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Dr. Hemamalini

MBBS

Psychologist, Chennai

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Dr. Hemamalini MBBS Psychologist, Chennai
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Hemamalini
Dr. Hemamalini is a trusted Psychologist in Shenoy Nagar, Chennai. Doctor is a MBBS . Doctor is currently practising at Mu.Va.Hospital in Shenoy Nagar, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Hemamalini on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Psychologists in India. You will find Psychologists with more than 29 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Psychologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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No. 6, Kanniamman Kovil Street, Shenoy Nagar,Aminjikarai,Landmark:Near to Muralikrishna Theater, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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No. 6, Kanniamman Kovil Street, Shenoy Nagar,Aminjikarai,Landmark:Near to Muralikrishna Theater.Chennai Get Directions
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I am daily smoke six cigrrate. And almost I smoke more than ten cigrrate I can not left it and at night when I go to bathroom then I smoke one cigrrate and almost 2 cigrrate what are the solution of this problem if you solve the problem of me rhe I give you a reward but you did not solve the problem then I will give a check on your backside please dove my problem.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
You must stop immediately. You have to quit cold turkey because the body and mind will torture you endlessly while attempting a reduction in smoking. The tobacco tar in cigarette smoke lines your lung with huge patches that make that portion dysfunctional. Your oxygen carrying capacity is jeopardized, and breathing is impinged on. But don’t be discouraged because it is not too late even now to reverse all the ill-effects of smoking. I don’t know what other organs could be damaged but do go for a thorough medical check-up to assess the effects of your abuse. Regarding improving your lungs, do a lot of aerobic exercise breathing through your nostrils only. Then there are a lot of deep breathing exercises in Yoga which you can learn too. Deep breathing cleanses your system and lungs and restores it to good health. Deep breathing uses the 80% of the lungs which are not normally used in normal breathing and even when exerting yourself. The greatest effect is in the lungs because this substance is processed through the respiratory system directly through the lung surface. When quitting, you must take one day at a time; though you must give up all smoking at once, and promptly. If you look too far ahead you will get discouraged and will give up. If you sit and count the number of days you have given up, that will also focus too much on achievement. You must focus on the here and now, on that day to be precise. After all quitting is not that easy due to many factors. So even if you fail one day, you must try and try again. Very few people succeed in their first attempt. Your persistence will eventually pay off. The urge to discontinue is hampered by many factors but the worst of them is the conditioning. In fact, these conditions can exist all through the day, unlike other addictions. But your desire to want to stop is the most important factor. It is important to find out about the ill-effects of smoking to have a reason that alarms you about continuing the habit. The information is really scary but true and you must remind yourself about this every day. The nicotine in tobacco smoke stimulates the heartbeat to raise the blood pressure in no time at all. So you must avoid it like the plague: it is just very bad medicine for you. In fact, it is highly toxic too. You will need to stop smoking or consuming any tobacco related items with immediate effect. You should start vigorous exercises, gradually increasing it over a period of time. Do deep breathing exercises every time you feel like smoking (try Yoga), and replace the oral urge with some healthy food substitute to satiate the need. You may also take hard candy or chew gum. If the urge is too strong, then use nicotine gums and nicotine patches, for a little while until the smoking drive reduces, substantially. You may also join Smokers Anonymous in your city where the support is really extraordinary for like-minded people who are also in the same situation. Keep yourself occupied or engaged with interesting activities during the times when it is most tempting. Keep the company of non-smokers for some time i.e. At least for the first 21 days. Above all announce it to everyone that you have quit smoking. Here’s a piece of very good advice: even if you accidentally/willfully take a cigarette, it is not the end of the world – you can start the cessation all over again. You must persevere with the best support until you defeat this addiction. Counseling is very useful in the initial stages and when temptations are at their highest. You could also join twitter2quit program and enjoy its success to give up smoking.
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My father have Paralysis in full Right side of the body after the brain struck from last 1 month 20 days. Now he hace slurred speech and short time memory loss. Physiotherapy is going daily. Please suggest How we can treat for paralysis.

