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Ms. Ms. Soumya

Psychologist, Bangalore

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Ms. Ms. Soumya Psychologist, Bangalore
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
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Ms. Ms. Soumya is a popular Psychologist in Laggere, Bangalore. You can meet Ms. Ms. Soumya personally at Spandana Health Care in Laggere, Bangalore. Save your time and book an appointment online with Ms. Ms. Soumya on has a number of highly qualified Psychologists in India. You will find Psychologists with more than 43 years of experience on You can find Psychologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.


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#236/2, 29th Main,5th Block Nandini Layout, Coconut Garden, Landmark: Near Laggere Ring Road BridgeBangalore Get Directions

Spandana Hospital

#236/2, 29th Main,5th Block Nandini Layout, Coconut Garden, Landmark: Near Laggere Ring Road Bridge.Bangalore Get Directions
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2-3 months ago I had depression and suicidal thoughts, suicidal thoughts were very frequent and I started cutting my skin in hand and I also attempted suicide once by cutting my wrist and got 4 stitches. But after some days these thoughts were not coming frequently. 1 or 2 times in a week, but now my depression is relapsing and suicidal thoughts are also coming again. I am afraid that I would harm myself again. Please help me.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
You seem to be suffering from Borderline Personality or Emotionally unstable personality. The cause is unknown but research suggests there is an interaction between adverse life events and genetic factors. Neurobiological research suggests that abnormalities in the frontolimbic networks are associated with many of the symptoms There is a pattern of sometimes rapid fluctuation from periods of confidence to despair, with fear of abandonment and rejection. There is a particularly strong tendency towards suicidal thinking and self-harm. Transient psychotic symptoms, including brief delusions and hallucinations, may also be present. It is also associated with substantial impairment of social, psychological and occupational functioning and quality of life. People with emotionally unstable personality disorder are particularly at risk of suicide. Its course is variable and, although many people recover over time. Kindly consult a psychiatrist for remedy.
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How to reduce emotional stresses due to our friends behavior. Not responding us. When I think that I am nothing to her. I became abnormal. Sometimes I cry. I can't control my feelings. Became over emotional and started crying and thinking about the memories of her. It is killing me. Please give me a kind advise to left that problem. But I want to be in touch with her lifelong. Please give me a kind advise to convince her. And she will talk to me as jolly as like before.

Post Graduate Diploma In Rehabilitation Psychology, M A Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Bhopal
Hi it seems you trying to catch up on someone who is not responding, or is not interested any more. Breakups are never without pain. Has it ended on a bad note between you? I understand its distressing but I feel you must take care of yourself first, so that you are in a better state to make decisions. How long have been in a low mood? how is your sleep and appetite? how are your energy levels and interest in daily life. Please come back with answers. All the best!
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Ways to Deal With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Ways to Deal With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder that causes anxiety. It is also called as anxiety disorder. The main characteristics of this disorder are uncontrollable, unpleasant thoughts, which are continuing. OCD causes the mind to get stuck on a specific thought or inclination. For instance, you may repeat a task forty times to ensure that it has been done properly. You will not be able to get it out of your mind. OCD is characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behavior patterns.

Some obsessive thoughts include:

  1. The fear of being defiled by germs or soil and also of contaminating others.
  2. The fear of losing control and hurting yourself or others.
  3. Having sexual or brutal thoughts on the mind.
  4. Extreme focus and devotion to religion and religious activities.
  5. A sense of fear of losing or not having things you need.
  6. Having the assumption that everything would go fine.
  7. The person will become very superstitious.

Some compulsive behavior patterns include:

  1. Inordinate double checking on things like locks, apparatuses and switches.
  2. Over and over monitoring of friends and family to ensure they're safe.
  3. Counting in the head, mumbling nonsense words without meaning.
  4. Devoting a lot of time for washing and cleaning.
  5. Praying without reason and taking part in religious ceremonies.
  6. Accumulating junk material.

