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You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream.
So, what causes this problem?
Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons:
1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like
- Heavy blood loss
- Sepsis (body's inflammatory reaction to an infection, which can bring about organ failure, tissue damage, and death)
- Use of certain drugs
- Heart disease
2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include:
- Cervical cancer
- Colon cancer
- Bladder cancer
- Kidney stones
- Enlarged prostate
- Prostate cancer
3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include:
- Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin)
- Build-up of cholesterol deposits
- Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli)
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells)
- Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)
Related Tip: The Ideal Diet after a Kidney Transplant
Since last month having uti with proteus mirallis bacteria confirmed on urine culture test. My ultrasound kub was normal but after taking so many medicines still I am feeling very burning sensation while and after urination. My uric acid is 6.7. I wanted to know Should I avoid sexual activity or masturbation totally and how much time is more needed for full recovery. Pls help.
Hi, I am 26yrs, male. In January I was diagnosed with bilateral mild hydronephrosis with 4 mm stone in both kidneys, and cystitis. Used ayurvedic syrups, tablets and antibiotics. Took 4 dose of gentamicin injection for 2 days. During injection time suffered from severe head ache, vomit sensation, no urination for 1day. Then next day done ct scan kub which found to be normal. But after few days onwards I use to experience abnormal urination (sometimes frequent, sometimes less). Even though not eating spicy foods urine becoming acidic pH 6 after used citrate syrup pH came to 7. Getting leg cramps. For which using vitamin d supplement. At present symptoms: less urination pain from back to front of abdomen. Pain near bladder. Reports results: cue: specific gravity: 1.005 pH: 6 serum creatinine: 1.0 urine osmolarity: 85. Doubt's: I know serum creatinine 1.0mg is normal b.
Hello Dr's. I am a student. I got appendix. Nd I have also. Two stones in my kidneys. .Plz suggest me. I got. In a week 3 Aur 2 time. Sperm out. In night. Suggest me This. It harmful me or not. I want to stop my sperm losing. At night. Nd my height also not. Growing. .suggest me please.
Sir, I have a kidney temporary dialysis what type of food and fruits I should avoid, and what vegetables I have to take tell me the list of vegetables to be avoided and should be taken.
My father 65 years old is a htn, type 2 diabetes and a CKD patient undergoing HD thrice a week. At this age if he undergoes a renal transplant is he likely to lead good life after the transplant?
What I will do I was having a kidney stone and Dr. told me to not eat tomatoes and Spanish? I think I feel that I have a lesser amount of calcium what will I do.
My son is 5 years old. He had a urine infection at the age of 1.5 years. This ITI continued off and on till one year. Later we discovered a whit patch (filled with pus) at the top of his glans. We cured it using some ointment advised by a general practitioner. Since that UTI has not returned till date. During the treatment one of the doctors said my son's foreskin is tight. He advised circumcision. He went on to say that tight foreskin was the reason of reappearing UTI. He also said that the urinary bladder is not able to empty the urine at one go. This can damage the kidneys. But I was reluctant to send my 1.5 yr old child under scissors. Then suddenly it got cured by a normal family physician. Now I have only one issue. My child bed wets almost every night. Is this bcos of tight foreskin? do you recommend circumcision at this age? is there any exercise (like pulling the foreskin back n forth) that can help loosen the skin? any ointment that can help. Let me tell you that other than bet wetting my child has no other health issues. He is absolutely healthy. Kindly advise.
I have undergone kidney stone surgery through my penis on jan1st 2016, for surgery the doctor has moved my penis foreskin till down of glan. Now at present penis is very much paining and I am not able to make the foreskin properly as it is swollen so badly. Y this is happening? What is the solution for making my penis back on normal? When will this swollen will go?
My mother age: 58+ first time she is having blood in its urine. She is feeling weak and shivering type from cold. So kindly suggest what to do?