MSC Human Development , Hypnotherapy , Special Educator , ms- counselling and physiotherapy, Applied psychology Hons
Psychologist, Faridabad
Give him mental strength by your magical positive words. Don't ignore him and his needs. After some time you can start speech therapy with love and affection. Keep patience and be a strength of your father, he will be all right soon.
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For e.g. L lost somebody close last year and since then feel very depressed prefer keeping to myself all the time Please help me.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician, Nashik
For e.g. L lost somebody close last year and since then feel very depressed prefer keeping to myself all the time Ple...
Hello, There are many aspects of depression, the more of them you have the more likely you are to have a clinical depression. Some patients feel severely depressed and suicidal. If you have these feelings you should go to the emergency department immediately. Other things that people with depression can feel are sadness, low energy, lack of motivation, poor sleep, irritability, weight gain or loss, poor self image and sometimes even a lack of touch with reality. The more of these symptoms you have the more likely it is that you have serious depression. Treatments for depression include medications, counseling and exercise. Again the more of these you do the better your chance for a successful treatment. Good luck to you,
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My age is 18. I am a good student of class 12 remaining few months before my final examination. I have no friends except my boyfriend for last 5 years and my life is stable one covering only study and limited liberties. But recently I met a boy, my elder brother's classmate and I think I am attracted to him. He is also very good friend of mine and we spent lots of Time together. I don't know his feelings bt I think more and more I am going addicted to him slowly. I don't want to cheat or hurt my boyfriend and don't want to down myself in my inner eye. I can't study properly for this also.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. Now you have tso boy friends. Now you are unable to choose between them. You are an youngster. Your present duty is to study hard and obtain good scores. At this juncture, conflicts will harm your education. Whatever, we can tackle it after exams, not now. Take care.
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I am quite active and jolly type of girl. I always used to to every work on time and perfectly without depending on others. From few days, do not know what's going on as I just used to sleep all the time just got wake up for office only. Its not in my hand to wake up early if I wish to. Don't know what's going on. Everything is going fine in my life except some marital problems from last 4-5 months. Pls suggest what should I do. Should I need to consult a psychiatric?

