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Dr. Sampath

Oncologist, Bangalore

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Dr. Sampath Oncologist, Bangalore
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I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care....more
I believe in health care that is based on a personal commitment to meet patient needs with compassion and care.
More about Dr. Sampath
Dr. Sampath is an experienced Oncologist in Phoenix Hospital, Bangalore. You can meet Dr. Sampath personally at HCG Bangalore Institute of Oncology Speciality Centre in Phoenix Hospital, Bangalore. Save your time and book an appointment online with Dr. Sampath on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Oncologists in India. You will find Oncologists with more than 40 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Oncologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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#8, P. Kalinga Rao Road, Sampangi Ram Nagar,Near Okalika Bhavan. Landmark:Opp to Geo HotelBangalore Get Directions
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Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist
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Cancer is the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells in a particular body part. With continued growth, pieces of this tissue travel through the blood to different body parts and continue to grow in the new area. This is known as metastases. Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and affects about 1 in 8 women in the USA. Read on to know more details of breast cancer breast anatomy, causes, symptoms, risk factors, detection, prevention, and of course treatment.

Anatomy: The main function of the breast is lactation through its milk-producing tissue that are connected to the nipple by narrow ducts. In addition, there is surrounding connective tissue, fibrous material, fat, nerves, blood vessels and lymphatic channels which complete the structure. This is essential to know as most breast cancers develop as small calcifications (hardened particles) in the ducts or as small lumps in the breast tissue which then continues to grow into cancer. The spread can happen through lymphatic or blood flow to other organs.

Warning signs/symptoms: The following are some symptoms that need to be watched out for if you have a predisposition to breast cancer.

A lump in either of the breasts or armpits
Change in size, shape, or contour of either breast
Redness of your breast or nipple
Discharge of clear or bloody fluid
Thickening of breast tissue or skin that lasts through a period
Altered look or feel of the skin on the breast or the nipple (dimpled, inflamed, scaly, or puckered)
One area on the breast that looks very different from the other areas
Hardened area under the breast skin

Either one or a combination of these should be an indication to get a detailed checkup done. Early diagnosis results in controlling the disease with minimal treatment and reduced complications.

Causes and risk factors: The exact cause for breast cancer is yet to be pinned down. However, risk factors are clearly identified, and women with risk factors need to watch out for warning signs.

Family history: Of all the risk factors, the family history is the most important. Breast cancer runs in families, and if there is a first-degree relative with the breast cancer, the chances of developing it are almost double. Two genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the carriers of the disease, and this testing can be done in women to identify if they are at risk.
Family history of other cancers: Even if there is no breast cancer, if there are other cancers that run in the family, watch out.
Age: Women over 50 are at higher risk of developing breast cancer.
Race: Caucasian and Jewish women are at higher risk of breast cancer than African-American women.
Hormones: Greater exposure to the female hormone estrogen increases the chances of developing breast cancer. Women who use birth control pills for contraception and hormone replacement after menopause are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
Gynecologic milestones: Women who have abnormal menstrual milestones need to watch out. These include those who attain menarche before 12 years of age, get pregnant after 30, attain menopause after 55, and have menstrual cycles shorter than 26 days or longer than 29 days.
Obesity and alcohol abuse are also likely to increase a woman s chances of developing breast cancer.

Stages: Starting from stage 0, higher stages indicate advanced disease.

Stage 0: The growth which has begun in the milk-producing tissue or the ducts has remained there (in situ) and not spread to any other area, including the rest of the breast.
Stage I: The tissue slowly becomes invasive and has begun to affect the surrounding healthy tissue. It could have spread to the fatty breast tissue and some breast tissue may be found in the nearby lymph nodes.
Stage II: The cancer at this stage grows considerably or spreads to other parts. There are chances that cancer may grow and also spread.
Stage III: It may have spread to the bones or other organs but small amounts are present in up to 9 to 10 of the lymph nodes in the armpits and collar bones which makes it is difficult to fight.
Stage IV: The cancer is widespread to far-flung areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and even the brain.

Screening: This is one of the most effective ways to identify the disease in its early stages. This will help in controlling cancer from spreading with minimal treatment.

Self-examination: A thorough self-examination to look for changes in terms of shape, size, colour, contour, and firmness should be learned by all women. Watch for any discharge, sores, rashes, or swelling in the breasts, surrounding skin, and nipple. Examine them while standing and when lying down.
In most women, annual screening mammograms are advised after the age of 40. However, in women who have a strong family history or genetic makeup, it is advisable to have screening mammograms starting at age 20 every 3 years and then annually from the age of 40.
Women in high-risk categories should have screening mammograms every year and typically start at an earlier age.
Ultrasound screening can also be given in addition to mammograms.
Breast MRI is another way to screen for breast cancer if the risk is greater.