Here are some common ways to deal with OCD:

  1. Regular exercise: Exercise is the best natural remedy to prevent anxiety, which leads to OCD. Exercise checks your OCD  symptoms. It makes your nerves stronger and hence you can focus your mind out of obsessive thoughts by yourself, when they arrive. Get at least thirty minutes of exercise regularly.
  2. Connect with friends and family: Social isolation is one of the common early symptoms of OCD. Social isolation can lead to OCD as well. Therefore, you must always stay connected to your friends and family so that you never get lonely and anti-social. Share everything with family.
  3. Sleep sufficiently: Lack of sleep or troubled sleep may lead to anxiety disorders. You need to sleep enough to be away from obsessive thoughts.
  4. Perform relaxation techniques: Simple practices like yoga, meditation, pranayama  help you grow spiritually, relax your mind and keeps OCD away from you.
  5. Tackle your fears: Instead of avoiding fearful thoughts, let them flow and tackle them face to face. This will help you overcome the fear. Adopt measures so that you can focus on other things and ignore the obsessive thoughts. Distract yourself away from the obsession.

OCD is a harmful disorder, and you should take all measures possible to keep away from it.

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How to avoid sex related thoughts? It disturbs me a lot at mental level, I want to get rid of this. Pls doctor help me. What should I do?

B.Sc(Hons) Mumbai Univ., ND, MD - Alternate Medicine, Aroma Therap., Bach Flower Rem, Mental Health Cert.
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
At your age it is healthy to have sex related thoughts. Why should it disturb you mentally? try to keep those thoughts away when you want to concentrate in something. You only can help yourself. Be positive think positive. Practice yogic shavasan. Sit silently in the morning for 10 minutes without thinking anything keep your mind blank. This will help you. Ok do not worry.
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Sir I am AIPMT student. Pls help me how much hour study help me select in AIPMT. Nd Maine 1 May ki aipmt k liye bahut mehnat ki thi pure sal me sirf 4-6 hour soyi thi nd all time study karti thi phir bhi me select nahi huyi and me 24 july ko jo exam ho rhi hai usme select hona chahti hu kya aap mujhe suggest kar skte hai mujhe kaise padna chahiye.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. I can understand. Studying 4 to 6 hours is enough. But make sure you study exam specific topics. Never be disappointed. Take care.
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I dont know whats happening with me.I have been betrayed twice third time if i will be i will get depressed completly.Sometimes even if do correct things people speak different things about,even though i am truth parents dont believe me,dey dont only trust me .I have gone mad.I feel like hurting myself,because noone understands me.What should i do?

BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, MD - Psychiatry, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
You need to relax. Dont react immediately to any thing. Always think and act. You may Start on tab Fluoxetene 20mg daily morning and Sodium valproate 500mg at night for 10 days and l will review or call me.
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Sir I have suffering from mental die so in this case please help me sir for good self sir please help me sir.

B.Sc(Hons) Mumbai Univ., ND, MD - Alternate Medicine, Aroma Therap., Bach Flower Rem, Mental Health Cert.
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Mumbai
Hi I will prescribe some harmless but effective flower remedy available in homoeopathy shops. Try to buy original medicines. Mix 3 drops of rock rose + 3 drops of mimulus + 3 drops of white chestnut + 3 drops of aspen. Mix these with 100 ml water and drink it every morning and night.
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I used to booze and smoke. This habit was before 8 months. I lost all my fairness skin tone due to it. How to rectify? Please help me.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Congrats for quitting both habits. This itself is amazing and commendable. In fact the skin tone is the least of your concerns because you have saved your life and perhaps that of your family if and when you start one. This skin tone is not likely to have been caused by your habits: tobacco will cause wrinkles; and unless you have drunk so much for a long time and caused damage to your liver you may have some patches on the skill due to that. So I do not really think that your attributing that to the habit is realistic. But you can do other things, for example, do not expose your skin directly to sunlight and apply lime juice, potato slices, and cucumber slices to the dark areas separately, regularly.
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Does dreams can predict the future? I had a dream of death of my relative last week, from that I was totally stressed and feared, what is d remedy for this?

M.Sc - Psychological Counseling, B.A ( Hons) - Psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
No lybrate-user dreams do not predict anyhting. At the same time we cannot control what we dream about. Please don't worry nothing will happen to your relative.
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I wanna quit smoking let me know best way to quit instead of that can I have chewing gums like that.

