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Aphasia is a communication disability that can result from damage or injury to those parts of the brain that process language. It can happen due to stroke, brain tumors, accidents, or brain infection. A brain injury which damages parts of the brain that deal with language can also bring on Aphasia. Aphasia can also be caused by dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease. Aphasia is sometimes also a symptom of epilepsy or other neurological disorders.
It’s more common in older adults, especially after a stroke. What happens in Aphasia is that the affected person is unable to understand or use words. He or she may also:
- Have difficulty speaking and finding the "right" words to express themselves verbally
- Have problems understanding conversation
- Have problems reading and comprehending written words
- Have problems writing words
- Is unable to calculate or use numbers
- Has a tendency to use gibberish words as a part of speech
There are various types of Aphasia, differing in certain important ways from each other.
Aphasia can also be mild or severe. With mild Aphasia, the patient is able to converse, though he may not be able to find the right word or may not understand complex conversations.
However, in severe Aphasia, a person may lose his ability to communicate completely which means he can’t speak or understand any conversation and may also not be able to read or write.
Three things that aid Aphasia recovery are
- Speech Therapy
- Family Support
Treatment for Aphasia depends on factors like:
- Cause of brain injury which causes Aphasia
- Type of Aphasia
- Position and size of the brain lesion causing Aphasia
- If the Aphasia is due to a brain tumor, surgery to remove the tumor affecting the language centre can treat Aphasia.
- For a person who’s got Aphasia due to a stroke, sessions with a speech-language specialist are very effective. The therapist teaches the patient ways to communicate using stuff that doesn’t involve speech.
He uses the following to help the patient communicate without words:
- Drawings and pictures
- Teaching patient to speak slowly and be calm when talking.
The speech therapist uses these two main techniques to tackle Aphasia:
- Substitute skill model: This uses a prop like a writing board to help with spoken language.
- Direct treatment model: This approach uses specific exercises to help patients
- Copy and recall therapy (CART): This approach uses repetition and recall of certain words during speech therapy.
- Visual communication therapy (VIC): This involves the use of index cards to represent various components of speech.
In addition, Aphasia patients are also trained in the use of hand gestures to aid in communication as a part of ‘Visual Action Therapy (VAT)’.
Addiction can be considered as a behavioural change where a craving for something specific intensifies to such an extent that the consequences are ignored. Addiction controls the brain by diverting it in such a way that it registers only pleasure and does not give any importance to other standard drives like motivation and learning. In general, breaking up an addiction is difficult, but it is not impossible and with strong determination, addiction can be broken.
Effects of Addiction
In general, people are subjected to addiction will not have self-control over what they do. If addiction is not treated or diagnosed on time, it may reach harmful proportions. Addiction is not only related to consumption of alcohol and drugs. It may include other habits too, that cannot be controlled. Sometimes even having a particular craving for a fruit or a vegetable can be termed as an addiction. Among other things, the most harmful can be the usage of drugs, sexual pleasures and other effects that over a period of time can become uncontrollable.
How a person can get addicted?
A human brain registers all types of pleasures in the same way they register a joy from a psychoactive drug, sexual encounter, monetary rewards or a satisfying meal. When any of these things happen, the human brain releases a neurotransmitter dopamine in the nerve cells. If these habits become regular, the enzymes will be released in high quantities leading to the addiction problem.
Drugs usage leads to addiction within a short period of time. Consumption of almost all types of drugs, starting from nicotine to heroin leads to a powerful surge of dopamine in the nucleus accumbency leading to high addiction. Addiction is not exactly a disease, but it is a condition that can occur at any age. It is likely to occur more during the young age where the required maturity is yet to be gained. So it is advisable to be careful during your adolescent period as this is the time when you are more vulnerable.
Various medical tests can diagnose addiction. People subjected to addiction can be treated easily by proper medications and therapies. If addiction is in the initial stage, it can be quickly addressed by counselling process, and if it is severe, then the counselling sessions along with certain medications are needed to curb the addiction habit. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.
I having habit of chewing tobacco, I try to quit but I am not able to do that. Due tobacco I have constipation .i am mentally disturb due tobacco.Please suggest me a better way for that.
I am seshu 18 years old studying b-tech second year I forgetting what I listen in the class and what I read on the book.
I am 30 years old unmarried female. I have frequently urine problem. I didn't feel pain or burning. I have pcos too now I am taking homeopathy medication for both problem but urinary problem is still same. I don't have diabetes and I drink 2-4 ltrs water every day but still nothing helped. I am so depressed and feel ashamed of going out coz of it. Please help me.
Hi, I have been going thru alot of stress . Marriage trouble. Its almost on the brink of divorce.I dont want it.I love her. I am depressed. My head pains 24 *7. Help.
Life a gift from GOD and parents how do you lead your life is in your hands, success and failure are steps for your life.
The most successful Male or Female they claimed longer ladders with hard work Right From TATA, Birla, top industrialist in Indian Sri Abdul Kalam Indian scientist Barak Obama(USA President) they work from 4.0 AM to 11.00 PM 16 to 18 hours per day, and they have all kinds of stress.
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A phone call away getting guidance from counselling specialist will give a good life.