M.Sc - Applied Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
I am quite active and jolly type of girl. I always used to to every work on time and perfectly without depending on o...
You seem to be stressed. You mentioned that there is some marital problems going on since past few months, it's likely that you are disturbed by them and your energy is low. Don't ignore these issues, instead be proactive to resolve them. Be open to seek help if things don't get sorted out between you too. I will suggest you go for couple counselling with your spouse to understand and sort out the differences. The earlier you tackle them, the lesser the heartache later. All the best!
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Sir, when ever I go for study or another important things I don't concentrate because of oscitation. Pls give some solution.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
10 Study Tips to Improve Your Learning Study Tip 1: Underlining Underlining is one of the simplest and best known study tips. It’s easy to highlight the most significant parts of what you’re reading. One key sentence per paragraph and a few important phrases here and there. You can only retain a certain amount so it’s best to retain the most important information. Study Tip 2: Make your own note and taking notes is one of the most widespread study skills out there. Essentially the aim of note-taking is to summarise lectures or articles in your own words so you can easily remember the ideas. Study Tip 3: Mind mapping A good Mind map can save you many hours of study and further consolidate your knowledge for your exams. Mind Maps are an extremely versatile tools. They can be used for brainstorming, outlining essays or study topics and for general exam preparation, ExamTime offers the ability to create Mind Maps quickly and easily which makes them the ideal tool when it comes to exams. Study Tip 4: Flash cards:- Using these are a particularly effective method of learning when trying to assimilate different facts, dates, formulas or vocabulary. Subjects such as History, Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Geography or any language are made much easier if you incorporate Flashcards in to your study. Study Tip 5: Case Studies Sometimes it can be difficult to grasp the implications of some theories. This is where studying case studies can be a big help. Case studies can help you visualise a theory and place it in a more familiar and realistic context. This is especially useful in business or law subjects. Study Tip 6: Quizzes are an excellent way to review study notes in the weeks and days before an exam. Quizzes can show where your strengths and weaknesses are, so it allows you to focus your efforts more precisely. Moreover, if you share your Study Quiz with your classmates and test each other as much as possible you can discover even more details and areas you may have overlooked. So before any exam, make sure you create and share a bunch of different Quizzes with your Friends. Study Tip 7: Brainstorming This is another study technique that is ideal for studying with friends and/or classmates. Brainstorming is a great way to expand every possible idea out of any topic. Just get a bunch of friends together and shoot the breeze, there are no wrong answers when brainstorming – just talk and capture the ideas, you can review afterward. Study Tip 8: Mnemonic Rules Mnemonics are especially useful when memorising lists and sets. Mnemonics rules basically work by associating certain concepts with other concepts that are more familiar to us. There are many different ways to make mnemonics and these can be individual to the person. Study Tip 9: ORGANISE your study One of the most effective study skills is also one of the most often overlooked; this is organising your study. Creating a TIME TABLE gives you goals and a time in which to achieve them. Having a study timetable as you study is greatly motivational Study Tip 10: Drawing Many people find it easier to recall images rather than text that is why they are better able to memorise concepts if they associate them with pictures or drawings. If you find answer helpful please click on “helpful” tab for knowing my efforts are useful CONCENTRATION TIPS Here’s some tips to get into a state of deep concentration where work / or studies flow easily so that you can do well in examinations/ and or do your work well. 1) Cut Off the Noise Getting into a state of concentration can take at least fifteen minutes. If you are getting distracted every five, you can’t possibly focus entirely on your work. Request that people don’t interrupt you when working on a big project. If you are required to answer phones and drop-in’s immediately, schedule work when the office is less busy. 2) Structure Your Environment The place you work can have an impact on your ability to focus. Try to locate yourself so you are facing potential distractions such as doors, phones or windows. This way you can take a glance to assess sounds that would otherwise break your focus. 3) Clarify Objectives Know what your goal is clearly before you start. If you aren’t sure what the end result is, the confusion will make it impossible to focus. 4) Divide Blobs. If you have a large project that needs work, clearly identify a path that you will use to get started working on it. If the sequence of actions isn’t obvious, it will be difficult to concentrate. Taking a few minutes to plan not only your end result, but the order you will complete any steps, can save hours in wasted thinking. 5) Know the Rules Get clear on what the guidelines are for the task ahead. What level of quality do you need? What standards do you need to follow? What constraints are there? If the rules aren’t clear from the outset, you will slip out of concentration as you ponder them later. 6) Set a Deadline Deadlines have both advantages and disadvantages when trying to force concentration. A deadline can make it easier to forget the non-essential and speed up your working time. If you give yourself only an hour to design a logo, you will keep it simple and avoid fiddling with extravagant designs. Time limits have disadvantages when they cause you to worry about the time you have left instead of the task itself. 7) Break down Roadblocks Roadblocks occur whenever you hit a tricky problem in your work. This can happen when you run out of ideas or your focus wavers. Break down roadblocks by brainstorming or planning on a piece of paper. Writing out your thought processes can keep you focused even if you might become frustrated. 8) Isolate Yourself Become a hermit and stay away from other people if you want to get work done. Unless your work is based on other people they will only break your focus. Create a private space and refuse to talk to anyone until your work is finished. Put a sign on your door to steer away drop-ins and don’t answer your phone. 9) Healthy Body, Sharper Mind What you put into your body affects the way you concentrate. Nobody would expect peak performance if they showed up drunk to work. But if you allow yourself to get chronic sleep deprivation, overuse stimulants like caffeine or eat dense, fatty foods your concentration will suffer. Try to cut out one of your unhealthy habits for just thirty days to see if there is a difference in your energy levels. I’ve found even small steps can create dramatic changes in my ability to focus. 10) Be Patient Before I write an article, I often sit at my desk for a fifteen or twenty minutes before I put finger on the keyboard. During this time I feel a strong urge to leave or do something else. But I know that if I am patient, I’ll stumble upon an idea to write about and enter a state of flow. Without a little patience, you can’t take advantage of flow when it rushed through you. If you need strong concentration I recommend periods of 90-120 minutes. Any less than that and you will waste too much time getting started before the flow can continue. More than this is possible to sustain focus, but you will probably benefit from a quick break. These are the general guidelines for concentration, studying well or doing your job. Regards.
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I am continously stressed at work and do not feel energetic. Can you please suggest some medicine or tips to increase my energy levels at work?

PG Diploma in Emergency Medicine Services (PGDEMS), Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Alternate Medicine
Ayurveda, Ghaziabad
It may happen because of prameha. But we can't diagnose the condition until we know all the symptoms. So if possible chat with me in private. You should start 1-1 chandraprabha vati with milk morning and evening.
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I am 21 years old. I am depressed for some events also I lost my memory power. Please help.