Homeopath, Delhi
You can use ginseng power, grape juice, vitamins a, c & e content foods, ginger and water whenever you craving for smoking.
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I have some issues in brain speed and I am slowing down, memory loss and my age is 24 I think it's big issue. Any one can help me? And guide me? Tell me which food and exercise?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear Vidhyasagar, Welcome to lybrate. At your age, Memory problems like amnesia, dementia or Alzheimer's are not common. Many young people do complain having problems with memory. These problems are due to either they are too busy or due to anxiety and stress. Busy people use organizers or employ a personal assistant because they can't remember every task. You need to understand this. If you still say, you are having memory problems, we need to check your memory using memory test. You may contact a clinical psychologist or neurologist for memory test and further investigation. Take care.
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I want to leave smoking but I am unable to do it. Can I refer to nicotine chewing gum. Are they good?

General Physician, Mumbai
I will suggest you to take injection vitcofol 2 cc intramuscularly every alternate days for five pricks over the buttocks through a health professional and start chewing a simple gum and follow up with finding.
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I am 16 years old .i forgot questions in 3 days. I need 30 minutes 4 a long questions. I need brain memory power so please. Jaldi.

MD - Psychiatry, BHMS
Homeopath, Amravati
If you don't understand concept you tend to forget things. Instead of memorising each and everything try to grasp the concept. Second thing 30 minutes is not much time for laq. This much time is normally needed for long answer. Do not worry you r perfectly fine.
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I can't get concentration. My mind is creating some situations and spending more energy for that. So I can't concentrate in study. How it is possible to get concentrate my mind.

DHMS (Diploma in Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)
Homeopath, Ludhiana
Homoeopathic medicine BACOPPA MONNERI ( Wilmar Schwabe India) Chew 2 tab twice daily BREN-UP ( ALLEN ) Drink 2 spoon 3 times daily Bramhari pranayam daily for 15 minutes Report after 30 days
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I always feel depressed because of every lil bad talk. Nd plx tell me the medicine for dark circles of eyes? Also tell me tell me the medicine or any precaution for general weakness of legs n arms.

MSC Human Development , Hypnotherapy , Special Educator , ms- counselling and physiotherapy, Applied psychology Hons
Psychologist, Faridabad
Don't feel depressed about anything. Everybody has own view about life. You have to feel just positive about every thing. Go for a walk in morning daily. See beautiful things around you. Feel that every thing is beautiful around you and even you are beautiful because you soul is beautiful. Do some light exercise to strengthen your body. Or you can do yoga also it will heal your body and mind to. If you want our help you can contact us.
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If i am smoking cigratte so swine flu will harm me or not! because some where i had read that while smoking the person can save himself from swine flu !