Breast Cancer Prevention: Now that there is so much awareness about causes and risk factors, there are definitely ways to prevent or delay the onset of the disease.

Exercise and a healthy diet with reduced amount of alcohol are definitely effective in minimising the chances of developing cancer.
Tamoxifen is used in women who are at high risk for breast cancer.
Evista (raloxifene) which is used to treat osteoporosis after menopause. It is also widely used in preventing breast cancer.
In high-risk women, breasts are surgically removed to prevent the development of cancer (preventive mastectomy).

Treatment: As with all cancers, treatment would depend on the stage at which it is identified and include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. As noted earlier, if you are at risk, look out for warning signs as early diagnosis is the key to maximum recovery.
Breast Cancer - Know More to Say 'No' More!

I am 53year old I have problem enlargement prostate gland.kindly suggest treatment of homeopathic

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist
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I am 53year old I have problem enlargement prostate gland.kindly suggest treatment of homeopathic
Prostatitis treatments vary depending on the underlying cause. They can include: Antibiotics. This is the most commonly prescribed treatment for prostatitis. Your doctor will base the choice of medication on the type of bacteria that may be causing your infection. If you have severe symptoms, you may need intravenous (IV) antibiotics. You'll likely need to take oral antibiotics for four to six weeks but may need longer treatment for chronic or recurring prostatitis. Alpha blockers. These medications help relax the bladder neck and the muscle fibers where your prostate joins your bladder. This treatment may lessen symptoms, such as painful urination. Anti-inflammatory agents. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may make you more comfortable. Prostate massage. This is done by your physician using a lubricated, gloved finger — a procedure similar to a digital rectal exam. It may provide some symptom relief, but doctors disagree about how effective it is. Other treatments. Other potential treatments for prostatitis are being studied. These treatments include heat therapy with a microwave device and drugs based on certain plant extracts

Bone Marrow Transplant - busting the myths!

European Society for Medical Oncology certification, DM - Oncology, MD - General Medicine, MBBS
Oncologist
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The term bone marrow transplant is actually a misnomer in the present context as a vast majority of transplants are now conducted by harvesting stem cells from the blood of the donor.

So the correct and logical term now is peripheral blood stem cell transplant. This is just like a blood donation for the donor and poses no risk at all to the donor. The term blood cancer is generally used for leukemias, these can be of two types - acute and chronic.

For the chronic leukemias, especially chronic myeloid leukemia, stem cell transplant is now generally not required as drugs like imatinib, dasatinib and nilotinib are extremely effective. For chronic lymphocytic leukemia transplant is rarely done these days and is generally reserved for relatively younger patients. Even in the imatinib era transplant is an effective procedure and can cure patients with CML (chronic myeloid leukemia) who do not respond to imatinib and other tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

For acute myeloid leukemias stem cell transplant is recommended for all cases except the low risk cases, after completion of chemotherapy. Risk is defined based on kind of genetic mutations in the leukemic cells for acute lymphoblastic leukemia transplant is generally done at relapse, but certain genetic mutations necessitate an earlier transplant, so does presence of or increase in minimal residual disease, which signifies cancer cells not visible to the human eye under the microscope.

Procedure of stem cell transplant HLA matching is done between patient and siblings. Best match is selected as a donor. Matched sibling is the most commonly used donor in blood cancers. In many cases a match is not available, for such cases matched unrelated donor, cord blood, or a partially matched donor (haploidentical donor) is sometimes selected. Donor is given growth factor injection subcutaneously to bring out the stem cells from the bone marrow to bloodstream, twice daily for 5 days. After that the stem cells are collected and stored. Patient is given high dose chemotherapy to kill cancer cells as well as his normal marrow. After chemotherapy, donor stem cells are injected into the body of patient from a vein. After approximately 11-14 days the donor cells get engrafted in the patient's marrow and start producing normal blood cells. The donor cells also kill the cancer cells and prevent cancer from coming back.

Overall depending on whether the patients cancer is controlled or not before transplant the cure rate after transplant can vary from 60 % for patients who have a good control and less aggressive disease biology, to less then 20 % in patients with uncontrolled disease before transplant. Overall, approximately 40 % patients get cured with a transplant. Upto 40 % patients can develop complications, and half of these may be very severe and life threatening. This figure is more in mismatched transplants. Apart from complications, there is still a risk of relapse and these patients need close monitoring in the first few years after transplant.

I have blood cancer leukemia pre all nd my chemo is going on what food should I take?

MD - Radiothrapy, MBBS
Oncologist
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Chemotherapy can cause nausea so you should take less spicy food. Also you should avoid food which can cause infection. Take freshly prepared food. Avoid fast food at unhygienic place. Take food rich in proteins. Take high calories and low residue diet as there may be loss of appetite.

