Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Skin Care Treatment
Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Weight Management Treatment
Piles Treatment (Non Surgical)
Sexually Transmitted Disease (Std) Treatment
Cysts Removal Procedure
Treatment Of Pregnancy Problems
Well Woman Healthcheck
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Corn Removal Procedure
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Patient Review Highlights
I was diagnosed with diabetes. Not only he is very calm and composed, but is also a very understanding doctor. In the past i consulted so many doctors, but nobody was able to help me with my diabetes, but he has helped me immensely. I was admitted to the Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre in case of emergency as my diabetes had increased a lot, but not once did any of the nurses panicked. The lab in the Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre was very clean and well managed. Thanks to him I am totally satisfied with the results. The guidance Prof. Rajendra Prasath A gave me has helped me immensely with my situation.
I am so happy with the results of my treatment, that I will surely recommend Prof. Rajendra Prasath A to anyone gladly. I was amazed that other doctors before him were not able to even diagnose my problem, but he did it immediately and started the erection problems treatment for it. I must say the hygiene was maintained very nicely in the Newlife Homoeopathic clinic. I have consulted so many doctors but nobody till now was able to understand my concern properly, until i consulted Prof. Rajendra Prasath A. I found the clinic itself quite pleasant. He is not just friendly, but also is very motivating.
Hi Sir, Im Mrs.Kaveri. Im 65 year old. I was suffered from Psoriasis severly. I went to allopathy doctors for this disease. But this disease would not get cure. My Daughter adviced me to take homeopathic treatment. so i met Dr.A.Rajendra Prasath in the year 2013. From that im getting relief from that problem. My Skin getting normal, itching gets down. As well im having cardiac problem that also gets control for me. Right now i feel better in my health. im continuing treatment to him. He treat me as my own son. Really a big thanks to Dr.Rajendra Prasath.
Hi Sir, I am advocate. I was suffering from sever ulcer, thyroid, sinus problems for over two years. My conditions would become worst day by day. I decided to switch over to homeopathy treatment after reading a newspaper article on ulcer. I met Dr,Rajendra Prasad for this problem. I found a positive difference within six months. God gifted me a marvellous Doctor A.Rajendra Prasath. With the help of him I am living in this world. I got relief from more disease. still I am continuing homeo treatment.Thank you for God and to Dr.A.Rajendra Prasath sir.
Due to my hair fall i was feeling very depressed and had no hope. I consulted Prof Rajendra Prasath A. He is very courteous and behaves very aptly with elder patients. Even in case of long queues, the staff was managing people in a very positive manner. With great ease he explained us the problem and how the treatment will be carried out. Many people gave very positive feedback for this Prof. Rajendra Prasath A. The Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre was equipped with various facilities. Thanks to him I am totally satisfied with the results.
It was a bad case of pimples. The pimples treatment has helped me greatly and now I am perfectly fine. The staff was very attentive to my needs. I remember, I read an article of Dr RajenDra in the paper and made contact. The Newlife Centre was equipped with various facilities. Never once that I felt that he is getting impatient, rather he has always responded to my each and every doubt with immense patience. In the past i consulted so many doctors, but nobody was able to help me with my issue but now I am totally fine.
I was diagnosed with weight loss. Not only he is very calm and composed, but is also a very understanding doctor. I have consulted so many doctors , but no one was able to solve my weight loss. One of my colleague referred Prof. RajenDra Prasath A. The overall cleanliness in the Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre was amazing. Over the period of time the weight loss treatment has helped me a lot. Prof. RajenDra Prasath A has so much knowledge that for everything my family takes his reference.
I read about the Prof. Rajendra Prasath A on one of the social media platform. Finally with his treatment, I am completely cured from my hairloss. I was quite impressed with Prof. Rajendra Prasath A concept of holistic healing. They took very nice care of me, i never felt that I am in a Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre. Overall hair loss treatment was very effective. The interior of the Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre was no nicely done, it was so clean.
I was suffering from hair loss for such a long time. Never thought I will suffer from something hair loss like this. The Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre is designed in such a manner that all requirements of patients are taken care of. He is very professional and is a really patient listener. With great ease Prof. Rajendra Prasath A explained us the problem and how the hair loss will be carried out.
Due to my jaundice i was feeling very depressed and had no hope. Even though the problem was not so big, but still the other doctors were not able to treat it. The I consulted Dr RajenDra . The staff was very attentive to my needs. The best thing about him is that he prescribes limited no. of medicines. I am almost my normal self post the treatment and for that he is the reason.
