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Dr. Shefali Tyagi

MBBS, DGO, MRCOG

Gynaecologist, Bangalore

19 Years Experience  ·  0 at clinic
Dr. Shefali Tyagi MBBS, DGO, MRCOG Gynaecologist, Bangalore
19 Years Experience  ·  0 at clinic
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Personal Statement

Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; a......more
Hello and thank you for visiting my Lybrate profile! I want to let you know that here at my office my staff and I will do our best to make you comfortable. I strongly believe in ethics; as a health provider being ethical is not just a remembered value, but a strongly observed one.
More about Dr. Shefali Tyagi
Dr. Shefali Tyagi is an experienced Gynaecologist in Sarjapur Road, Bangalore. She has helped numerous patients in her 19 years of experience as a Gynaecologist. She is a MBBS, DGO, MRCOG . You can meet Dr. Shefali Tyagi personally at Motherhood Hospital in Sarjapur Road, Bangalore. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Shefali Tyagi on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 38 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Education
MBBS - Lady Hardinge Medical College - 1998
DGO - Lady Hardinge Medical College - 2000
MRCOG - Lady Hardinge Medical College - 2002

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514/ 1-2-3,Kaikondara village, Sarjapur Road. LM: opp. Total MallBangalore Get Directions
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Shamabba Plaza, Municipal No. 1/79/4, Bellandur Village, Varthur Hobli, Bengaluru East Taluk, Bengaluru 560103Bangalore Get Directions
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Thalassemia - Symptoms Based on Types of Thalassemia

Clinical Hematology , MD, MBBS
Hematologist, Noida
Thalassemia - Symptoms Based on Types of Thalassemia

Thalassemia is a genetic (which is passed from parents to children through genes) blood disorder. People with Thalassemia disease are not able to make enough hemoglobin, which causes severe anemia. Hemoglobin is found in red blood cells and carries oxygen to all parts of the body. When there is not enough hemoglobin in the red blood cells, oxygen cannot get to all parts of the body. Organs then become starved for oxygen and are unable to function properly.

There are two types of Thalassemia disease

  1. Alpha Thalassemia disease: There are two main types of Alpha Thalassemia disease. Alpha Thalassemia Major is a very serious disease in which severe anemia begins even before birth. Pregnant women carrying affected fetuses are themselves at risk for serious pregnancy and delivery complications. Another type of Alpha Thalassemia is Hemoglobin H disease. There are varying degrees of Hemoglobin H disease.
  2. Beta Thalassemia disease: Beta Thalassemia Major (also called Cooley's Anemia) is a serious illness. Symptoms appear in the first two years of life and include paleness of the skin, poor appetite, irritability, and failure to grow. Proper treatment includes routine blood transfusions and other therapies.

Causes of Thalassemia

Thalassemia occurs when there’s an abnormality or mutation in one of the genes involved in hemoglobin production. You inherit this genetic defect from your parents.

If only one of the parents is a carrier for thalassemia, the child may develop a form of the disease known as thalassemia minor. If this occurs, the born child probably won’t have symptoms, but he/she will be a carrier of the disease. Some people with thalassemia minor do develop minor symptoms.

If both of your parents are carriers of thalassemia, you have a greater chance of inheriting a more serious form of the disease.

Symptoms

The symptoms depend on the type of thalassemia:

  • Thalassemia Minor: Thalassemia minor usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. If it does, it causes minor anemia.
  • Beta-thalassemia: Beta-thalassemia comes in two serious types, which are thalassemia major, or Cooley’s anemia, and thalassemia intermedia. The symptoms of thalassemia major generally appear before a child’s second birthday. The severe anemia related to this condition can be life-threatening. Other signs and symptoms include:
    • fussiness
    • paleness
    • frequent infections
    • a poor appetite
    • failure to thrive
    • jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes
    • enlarged organs

This form of thalassemia is usually so severe that it requires regular blood transfusions.

  • Alpha-thalassemia: Alpha-thalassemia also has two serious types, which are hemoglobin H disease and hydrops fetalis. Hemoglobin H disease can cause bone issues. The cheeks, forehead, and jaw may all overgrow. Hemoglobin H disease can cause:
    • jaundice, which is a yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eyes
    • an extremely enlarged spleen
    • malnourishment

Hydrops fetalis is an extremely severe form of thalassemia. It occurs before birth. Most individuals with this condition are either stillborn or die shortly after being born.