B.A PSYCHOLOGY HONOURS, M.A PSYCHOLOGY, M.Phil - Psychology, PhD PSYCHOLOGY
Psychologist, Delhi
I am 21 years old. I am depressed for some events also I lost my memory power. Please help.
If you can afford, take sittings with a psychologist that will help you overcome your feelings of depression and slowly guide you out of that state, reducing your tension, stress. As a result, the burden on your head will decrease and your memory will be better!
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5 Simple Tricks to Sharpen Thinking and Memory Skills

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
5 Simple Tricks to Sharpen Thinking and Memory Skills

Using these memory-enhancing techniques can help improve your ability to learn new information and retain it over time.

1. Repeat

One of the golden rules of learning and memory is a repeat, repeat, repeat. The brain also responds to novelty, so repeating something in a different way or at a different time will make the most of the novelty effect and allow you to build stronger memories. Examples of using repetition include:


    Taking notes
    Repeating a name after you hear it for the first time
    Repeating or paraphrasing what someone says to you


2. Organize

A day planner or smart phone calendar can help you keep track of appointments and activities and can also serve as a journal in which you write anything that you would like to remember. Writing down and organizing information reinforces learning.


    Try jotting down conversations, thoughts, experiences.
    Review current and previous day's entries at breakfast and dinner.
    If you use a planner and not a smartphone, keep it in the same spot at home and take it with you whenever you leave.


3. Visualize

Learning faces and names is a particularly hard task for most people. In addition to repeating a person's name, you can also associate the name with an image. Visualization strengthens the association you are making between the face and the name. For example:


    Link the name sandy with the image of a beach, and imagine sandy on the beach.


4. Cue

When you are having difficulty recalling a particular word or fact, you can cue yourself by giving related details or 'talking around' the word, name, or fact. Other practical ways to cue include:


    Using alarms or a kitchen timer to remind you of tasks or appointments.
    Placing an object associated with the task you must do in a prominent place at home. For example, if you want to order tickets to a play, leave a newspaper ad for the play near your telephone or computer.


5. Group

When you're trying to remember a long list of items, it can help to group the items in sets of three to five, just as you would remember a phone number. This strategy capitalizes on organization and building associations and helps to extend the capacity of our short-term memory by chunking information together instead of trying to remember each piece of information independently. For example:


    If you have a list of 15 things on your grocery list, you can group the items by category, such as dairy, produce, canned goods, and frozen foods.
 

 

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Fellow Observership, Certificate in Forensic Psychology, MD-Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Akola
Recognise the traits of borderline personality disorder & seek help
1 person found this helpful

Sir, I want to know that why it is said that a overthinker is always a perfectionist. Give me some example to understand me.

