is continue as a treatment. Issues at now are,hyper active,not stabilize,long conversations can't do.Numerical study like only, How can you help full to him?
My baby boy is 3 months old. I have given him pentavac. Is it safe? I am very upset hearing the rumor about deaths after this vaccine. Is it safe?
My daughter is 3 Yrs 3 Months old, from past 2 week she is suffering from cold a doctor has prescribed monocef which doesn't help her. I have given her chest on cold and also amoxyccilin syrup but it doesn't improved her condition. She has running nose and cough also. For cough kufril syrup had used. Nothing has improved her condition still she has running nose cough and above all she is having chest congestion when ever she is breathing n sleeping sound is coming from her chest. She couldn't talk also properly she is getting cough n lots of sticky fluid got struck in her mouth. Can I use nebulizer with asthalin respules. Which respules syrup or tablets to b used for my daughter? I would be thankful for your kind prescription. Thank you.
Epilepsy is repeated episodes of seizures caused by abnormal signals in the nerve cells in the brain, which can result in strange sensations, convulsions, muscle spasms and loss of consciousness. It is frightening to watch your child have an episode of seizure, but the good news is that most children with epilepsy outgrow seizures. An episode usually last from a few seconds to a few minutes.
Types of Seizures
There are 2 types of seizures:
Generalized Seizures affect the whole brain
- Generalized tonic-clonic seizure: It is the most common type of seizures in children. In this condition, the child's body becomes stiff and falls, the child may also experience shaking of the limbs. The skin becomes bluish and teeth are clenched. The child may fall into a deep sleep afterward.
- Absence or Petit Mal Seizures: The child is unresponsive and may have eyelid blinking/ staring.
- Atonic and tonic seizures: The child collapses suddenly due to complete loss of muscle tone. This can result in head injuries.
- Myoclonic Seizures: The child may experience sudden, brief jerky movements of muscles of head, neck, and shoulders.
Partial Seizures affect a part of the brain
- Simple partial seizures are characterized by uncontrollable movement of a part of the body. The child is conscious and aware but can't control the movement.
- Complex partial seizures occur mostly during sleep the child may make odd movements, run, scream and even hallucinate. And if the child is awake, he doesn't recall the event.
Do's and Don'ts during an episode of seizure
- Keep a track of how long the episode lasts
- Turn the child to one side to prevent choking
- Put a pillow under the child's head
- Never try to put anything in the child's mouth as it may obstruct the breathing.
There can be many causes of episodes of seizures
- During high fever in the first 48 hours (febrile seizures)
- Head injury
- Bacterial and viral infections of brain like meningitis
- Lack of oxygen to brain
- Disorders in brain development
- Organic disorders of brain like cysts and tumors
- It is confirmed by a pediatric neurologist
- Various investigations are done to confirm the diagnosis including MRI and EEG.
- Blood and urine tests to diagnose infections
Treatment of epilepsy
The pediatric neurologist usually decides the treatment plan depending on the child's age, weight, and type of epilepsy.
- Antiepileptic medications are the first line of treatment. The drugs are usually required for two years and then if there is no episode for these two years, it is discontinued. These drugs may have some side effects like drowsiness, inability to concentrate and gingival enlargement. Discuss with your pediatrician on ways to manage them.
- Sometimes a ketogenic diet is also prescribed. The child is given a fat rich and carbohydrate low diet.
It is worrisome as a parent if your child is diagnosed with epilepsy, but about 65% children need medication for 2 years and then outgrow seizures. However, remember that the child should never miss their medication and get enough sleep.