My Daughter had wheezing problem. We took treatment in allopathy but we did not get any cure. We thought of trying with Homeopathy so we visited Dr.Rajendra Prasath. He examined her and spoke to us very friendly and gave us hope that he will cure it. He prescribed the medicine for 6 months. We got the result in 2 months itself. Now she is almost cured.
I was shocked to see the corn on my toes. I wanted to take homeopathy treatment for which I visited Prof Rajendra Prasath A. The treatment he gave me for corn removal was extremely beneficial for me. I thank im for resolving my Corn problem.
dr Prof. Rajendra Prasath A is a very fine doctor for treatment of Pimples or acne. His clinic is at Newlife Homoeopathic Speciality Centre in Chennai. He was very patient with me throughout the process and did it very well
He is the wonderful person to taking care of people in very special way. very good in his serving .
I found the answers provided by the Dr. Prof. Rajendra Prasath A to be very helpful. Thanks a lot
Thank u sir for kind response, really i feel very relaxed about ur words, thank's a lot
Dr, S Harimann
a nice person.
I have acidity problem since feb 2017, I had upper GI endoscopy as advised by my physician (gastro), findings are Les Lax and I am taking Veloz L and Actapro 100 from last 2 months after findings and the problem of acidity no more but when I stopped the medicines again I am facing the same problems. Kindly suggest.
1. Personal prophylactic measures
A. Use mosquito repellent cream, liquid, mats, etc.
B. Wear full sleeves shirts and full pants with socks
C. Use bed net for sleeping infants and young children's to prevent mosquito bit
2. Environmental management and source reduction methods
A. Identify and eliminate mosquito breeding sources
B. Prevent collection of water on roof tops, porticos and sunshades
C. Properly cover the stored water
D. Frequently change water in water pots, flower vases, water coolers, etc
E. Waste must be disposed properly and should not be allowed to collect
3. Biological and chemical control
A. Use larva I or ousted fish in ornamental tank and fountain, etc
B. Use biocide or chemical larvicides for control of mosquitoes breeding
C. Aerosol space spray
4. Health education
A. Impart knowledge to common people regarding measures to reduce vector breeding and safe guard for preventing mosquito breeding
Homoeopathic medicine for prevention
- Eupatorium perforatum 200
- Rhus tox 200
- Bryoniaabla 200
1 of these can be taken twice a day for 3 days as prophylaxis
My brother encounter with an accident last month he got some stitches on the right side of his forehead and his wound is recovered, but his whole right side of head got numb several times a day. For diagnosing the reason of numb we did CT scan but result was normal. Well sorry for my bad language.
Does masturbation have any kind of affect good or bad on health? And the same applies for women? And should a person masturbate?
Warm water bath infused with lavender oil drops calms nervous system, improves quality of sleep and reduces anxiety.
For an upset stomach, add 1 teaspoon of blackberry tincture in a glass of water and drink it every 2-4 hours until your symptoms subside.
A portion of beard hair has gone from my face leaving a patch without hair on my face . I consulted skin speciality for that he told me that there is some antioxidant creation in between your bone joints thats y this has happened. He gave some medicines but still I do not see any improvement. Kindly suggest something so that I can get that lost hair back.
These ten tips will help you keep cool even if it feels like the sun is out to get you.
- Drink More Water.
- Keep Excessive Sweat at Bay.
- Make a DIY Air Conditioner.
- Optimize Your Fans.
- Keep Your Food Cool and Avoid Using the Oven.
- Exercise Comfortably, Even in the Heat.
- Optimize Your Windows.
- Cool, Your Car Down Quickly.
The word pica is latin for magpie which is a bird notorious for eating almost anything. It is true that the majority of women will experience cravings during pregnancy; however, most of these cravings are for things like pickles and ice cream.
Pica is the persistent eating of substances such as dirt or paint that have no nutritional value. If pica is suspected, a medical evaluation is important to assess for possible anemia, intestinal blockages, or potential toxicity from ingested substances.
General we may advise certain tests -- such as x-rays and blood tests -- to check for anemia and look for toxins and other substances in the blood, and to check for blockages in the intestinal tract and also may test for possible infections caused by eating items contaminated with bacteria or other organisms.
Before making a diagnosis of pica, the doctor will evaluate the presence of other disorders -- such as mental retardation, developmental disabilities, or obsessive-compulsive disorder -- as the cause of the odd eating behavior. This pattern of behavior must last at least one month for a diagnosis of pica to be made.