BHARAT JYOTI, MRACGP, INCEPTOR, MD-PhD, MD - Psychiatry, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
No. Stop smoking Dr. Aravinda jawali pharmacological treatments to help quit smoking why is it so hard to quit smoking? you have probably heard this before" smoking is so bad for you. Why do you do it" people start smoking for different reasons. They might think it will help calm their nerves, make them look more mature, or maybe at the time it just seemed sort of adventurous. Looking back, it was not the best choice. Many people really want to quit, but why is quitting so hard? it is hard to quit smoking because the nicotine in cigarettes, cigars, and other tobacco products gets you hooked and keeps you hooked. Most people try as many as three times to quit before they are able to do so. Look at smoking cessation as a process instead of a one-time event. That way, if you do slip, you can focus on what you can do differently to prevent future slips and relapse. Don? t give up? you will get there. You have probably heard a lot about how smoking is harmful, but here are some positive things you can look forward to when you do quit. If you quit, you will: prolong your life improve your health feel healthier (smoking can cause coughing, poor athletic ability, and sore throats.) look better (smoking can cause face wrinkles, stained teeth, and dull skin.) improve your sense of taste and smell save money (most smokers spend about $90 a month on cigarettes.) smoking increases complications for those who have diabetes. While smoking can increase your chances of getting diabetes, it can also make managing diabetes more difficult for those who already have it. Smoking-related complications of diabetes could include retinopathy (eye disease), heart disease, stroke, vascular disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and/or foot problems. What options do people have? some people try quitting on their own before they go to their doctor, but your doctor can be very helpful. He or she may offer tips and suggest medicines, both prescription and over-the-counter, to help you" kick the habit" it is also important to tell your doctor what types of products you might use or are using to quit smoking. The doctor can make sure that suggested products will not interact with other medicines you are already taking. Remember, there is no" magic bullet" when it comes to quitting smoking. Quitting requires persistent effort. Over-the-counter medicines nicotine-based medicines over-the-counter medicines that contain nicotine can be very helpful in fighting off cravings. These products will not remove all cravings, but you can use them instead of smoking to reduce your nicotine intake gradually and ease off of its addictive effects. When you give your body a steady dose of nicotine all the time and then stop suddenly, you will have more side effects (withdrawal symptoms) that usually make quitting a lot harder. Withdrawal symptoms include irritability, headache, and the craving to smoke. Go slow and lower the dose gradually with nicotine-based products until you feel you are able to resist the cravings on your own. You will still have cravings, but they will be weaker. It is very important to have some form of social support when you decide to quit, no matter if you use products or not. Support can come from your doctor, counselor, support group, close friend, or a family member. When considering a nicotine-based product to help you quit, be sure to tell your doctor about any conditions you might have, especially: asthma or breathing problems heart or blood vessel disease high blood pressure stomach ulcer diabetes mellitus kidney disease liver disease overactive thyroid pheochromocytoma (pcc) over-the-counter treatments are typically used for up to 12 weeks as part of a smoking cessation program. Additional things to consider when taking nicotine-based medicines do not smoke while you are using the nicotine-based medicines. You could risk overdosing on nicotine. Tell your doctor about any medicines you are taking or any allergies you have. Do not use the nicotine-based medicines if you are breastfeeding, are pregnant, or think you might be pregnant. Keep this and all medicines out of the reach of children and pets. Common brand names of the nicotine patch, gum, and lozenge include: nicorelief (gum) nicorette (gum) nicoderm cq (patch) commit (lozenge) transdermal nicotine patch the patch is worn directly on the skin. Nicotine passes through the skin into your bloodstream. Some brands have patches with different strengths so you can gradually reduce your dosage. Nicotine patches are available without a prescription. If you are not sure what kind of patch to use, ask your doctor. Always follow the instructions on the box, but here are some things to remember when using the nicotine patch: patches are supplied in child-resistant pouches; save the pouch for disposal of the patch. Find a clean, dry part of the skin to apply it. Somewhere on your upper arm or torso usually works best. Try to find an area that has little hair and is without scars, cuts, burns, or rashes. Right before applying the patch, wash your hands and the skin area with plain soap and water and dry completely. Avoid using any soap, lotion, hand cream, tanning lotion or oil, bath oil or insect repellent that contains aloe, lanolin or glycerin as a moisturizer since these agents can leave a moisturizing film on your skin, which can potentially interfere with the adherence of the patch. When you have finished applying or removing the patch, wash your hands with water only. Do not try to adjust the dosage by cutting the patch into sections. Leave the patch on, even while bathing or swimming. If it falls off, do not try to re-apply it. Use a new one remove the patch according to the instructions on the box (usually after 16 to 24 hours). Dispose by folding sticky ends of the patch together and putting in pouch. When applying a new patch, choose a different place than before. Do not use the patch in the same place for at least a week. Do not leave the patch on for longer than directed. Remove the patch if you are going to do rigorous exercise. This might cause more nicotine to pass into your bloodstream. If you are unsure how to use the product, be sure to ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain. Remove the patch if you are having a magnetic resonance imaging (mri) scan. Nicotine patches contain aluminum. If you have vivid dreams or other sleep disturbances, try removing the patch at bedtime and applying a new one in the morning. Common side effects of the nicotine patch: increased appetite mild headache irritation at the site of the patch, including itching, burning, or redness there are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the information that comes with the product carefully, and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. Nicotine gum nicotine gum, like the patch, is a systemic way to receive nicotine. This means that the nicotine in the gum passes from the lining of your mouth right into your bloodstream. Like the patch, you will decrease the dosage during the recommended time (usually 12 weeks or sooner) if you are able to resist cravings on your own. Nicotine gum is sold without a prescription. Always follow the instructions on the box, but here are some things to remember when using nicotine gum: use nicotine gum only when you feel the urge to smoke. Slowly chew the gum until you begin to taste it or feel a tingling sensation in your mouth. Then stop chewing and park it between your cheek and gum. This helps release the nicotine. When the taste or tingling is almost gone, repeat these two steps for 30 minutes. Use only one piece at a time. Do not drink beverages (e. G, soft drinks, tea, coffee, and fruit juices) or eat food 15 minutes before or while chewing the gum. Gradually decrease the number of pieces of gum you chew per day, until you reach three to six pieces per day. Some people can do this in less than 12 weeks. Do not chew more than twenty-four pieces in 1 day. Try to have the nicotine gum handy at all times. You might try hard candy or using regular gum, if the