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If you are suffering from arthritis, it is important for you to know about how it affects your knee and other joints. Arthritis is a chronic disease which damages your joints and connective tissues. Your knee is commonly affected by arthritis and there are three primary types of arthritis that occur in the knees. They include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and post-traumatic arthritis.
Types of Arthritis
The different types of arthritis affecting the knees occur due to different reasons. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition, which wears away the joint cartilage over time. Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory condition, which may occur at any age. Post-traumatic arthritis occurs after an injury is inflicted to the knee and may occur several years after a ligament injury or knee fracture. Major symptoms Arthritis pain may occur all of a sudden but develops slowly.
In the early stages, the pain is observed in the morning after you have been inactive over the night. Pain is likely when you want to move around. Pain may be experienced even when immobile. Periodic inflammation is a common symptom of arthritis of the knee. You may have formation of bone spurs or excess fluids in your knee. The swelling gets pronounced after being active for a long period. The skin on your knee may look red and feel warm while you touch it. This may lead to chronic inflammation, and irreversible damage to the joint.
There are several ways of treating knee arthritis. The mode of treatment depends on the severity and cause of knee arthritis. Appropriate physiotherapy may help in some patients NSAIDS or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly prescribed for dealing with arthritis pain temporarily. Other medicines used for knee arthritis treatment are as follows:
- Analgesics, which help in pain reduction act as good alternatives to NSAIDS.
- Corticosteroids are used for reducing inflammation.
- Certain DMARDs or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs are used.
- Certain injections that are used for helping with knee arthritis.
Hyaluronic acid supplements, which ease the pain and inflammation by lubricating your knee joints. Corticosteroid injections also soothe inflammation and pain. PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) BMAC (Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate) You may also require a surgery for dealing with knee arthritis when other modes of treatment fail.
The most common surgeries are as follows:
- Joint Preservation Surgeries: Arthroscopy, where a keyhole incision is made in the knee for treating the damaged parts.
- Ligament repairs & reconstruction
- Cartilage repair
- Meniscus repair & transplantation
- Osteotomy, where the knee bones are modified for optimising the function of and damaged knees. This avoids replacement of any part of the knee with an artificial prosthesis like a joint replacement.
- Joint Replacement Surgeries: Uni knee replacement/Total joint replacement where your knee is replaced with a prosthetic made of metal, plastic or ceramic.
It is recommended for you to consult a doctor, if you experience any symptom of knee arthritis. Early treatment will prevent the condition from worsening.
Sir I was giving injection at the wrong part of my buttock 3 days back, I use pain killer ,and ice all not working ,the leg is paining, weakness, burning g, please is there any immediate action need to be taken, please give me last option need to be taken regarding my case, the leg seems to be losing muscles, I need help please.
Hi, I am 25 years old and unmarried girl. Normally I am prone to cough and cold as asthma is our ancestral disease. From few days back I am having ribs and back pain and sometimes blood appear in the phlegm. This happened few months ago too. I consulted a doctor and had x rays and blood test but everything was normal. Except the haemoglobin and vitamin d was very low. The back pain comes and go. Mi am a teacher and have to stand all day. Is the back n rib pain normal or it is a sign of something very dangerous. I am very stressed. Please suggest me.
My mother is 65 & had recent started complain about a knee pain, she walk good 2-3 kms without any issue, however once she sits down & while getting up her nee pains In addition to this she also is not getting enough hold from her left hand thumb, she is not getting strength by the thumb of her hand and has slight pain, which specialist should I visit, also wat can be the reason for these kind of issue, she does not have any previous medical condition, however take BP tablets daily.
I am 18 year old and I have very bad backache for last few months I used ointments and also have treatment of bone tuberculosis but I am very much suffering what should I do?
My mother's age is 55 years. She is having pain in her left hand till ring finger. After Dr. Concern MRI has been done and the report is saying that "Diffuse bulge at C5-C6 indenting the ventral thecal sac with narrowing of neural foramen more in the Lt. Side. I want to what it exactly means and that are the precaution to take further.
My left index finger turned blue and it hurts what is the reason first the vein popped out and than turned blue.
Defect L 4 multilevel disc degeneration c blood nerve not compression at L 4-5.Pain in right hip and goes upto leg and to the joint of paw. Unable to move as pain increases on the movement. On siting and lying no problem. taken Drox 17 and 24 of Haslab just started.
Respected sir, I have been diagnosed to have osteoarthritis of my right knee 1.5 years back. I have been having difficulty in walking (limp) and I get pain in my knee when after walking for a distance since 2 years. A doctor had advised me to do knee exercises which I am doing right now. How do I see to it that the condition doesn't progress? Thanking you.
Knee problems can be quite annoying but if this problem becomes regular, it brings life to a standstill. The movement becomes restricted. Many associated problems slowly crop up. Thus, it is best to nip the problem in the bud. While some people might experience a problem in the full knee, in some people, only a single compartment (tissue or cartilage) of the knee may be affected. For such patients, Unicondylar Knee Replacement comes as a blessing.
The Unicondylar knee replacement, also known as the Unicompartmental Knee Replacement or Partial Knee Replacement is the most sought-after knee replacement surgery. The surgery involves replacing only the worn out or affected part (cartilage) of the knee, thereby preserving the healthier cartilages and tissues of the knee.
In the last few years, incidences of osteoarthritis have been on the rise. The unicondylar knee replacement surgery has made life a lot easier for people suffering from osteoarthritis (a condition where the articular cartilage or the connective tissue present within the knee joint begins to wear out).
The unicondylar knee replacement is ideal for people with:
- Severe osteoarthritis (Median or Lateral) that results in painful, swollen and stiffened knee.
- Only a small portion of the knee is affected.
- A person experiences great difficulty in movement.
- People over 48 years of age are mostly advised to undergo this surgery. Many young people with osteoarthritis opt for this surgery.
However, the surgery may not be a wise idea for
- A person with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Angular Deformity (acute).
- A person whose larger portion of the knee is affected.
- A person who had undergone osteotomy (surgical excision followed by reshaping of bones).
- People with an unstable or weak knee should avoid this surgery.
Pre- surgery, a person should
- Avoid taking any anti-inflammatory and herbal medicines (minimum 10 days before the surgery).
- Get yourself medically examined for any health complications (that might interfere with surgery).
- Follow a healthy lifestyle. Avoid smoking and drinking.
- For the surgery, the patient is either given a general anesthesia or a spinal (or epidural) one.
- Next, a compressing device (tourniquet) is put around the upper part of the thigh. This is done to avoid excessive blood loss during the surgery.
- A 7cm incision is made over the knee.
- The damaged parts (bones and cartilages) of the knee are then carefully removed.
- The surgeon next replaces the excised parts with metallic implants. Once the metallic part fits into the knee, it is adhered to the bone with (or without) bone cement.
- The surgeon then stitches the incised area, followed by dressing and bandage.
- The surgery is less invasive with a quick recovery time.
- The surgery replaces only the affected knee part.
- Blood transfusions are seldom required.
- A person gets back to normal life faster.
- The surgery requires less time (~ 1-2 hours).
You need to be careful about:
- Infection at the incision site, though it is very rare.
- Injury in blood vessel, ligaments, or nerves.
- Fracture in the bone