How is thalassemia diagnosed?

Thalassaemia is often detected during pregnancy or soon after birth.

  1. Screening during pregnancy: Screening to check if a baby is at risk of being born with thalassemia is offered to all pregnant women.
  2. Testing after birth or later in life: Newborn babies aren't routinely tested for thalassemia because the test used isn't always reliable soon after birth and the condition isn't immediately dangerous. However, the main form of the condition – beta thalassemia major – is often picked up as part of the newborn blood spot test (heel prick). A blood test can be carried out at any point to diagnose the condition if a child or adult has symptoms of thalassemia and the condition wasn't picked up earlier on.
  3. Testing for the Thalassemia Trait- A blood test can be done at any time to find out if you have the thalassemia trait and are at risk of having a child with the condition. This can be particularly useful if you have a family history of the condition or your partner is known to carry thalassemia.

If your child has thalassemia, blood tests may reveal:

  1. A low level of red blood cells
  2. Smaller than expected red blood cells
  3. Pale red blood cells
  4. Red blood cells that are varied in size and shape
  5. Red blood cells with uneven hemoglobin distribution, which gives the cells a bull's-eye appearance under the microscope

Blood tests may also be used to:

  1. Measure the amount of iron in your child's blood
  2. Evaluate his or her hemoglobin
  3. Perform DNA analysis to diagnose thalassemia or to determine if a person is carrying mutated hemoglobin genes

Treatment for Thalassemia-

The treatment for thalassemia depends on the type and severity of disease involved. Your doctor will give you a course of treatment that will work best for your particular case.

Some of the utilized treatments include:

  • blood transfusions
  • a bone marrow transplant (BMT)
  • medications and supplements
  • possible surgery to remove the spleen or gallbladder 

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

2600 people found this helpful

I am suffering from hypothyroidism and my menstrual cycle is becoming weak every month it gets over in 2 days please help me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I am suffering from hypothyroidism and my menstrual cycle is becoming weak every month it gets over in 2 days please ...
Hello, please get a tsh level done and possibly you are still uncontrolled and might require thyroxine supplementation.
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13 year ho gaya hai bachha Nahi huwa hai please help.

MBBS
Sexologist,
13 year ho gaya hai bachha Nahi huwa hai please help.
You have no baby. I advise you to do semen analysis test after 4 days of abstinence from sex and your wife's menstrual cycle duration and for how many days bleeding is there and her hb, for better guidance and treatment.
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At pregnancy time can we do sex with our partner, if yes with protection or without protection is good.

MBBS, DGO, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Gynaecologist, Chennai
At pregnancy time can we do sex with our partner, if yes with protection or without protection is good.
You can do sex with your partner during pregnancy but be careful not to put pressure on her abdomen.With protection is always better to prevent infections.
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I tried anal sex today but that hole is too tight and she is feeling that washroom is coming to her.Please tell.

General Physician, Delhi
It is an unnatural way of sex and it may lead to infection to you and fecal incontinence in female. So better to avoid.
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Hi Doctor This is to ask you like yesterday I was with my girlfriend. Now she and I just were having a hug and we started masturbating each other but by mistake my ejaculation went onto her stomach and leg. She was in her shorts. Now she went in and washed it but forgot to wash fingers with soap. And she then used the fingers to wash the vagina. What should be done and is pregnancy possible. Really very scared.

Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
Hi Doctor
This is to ask you like yesterday I was with my girlfriend. Now she and I just were having a hug and we sta...
Dear Lybrate user, Though chances of pregnancy are less, it cannot be excluded entirely. In case she misses her periods, it is worthwhile to do urine pregnancy test.
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Calcium Defiency in women

M.Phil biotech and PGD Dietitics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Panchkula
Calcium Defiency  in women

Calcium Defiency in women

Diet is a well balanced food combination which should be tailored according to personal needs and as circumstances changes specially. The wrong food can fail to nourish us, can keep us awake at night, make us sluggish and overweight or tense us up;

Major points to be kept in mind to plan our diet are:

  • Personal Needs.
  • Stages of our life.
  • Lifestyle.
  • Genetic and temperament conditions.
  • Clinical condition.
  • Personal needs are likes, dislikes and your time availability
  • Stages of our life we are in is very important as age plays a major role. So, supplement and manipulation of food group depends on our age.