nicotine gum is not available. Nicotine gum can be difficult to use if you have dentures. Common side effects of nicotine gum: belching (burping), gas, or heartburn increased appetite mild headache watery mouth jaw or muscle pain or fatigue sore mouth or throat nausea hiccups there are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the information that comes with the product carefully and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. Nicotine lozenge a nicotine lozenge, like the patch and gum, is a systemic way to receive nicotine. This means that the nicotine in the lozenge passes from the lining of your mouth right into your bloodstream. Always follow the instructions on the box, but here are a few things to remember when using the nicotine lozenges: place the lozenge in your mouth; wait until it dissolves completely; and move it around from time to time without chewing. It takes around 20 to 30 minutes to dissolve. Do not take more than one lozenge at a time or continuously use one lozenge after the other, this can cause hiccups, heartburn, or nausea. Do not eat or drink 15 minutes prior to, during, or after use. Do not use more than five lozenges in 6 hours or more than twenty lozenges in 24 hours. Prescription medicines nicotine nasal spray nicotine that can help you stop smoking also comes in the form of a nasal spray, available only by prescription. Like the patch and the gum, the amount taken is gradually decreased during a period of 12 weeks. It is to be used, like the gum and the patch, as part of a program that also includes support, education, and counseling. Nicotrol ns is one brand of nicotine nasal spray. Always follow the instructions on the prescription label. Here are some other things to remember when using nicotine nasal spray: blow your nose prior to use. You may gradually reduce your dose of nasal spray by skipping doses or using only half the usual amount. Writing down the time you take the nasal spray and how much you take might be very useful when reducing your dose. Common side effects of nicotine nasal spray: back pain constipation coughing indigestion or nausea runny nose sneezing watery eyes headache a burning feeling in the back of the throat or nose the nicotine nasal spray is not recommended for people with reactive airway disorders such as asthma. In addition, caution is urged in patients with chronic nasal disorders. There are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the information that comes with the product carefully and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. Nicotine inhalant a nicotine inhalant? available only by prescription? used for up to 6 months (initial treatment period up to 12 weeks followed by gradual reduction period of up to 12 weeks) can be part of a smoking cessation program. When the inhaler is used, nicotine passes from the lining of the mouth and throat (not the lungs) into the bloodstream. Like other nicotine products, you will decrease the dosage during the recommended time (usually several weeks) or until you are able to resist cravings on your own. Nicotrol inhaler is one brand name of nicotine inhalant. Always follow the instructions on the box, but here are some things to remember when using a nicotine inhalant: store the inhaler in a dry area at room temperature not to exceed 77 f or 25 c. Write down the time you take the inhalant and how much you take. This might be very useful when reducing your dose. The normal first dose is between six and sixteen cartridges per day. Common side effects of nicotine inhalants: coughing indigestion mouth and throat irritation stuffy nose or runny nose there are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the information that comes with the product carefully and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. Bupropion bupropion is more commonly seen under the brand names of zyban or wellbutrin. Zyban is specifically indicated for smoking cessation. It is not a nicotine-based medicine; it is an antidepressant that is only available by prescription. It is prescribed along with counseling and support to aid in smoking cessation. Bupropion might also be used to treat major depressive disorders. It usually takes 2 weeks for bupropion to take effect, so plan to quit smoking 2 weeks after beginning the treatment. Before considering bupropion, be sure to inform your physician if you have a history of seizure disorder, bulimia, or anorexia nervosa. Bupropion comes in tablets that are to be swallowed whole, not crushed, divided, or altered in any other way. Individual prescription strengths might vary, so if you are taking bupropion, be sure to follow the directions on the label. Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you have about how to take it, when to take it, any potential side effects, and the duration of treatment. Common side effects of bupropion: dry mouth sweating insomnia rash headache dizziness anxiety restlessness irritability indigestion decreased appetite there are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the medication guide that comes with the product carefully and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. Do not take bupropion if you have taken a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (maoi) within the last 14 days. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors are used to treat depression. Some examples include: tranylcypromine (parnate), phenelzine (nardil), and isocarboxazid (marplan). There are several products that might interact with bupropion, so be sure to tell your doctor about any over-the-counter and/or prescription medicines, as well as any herbal supplements you are taking. While taking bupropion, immediately report any psychological changes (e. G, new onset depression) to your doctor. Varenicline (chantix) varenicline, also known by the brand name chantix, is a prescription medication that does not contain nicotine. This medicine helps to reduce the reinforcing effects of nicotine and can minimize the withdrawal effects from nicotine. It is recommended to set a quit date 1 week after initiation of varenicline therapy. Typically, this medication is taken for a minimum of 12 weeks accompanied by smoking cessation counseling. If you have stopped smoking, another 12 weeks of varenicline might be prescribed. If you have not stopped smoking after the first 12 weeks, stop taking this medication and return to your doctor for advice. Varenicline should be taken with food and a full glass (8 ounces) of water. Varenicline can interact with over-the-counter and prescription medicines especially insulin, blood thinners, and asthma medications as well as with certain herbal supplements; therefore, it would be important to inform your physician of your entire medication regimen. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any psychological changes (e. G, new onset depression) while taking varenicline. Common side effects of varenicline: nausea, which may dissipate over time headache insomnia there are other common or more serious side effects. Please read the medication guide that comes with the product carefully and be sure to contact your doctor if you have any questions. How could research benefit smokers who want to quit? researchers are testing a vaccine that could make quitting a lot less difficult. This type of treatment could potentially be used in a program, along with bupropion (zyban) and counseling, to significantly reduce withdrawal symptoms.
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Psychologist, Mohali
Emotional and/or physical trauma can impact a person’s thoughts, emotions, relationships, sense of self, and views of the world. A person who has survived a trauma (or multiple ones) may be able to easily identify how some areas of their life have been impacted, while others are harder to articulate. Some areas of impact may be completely outside of awareness. The person may have a sense that something has been altered (e.g., something is “off”) but may be unable to put their experience into words. Trauma is more often than not a profound, life-altering and complex experience. Using words to describe it is often not sufficient.