Common pregnancy and pica cravings
The most common substances craved during pregnancy are dirt, clay, and laundry starch.
Other pica cravings include:
- Burnt matches
- Coffee grounds
- Baking soda
- Cigarette ashes
Eating non-food substances is potentially harmful to both you and your baby. Eating non-food substances may interfere with the nutrient absorption of healthy food substances and actually cause a deficiency. Pica cravings are also a concern because non-food items may contain toxic or parasitic ingredients.
Complication associated with pica
There are many potential complications of pica, such as:
- Certain items, such as paint chips, may contain lead or other toxic substances and eating them can lead to poisoning, increasing the child's risk of complications including learning disabilities and brain damage. This is the most concerning and potentially lethal side effect of pica
- Eating non-food objects can interfere with eating healthy food, which can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
- Eating objects that cannot be digested, such as stones, can cause constipation or blockages in the digestive tract, including the intestines and bowels. Also, hard or sharp objects (such as paperclips or metal scraps) can cause tears in the lining of the esophagus or intestines.
- Bacteria or parasites from dirt or other objects can cause serious infections. Some infections can damage the kidneys or liver.
- Co-existing developmental disabilities can make treatment difficult.
General out of pica patients
Pica usually begins in childhood and typically lasts for just a few months. However, it is likely to be more difficult to manage in children who are developmentally disabled.
There is no specific way to prevent pica. However, careful attention to eating habits and close supervision of children known to put things in their mouths may help catch the disorder before complications can occur.
Treatment for pica
Given the risk of medical complications (such as lead poisoning) associated with pica, close medical monitoring is necessary throughout treatment of the eating behavior. Additionally, close collaboration with a mental health team skilled in treating pica is ideal for optimal treatment of these complex cases.
[Cancer Update from Johns Hopkins ]
1. Every person has cancer cells in the body. These cancer cells do not show up in the standard tests until they have multiplied to a few billion. When doctors tell cancer patients that there are no more cancer cells in their bodies after treatment, it just means the tests are unable to detect the cancer cells because they have not reached the detectable size.
2. Cancer cells occur between 6 to more than 10 times in a person's lifetime.
3. When the person's immune system is strong the cancer cells will be destroyed and prevented from multiplying and forming tumors.
4. When a person has cancer it indicates the person has multiple nutritional deficiencies. These could be due to genetic, environmental, food and lifestyle factors.
5. To overcome the multiple nutritional deficiencies, changing diet and including supplements will strengthen the immune system.
6. Chemotherapy involves poisoning the rapidly-growing cancer cells and also destroys rapidly-growing healthy cells in the bone marrow, gastro-intestinal tract etc, and can cause organ damage, like liver, kidneys, heart, lungs etc.
7. Radiation while destroying cancer cells also burns, scars and damages healthy cells, tissues and organs.
8. Initial treatment with chemotherapy and radiation will often reduce tumor size. However prolonged use of chemotherapy and radiation do not result in more tumor destruction.
9. When the body has too much toxic burden from chemotherapy and radiation the immune system is either compromised or destroyed, hence the person can succumb to various kinds of infections and complications.
10. Chemotherapy and radiation can cause cancer cells to mutate and become resistant and difficult to destroy. Surgery can also cause cancer cells to spread to other sites.
11. An effective way to battle cancer is to STARVE the cancer cells by not feeding it with foods it needs to multiple.
What cancer cells feed on:
a. Sugar is a cancer-feeder. By cutting off sugar it cuts off one important food supply to the cancer cells. Note: Sugar substitutes like NutraSweet, Equal, Spoonful, etc are made with Aspartame and it is harmful. A better natural substitute would be Manuka honey or molasses but only in very small amounts. Table salt has a chemical added to make it white in colour. Better alternative is Bragg's aminos or sea salt.
b. Milk causes the body to produce mucus, especially in the gastro-intestinal tract. Cancer feeds on mucus. By cutting off milk and substituting with unsweetened soy milk, cancer cells will starved.
c. Cancer cells thrive in an acid environment. A meat-based diet is acidic and it is best to eat fish, and a little chicken rather than beef or pork. Meat also contains livestock antibiotics, growth hormones and parasites, which are all harmful, especially to people with cancer.
d. A diet made of 80% fresh vegetables and juice, whole grains, seeds, nuts and a little fruits help put the body into an alkaline environment. About 20% can be from cooked food including beans. Fresh vegetable juices provide live enzymes that are easily absorbed and reach down to cellular levels within 15 minutes t o nourish and enhance growth of healthy cells.