There are many health problems those arise because of lifestyle we follow:

  • Posture-related problems.
  • Fatigue.
  • Mental health disorders, like depression and anxiety.
  • Obesity.
  • Heart disease.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Abnormal heart beats.
  • Menstrual problems.
  • Acne and other skin problems.


Common deficiencies noted in women are:

  • Calcium
  • Vitamins-D
  • Protein.
  • Phosphorus

Vegetarian and non - vegetarian diet have their unique role in maintaining bone mineral metabolism of body.

  1. Calcium Deficiency in women makes entire matrix of the bone week, therefore keeping check of calcium in our diet can prevent women from osteoporosis in later ages after menopause. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body, with over 99% of the amount present is being found in the bones and teeth. After the age of 35, both men and women start losing calcium from their bones. During menopause, however, the rate of loss increases rapidly for women. It also has a role to play in nerve function, blood clotting, muscle health, and other areas.
  2. Source of calcium
  • Milk
  • Paneer
  • Almonds
  • Seeds-sesame ,sunflower , cheese
  • Soya bean and their products

Learn to combine calcium rich food for proper absorption, food contain oxalic acid prevent ca absorption like spinach and lotus stem.

  • Sources of protein: like fish, meat, Poultry, eggs are also important.
  • Source of vitamin-D: Vitamin D can be obtained from sun exposure, food like eggs, mushrooms, orange and fish.
  • Source of Phosphorus: Phosphorus is found in high amounts in protein rich foods such as milk and milk products and meat and alternatives, such as beans, lentils, nuts, Sunflower Seeds and Broccoli.

Common menstrual problems faced by women are cramps, pcod, menorrhagia, and amenorrhea.

Certain foods like caffeine, alcohol, caffeinated tea and high salt diets increases intensity of cramps. Include 'Ca' rich foods like broccoli, low fat yoghurt, high fiber diets and omega-3 rich foods to help you during your menstrual cycle.

Working women should Try to include energy booster snacks like nuts for mid meals and plan carbohydrate rich diets with more of complex carbs in form of roasted grains and cereals bars. Keeping a check on amount of water intake is also very important. Replace caffeinated drinks with herbal infusion and buttermilk for detoxification of the body.

Ultimately we have to overcome the fatigue, lethargy and all the clinical condition by planning our meals and having a well balanced diet for a healthy body.

10 people found this helpful

I am feeling like I am pregnant but a little blood comes out when I am forcing to do stool and after that no blood it happens during my period time after when I was 2 days late for my period. I feel very tired n having body aches. M I pregnant ?I have done sex almost regularly.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
I am feeling like I am pregnant but a little blood comes out when I am forcing to do stool and after that no blood it...
Hi you could be pregnant if you had unprotected intercourse. Please get a urine pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy.
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6 Tips to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Advanced Short Course Training in Kidney Transplantation, DM - Nephrology, MD - Nephrology , MBBS
Nephrologist, Delhi
6 Tips to Keep Your Kidneys Healthy

Kidney is a crucial detoxifying organ that performs a lot of functions including, absorption of minerals, filtration of blood and production of hormones and urine. It also helps your body to maintain a healthy pH level. Since kidney failure can prove to be fatal, it is essential to keep it healthy, to ensure smooth functioning of your system.

The following are the tips to ensure the health of your kidneys:

  1. Adequate intake of water: It is advised to drink a minimum of 8 glasses of water daily, to help your kidneys function properly.  Adequate intake of water ensures that your body is able to flush out the harmful toxins at regular intervals.  However, in case if you are already suffering from kidney disease, this point is not applicable.
  2. Control your blood pressure and blood sugar level:  Diabetes is one of the major causes of kidney failure. It is recommended to control your blood sugar level on a regular basis to ensure healthy functioning of your kidney. People who have high level of blood sugar and blood pressure are more susceptible to suffer from kidney disorders.
  3. Quit tobacco: Accumulations of toxins in your body tend to have a harmful impact not only your kidneys, but also on your overall health. It is strictly recommended to quit smoking and use other forms of tobacco to protect your kidneys from damage. 
  4. Reduce weight:  Obesity and the problem of excessive body fat are harmful for your body in more ways than one. Being overweight makes you more susceptible to develop kidney cancer. Therefore, it is advisable to lose a few kilos to ensure the proper functioning of your kidneys.
  5. Avoid intake of analgesics without prescription:  Most analgesics have the tendency to be harsh on your kidneys.  Ingestion of analgesics increases your risk of developing kidney cancer. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and acetaminophen are some of the analgesics, which are known to affect your kidneys in the long term. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid taking them without consulting a doctor.
  6. Include healthy food in your diet:  If you increase the intake of green vegetables in your diet, it will help your body to accelerate the process of detoxification.  Fruits and vegetables including watermelon, cranberries, blueberries, strawberries, apples, cabbage, cauliflower, peppers, garlic and onions provide considerable aid in removing the toxins out of your system. However, in case if you are already suffering from kidney disease, this point is not applicable.
3728 people found this helpful

Hi, I have pain in all over body regularly. My weight is 78 kg and my hight is 5.3 inch.i have pain in legs joint back pain shoulder wrist pain headache sometimes I want to know what all test I have to do. Kindly assist me for the same. I having regular periods. No thyroid no pcos or pcod .Please tell.

Diploma in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, MD - Community Medicine
Gynaecologist, Lucknow
Hi,
I have pain in all over body regularly. My weight is 78 kg and my hight is 5.3 inch.i have pain in legs joint bac...
Hello, as told by you, you are not having any gyn problem. You should take consultation from a physician.
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Hi, me and my girlfriend (18 years old) had sex and she took an ipill on the same day. After a week she s having severe pain and bleeding. The doctor said it's due to the ipill, she s scared that the doc may tell her family pls advise.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Hi, me and my girlfriend (18 years old) had sex and she took an ipill on the same day. After a week she s having seve...
Hi lybrate-user, ipill can cause bleeding in between periods. Don't worry about it her periods may get delayed too.
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I have pcod. Which is severe since 3 years. I'm taking homeopathic medicine. Could you prescribe a allopathy less costly medical.

BHMS
Homeopath, Chennai
I have pcod. Which is severe since 3 years. I'm taking homeopathic medicine. Could you prescribe a allopathy less cos...
PCOS is a syndrome disease defined by a collection of signs and symptoms. The symptoms of PCOS that one patient experiences can be very different from the symptoms of another patient. If you have two or more of the following symptoms, you need to have a thorough checkup to determine if you need PCOS treatment: Irregular or missing menstrual periods, Infertility,Excess or unwanted body or facial hair growth, Thinning hair on the scalp, Weight problems, often including weight gain around the waist, Skin problems, including skin tags, darkening skin and acne Complications of PCOS The common PCOS symptoms are difficult enough for most women, but some will experience further complications, including: Diabetes, elevated insulin levels or insulin resistance, Heart and blood vessel problems, Uterine cancer, Sleep apnea Each of these problems can be life threatening, which is why treatment for PCOS is so important. Lifestyle and Prevention One of the best treatments for PCOS is a healthy lifestyle. A healthy diet low in refined carbohydrates is important, as this can help regulate blood sugar levels. Exercise can also help the body regulate insulin and keep excess weight off. Losing weight is challenging with PCOS, but doing so can help reduce the male hormone levels in the body, and some women will begin to ovulate naturally. With a proper diagnosis, lifestyle changes and PCOS treatment, women can get relief from this condition and the overwhelming health problems it can cause. Homoeopathy offers permanent solution for this syndrome, the medicine is selected based on symptom totality and individualisation, some of the medicines for PCOD are Graphites, Lachesis, Calcarea carb, Lycopodium, Nux Vomica, Sepia,Ignatia, Staphysagria.
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Hi, I have PCOD and thyroid level is 5.55 (TSH, and my endometrium is thickened 12 mm, I am taking APCOD as suggested by gynecologist, Please suggest me.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Hi, I have PCOD and thyroid level is 5.55 (TSH, and my endometrium is thickened 12 mm, I am taking APCOD as suggested...
hi Iksha you should have healthy lifestyle daily exercise for 40minutes and diet pattern should be low carbohydrates and high protein diet. please take supplements for correcting thyroid levels.
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Hi, I am 6 weeks pregnant. I am doubted that whether can I take head bath frequently or it is restricted. How many times in a week I can take head bath. Please suggest me.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynecology, Fellowship in Infertility (IVF Specialist)
Gynaecologist, Aurangabad
Hi, I am 6 weeks pregnant. I am doubted that whether can I take head bath frequently or it is restricted. How many ti...
hi lybrate user, if you are having cold then avoid frequent head bath otherwise you can take twice a week.
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What should be eaten in pcos related infertility. I am 33 year old married women. I got married 3 years back.