As humans, our bodies are centrally impacted by trauma of all kinds – perhaps most notably in experiences of physical or sexual abuse, illness, surgeries, accidents, physical attack, or natural disaster. However, its effect can also be observed in situations less directly associated with the body, as in emotional abuse, sudden death of a loved one, or witnessing violence. What we know about trauma is that it’s perceived less in terms of the event itself and more in terms of our subjective experience of it. In other words, our brains detect and respond to a traumatic experience before we are able to make meaning from it. As a result, the experience of it is often stored in our bodies. Recent neuro-imaging studies have shown that, during times of stress, speech centers of the brain actually shut down.


When trauma is experienced, the brain becomes activated and prepares the body to react, whether through a fight, flight, or freeze response. We have an evolutionary drive to protect ourselves from harm. Blood flow is directed away from areas like our stomach and intestines, and towards our heart, lungs, and muscles to help us prepare to respond. Our bloodstream is flooded with cortisol, the “stress hormone,” which allows our muscles to react quicker; our pupils dilate, improving our eyesight; our hearing becomes sharper. While potentially life-saving, these physiological responses – increased heart rate, high blood pressure, heightened arousal and attention, elevation of stress hormones – put the body under a significant strain.

This activation process is engaged to some extent even during minor stressors, like realizing you’re running late or preparing for a midterm exam at the last minute. This response helps us spring into action. However, during a traumatic experience, which involves a threat or assault to your physical and/or emotional well-being, the degree of strain on your body is exponentially greater; it takes a greater toll on the physical and psychological systems. When the body is exposed to overwhelmingly harmful stimuli or chronic traumatic events, it learns to remain prepared for the fight/flight/freeze response at all times.

Studies have found that people who have experienced trauma, particularly through chronic or repeated events, are more likely to exist in a state of biological preparedness. This activated state can include baseline increases in heart rate and cortisol levels, which, in the long-term, can lead to cardiovascular complications (i.e., heart attack; stroke). In the short-term, this activated state can contribute to symptoms often associated with Post-traumatic Stress Disorder; hypervigilance, hyperarousal, feeling on edge, an acute awareness of one’s surroundings (e.g., how many people are in a room, location of doors, smells, etc.), an over-exaggerated startle response, or a state of feeling “shut down” through avoidance of arousal states, dissociation, and numbing.