To obtain live enzymes for building healthy cells try and drink fresh vegetable juice (most vegetables including bean sprouts) and eat some raw vegetables 2 or 3 times a day. Enzymes are destroyed at temperatures of 104 degrees F (40 degrees C).
e. Avoid coffee, tea, and chocolate, which have high caffeine. Green tea is a better alternative and has cancer-fighting properties. Water--best to drink purified water, or filtered, to avoid known toxins and heavy metals in tap water. Distilled water is acidic, avoid it.
12. Meat protein is difficult to digest and requires a lot of digestive enzymes. Undigested meat remaining in the intestines will become putrified and leads to more toxic buildup.
13. Cancer cell walls have a tough protein covering. By refraining from or eating less meat it frees more enzymes to attack the protein walls of cancer cells and allows the body's killer cells to destroy the cancer cells.
14. Some supplements build up the immune system (IP6, Flor-ssence, Essiac, anti-oxidants, vitamins, minerals, EFAs etc.) to enable the body's own killer cells to destroy cancer cells. Other supplements like vitamin E are known to cause apoptosis, or programmed cell death, the body's normal method of disposing of damaged, unwanted, or unneeded cells.
15. Cancer is a disease of the mind, body, and spirit. A proactive and positive spirit will help the cancer warrior be a survivor.
Anger, unforgiving and bitterness put the body into a stressful and acidic environment. Learn to have a loving and forgiving spirit. Learn to relax and enjoy life.
16. Cancer cells cannot thrive in an oxygenated environment. Exercising daily, and deep breathing help to get more oxygen down to the cellular level. Oxygen therapy is another means employed to destroy cancer cells.
I am 40 years old and I am facing skin disease problem in my low waist area. I have used many creams ointment but not use full and I am facing more problem. It may eczema or other skin problems. Please advise and help me.
I have PCOS. It got me dark underarms, oily scalp, over growth of unwanted hair, acne etc. What do I really do? At least I want my under arms to get better.
Seizures can occur for a number of reasons and often they can be prevented. One common cause of seizures is epilepsy, and in most cases, seizures associated with the condition can be prevented if you know what's triggering them and take steps to modify or avoid those triggers.
Epilepsy Causes, Treatment, and Prevention
Epilepsy — a disorder in which a person has recurring, unprompted seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in the brain — affects an estimated 50 million people worldwide. In about half of those people, the cause of the epilepsy is unknown. Among the other 25 million individuals, the cause may be a defect in the structure of the brain, a tumor or stroke, or a severe head injury — the most common known cause in young adults, according to the Epilepsy Therapy Project. Therefore, it's important to protect your head with a helmet any time you're engaged in an activity in which your head could be damaged, such as playing a contact sport like football or riding a bicycle, all-terrain vehicle, or motorcycle.
There are several medications that can successfully treat and manage epilepsy and help keep seizures to a minimum. Anticonvulsant drugs can work if taken correctly. In some cases, a low carbohydrate, high-fat diet known as the ketogenic diet may be prescribed to help treat children with epilepsy and prevent seizures.
Know Your Triggers, Prevent Seizures
Epileptic seizures are often associated with particular triggers or changes in your daily habits or routine. Here are some common behaviors and factors that may trigger an epileptic seizure:
.Stress, anxiety, or other emotional issues
.Alcohol or drug abuse or the process of quitting alcohol or drugs
.Change in sleep schedules, feeling very tired, or significant sleep deprivation
.A change in medications, or skipping or missing a dose of .anti-seizure medication
.Something that overstimulates the senses, like lights that flash brightly, watching television, playing video or computer games, or working on a computer
.Hormonal changes in women, often from pregnancy or menstruation
.Mental strain, such as from solving complex problems
You can't always predict what will trigger an epileptic seizure; sometimes they'll occur for no apparent reason. But many people are able to see a correlation between certain behaviors and their seizures. By taking steps to minimize these factors, you may be able to prevent seizures.
Seizure Prevention Tips
Here are some tips that may help reduce your risk of having an epilepsy seizure:
Get plenty of sleep each night — set a regular sleep schedule, and stick to it.
Learn stress management and relaxation techniques.
Avoid drugs and alcohol.
Take all of your medications as prescribed by your doctor.
Avoid bright, flashing lights and other visual stimuli.
Skip TV and computer time whenever possible.
Avoid playing video games.
Eat a healthy diet.
Until more is known about the causes of epilepsy and how it can be prevented, your best bet to prevent seizures associated with epilepsy is to avoid the things that can trigger your seizures. This can make a measurable difference in the number of seizures you have.
