Types of Pimples on the Tongue: Signs and Symptoms
Pimples on the tongue come in different shades and sizes: they can be white, yellow, red, or black, and they can appear anywhere. You can even get a pimple on the tip of the tongue. Here is a little more about the types of pimples you may find.
1. Yellow Pimple
A yellow pimple on the tongue could be a cold sore, or even oral herpes. This painful yellow pimple will appear on your tongue, lips, or mouth. It’s a sexually transmitted disease that will often cause red blisters, which then turn into a yellow crust when they dry. Canker sores can also look yellow, and are surrounded by a red outline.
2. White Pimple
It’s quite possible to have white pimples on any part of the tongue. The main causes of white tongue pimples are leukoplakia, oral lichen planus, canker sores, and oral thrush. You may also get them from dental appliances, tongue piercings, or from biting or burning your tongue.
3. Side Pimple
A pimple on the side of your tongue is often the result of oral herpes, oral thrush, fibroma, allergic reactions, canker sores, oral lichen planus, fibroma, and nutritional deficiencies. A pimple on the side of the tongue can appear on either side, and can look red, yellow, white, or black.
4. Red Pimple
Cold sores are the most common cause of a red pimple on the tongue. A red blister on the tongue is swollen, and may break open and leak a clear fluid that forms a scab after a few days. Other causes of a red pimple on the tongue include canker sores and Kawasaki syndrome.
5. Black Pimple
Are black spots on your tongue something to worry about? This condition has multiple causes such as allergic reactions, black hairy tongue, oral cancer, tongue piercing, oral fibroma, hyperpigmentation, and tongue trauma or injury.
6. Tip of Tongue
These pimples can be white, red, big, small, painless, or painful. Tongue-tip pimples share many causes of other tongue pimples, such as cold sores or canker sores.
7. Back of Tongue
A pimple on the back of your tongue may be a different story. You may have red, white, big, or small bumps at the back of your tongue. Some of the possible causes include Kawasaki syndrome, leukoplakia, oral thrush, scarlet fever, allergies, or canker sores.
What Are the Causes of a Pimple on the Tongue?
As mentioned, many types of pimples can appear on your tongue. The following is a detailed description of their potential causes.
A pimple on the tongue can be a symptom of food allergies. Certain foods, mouth or lip-care products, and medications can all cause allergic reactions, and pimples on your tongue may occur as an immune response.
2. Tongue Injuries or Trauma
Pimples on the tongue can also form due to accidental tongue injuries or trauma such as tongue biting, eating hard or tough food, dental appliances such as braces, and tongue piercings. Tongue traumas or injuries will bruise or irritate your tongue, and cause a painful bump on the tongue, especially on the tip or the side. As they begin to heal, these tongue pimples will appear white.
3. Oral Thrush
Oral thrush is also called oral Candida or a fungal infection. Oral thrush will release red pimples as a reaction from your taste buds being irritated. In the case of oral thrush, red pimples on the tongue can be found on the sides, tip, or back of your tongue.
4. Viral Infections or STDs
There are a variety of viral infections that can lead to white pimples on the tongue, lips, and other areas of the mouth. Some of these viral infections include the flu, cold sores, and oral herpes. A pimple on the tongue due to oral herpes tends to ooze a clear pus-like liquid. Other flu-like symptoms may also accompany a pimple on the tongue, including a fever, a sore throat, dry cough, fatigue, and weakness.
5. Canker Sores
A canker sore, or mouth ulcer, is a small lesion that often develops at the base of the gums or on tissues in your mouth. Canker sores appear somewhat like pimples, and can make eating and talking difficult. Potential causes of tongue cankers include food allergies, stress, nutritional deficiencies, viral infections, or hormonal changes.
6. Oral Cancer
Stubborn frequent and swollen pimples on the tongue could be a sign of oral cancer. Other oral cancer symptoms include unexplained bleeding in the mouth, unexplained numbness of the mouth, dramatic weight loss, ear pain, and difficulty swallowing or chewing.
7. Kawasaki Disease
Kawasaki disease, also called mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, produces large red bumps on the back of the tongue. Aside from these bumps, Kawasaki disease also affects the lymph nodes, mucous membrane's
In leukoplakia, thick white patches or pimples form on your tongue, on the insides your cheeks, or on the bottom of the mouth. Chewing or smoking tobacco is thought to be a key cause of leukoplakia, and some leukoplakia patches are an early sign of cancer. Leukoplakia usually affects people with a weak immune system due to medications or conditions such as HIV/AIDS.
9. Hairy Black Tongue
Hairy black tongue is caused by a buildup of bacteria or yeast on the tongue. Black, white, or yellow discolorations are common with hairy black tongue. Other symptoms will include bad breath, a metallic taste in the mouth
10. Oral Lichen Planus
Oral lichen planus is an inflammatory condition that affects the mucous membranes of your mouth.
Other Causes of Tongue Pimples
Other causes include inflamed and swollen lingual papillae, clogged tongue skin, digestive problems, poor oral hygiene, and stress.
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