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Dr. P. Jayaram

Veterinarian, Bangalore

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Dr. P. Jayaram Veterinarian, Bangalore
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My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well....more
My experience is coupled with genuine concern for my patients. All of my staff is dedicated to your comfort and prompt attention as well.
More about Dr. P. Jayaram
Dr. P. Jayaram is an experienced Veterinarian in RT Nagar, Bangalore. He is currently practising at Anupama Vet Clinic in RT Nagar, Bangalore. Book an appointment online with Dr. P. Jayaram and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has a number of highly qualified Veterinarians in India. You will find Veterinarians with more than 42 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Veterinarians online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Anupama Vet Clinic

#14/6, 4th 'B' Main, Ganesha Block, RT Nagar. Landmark: Near Food WorldBangalore Get Directions
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My female spitz aged 2yr limps frequently, as if she has pain in her hind legs. What could be the possible reason?

Master of sciences, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Salem
Check the paws and other inter digits for the foreign bodies and any history of ticks in the body for the past 4-5 months pls let me know
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If a dog get fractured in his back. He is in great pain, even painkillers are not working. How many chances he have for survive?

MVSc (Ph.D pursuing)
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Press the bone of the toe of the back leg. If the dog reacts in pain then chances r their. If not then thr is no hope.
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Mai bhopal se hu. and meri female dog hai. Jo Abhi 12 days ho gye hai use cross huye To kya use puppy na ho aisa koi injection hai ?Jisse use koi nukasan na ho. please advise.

Master of sciences, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Salem
You can have tablets for it from the receptive days on wards . But it has all the side effects i would suggest you to go for one breeding and surgically remove the uterus . With a vet surgeon
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I just intentionally stepped on my rabbit and it is breathing very fast from past 1 hour So sir can you please say me what to do now ?

MVSC
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Check your rabbit for any swelling at the abdominal area, try to feed him, check whether he is able to feed and take water normally or with difficulty.visit a vet nearby.
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Master of sciences, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Salem
Home-prepared diet guidelines: You don’t need a spreadsheet or a degree in nutrition to feed your dog a complete and balanced diet.

Over the past few months, I have offered diet critiques that tweaked good home-prepared diets in order to address health concerns – or simply to optimize the diet. To do this, I analyzed the diets and compared them to the National Research Council’s guidelines for canine nutrition. I want to be clear, though: I don’t believe this is a requirement for feeding a home made diet. Just as with the diet you feed yourself and your family, feeding a wide variety of healthy foods in appropriate proportions should meet the needs of most healthy dogs.


Don’t bother trying to make every single one of your dog’s meal nutritionally complete; as long as he’s receiving what he needs over a week or two (often referred to as “balance over time”), he’ll be fine. This approach is similar to how we feed ourselves and our families.

Problems arise with how this description is interpreted.


Too often, people think that they’re feeding a healthy diet when key ingredients may be missing or are fed in excess. Here are specific guidelines to help ensure that the diet you feed meets your dog’s requirements.

Complete and Balanced

It’s important that the diet you feed your dog is “complete and balanced,” meaning it meets all of your dog’s nutritional needs. It is not important, however, that every meal be complete and balanced, unless you feed the same meal every day with little or no variation.

Home-prepared diets that include a wide variety of foods fed at different meals rely on balance over time, not at every meal. Similar to the way humans eat, as long as your dog gets everything he needs spread out over each week or two, his diet will be complete and balanced.

A human nutritionist would never expect someone to follow a single recipe with no variation, as veterinary nutritionists routinely do. Instead, a human would be given guidelines in terms of food groups and portion sizes. As long as your dog doesn't have a health problem that requires a very specific diet, there’s no reason you can’t do the same for your dog.

Keep in mind that puppies are more susceptible to problems caused by nutritional deficiencies or excesses than adult dogs are. Large-breed puppies are particularly at risk from too much calcium prior to puberty.

GUIDELINES

Following are guidelines for feeding a raw or cooked home made diet to healthy dogs. No single type of food, such as chicken, should ever make up more than half the diet.

Except where specified, foods can be fed either raw or cooked. Leftovers from your table can be included as long as they’re foods you would eat yourself, not fatty scraps.