A seizure is a abnormal, disorderly discharging of the brain's nerve cells, resulting in a temporary disturbance of motor, sensory, or mental function. There are many types of seizures, depending primarily on the part of the brain involved.
Every person suffering from epilepsy has different experience. Hence homoeopathy offers many remedies to treat epilepsy, depending on the sign and symptoms. Homoeopathy can treat epilepsy very successfully.
Above 65 years
Men are affected more
Family History of epilepsy
Fall on head, injury, accident
Healthy people may have seizures under certain circumstances. If the seizures have a known cause, the condition is referred to as secondary or symptomatic epilepsy. Some of the more common causes include the following:
Chemical imbalance such as low blood sugar or sodium
Certain toxic chemicals or drugs of abuse
Stroke including hemorrhage
Developmental Disorders: Epilepsy can be associated with other developmental disorders, such as autism and Down syndrome.
Almost any type of behavior that happens repetitively may represent a seizure. Types are:
Generalized seizures: All areas of the brain (cortex) are involved in a generalized seizure. Sometimes these are referred to as grand mal seizures.
To the observer, the person experiencing such a seizure may cry out or make some sound, stiffen for some seconds, then have rhythmic movements of the arms and legs. Often the rhythmic movements slow before stopping.
Eyes are generally open.
The person may not appear to be breathing. The person is often breathing deeply after an episode.
The return to consciousness is gradual and should occur within a few moments.
Loss of urine is common.
Often people will be confused briefly after a generalized seizure.
Partial or focal seizures: Only part of the brain is involved, so only part of the body is affected. Depending on the part of the brain having abnormal electrical activity, symptoms may vary.
If the part of the brain controlling movement of the hand is involved, for example, then perhaps only the hand may show rhythmic movements or jerking.
If other areas of the brain are involved, symptoms might include strange sensations or small repetitive movements such as picking at clothes or lip smacking.
Sometimes the person with a partial seizure appears dazed or confused. This may represent a partial complex seizure. The term complex is used by doctors to describe a person who is between being fully alert and unconscious.
Absence or Petit mal seizures: These are most common in childhood. Symptoms include
Impairment of consciousness is present with the person often staring blankly.
Repetitive blinking or other small movements may be present.
Typically, these seizures are brief, lasting only seconds. Some people may have many of these in a day.
Other types of seizure are particularly found in small children
The doctor uses neurological tests and other investigations to diagnose epilepsy.
Falling: If you fall during a seizure, you can have severe head injury.
Status Epilepticus: This condition occurs if you're in a state of continuous seizure activity lasting more than five minutes or you have frequent recurrent seizures without regaining consciousness in between them. People with status epilepticus have an increased risk of permanent brain damage and death.
Role of Homeopathy
Homeopathy is a form of healing based upon the principle of ‘Similia similibus curentur’ or ‘like cures like’. It was founded by a German doctor, Dr. Samuel Hahnemann in 1810. Homoeopathy offers vast scope in the treatment of various illnesses, both acute and chronic including epilepsy.
Homeopathy takes into account the entire person like the patients family history, past history, etc. Homoeopathic doctors study each case thoroughly, analyze and evaluate the symptoms and then prescribe the medicine.
Homeopaths treat the patient’s mental, emotional and physical make-up i.e. the constitution. This is known as ’constitutional treatment’. Constitutional treatment treats the disease and removes it from its roots. The Constitutional method is employed in the treatment of epilepsy in Homoeopathy. This method is gives amazing results in many cases.
Homeopathy has immense scope in the treatment of Epilepsy. In fresh cases, where the child is new to epileptic treatment, homoeopathy can relieve complaints by giving ‘constitutional treatment’.
In other cases where the child is already taking treatment, homoeopathy can taper off the doses gradually and thus treat the patient effectively. Thus, in both the cases, homoeopathic treatment is beneficial in treating epilepsy.
In either of the cases, a constitutional medicine is given to treat epilepsy. Constitutional treatment relieves the patient from seizures, convulsions, etc. Thus the child can attend school daily and concentrate on his studies. In about 1/3 cases of epilepsy, a surgery known as ‘seizure surgery’ is performed. Regular constitutional treatment is very useful in such cases.
Homeopathic medicines are completely side-effect free and are not habit-forming. They can be taken by children, adults and even by pregnant women. They must be taken only after consultation from a homoeopathic practitioner.