BAMS
Ayurveda, Zirakpur
Overthinker is not perfectionist.It leads to stress and weak memory.Overthinking reduces your concentration.Stress is good for your body,it motivates you to perform well but upto some limits,above that it starts degenerating your brain.
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Feeling depressed because I was not been able to perform well in exam now what should I do to be cheerful and concentrate for upcoming exams and anything else.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Feeling depressed because I was not been able to perform well in exam now what should I do to be cheerful and concent...
5 Ways to Fight Depression If you feel depressed, it's best to do something about it — depression doesn't just go away on its own. In addition to getting help from a doctor or therapist, here are 5 things you can do to feel better. 1. Exercise. Take a 15- to 30-minute brisk walk every day — or dance, jog, or bike if you prefer. People who are depressed may not feel much like being active. In addition to getting aerobic exercise, some yoga poses can help relieve feelings of depression. Two other aspects of yoga — breathing exercises and meditation — can also help people with depression feel better. 2. Nurture yourself with good nutrition. Depression can affect appetite. One person may not feel like eating at all, but another might overeat.. Proper nutrition can influence a person's mood and energy. So eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and get regular meals (even if you don't feel hungry, try to eat something light, like a piece of fruit, to keep you going). 3. Identify troubles, but don't dwell on them. Try to identify any situations that have contributed to your depression. When you know what's got you feeling blue and why, talk about it with a caring friend. Talking is a way to release the feelings and to receive some understanding. 4. Express yourself. With depression, a person's creativity and sense of fun may seem blocked. Exercise your imagination (painting, drawing, doodling, sewing, writing, dancing, composing music, etc.) and you not only get those creative juices flowing, you also loosen up some positive emotions. Take time to play with a friend or a pet, or do something fun for yourself. Find something to laugh about — a funny movie, perhaps. Laughter helps lighten your mood. 5.Try to notice good things. Depression affects a person's thoughts, making everything seem dismal, negative, and hopeless. If depression has you noticing only the negative, make an effort to notice the good things in life. Try to notice one thing, then try to think of one more. Consider your strengths, gifts, or blessings. Most of all, don't forget to be patient with yourself. Depression takes time to heal. 10 Study Tips to Improve Your Learning Study Tip 1: Underlining Underlining is one of the simplest and best known study tips. It’s easy to highlight the most significant parts of what you’re reading. One key sentence per paragraph and a few important phrases here and there. You can only retain a certain amount so it’s best to retain the most important information. Study Tip 2: Make your own note and taking notes is one of the most widespread study skills out there. Essentially the aim of note-taking is to summarise lectures or articles in your own words so you can easily remember the ideas. Study Tip 3: Mind mapping A good Mind map can save you many hours of study and further consolidate your knowledge for your exams. Mind Maps are an extremely versatile tools. They can be used for brainstorming, outlining essays or study topics and for general exam preparation, ExamTime offers the ability to create Mind Maps quickly and easily which makes them the ideal tool when it comes to exams. Study Tip 4: Flash cards:- Using these are a particularly effective method of learning when trying to assimilate different facts, dates, formulas or vocabulary. Subjects such as History, Physics, Maths, Chemistry, Geography or any language are made much easier if you incorporate Flashcards in to your study. Study Tip 5: Case Studies Sometimes it can be difficult to grasp the implications of some theories. This is where studying case studies can be a big help. Case studies can help you visualise a theory and place it in a more familiar and realistic context. This is especially useful in business or law subjects. Study Tip 6: Quizzes are an excellent way to review study notes in the weeks and days before an exam. Quizzes can show where your strengths and weaknesses are, so it allows you to focus your efforts more precisely. Moreover, if you share your Study Quiz with your classmates and test each other as much as possible you can discover even more details and areas you may have overlooked. So before any exam, make sure you create and share a bunch of different Quizzes with your Friends. Study Tip 7: Brainstorming This is another study technique that is ideal for studying with friends and/or classmates. Brainstorming is a great way to expand every possible idea out of any topic. Just get a bunch of friends together and shoot the breeze, there are no wrong answers when brainstorming – just talk and capture the ideas, you can review afterward. Study Tip 8: Mnemonic Rules Mnemonics are especially useful when memorising lists and sets. Mnemonics rules basically work by associating certain concepts with other concepts that are more familiar to us. There are many different ways to make mnemonics and these can be individual to the person. Study Tip 9: ORGANISE your study One of the most effective study skills is also one of the most often overlooked; this is organising your study. Creating a TIME TABLE gives you goals and a time in which to achieve them. Having a study timetable as you study is greatly motivational Study Tip 10: Drawing Many people find it easier to recall images rather than text that is why they are better able to memorise concepts if they associate them with pictures or drawings. If you are happy with these answers please click on "useful” link so that I can know my efforts are not wasted. If you want more clarifications please ask me directly and not in open questions session
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I am 31 year old. My girl friend is not interested in me now a days. We had physical relationship.

M.Sc - Applied Psychology
Psychologist, Bangalore
If your girl friend is not interested in you and doesn't want to keep in touch, please move on in your life. You must be feeling hurt over her actions and it may appear as life has become meaningless but remember it's a temporary phase and you will be fine. There must be better things to look forward too. Maybe your work and family need your attention. Do take care of yourself. All the best!
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I am very sensitive and suffer from palpitations on very small issue with family or friends. I get sleep in 1-2 hrs after going bed. I consulted psychiatric and taking one tab of d Vinizep 50 since last one year. please advice me.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
I am very sensitive and suffer from palpitations on very small issue with family or friends. I get sleep in 1-2 hrs a...
Please Do meditation regularly Read good books daily Continue your current medicine Add Saraswatarishta 20 ml twice daily with water for 3 to 6 mths Reconsult me on Lybrate after 6 wks.
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I am losing my remembrance power I have consulted to many doctors but no any benefit is going on please give me some treatment.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Hellohello, go for meditation to reduce your stress, nourish your neurons to calm your nerve down to restore your memory. Tk, plenty of water, to hydrate your body to prevent constipation. Tk, easily digestible diet on time, avoiding gastric disbalance. Tk homoeo medicne: @ anacardium 30-6 pills, thrice orally. @ five phos 4x-4 tbs, thrice a day. Avoid, junk food, alcohol, nicotine, tk care, i'll love your feedback.
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How can I build self control. How can I increase my concentration power and memorise things for a longer time? Please suggest me some natural ways.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. Memory depends on understanding, retention and recollection. You need to understand perfectly so as to retain and recall. Creative learning methods will help you. Take care.
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Sir/Mam Meri age 23 year old hai. Mujhe gussa bhut aata hai, jiski wajh se kae baar mai dusro se lad jata hu, mai koshish to krta hu, but agar wo cheez /baat dubara happened hoti hai, to mai out of control ho jata hu, sir ye meri bhut badi weakness hai, Please help kre.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Navi Mumbai
in ayurveda there is mention panchakarma treatment ..... panchakarma means five procedure for detoxification of body in this five procedure for anger you should do SHIRODHARA treatment .....you will get good result so consult good ayurvedic doctors
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How the Brain Can Hear Voices That Don't Exist

