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Treatment of Migraine Treatment
Weight Management Treatment
Removal Of Stitches Procedure
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I have dust allergy because of which my eyes pain alot at night I dnt know what is happening. What should I do ?
Hi, sir My friend have problem in his balls. When he cough it get bigger like balloon den it goes down. please let me know.
I have a throat pain for the past 1 week. I feel like there is a ball in my throut that bothers me. When I drink cold water pain becomes sever. What should I do?
I and my Girlfriend meet in every 2 months for around 4-5 days. We stay together and generally we have sex 3-4 times a day. Approx 15 times in 4-5 days. She does not like me wearing a Condom as She says it Hurts her. 1.I want to ask you that If we continuously have sex for 3 days and directly meet after 2 months is there any chance of pregnancy. 2. If we have sex 1-2 times and after that we meet in next month will she be pregnant. 3. How many times we need to have sex for becoming pregnant.
My dad had an operation for haemorrhoids and after 5 months he got into an accident and broke his clavicle. After recovering from the injury he feels so tired and he forgets a lot and he doesn't understand what we are trying to say, he would smoke 10 cigarette per day and he is 57.
My right testicle ball pains even if I touch it and even if it get touches to my lap. Can I apply iodex or suggest some medicine.
What should I do if I have too much pain in my leg and if take painkiller my stomach creates too much problem?
The kidneys are the main excretory organs of the body and are responsible for removing all mineral wastes from the body. This high concentration of minerals predisposes them to form stones- which are small crystals of various minerals they are exposed to. The entire urinary tract starting from the kidneys, the ureters, and the bladder are at risk of developing stones. The risk is higher in people who do not drink enough water, as the minerals are not able to be cleared out.
Depending on the location, stones are named
- Renal: These are formed in the body of the kidneys.
- Ureteric: The urine passes from the kidney to the ureter through the ureters and can form stones, leading to blockage also
- Bladder: When the urine is stored in the bladder for a while, the chances of forming stones are quite high.
- Pain that is sharp, shooting pain on either side of the spine.
- There could be fever, vomiting, etc., but the pain is very indicative.
- Stones less than 4 mm usually pass on their own
- Larger ones may require shock waves from an external source which breaks it into smaller ones, which are then eliminated.
- Intravenous injections of pain relievers; repeat if required.
- Antiemetics to control nausea and vomiting
- Watch for an hour for improved symptoms
- Send the patient home with these prescriptions for continued use
- Increased amount of water consumption (up to 3 liters per day), until the urine is almost colorless
- Strain the urine to check if the stone is passed, this is done.
If the patient presents with the following symptoms, immediate admission may be required:
- Persisting symptoms after an hour of treatment
- Persistently high fever (about 104) with severe shakes and/or chills
- People on dialysis and/or renal failure
- Elderly (greater than 60 year olds)
- Severe dehydration and/or vomiting
Larger kidney stones (>4 mm) are managed as below.
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): This common treatment uses shock waves from an external source which breaks down the stones. The smaller ones easily pass through the urine.
- Ureteroscopy: In ureteroscopy, a endoscope is passed through urethra to the ureters.
- Open surgery: If the above measures are not feasible, open surgery may be the last option. This is very rarely used though.
Prevention of kidney stones
- Drink adequate amounts of water, at least 2 liters per day
- Cut down oxalate rich foods like beet, nuts, okra, spinach, etc.
- Reduce sodium and animal protein
- Continue calcium as always. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.