Our team at Newlife Speciality Centre is completely dedicated to serve the patients and relieve them from illnesses. The doctors have skill and knowledge to handle different cases effectively. They strive for the well being of their clients.
A seizure occurs when the brain functions abnormally, resulting in a change in movement, attention, or level of awareness. Different types of seizures may occur in different parts of the brain and may be localized (affect only a part of the body) or widespread (affect the whole body). Seizures may occur for many reasons, especially in children. Seizures in newborns may be very different than seizures in toddlers, school-aged children, and adolescents. Seizures, especially in a child who has never had one, can be frightening to the parent or caregiver.
A low percentage of all children have a seizure when younger than 15 years, half of which are febrile seizures (seizure brought on by a fever). One of every 100 children has epilepsy-recurring seizures.
A febrile seizure occurs when a child contracts an illness such as an ear infection, cold, or chickenpox accompanied by fever. Febrile seizures are the most common type of seizure seen in children. Two to five percent of children have a febrile seizure at some point during their childhood. Why some children have seizures with fevers is not known, but several risk factors have been identified.
Children with relatives, especially brothers and sisters, who have had febrile seizures are more likely to have a similar episode.
Children who are developmentally delayed or who have spent more than 28 days in a neonatal intensive care unit are also more likely to have a febrile seizure.
One of 4 children who have a febrile seizure will have another, usually within a year.
Children who have had a febrile seizure in the past are also more likely to have a second episode.
Neonatal seizures occur within 28 days of birth. Most occur soon after the child is born. They may be due to a large variety of conditions. It may be difficult to determine if a newborn is actually seizing, because they often do not have convulsions. Instead, their eyes appear to be looking in different directions. They may have lip smacking or periods of no breathing.
Partial seizures involve only a part of the brain and therefore only a part of the body.
Simple partial (Jacksonian) seizures have a motor (movement) component that is located in one portion of the body. Children with these seizures remain awake and alert. Movement abnormalities can "march" to other parts of the body as the seizure progresses.
Complex partial seizures are similar, except that the child is not aware of what is going on. Frequently, children with this type of seizure repeat an activity, such as clapping, throughout the seizure. They have no memory of this activity. After the seizure ends, the child is often disoriented in a state known as the postictal period.
Generalized seizures involve a much larger portion of the brain. They are grouped into 2 types: convulsive (muscle jerking) and nonconvulsive with several subgroups.
Convulsive seizures are noted by uncontrollable muscle jerking lasting for a few minutes-usually less than 5-followed by a period of drowsiness that is called the postictal period. The child should return to his or her normal self except for fatigue within around 15 minutes. Often the child may have incontinence (lose urine or stool), and it is normal for the child not to remember the seizure. Sometimes the jerking can cause injury, which may range from a small bite on the tongue to a broken bone.
Tonic seizures result in continuous muscle contraction and rigidity, while tonic-clonic seizures involve alternating tonic activity with rhythmic jerking of muscle groups.
Infantile spasms commonly occur in children younger than 18 months. They are often associated with mental retardation and consist of sudden spasms of muscle groups, causing the child to assume a flexed stature. They are frequent upon awakening.
Absence seizures, also known as petit mal seizures, are short episodes during which the child stares or eye blinks, with no apparent awareness of their surroundings. These episodes usually do not last longer then a few seconds and start and stop abruptly; however, the child does not remember the event at all. These are sometimes discovered after the child's teacher reports daydreaming, if the child loses his or her place while reading or misses instructions for assignments.
Status epilepticus is either a seizure lasting longer than 30 minutes or repeated seizures without a return to normal in between them. It is most common in children younger than 2 years, and most of these children have generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Status epilepticus is very serious..
Epilepsy refers to a pattern of chronic seizures of any type over a long period. Thirty percent of children diagnosed with epilepsy continue to have repeated seizures into adulthood, while others improve over time.
Seizures in Children Causes
Although seizures have many known causes, for most children, the cause remains unknown. In many of these cases, there is some family history of seizures. The remaining causes include infections such as meningitis, developmental problems such as cerebral palsy, head trauma, and many other less common causes.
About one fourth of the children who are thought to have seizures are actually found to have some other disorder after a complete evaluation. These other disorders include fainting, breath-holding spells, night terrors, migraines, and psychiatric disturbances.
The most common type of seizure in children is the febrile seizure, which occurs when an infection associated with a high fever develops.
Other reasons for seizures are these:
Disordered blood vessels
Bleeding inside the brain
Many yet undiscovered problems
Seizures in children have many different types of symptoms. A thorough description of the type of movements witnessed, as well as the child's level of alertness, can help the doctor determine what type of seizure your child has had.