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), MD - Ayurveda
Ayurveda, Trivandrum
What should be eaten in pcos related infertility. I am 33 year old married women. I got married 3 years back.
Well it is important to know what u should n be eating ... According to Ayurveda foods that further cause the formation of cysts or increase their blockage should be avoided .. These may include curd blackgram cucumber banana deep fried food , preserved or canned food Besides physical activity will be must
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My sister almost from two days is complaining that" chakkar" she is experiencing and last night it was too much even on lying down she was saying that she was still feeling it what to do?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Bundi
My sister almost from two days is complaining that" chakkar" she is experiencing and last night it was too much even ...
Chakkar may be associated with some common problems which people tend to ignore. It's tia i. E. Transient ischemic attack due to cervical disc syndrome. It could be problem of the ear in balancing the body. It could be hypoglycaemic problem. It could be hypertension. It could be simple anaemia. Please get basic tests done like hb, sugar and please tell if there's any radiating pain in arms etc.
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I am 31 year old female and I didn't conceive. My weight 73 kg and height 5'5. My and my husband report is normal. We are trying last 2 years. I got pregnant before 5 month but unfortunately it was missed and then after I can't get pregnant. Please give your best suggestion. Thank you.

MBBS (Gold Medalist, Hons), MS (Obst and Gynae- Gold Medalist), DNB (Obst and Gynae), Fellow- Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility (ACOG, USA), FIAOG
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
I am 31 year old female and I didn't conceive. My weight 73 kg and height 5'5. My and my husband report is normal. We...
Try to reduce weight first. Now all the reports of both of you are normal means there is good chance of success, if you try active treatment for fertility.
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Hi doc, my husband he is 36 years and I'm 28, we got marriage in 2014 Dec, after getting married my husband's weight increased a lot a n d he s nw 112 kgs and I'm 50 kgs, already I got an abortion in month of April 2016, can we plan for another baby now, will it cause any problem while having sex, after abortion my weight is not gaining, even my face skin became very dull, Dark and rough, even I'm suffering from very bad dark circles, some times I get back pain please suggest me what to do how do I get free from dark circles and how to get my weight back.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist,
Hi doc, my husband he is 36 years and I'm 28, we got marriage in 2014 Dec, after getting married my husband's weight ...
Less weight does not cause a problem with infertility, unless it is due to illness like tb etc. For 4'11" your weight of 45 is ok. It can be increased by few kg, but less than 50 is best for your height. So do not worry about your weight. At the same time you must worry about your husband's weight which is 112, and he needs to severely start nutrition based dieting and exercises. Your abortion happened and it is just 2 months since then, wait for another 1-2 months and then try again. The back pain, if occasional can be dealth with pain killers, but if it frequent, you may see a orthopedic surgeon. For your infertility seek the help of a gynecologist who can guide you through the conception and then the pregnancy monitoring too.
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What does an i-pill do? Does taking i-pill twice in two consecutive months affect health severely?

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
It avoids unnecessary pregnancy by avoiding fertilization of ovum by male sperm no such toxic or untoward effects.
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She is pregnant 9 weeks ago, now she is suffering dry cough from 4days. What medicine she take? Is it harm to new born baby?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
She is pregnant 9 weeks ago, now she is suffering dry cough from 4days. What medicine she take? Is it harm to new bor...
She is suffering from dry cough and she is pregnant. I advise her to take steam inhalation twice daily. Avoid milk and milk products. Take proper balanced vegetarian diet.
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