Meat and Other Animal Products: Should always make up at least half of the diet. Many raw diets are excessively high in fat, which can lead to obesity. Another potential hazard of diets containing too much fat: If an owner restricts the amount fed (in order to control the dog’s weight) too much, the dog may suffer deficiencies of other required nutrients.

Unless your dog gets regular, intense exercise, use lean meats (no more than 10 percent fat), remove skin from poultry, and cut off separable fat. It’s better to feed dark meat poultry than breast, however, unless your dog requires a very low-fat diet.

Raw Meaty Bones (optional): If you choose to feed them, RMBs should make up one third to one half of the total diet. Use the lower end of the range if you feed bony parts such as chicken necks and backs, but you can feed more if you’re using primarily meatier parts such as chicken thighs. Never feed cooked bones.

Boneless Meat: Include both poultry and red meat. Heart is a good choice, as it is lean and often less expensive than other muscle meats.

Fish: Provides vitamin D, which otherwise should be supplemented. Canned fish with bones, such as sardines (packed in water, not oil), jack mackerel, and pink salmon, are good choices. Remove bones from fish you cook yourself, and never feed raw Pacific salmon, trout, or related species. You can feed small amounts of fish daily, or larger amounts once or twice a week. The total amount should be about one ounce of fish per pound of other meats (including RMBs).

Organs: Liver should make up roughly 5 percent of this category, or about one ounce of liver per pound of other animal products. Beef liver is especially nutritious, but include chicken or other types of liver at least occasionally as well. Feeding small amounts of liver daily or every other day is preferable to feeding larger amounts less often.


Fruits such as melon, berries, bananas, apples, pears, and papayas can be included in your dog’s food or given as training treats.

Eggs: Highly nutritious addition to any diet. Dogs weighing about 20 pounds can have a whole egg every day, but give less to smaller dogs.

Dairy: Plain yogurt and kefir are well tolerated by most dogs (try goat’s milk products if you see problems). Cottage and ricotta cheese are also good options. Limit other forms of cheese, as most are high in fat.

Fruits and Vegetables: While not a significant part of the evolutionary diet of the dog and wolf, fruits and vegetables provide fiber that supports digestive health, as well as antioxidants and other beneficial nutrients that contribute to health and longevity. Deeply colored vegetables and fruits are the most nutritious.

Starchy Vegetables: Veggies such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, and winter squashes (including pumpkin), as well as legumes (beans), provide carbohydrate calories that can be helpful in reducing food costs and keeping weight on skinny and very active dogs. Quantities should be limited for overweight dogs. Starchy foods must be cooked in order to be digestible by dogs.

Leafy Green and Other Non-Starchy Vegetables: These are low in calories and can be fed in any quantity desired. Too much can cause gas, and raw, cruciferous veggies such as broccoli and cauliflower can suppress thyroid function (cook them if you feed large amounts). Raw vegetables must be pureed in a food processor, blender, or juicer in order to be digested properly by dogs, though whole raw veggies are not harmful and can be used as treats.

Fruits: Bananas, apples, berries, melon, and papaya are good choices. Avoid grapes and raisins, which can cause kidney failure in dogs.

Grains: Controversial, as they may contribute to inflammation caused by allergies, arthritis, or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); as well as seizures and other problems (it’s not clear whether starchy vegetables do the same). Some grains contain gluten that may cause digestive problems for certain dogs. Many dogs do fine with grains, however, and they can be used to reduce the overall cost of feeding a home made diet.

Grains and starchy veggies should make up no more than half the diet. Good choices include oatmeal, brown rice, quinoa, barley, and pasta. White rice can be used to settle an upset stomach, particularly if overcooked with extra water, but it’s low in nutrition and should not make up a large part of the diet. All grains must be well cooked.

SUPPLEMENTS
Some supplements are required. Others may be needed if you are not able to feed a variety of foods, or if you leave out one or more of the food groups above. In addition, the longer food is cooked or frozen, the more nutrients are lost. Here are some supplements to consider:

Calcium: Unless you feed RMBs, all homemade diets must be supplemented with calcium. The amount found in multivitamin and mineral supplements is not enough. Give 800 to 1,000 mg calcium per pound of food (excluding non-starchy vegetables). You can use any form of plain calcium, including eggshells ground to powder in a clean coffee grinder (1/2 teaspoon eggshell powder provides about 1,000 mg calcium). Animal Essentials’ Seaweed Calcium provides additional minerals, as well.