Hello I'm asking for some help regarding cancer issues. How can we. Recognise cancer issues. My mom got breast cancer and now she getting so many problem. So how can she will be all right from breast cancer.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist
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breast cancer if diagnosed early is generally given radio/ chemotherapy to shrink the tumour followed by surgery to remove the breast and axillary lymph nodes. It has good survival chances if treated early. Regular self breast examination to look for a lump, pain, nipple discharge/ abnormality, skin puckering helps in quick diagnosis which should be followed by timely sonography or mammogram to detect the cancer in time.

What are the basic symptoms and causes of breast cancer and how can we prevent that.

FACS, MBBS, MS - General Surgery
Oncologist
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Basic symtoms of breast cancer are 1 painless lump inbreast 2 lump in axilla 3 prevention is by early detection, investigations ultra sound and mammography and f. N. A. C or biopsy. If results are positive, management should be done.

Suffering from urinary problems, due to enlarged prostate. I am now at Bangalore.

MNAMS (Membership of the National Academy) (General Surgery) , Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery, DNB (General Surgery), MBBS, Fellow of Indian association og gastro intestinal endo surgeons
General Surgeon
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Suffering from urinary problems, due to enlarged prostate. I am now at Bangalore.
Prostate enlargement hinders in flow of urine as prostate naturally surrounds urethra the outflow track for urine. Isymptoms can be managed by medications but first cause of prostate enlargement should be ascertained. Cancerous cause has to be ruled out. Non cancerous cause can usually be managed by medicines only. Surgery is indicated if medical treatment fails or if cancer is suspected. For this evaluation detailed clinical examination including rectal examination, ultrasound kub and prostate, blood psa levels have to be done.

She is having breast pain for the past few days. She got her xray and sonography done. But yet doctors find nothing wrong. Is there any way to cure her.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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Breast pain or mastalgia is a common problem at this age especially before periods. This is usually due to hormonal changes and is mostly self limiting. Some measures like using proper fitting sports bra, hot fomentation, analgesics, vitamin e supplement, primosa etc help.

I have a white patch inside my lips. But it does not painful I chew tobacco last 2.5 years Does it causes cancer? I am 18 years old. How to treat them.

MD Radiation Oncology, ESMO Certified Medical Oncologist, DM Medical Oncology (Pursuing)
Oncologist
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Hello lybrate-user, chewing tobacco is definitely really bad for health. It can cause cancer too. At your young age, you should abstain from such bad habits and even stop your friends from doing so. It is a very poor addiction which will damage your oral health. Your teeth will be stained making you look ugly and your mouth will be full of non healing ulcers if you don't give up this bad habit. Its my strong request to you to stop chewing tobacco. If you feel difficult to abstain, I can prescribe some medicines for same. However, your will power is most important for leaving this bad habit.

Breast cancer and heart ki problem mai kya similarity hoti hai? Symptoms kya same hotey hai.

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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Both usually occur in higher strata of society, risk factors are smoking alcohol, lack of exercise, fatty diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, unhealthy eating habits. Symptoms are obviously different. Breast cancer presents as painless lump, nipple discharge, skin changes, heart problems may present as pain in chest radiating to Arms, back, jaws etc. There may be swelling of feet, palpitations and sometimes breathing difficulty.

I am 62 yrs old. Absolutely healthy. Sometimes I feel as if i'm having prostrate problem while urinating. Please suggest any remedy.

PDDM, MHA, MBBS
General Physician
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Get an abdomen usg done to confirm and consult privately for personalized assessment and management.

My wife get little gland on her breast. And now it's increase day by day. Or its starts pain when touched little hardly.

BUMS
Gynaecologist
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if she is 40 plus then do a mamography .. else fnac . till start with primrose preparation n vitamin e .n can take some suitable painkiller... hot fomentation is must.

I am 65 years old. On medical check up, doctors diagnosed prostate enlargement (55 /58) and prescribed some medicines such as Deutas and prolif which still I continue. Should I continue the medicines or go for surgery?

MD - Oncology
Oncologist
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if your symptoms are controlled with medicines then you can continue and delay surgery but if not controlled then opt for surgery and do check if its a benign enlargement or cancerous. if cancerous then either surgery or radiotherapy has to be done urgently.

In my recent CT scan I was found 1. Well defined hypotenuse lesion measuring 2 cms in lateral segment of right middle lobe. It is like same for the last six months, without any change. I am diagnosed with copd and emphysema. Is this lesion is due to pulmonary disease or cancer. My doctor here in puttaparthi is saying that it is a pulmonary. Please kindly clarify. I am using DS cancer research center Bangalore, ayurvedic medicine for the last five months, as a precaution. Please advise me.

