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Treatment of Child and Adolescent Problems
Thyroid Problems Treatment
Thyroid Disorder Treatment
Paediatric Critical Care
Treatment of Childhood Infections
Child Nutrition Management
Growth And Development Including General Paediatri
Management of New Born Care
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Pgd)
Congenital Ear Problem Treatment
Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome In Adolesce
Treatment of Thyroid Disease in Children
Cleft Lip Treatment
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What is the healthy diet for the baby of 15 months as he is suffering from loose motions? Please help me.
All children from time to time will cling, shout, throw, resist, complain, argue and do not listen to their parents or teachers. Though they are normal, they can be upsetting to everyone around. They become problematic when they increase in severity, intensity and duration that is typical for the age of the child.
Usually they starts at around 1.5 years age and stay till 4 years of age.
WHY DO THEY HAVE TEMPER TANTRUMS
1.They get angry if they do not get what they want.
2.They want to control their lives.
3.They have not learnt effective skills to get what they want.
4.They learned from parents who show temper outbursts.
HOW TO PREVENT TANTRUMS
1.Praise the child for his/her good behavior
Give extra attention whenever child behaves well. Give him a hug and praise him. For example - when a child has put his shoes in place, instead of ignoring it, acknowledge it and praise him saying “Wow, that’s like a good boy. You put your shoes in the correct place. Wonderful!”
2.Encourage the child to use words.
For example - If he wants something, tell him to use words like ‘i want food/ i want this toy’ instead of screaming.
3.Also see whether they are eating and sleeping well.
4.Identify triggers -
For example, Are they hungry or tired? sometimes even when the parent is busy, a child can throw temper tantrum to gain attention.
After a long day of work, instead of directly going to make dinner, the parent can go give the child a hug and spend some quality time.
5.Give signals before ending an activity
For example - say “You have 5 more minutes before I switch off the TV” instead of switching it off suddenly.
HOW TO HANDLE TEMPER TANTRUMS
1.Remain calm and do not argue with the child - Before managing your child’s behavior you must manage your behavior (sometimes children learn from parents who show anger outbursts and learn to shout and scream). Shouting at the child will worsen the child’s behavior.
2.Think before acting and count till 10 if you are frustrated - and then think about the source of child’s frustration.
3.Come down to the child’s eye level - and say ‘you are starting to become hyper, calm down’
4.Distract the child - by asking them to focus on something else. For example say “let’s read a book or let’s go for a walk”
5.Ignore the tantrum - if it is to draw your attention. After the child becomes calm, show him attention.
6.Hold the child who is out of control - and who can harm him/herself. Tell the child that you will let him or her go only when he or she calms down. Reassure the child that everything will be alright.
7.Hug your child who is crying - and say that you love them but the behavior should change. Reassurance and hugging will always be comforting to the child.
8.Talk to the child after the child has calmed down - Talk to the child about his or her frustration.
Try to teach the child how to interact with a friend or sibling or parent and ask for what he or she wants.
Tell them how to express his or her feelings with words and recognise the feelings of others also without hitting and shouting.
Tell them the better ways to get things that they want.
Tell them that we all have anger within and also tell them how to appropriately express it.
9.Never give in to a tantrum - If you give in once the child will get used to it and his tantrums will increase more.
10.Do not let the tantrum interfere with your relationship - with your child.
Consult a professional if the tantrums are increasing even after 3.5 years of age or if there is self injurious behavior, depression, injuring others, low self esteem etc.
My daughter is unable to express herself with words instead she communicates with gestures. Her date of birth is 06-08-2015 and she weighs about 10 kilos. Is it normal for a two year old to utter only a few words or is it something to worry? Please help.
My daughter is 4 years old. Tomorrow night she fell down and her lips got cut by teeth and her nose was bleeding. Please help me.
My grand child 2 months old shows sort of tremors in all limbs for just a fraction of a second 4 to 5 times a day.Is it a cause of concern needing medical attention?
My son is already 6 months, started with solid foods. Wanted to know if I can introduce cows milk since I won’t be able to feed him. If I could introduce, what’ll be the ratio?
Evolve with your child
To make your child a responsible person, you will have practise responsible parenting. Food habits are no exception to this rule!
Children learn by imitating the elders in the family. Just as they pick up right habits from parents, grandparents, and elder siblings and cousins, they pick up bad habits too. It is, therefore, vital that we practise responsible parenting, especially when it comes to the childhood food habits. Lessons learned or not learned at this stage of the life have lifelong implications.
Before you read any further, please understand that as an adult in the house or as a parent, you will have to work on your eating habits. After all your child will imitate you. It is crucial that you stop being a fussy eater before you can expect your child to imbibe good food habits. Stop discussing your food habits aloud at the mealtimes, and especially in front of your children. Be a great food-role-model that you can be for your child.