My wife is 26 years old. She is suffering from pcos problem and under treatment. Doctor gave her hcg injection for ovulation. After fifteen days her period began. Now my wife is feeling frequent urination and pain during urination. Please suggest me treatment for it.
He is 62 years old having problem in kidney with blood urea 78.45 serum creatinine 4.30 serum Uric acid 9.60 and city scan report is left grade IV hydronephrosis secondary to a large (20*12 mm) calculus at left PUJ with thinned out cortex along with small calculi (5 mm) seen in left lower pole calyx. Peri-ureteric stranding suggestive of inflammation seen in the region of left upper ureter. Small right renal cortical cyst as described. Our doctor suggest us to check with one more check i.e. DTPA /GFR He is not a diabetic patient. Blood pressure level sudden high. PLEASE SUGGEST US WHAT TO DO FURTHER. Is there any need of surgery or it can be treated with medicines. Please help us.
My diagnostics report: Kidneys: B\l kidneys normal in size & schotexture. Shows calculus of sixes 4-6 mm. RT. KIDNEY shows GR I HYDRONEPHROSIS WITH DILATED URETER. IMPRESSION: HEPATOMEGALY WITH? ADENOMA WITH B/L RENAL CALCULUS WITH GR I HYDRONEPHROSIS RT. KIDÑEY WITH DILATED URETER [? RT. URETERIC CALCULUS] Please tel me how much spend money in durbin treatment.
Without having any symptoms of jaundice (also test report is normal) the colour of urine is pale. Why is it happen ? Give me some suggestions about that fact. What should I do now ?
Frequent night fall in sleeping, and one type of aromatic smell is in urine what is my problems how to cure?
I am 26 year old boy. My urine routine test show 2-3 puscell in urine. Is that possible I have mild infection. I have frequent.
What is Diabetic Nephropathy?
Diabetic nephropathy (Diabetic Kidney Disease) is defined as the progressive damage to the kidneys caused by diabetes. It is characterised by the scarring of the glomeruli in the kidneys due to prolonged diabetes mellitus.
What Causes Diabetic Nephropathy?
Diabetes is a condition characterized by high concentration of blood sugar. Although the cause of Diabetes Nephropathy is not yet well defined, it is likely that the high sugar levels in the blood damage the blood vessels present in the kidneys that help to filter waste products, thus resulting in decreased kidney function and ultimately, kidney failure.
Not everyone with diabetes suffers from diabetic nephropathy. Although, factors that can increase your chances of getting diabetic neuropathy are-
Poor control of blood glucose
High blood pressure
History of kidney diseases
What are the symptoms of diabetic nephropathy?
In the early stages, there may be no symptoms at all, but as the disease progresses, you may notice swelling in the extremities like your feet. Thus it is recommended to get your blood albumin levels tested on a regular basis. If it is diagnosed in early stages, the damage can be reversed. Other symptoms that can indicate damage to the kidneys are-
Lack of appetite
Itchiness of skin
General feeling of illness
Diagnostic tests that can confirm diabetic nephropathy are-
Routine urine test (urinalysis) - Kidney diseases are detected by the presence of a protein in the urine called albumin and this condition is called albuminuria. Other parameters that must be regularly monitored are-
Cholesterol levels in your blood
How can you treat/ manage diabetic nephropathy?
If this type of nephropathy is diagnosed in the early stages, the damage to the kidneys can be reversible. The key to managing diabetic nephropathy are-
Diet: Reduce the dietary intake of salt, phosphorous and potassium in the advanced stages.
Glycemic Control: Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly
Management of Hypertension: It is important to manage your blood pressure as it can have a direct effect on the coronary blood vessels which in turn pump blood to the various blood vessels of the body
Renal Replacement Therapy: In chronically ill patients, renal replacement therapy is the best option. This can include haemodialysis (a procedure to flush out toxins from the blood, such as urea), peritoneal dialysis or ultimately renal transplantation.