The most dramatic symptom is generalized convulsions. The child may undergo rhythmic jerking and muscle spasms, sometimes with difficulty breathing and rolling eyes. The child is often sleepy and confused after the seizure and does not remember the seizure afterward. This symptom group is common with grand mal (generalized) and febrile seizures.
Children with absence seizures (petit mal) develop a loss of awareness with staring or blinking, which starts and stops quickly. There are no convulsive movements. These children return to normal as soon as the seizure stops.
Repetitive movements such as chewing, lip smacking, or clapping, followed by confusion are common in children suffering from a type of seizure disorder known as complex partial seizures.
Partial seizures usually affect only one group of muscles, which spasm and move convulsively. Spasms may move from group to group. These are called march seizures. Children with this type of seizure may also behave strangely during the episode and may or may not remember the seizure itself after it ends.
When to Seek Medical Care
All children who seize for the first time and many with a known seizure disorder should be evaluated by a doctor.
Most children with first seizures should be evaluated in a hospital's emergency department. However, if the seizure lasted less than 2 minutes, if there were no repeated seizures, and if the child had no difficulty breathing, it may be possible to have the child evaluated at the pediatrician's office.
After the seizure has stopped and the child has returned to normal, contact your child's doctor for further advice. Your pediatrician may recommend either an office or an emergency department visit. If you do not have a pediatrician or none is available, bring the child to the emergency department. If you are worried about possible absence seizures, evaluation at the pediatrician's office is appropriate.
Caregivers of children with epilepsy should contact the child's pediatrician if there is something different about the type, duration, or frequency of the seizure. The doctor may direct you to the office or to the emergency department.
Take the child to the emergency department or call 911 if you are concerned that your child was injured during the seizure or if you think that he or she may be in status epilepticus (seizures of any kind that do not stop).
Most children who have seized for the first time should be taken to the emergency department for an immediate evaluation.
Any child with repeated or prolonged seizures, trouble breathing, or who has been significantly injured should go to the hospital by ambulance.
If the child has a history of seizures and there is something different about this one, such as duration of the seizure, part of body moving, a long period of sleepiness, or any other concerns, the child should be seen in the emergency department.
Exams and Tests
For all children, a thorough interview and examination should occur. It is important for the caregiver to tell the doctor about the child's medical history, birth history, any recent illness, and any medications or chemicals that the child could have been exposed to. Additionally, the doctor asks for a description of the event, specifically to include where it occurred, how long any abnormal movements lasted, and the period of sleepiness afterward. A wide variety of tests can be performed on a child who is thought to have seizures. This testing depends on the child's age and suspected type of seizures.
Children should receive medication for the fever such as acetaminophen (for example, Tylenol) or ibuprofen (for example, Advil).
Depending on the age of the child, the doctor may order blood or urine tests or both, looking for the source of the fever.
If the child has had his or her first febrile seizure, then the doctor may want to perform a lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to test for possible meningitis. The lumbar puncture should be performed in children younger than 6 months, and some doctors perform them in children as old as 18 months.
Most children do not get a CT scan of the head, unless there was something unusual about the febrile seizures, such as the child not returning to his or her normal self shortly afterward.
Very few children with febrile seizures are admitted to the hospital. The treatment for febrile seizures is keeping the temperature down, and possibly a medication if a specific infection is found such as an ear infection. Follow up with the child's doctor in a few days.
Movement seizures, which include partial seizures and generalized (grand mal) seizures, can be very dramatic. If the child is having a seizure in the emergency department, he or she is given medications to stop the seizure.
If the child has returned to normal in the hospital, then the child will probably have a few tests performed. Blood is drawn to check the child's sugar, sodium, and some other blood chemicals.
If the child is on antiseizure medications, then the medication's levels in the blood are checked (if possible).
Most children undergo a CT scan or MRI (studies looking at the structure of the brain), but this may be scheduled for several days later rather than in the emergency department. In children, these imaging studies are usually normal but are performed to look for unusual causes of seizure such as bleeding or tumor.
Most children eventually undergo an EEG, which is a study looking at the brain waves or electrical activity of the brain. An EEG is almost never performed in the emergency department but is performed later.
The child will probably be admitted if he or she is very young, has another seizure, has abnormal physical examination findings or lab test results, or if you live far from a hospital. Children in status epilepticus are admitted to an intensive care unit.