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
How the Brain Can Hear Voices That Don't Exist
Schizophrenic individuals who experience auditory hallucinations seem to hear voices (link is external) emanating from within their own skulls. These voices are often vulgar or derogatory; they may constantly criticize one’s actions or command the listener to commit destructive acts, such as self-harm or violence. Sometimes, hallucinations consist of not voices but sounds—whispers, growls, or screeching.

So what is going wrong in a brain that hears noises that others don’t?

Interestingly enough, the same brain areas that activate when people hear real noise also light up in schizophrenics during hallucinatory episodes. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans, several studies have found increased activation in Broca’s area (link is external) (a language processing region) and in the primary auditory cortex (link is external) in schizophrenics as they “hear” voices that aren’t real.

But more answers lead to more questions. In this case, why are there abnormal activation of auditory- and speech-related brain regions in the absence of sound?

It may have something to do with brain structure: That tiny part of the brain that is so critical to processing auditory information in humans, the primary auditory cortex, is often smaller in schizophrenic individuals. Across multiple fMRI studies (link is external), researchers have found that reduced volume of the anterior superior temporal gyrus (which contains part of the auditory cortex) in schizophrenics is correlated with increased severity of hallucinatory episodes.

Another structural deficit found in schizophrenics is a weak connection between certain brain regions, specifically between the frontal and temporal lobes. This means that “certain groups of neurons, such as those responsible for producing and receiving language, may begin to function autonomously, beyond the control or influence of other brain systems,” writes Ralph Hoffman (link is external), a professor of psychiatry at Yale University. “It is as if the string section of the orchestra suddenly decided to play its own music, disregarding everyone else.”

Branislava Curic-Blake and colleagues (link is external) (2013) investigated this idea by scanning schizophrenic patients as they performed a task requiring inner speech processing: Subjects were shown two-syllable words on a screen and had to indicate whether the stress was located on the first or second syllable by pressing a button. In order to complete the task, subjects sounded out the words in their heads—effectively activating both inner speech production and language perception regions, according to a previous fMRI study. (link is external) The researchers found that subjects with a history of hallucinations demonstrated reduced connectivity from Wernicke’s area (language processing) to Broca’s area (speech production) relative to the control group.

This disconnect may explain the brain’s confusion of internally generated thoughts with external voices. Hoffman proposes that hyperactivity in the left frontal lobe combined with a weakened connection may lead to Broca’s area “dumping” language into Wernicke’s area—a part of the brain that normally receives speech information from the outside. A passing thought may be experienced as a whisper in one’s ear.

To test this theory, Hoffman and colleagues (link is external) have experimented with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), a noninvasive method that can inhibit small regions of the brain by producing light electric currents—in this case, reducing the hyperactivity of Broca’s area and portions of the temporal lobe. Although results are preliminary, most patients treated with TMS seem to experience relief from their auditory hallucinations, with improvements lasting anywhere from two months to a year. If validated in larger-scale studies, TMS could become an alternative treatment option.

Schizophrenia is a highly stigmatized illness (link is external). Most of us don’t understand hallucinations or delusions—and we are scared of what we don’t understand. We associate “hearing voices” with insanity. But the sounds that schizophrenic people hear are just as real to them as the sound of your child chattering about her day or the car beeping outside. And for them, the noise doesn’t stop.