Don’t force food, forge love
Do not force feed your child. Please understand that it is okay for a child older than 24 months to skip meals. The child will make up for it later. As an elder in the family and as parents, you must refrain from using food as a reward or a punishment for the child. This will kick-start an unhealthy relationship with food in your child’s life.
Track sleeping habits
Poor sleeping habits may be the reason for your child’s lack of appetite. Watch your child’s sleeping habits to get to the cause of your child’s fussy eating. Try setting a healthy sleep pattern to improve the child’s appetite. A child between 2 to 3-years-old should be sleeping for about 12 hours a day, including the afternoon nap time. The number of hours of sound sleep reduces to about 8 to 9 hours a day as the child grows older.
Each child is unique, don’t compare
Always remember that your child is different and unique. Every child is different and unique, just as we all are, therefore, do not compare the number of rotis your child eats to that of another child. If your child does not like to eat a whole roti at a time, offer small finger foods that it can hold. Offer little bite-sized pieces of fruits, cheese, or parathas. Innovate for your child, and it will reward you with a clean plate and full tummy in no time.
Weigh down on weight
Yes, I know we the doctors are culprits here! In India, weight becomes a primary yardstick for a child’s health. An underweight child’s parents are often made to feel guilty, and the child is shamed. An overweight child is not a healthy child either, so please ignore all the aunts and grandmas focusing on your child’s weight. Instead, focus on other growth milestones and health markers such as activity, bowel movement, dullness, skin condition- dullness, dryness any white patches, condition of nails- whether brittle or with white patches, a child's height, frequency of falling sick etc.
Also, a sudden gain or loss in weight, recurrent infections, frequent fevers, dry or dull skin and constant irritability are a few signs that should alert you about your child’s nutrition and health overall. If you observe these symptoms in your child, consult the family physician or a paediatrician.
Respect child’s ‘privacy’
Just as you and I would not like to discuss our problems and shortcomings in public, do not discuss your child’s food issues with each and everyone; especially in front of the child. Instead, focus on encouraging your child to try new foods, and respond positively when the child does so. Always focus on the positives of the food habits of your child, and work to strengthen them. For example, if your child does not like spinach, but eats all other vegetables, focus on what the child likes than taunting it for not liking the spinach. We all have our likes and dislikes after all.
Being a parent, I know one thing: my child made me a parent. Moreover, as I am growing with my child, I am learning new things, not only about my child but myself. Food habits are one of them. Believe you me, evolving my food habits with my child; I am learning to be a better parent. It is making me a better person, and perhaps, a better doctor.
As babies develop in the mother's womb, there can be many factors, which could hamper normal growth in the embryo. These can result in deformities within the physiology of the baby. One area is bone tissue growth, which in early stages is still cartilage, and can manifest within the baby as deformed feet.
The incidence of deformed feet in infants, although not very common, is still prevalent enough to warrant certain fields of study as to why they happen and their remedies.
Reasons for foot deformities in infants
Some of the reasons for foot deformities within infants are mentioned below:
1. Genetic or hereditary problems - Some problems are passed from one generation to the other, although it may not manifest in the older generations.
2. Infections to the mother during pregnancy - If the mother contracted a disease during pregnancy or had an infection, it can have adverse effects on the developments of the baby and cause deformities.
3. Side effects of medications - If the mother was under medication, side effects of certain medications can cause hormonal imbalances resulting in deformities.
4. Hormonal imbalances - Certain hormonal imbalances present in the mother's body due to overlooked problems may cause issues with the baby's development and result in foot or other physical deformities.
Correction of Foot Deformities
Most corrective measures for foot deformities entail surgery as severe problems can be only corrected through that. These measures may also include other methods such as physiotherapy, massages, and training.
Let's look at some of the techniques, which are used to correct deformities, either in combinations or as standalone techniques.
- Corrective surgery - This is the most common and usually the most recommended course of action as anything above mild deformities will have to be corrected through surgeries. Most surgeries entail lengthy recuperating periods and follow ups.
- Corrective footwear - Milder foot deformities can be corrected with special footwear or setting devices such as special braces and supports to correct the problems.
- Physiotherapy - Certain forms of physiotherapy are effective in correcting mild forms of deformities. However, this tool is usually deployed in conjunction with surgeries to speed up the healing process
- Exercises - Certain deformities can only be changed with the help of exercise over a long period of time and cannot be fixed quickly even via surgery and thus, will need special care for long periods of time.
Related Tip: Early Childhood Trauma - Reasons and Diagnosis