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My father's prostate has enlarged. What should he eat and what he should not eat. Please help. His age 78. He has blood sugar 180 pp mg /dl. And now also facing problem with speak.
I am suffering from stammering from the age of 5 now I am 18 but still I haven't cured it. But this time I am pursuing professional courses therefore I need to get it correct but I can't pay fees of speech therapists as they charge in thousands a month. Therefore please suggest me ways to cure it at home itself.
My nephew is 3 years old and she hardly weighs 5 kg. She early can speak few words. I did consult so many child specialist but outcome is not that much so which investigation should I do or what kind of specialist should I consult?
Stuttering affects the fluency of speech. It begins during childhood and, in some cases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds, also called" disfluencies" most people produce brief disfluencies from time to time. For instance, some words are repeated and others are preceded by" um" or" uh" disfluencies are not necessarily a problem; however, they can impede communication when a person produces too many of them.
In most cases, stuttering has an impact on at least some daily activities. The specific activities that a person finds challenging to perform vary across individuals. For some people, communication difficulties only happen during specific activities, for example, talking on the telephone or talking before large groups. For most others, however, communication difficulties occur across a number of activities at home, school, or work. Some people may limit their participation in certain activities. Such" participation restrictions" often occur because the person is concerned about how others might react to disfluent speech. Other people may try to hide their disfluent speech from others by rearranging the words in their sentence (circumlocution), pretending to forget what they wanted to say, or declining to speak. Other people may find that they are excluded from participating in certain activities because of stuttering. Clearly, the impact of stuttering on daily life can be affected by how the person and others react to the disorder.
What are signs and symptoms of stuttering?
Stuttered speech often includes repetitions of words or parts of words, as well as prolongations of speech sounds. These disfluencies occur more often in persons who stutter than they do in the general population. Some people who stutter appear very tense or" out of breath" when talking. Speech may become completely stopped or blocked. Blocked is when the mouth is positioned to say a sound, sometimes for several seconds, with little or no sound forthcoming. After some effort, the person may complete the word. Interjections such as" um" or" like" can occur, as well, particularly when they contain repeated (" u- um- um") or prolonged (" uuuum") speech sounds or when they are used intentionally to delay the initiation of a word the speaker expects to" get stuck on"
Some examples of stuttering include:
" w- w- w- where are you going" (part-word repetition: the person is having difficulty moving from the" w" in" where" to the remaining sounds in the word. On the fourth attempt, he successfully completes the word.)
" ssss ave me a seat" (sound prolongation: the person is having difficulty moving from the" s" in" save" to the remaining sounds in the word. He continues to say the" s" sound until he is able to complete the word.)
" i'll meet you - um um you know like - around six o'clock" (a series of interjections: the person expects to have difficulty smoothly joining the word" you" with the word" around" in response to the anticipated difficulty, he produces several interjections until he is able to say the word" around" smoothly.)
How is stuttering diagnosed?
Identifying stuttering in an individual's speech would seem like an easy task. Disfluencies often" stand out" and disrupt a person's communication. Listeners can usually detect when a person is stuttering. At the same time, however, stuttering can affect more than just a person's observable speech. Some characteristics of stuttered speech are not as easy for listeners to detect. As a result, diagnosing stuttering requires the skills of a certified speech-language pathologist (slp).
During an evaluation, an slp will note the number and types of speech disfluencies a person produces in various situations. The slp will also assess the ways in which the person reacts to and copes with disfluencies. The slp may also gather information about factors such as teasing that may make the problem worse. A variety of other assessments (e. G, speech rate, language skills) may be completed as well, depending upon the person's age and history. Information about the person is then analyzed to determine whether a fluency disorder exists. If so, the extent to which it affects the ability to perform and participate in daily activities is determined.
For young children, it is important to predict whether the stuttering is likely to continue. An evaluation consists of a series of tests, observations, and interviews designed to estimate the child's risk for continuing to stutter. Although there is some disagreement among slps about which risk factors are most important to consider, factors that are noted by many specialists include the following:
A family history of stuttering
Stuttering that has continued for 6 months or longer
Presence of other speech or language disorders
Strong fears or concerns about stuttering on the part of the child or the family
No single factor can be used to predict whether a child will continue to stutter. The combination of these factors can help slps determine whether treatment is indicated.
For older children and adults, the question of whether stuttering is likely to continue is somewhat less important, because the stuttering has continued at least long enough for it to become a problem in the person's daily life. For these individuals, an evaluation consists of tests, observations, and interviews that are designed to assess the overall severity of the disorder. In addition, the impact the disorder has on the person's ability to communicate and participate appropriately in daily activities is evaluated. Information from the evaluation is then used to develop a specific treatment program, one that is designed to:
Help the individual speak more fluently,
Communicate more effectively, and
Participate more fully in life activities.
What treatments are available for stuttering?