Fellowship in Gastrointestinal Oncology, Masters In Advanced Oncology, Fellowship in advanced laparoscopy and robotic surgery, Fellowship in Gynaecologic Oncology, Registrar in Surgical Oncology
Oncologist
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In my recent CT scan I was found 1. Well defined hypotenuse lesion measuring 2 cms in lateral segment of right middle...
You should consider a CT guided biopsy of the mass. It will relieve you of your worries if it's benign and if malignant, further work up can be done to assess for management.

Can I continue to use complementary therapies, take herbal remedies or vitamin supplements when I'm on chemotherapy? Can I do sports when I’m on chemotherapy? Can I drink alcohol when I’m on chemotherapy? Can I eat what I want when I’m on chemotherapy? Can I follow an anti-cancer diet whilst receiving chemotherapy? Can I go on holiday abroad when I’m on chemotherapy? Can I have sex when I’m on chemotherapy? Can I smoke when I’m on chemotherapy? How will I know if the chemotherapy is working? If I can’t work, is there any financial support that I can get?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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You can take vitamin supplements but I do not advocate any kind of alternative therapies while on chemotherapy. You can take part in sports but be careful not to over exert and not to get exposed to injury and infection. Indoor games would be ideal. Do not use alcohol and tobacco while on chemotherapy, as mucositis may worsen apart from developing resistance to therapy. While on chemotherapy we restrict certain food which may harbour infection, so you must avoid. You can take freshly cooked home made healthy food. Traveling abroad may depend on your chemotherapy schedule, if it permits then you may but please take travelling insurance while you go abroad for any emergencies. You can have sex but using contraceptive, preferably barrier methods. Chemotherapy response will be assessed during its course by your oncologist. There is no specific provision or legal boundation that you must be supported financially, it depends on your company policy.

My mother had breast cancer and doctor's says she is in advance stage as per reports its spread in lungs and liver. But after 3 oral chemotherapy she is good recovery and able for any treatment. My question is which is best treatment in this stage?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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It is a metastatic breast cancer. If she is er/pr positive then hormonal therapy is the best treatment. She may respond well. If still residual then chemotherapy can be tried.

What is the symptoms of blood cancer and is any possibility to cure this cancer if it is detected in early stage?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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Dear sir, blood cancer presents as uncontrolled proliferation of one of the components of blood causing suppression of others. Hence leading to symptoms like prolonged fever, frequent infection, anemia, bleeding from anywhere or easy bruising, cough, lymph node enlargement, liver or spleen enlargement etc. Yes it is possible to cure blood cancer by chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation and now we have many long term survivors leading healthy life.

What is cancer what are you pagan my friend echo kiddo Uth if are you are pagan my cancer?

DNB, MBBS
Oncologist
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Cancer is abnormal uncontrolled proliferation or growth of cells triggered by some carcinogens or genetic factors.

Diploma in Community Medicine, MBBS Alternative Medicine, Diploma in Acupuncture
Alternative Medicine Specialist
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Prostatitis

(less commonly prostatosis) is inflammation of the prostate gland. Prostatitis is classified into acute, chronic, asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis, and chronic pelvic pain syndrome.

Prostatitis is diagnosed in 8 percent of all urologist visits and 1 percent of all primary care physician visits

Home treatment:

Carrot juice: a glass of carrot juice taken separately or in combination with spinach juice (in 3: 2 ratio), twice a day is an excellent remedy for prostatitis and other prostrate diseases.

Tomato: tomato contains vital antioxidants that help fight bacterial infection. It also contains bioflavonoid lycopene, which helps decrease incidence of urination. Thus tomato is an excellent remedy for prostatitis.

Cranberries: cranberries are a rich in antioxidants and other natural compounds which are very effective in treatment of urinary tract disorders like prostatitis. Cranberries have also been found effective in prostrate cancer.

Watermelon seeds: seeds of watermelon contain certain vital unsaturated fatty acids, which helps maintain ph level in of the urinary tract and bladder which is essential for maintaining a healthy prostrate. Watermelon seeds are recommended as a natural cure for prostatitis.

Papaya: papaya is a rich source ofbioflavonoid lycopene which is very essential for maintaining good prostrate health. This makes papaya an excellent home remedy for prostatitis.

Turmeric roots: the root of turmeric plant contains curcumin, which is a powerful anto toxin and helps alleviate inflammation of prostrate. A decoction made by boiling turmeric root in watecr when taken in 100 ml dosage, twice a day is an excellent remedy for prostatitis.

Diet recommendation
Diet comprising of steamed vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains and soy are effective in treatment of prostatitis.
Drink plenty of water (at least 10 glasses a day to increase flow of urine).

Foods to be avoided:
Spicy food and condiments
Acidic food
Food containing excessive starch (rice, barley, cornmeal, rye, breads, oatmeal,)
Cheese
All kinds of meat (red meat is a strict no)
Food containing white refined sugar (sweets, candies, pie, cake etc)
Tea, coffee and alcohol
Excess salty food.
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