If the child is doing well, doesn't have recurring seizures, and has a normal physical examination findings and blood test results, then the child will most likely be sent home to follow up with a pediatrician in a few days to continue the evaluation and arrange other tests, such as the EEG.
Absence seizures (petit mal)
These can be evaluated without going to an emergency department. Most likely, the doctor will only order an EEG. If the EEG tells the doctor that the child is having absence seizures, then the child will most likely be placed on medications to control them.
Neonatal seizures and infantile spasms
Seizures of this type occur in young children and are often associated with other problems such as mental retardation. Children suspected of having these seizures may have multiple lab tests done in the emergency department. They would include blood and urine samples, lumbar puncture, and possibly a CT scan of the head. These children are usually admitted to the hospital and may even be referred to a pediatric specialty hospital. In the hospital, these children undergo several days of testing to look for the many possible causes of the seizures.
Self-Care at Home
Your initial efforts should be directed first at protecting the child from additionally injuring himself or herself.
Help the child to lie down.
Remove glasses or other harmful objects in the area.
Do not try to put anything in the child's mouth. In doing so, you may injure the child or yourself.
Immediately check if the child is breathing. Call 911 to obtain medical assistance if the child is not breathing.
After the seizure ends, place the child on one side and stay with the child until he or she is fully awake. Observe the child for breathing. If he or she is not breathing within 1 minute after the seizure stops, then start mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing (CPR). Do not try to do rescue breathing for the child during a convulsive seizure, because you may injure the child or yourself.
If the child has a fever, acetaminophen (such as Tylenol) may be given rectally.
Do not try to give food, liquid, or medications by mouth to a child who has just had a seizure.
Children with known epilepsy should also be prevented from further injury by moving away solid objects in the area of the child. If you have discussed use of rectal medication (for example, Valium) with your child's doctor, give the child the correct dose.
Treatment of children with seizures is different than treatment for adults. Unless a specific cause is found, most children with first-time seizures will not be placed on medications.
Important reasons for not starting medications:
During the first visit, many doctors cannot be sure if the event was a seizure or something else.
Many seizure medications have side effects including damage to your child's liver or teeth.
Many children will have only one, or very few, seizures.
If medications are started
The doctor will follow the drug levels, which require frequent blood tests, and will watch closely for side effects. Often, it takes weeks to months to adjust the medications, and sometimes more than one medicine is needed.
If your child has status epilepticus, he or she will be treated very aggressively with antiseizure medications, admitted to the intensive care unit, and possibly be placed on a breathing machine.
Most seizures cannot be prevented. There are some exceptions, but these are very difficult to control, such as head trauma and infections during pregnancy.
Children who are known to have febrile seizures should have their fevers well controlled when sick.
The biggest impact caretakers can have is to prevent further injury if a seizure does occur.
The child can participate in most activities just as other children do. Parents and other caretakers must be aware of added safety measures, such as having an adult around if the child is swimming or participating in any other activities that could result in harm if a seizure occurs.
One common area for added caution is in the bathroom. Showers are preferred because they reduce the risk of drowning more than baths.
The prognosis for children with seizures depends on the type of seizures. Most children do well, are able to attend regular school, and have no limitations. The exceptions occur with children who have other developmental disorders such as cerebral palsy and in children with neonatal seizures and infantile spasms. It is important to talk with your child's doctor about what to expect with your child.
Many children "outgrow" seizures as their brains mature. If several years pass without any seizures, doctors often stop the child's medications and see if the child has outgrown the seizures.
A seizure in general is not harmful unless an injury occurs or status epilepticus develops. Children who develop status epilepticus have a low risk of dying from the prolonged seizure.
Children with febrile seizures "outgrow" them, but they often have repeated seizures when they develop fevers while they are young. Some children with febrile seizures go on to have epilepsy, but most doctors believe the epilepsy was not caused by the febrile seizures.
Having diabetes does not mean you can?t enjoy the fun and excitement that traveling brings with it. With a little bit of planning you can enjoy your travels to the fullest and keep your diabetes in check.
Always carry your prescription along while travelingCarry at least twice as many medicines and insulin as you usually needAlways carry extra batteries with your glucometerCarry small snacks to help cope with low sugar levelsNever store insulin in checked luggage, it may be exposed to extreme temperaturesCheck your blood sugar levels regularlyDo simple stretching exercises in your seat during the flightHave small, frequent meals instead of three big meals in a dayPrefer water, unsweetened teas/ coffee or diet soda to other drinksWear comfortable shoes and never go out bare feet on beaches
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