Most treatment programs for people who stutter are" behavioral" they are designed to teach the person specific skills or behaviors that lead to improved oral communication. For instance, many slps teach people who stutter to control and/or monitor the rate at which they speak. In addition, people may learn to start saying words in a slightly slower and less physically tense manner. They may also learn to control or monitor their breathing. When learning to control speech rate, people often begin by practicing smooth, fluent speech at rates that are much slower than typical speech, using short phrases and sentences. Over time, people learn to produce smooth speech at faster rates, in longer sentences, and in more challenging situations until speech sounds both fluent and natural" follow-up" or" maintenance" sessions are often necessary after completion of formal intervention to prevent relapse.
Whenever in the personal interview or group discussion, my heart beats very fastly. I cannot able to think or speak clearly. Due to this I am getting rejected every time. Is this a disease? Can I cure it? May I know why it is happening? Do I need any medicine or surgery? Please help me. Need your advice.
My daughter is 2 years old. until three days ago she was very fluent in her speech. But all of a sudden now she stammers so much that she can not even mention her own name. Please as a parent I am worried as I see my daughter struggle to speak. Please is there a solution to this problem?
I have stammering problem since childhood and even couldn't pronounce some alphabets clearly. What should I do?
I have a stammering problems. I can't talk or proper speech. Please tell me what should I do to get treatment of this problem. I have a problem to do job for this stammering problems. No one select to me in interview and I am getting tremble when I have to face any interview or I mean lots of fear to people laugh at me when I talk. Lots of hesitation.
Hello, Im a singer and sometimes my voice will shut me down. Is there any tips, foods,drugs to maintain my vocal chords healthy. Is there any kind of treatments for better voice?
I am suffering from stammering problem. There is no prolongation/extension of words but I stuck in words. Its very difficult to speak words. It generally happen when I talk to friends but when I speak alone there is no sticking/silent of words.
Hello doctor. My name is sharath and my age is 15 years. I'm very fond of singing. But my voice is becoming too rough and breathing also not supporting me. And I get feeling of cough. What I do now?
My age is 22M I have got very rough and base voice. I was unable to speak slowly with low voice. How to change my voice into smooth.
Hi, Kindly let me know that Stammering of kids can be cured by Acupressure? If yes let me know the treatment or doctors who can do acupressure procedures.
1 yr. Ago, I had a very soft voice because of which most of the times people think that it's a girl on a phone although I am a boy. So, I strained my voice by Hardening it, Because of which my voice is very harsh & broken now. And I keep stuttering when I sing a song specially a rap song which was not at all a issue for me at that time. So, I just wanna know how can I improve my voice quality and Speak fluently, clearly and fast.
Aphasia is a communication disability that can result from damage or injury to those parts of the brain that process language. It can happen due to stroke, brain tumors, accidents, or brain infection. A brain injury which damages parts of the brain that deal with language can also bring on Aphasia. Aphasia can also be caused by dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease. Aphasia is sometimes also a symptom of epilepsy or other neurological disorders.
It’s more common in older adults, especially after a stroke. What happens in Aphasia is that the affected person is unable to understand or use words. He or she may also:
- Have difficulty speaking and finding the "right" words to express themselves verbally
- Have problems understanding conversation
- Have problems reading and comprehending written words
- Have problems writing words
- Is unable to calculate or use numbers
- Has a tendency to use gibberish words as a part of speech
There are various types of Aphasia, differing in certain important ways from each other.
Aphasia can also be mild or severe. With mild Aphasia, the patient is able to converse, though he may not be able to find the right word or may not understand complex conversations.
However, in severe Aphasia, a person may lose his ability to communicate completely which means he can’t speak or understand any conversation and may also not be able to read or write.
Three things that aid Aphasia recovery are
- Speech Therapy
- Family Support
Treatment for Aphasia depends on factors like:
- Cause of brain injury which causes Aphasia
- Type of Aphasia
- Position and size of the brain lesion causing Aphasia
- If the Aphasia is due to a brain tumor, surgery to remove the tumor affecting the language centre can treat Aphasia.
- For a person who’s got Aphasia due to a stroke, sessions with a speech-language specialist are very effective. The therapist teaches the patient ways to communicate using stuff that doesn’t involve speech.
He uses the following to help the patient communicate without words:
- Drawings and pictures
- Teaching patient to speak slowly and be calm when talking.
The speech therapist uses these two main techniques to tackle Aphasia:
- Substitute skill model: This uses a prop like a writing board to help with spoken language.
- Direct treatment model: This approach uses specific exercises to help patients
- Copy and recall therapy (CART): This approach uses repetition and recall of certain words during speech therapy.
- Visual communication therapy (VIC): This involves the use of index cards to represent various components of speech.
In addition, Aphasia patients are also trained in the use of hand gestures to aid in communication as a part of ‘Visual Action Therapy (VAT)’.brain tumor surgery