When dealing with the fallout of traumatic life-experiences, integrating the body and mind can be a very powerful tool. The physiological impact of stress is experienced primarily through the senses, with very little engagement of language centers of the brain.

So, what does it take to integrate these systems? In therapy, in can be helpful for trauma survivors to practice putting words to their physical sensations.

When you are feeling a certain sensation in your body, what kind of thoughts are going through your mind at that moment?What words would you use to label your emotional experience?

Putting words to physical experience can take the thought, “I just don’t feel well,” to an awareness that “My thoughts are racing and my chest feels tight. I feel anxious and unsafe”. This expanded description is important because it can give you insight into how to help yourself feel better. Realizing that your chest feels tight can be a signal to take slow, relaxing breaths. Noticing that your thoughts are racing may be a sign to distract yourself with something pleasurable. Further, more understanding of what is happening can support a sense of control. It is also important to notice when you are unable to identify or label your experience. These moments can be further explored with your therapist to gain deeper understanding.

As you try to put words to your experience, be mindful of the way in which you verbalize your experience. Certain descriptors can make you feel worse (e.g., “awful”; “devastating”; “mind-shattering”). An important tool is to simply try to observe and describe your experience, without adding judgement. For example, saying “I have a terrifying pain in my chest that I can’t stand” can increase your fear. Instead, saying “I’m feel a tightness in my chest” can give you more room to be curious about the trigger for your experience and allow you to use constructive coping skills to manage it.

While therapy can be extremely helpful in developing skills to understand and describe your experience, there are also many things you can do on your own.

Yoga: practicing yoga helps integrate the body with the breath; it allows self-expression through the body, without relying on language. Since yoga has finally become so popular (and well-studied), you can practice it at home (there are thousands of free videos online), at a gym or yoga studio, or with a private yoga instructor.

Tai Chi: originally created for self-defense, tai chi uses slow, flowing movements to help reduce stress by incorporating deep breathing. Those looking for less physical impact often prefer tai chi to yoga. Practice is also available through online videos or in studios.

Meditation: meditation can take many forms, and is an easy skill to incorporate that does not require a lot of time, or a gym membership! A nice place to start can be downloading a meditation app, such asBuddhify, which offers guided meditations of varying lengths. Additionally, online videos and instructed classes are available.

Mindfulness: a variation of meditation, mindfulness can help you practice getting in touch with uncomfortable emotions and unpleasant thoughts in a more manageable way. There are several mindfulness apps available, such as Calm andHeadspace. 

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Counseling Therapies Treatment

7 people found this helpful

Hi I'm a male or boys I have seen rich people or lots of people drinking lot of drinks which r costly and only rich people can afford or drink it and they look fairer and healthy and their face looks glowing and clear, fair face and skin but we middle class people can't afford to drink all this expensive drinks so wat drinks should we drink to look like them to get or look fairer and healthy glowing skin on face and body please tel me plz.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear lybrate user. Your are mistaking. Every rich man is not fairer with glowing face. Every middle class men are not skinny or darker in colour. Color and complexion depends on many factors like heredity and geographical area. It has nothing to do with drinks they take. Know right and stop worrying. Take care.
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I am a 17 year boy suffering from anxiety sometimes my heart rate go very high and my breath becomes short please help me to cope up with this threatening event.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
I suspect that the adolescent issues with regard to hormones may be affecting your ability to handle fear, to concentrate and remember. When the hormones play up, it lasts for a period of close to two years and during that time you could be influenced by three signs directly impacted by the chemical: you will tend to become aggressive and rebellious, you will become sexually active, and you will have acne and pimple problems. The hormonal imbalances may not only impact your memory because of the chemical but also bring some distractions that come with it. Issues that crop at this time may be coming up from childhood experiences that were not dealt with adequately. Take your parents along and meet with a counselor to identify these influences and sort them out. This is the last time they will come up looking for a resolution and if not dealt with, you will suffer a permanent negative feature around fear that will get worse over time. But you may work on the following even if the hormones kick in: Daily exercise of at least half an hour is a must. Even if you go to a gym, ask for aerobic and/or callisthenic exercises with whatever else you are doing. A healthy body harbors a healthy mind. Eat healthily, sleep well and deal with your emotions. Yoga and meditation will help tremendously. You may also Google EFT (emotional freedom technique), and learn of a very effective tool to sort out your anxiety.
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