Once we recognize the neural basis of schizophrenia, we become more compassionate. We begin to grasp the helplessness and confusion that schizophrenic individuals face as they deal with symptoms they have no control over—voices, paranoia, disorganized speech, apathy. And we can take more steps toward supporting those afflicted with this debilitating disease. Burke, who is vice president of the nonprofit group Stigma Fighters (link is external), says the stigma surrounding schizophrenia is particularly demoralizing. “As soon as something terrible happens in the news, that’s the first thing people point to, saying ‘They probably had voices that told them to do it,’” she explains.

“But the truth is, the majority of us are not violent people at all. Giving people with mental illness a voice is the most important thing. Getting us to speak up will create change.”

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-guest-room/201507/how-the-brain-can-hear-voices-dont-exist
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My cousin siddharth mishra is continuously taking drug abuses from last 10 years he is taking corex cough syrup and he was also taking spasm proxyvon capsules also but from last 3 years spasm proxyvon was unavailable at stores than he is taking clonafit tab in night also and he wants to get rid from it he was very good looking but due to continuous drug addiction of corex and other kind of drugs like clonafit he is now looking very bad I mean after seeing him nobody can say that he belongs to a good decent family why this is happening to him he looks like 4th grade employees he is working as manager in reputed mnc and we are planning for his marriage whether he will be got rid from drug abuse and he spends most of his salary into bad habits and he is smoking too whether his disease is curable and can you suggest some medicines for him as antidote and their dosage as well.

M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
Hello lybrate-user deepak. It's very good of you to have come up with this question about a family member. He can get rid of his addiction only if he accepts that he accepts that he is an addict and that he should get rid of this problem. He should attend a deaddiction clinic and the family members should be very supportive in his endeavour. If he's planning to get married he must inform the girl about his addiction before marriage. Nimhans is a very good centre but there are other centres also which can be visited.
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Hi, I am 27 years old. I am an advocate from past 1 & half year. I live in a joint family & everyday is hell because of my grandmother. Almost daily there is fight going on one or other issues. With every passing day conditions are getting worse. My family didn't wanted me to get into litigation, they wanted me to go for a govt job. I was not able to clear any exam. I failed in 10, 12 exams for govt job including for the post of civil judge. I still can't believe that I failed so many times. When I was in 11th. I tried to commit suicide because I was not able to clear one of my exam & from that time I never gained my confidence. My family is not allowing me to go for the job in law firm where i'l get good salary. I want to live separately from my family with my mom & sister and want to adopt 2 baby girls. Since my sister is in last year of college I don't want to disturb her studies that's why I am not moving out. I motivate myself everyday but I am becoming a pessimistic person. I have low self esteem, a lot of anger inside me cause of my family & I cry a lot almost daily. Now I have lost my vision as to how shall I proceed further. I am not happy both at professional & personal level & getting depressed day by day. Sometimes I feel like I won't be able to fulfill my dreams & will end up as unsuccessful person. When I sleep my body rests but my mind doesn't I never feel that I was sleeping. I want to take some drink or something so that for sometime I forget in which environment i'm living, what all i'm going through. Please help!

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hi, I am 27 years old. I am an advocate from past 1 & half year. I live in a joint family & everyday is hell because ...
You are into a depression and I don’t think the home scene is helping much. You must learn to close the past and relate to the future and present. In my opinion you are not ready to adopt and should first work on your issues. I suggest you meet with a counselor and perhaps a doctor too and deal with the depression. Do not discontinue the counseling even if you are put on medication. Your life is very precious and you should never attempt suicide at any time ever. I like that you are ambitious but you must also work at fulfilling them by reasonable means. The first thing to do is to get emotionally balanced. You have an anger-related depression and therefore if you learn how to express your anger much of the depression may reduce. I suggest you do the opposite of what this depression makes you feel like doing (actually, not doing): you will need to fight this condition. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. This is a better bet instead of adopting children. If you succeed in bring up the dog well then you may consider adopting. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least 30 minutes but not in the scotching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don’t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love. Learn all about emotions and how to handle them and that will get you out of the depression rather easily and quickly. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive everyday and learn to be contended with what you have. Do some left brain exercises: it is the happy brain. Here are a few suggestions: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do callisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. Whatever happens please cooperate with the therapy and do not discontinue until the condition is completely resolved.
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