Oils: Most homemade diets require added oils for fat, calories, and to supply particular nutrients. It’s important to use the right types of oils, as each supplies different nutrients.

Fish Oil: Provides EPA and DHA, omega-3 fatty acids that help to regulate the immune system and reduce inflammation. Give an amount that provides about 300 mg EPA and DHA combined per 20 to 30 pounds of body weight on days you don’t feed fish. Note that liquid fish oil supplements often tell you to give much more than this, which can result in too many calories from fat.

Cod Liver Oil: Provides vitamins A and D as well as EPA and DHA. If you don’t feed much fish, give cod liver oil in an amount that provides about 400 IUs vitamin D daily for a 100-pound dog (proportionately less for smaller dogs). Can be combined with other fish oil to increase the amount of EPA and DHA if desired.


Top-quality fish body oil and cod liver oil can provide your dog’s diet with valuable omega-3 fatty acids. Be cautious about feeding the amounts suggested on the labels, however; these often supply too much fat.

Plant Oils: If you don’t feed much poultry fat, found in dark meat and skin, linoleic acid, an essential omega-6 fatty acid, may be insufficient. You can use walnut, hempseed, corn, vegetable (soybean), or high-linoleic safflower oil to supply linoleic acid if needed. Add about one teaspoon of oil per pound of meat and other animal products, or twice that amount if using canola or sunflower oil. Olive oil and high-oleic safflower oil are low in omega-6 and cannot be used as a substitute, although small amounts can be added to supply fat if needed. Coconut oil provides mostly saturated fats, and can be used in addition to but not as a replacement for other oils.

Other Vitamins and Minerals: In addition to vitamin D discussed above, certain vitamins and minerals may be short in some homemade diets, particularly those that don’t include organ meats or vegetables. The more limited the diet that you feed, the more important supplements become, but even highly varied diets are likely to be light in a few areas.

Vitamin E: All homemade diets I’ve analyzed have been short on vitamin E, and the need for vitamin E increases when you supplement with oils. Too much vitamin E, however, may be counterproductive. Give 1 to 2 IUs per pound of body weight daily.

Iodine: Too much or too little iodine can suppress thyroid function, and it’s hard to know how much is in the diet. A 50-pound dog needs about 300 mcg (micrograms) of iodine daily. Kelp is high in iodine, though the amount varies considerably among supplements.

Multivitamin and mineral supplements: A multivitamin and mineral supplement will help to meet most requirements, including iodine and vitamins D and E, but it’s important not to oversupplement minerals. If using the one-a-day type of human supplements, such as Centrum for Adults under 50, give one per 40 to 50 pounds of body weight daily. Note that most supplements made for dogs provide a reasonable amount of vitamins but are low in minerals, and so won’t make up for deficiencies in the diet. Be cautious with small dogs; I’ve seen some supplements that recommend the same dosage for 10-pound dogs as for those weighing 50 or even 100 pounds. In those cases, the dosage is usually too high for the small dogs and should be reduced. Products made for humans are also inappropriate for small dogs.

Green Blends: Often containing alfalfa and various herbs, green blends may be especially helpful if you don’t include many green vegetables in your dog’s diet. You can also use a pre-mix that includes alfalfa and vegetables, such as The Honest Kitchen’s Preference. Note most pre-mixes also supply calcium, so you should reduce or eliminate calcium supplements, depending on how much of the pre-mix you use.

DogAware.com.
4 people found this helpful

My dog is 16 year old yesterday he wake up in the evening his neck is tilted and silva comes out from his mouth frequently. Now doctors says its a paralysis attack. So they gave him some injections and ib drip. Of glucose and saline but the condition is still same he is not able to sleep, eat and walk he trying to walk but goes down after 4 -5 steps. Please advise something so he can recover fast.

MVSc (Ph.D pursuing)
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Your dog can have inner ear infection. Specially the side whr the head is tilted. Explains both salivation (vomiting sensation) and pain (tilting of head, loss of hunger, loss of sleep). Improper walking can happen if the balance between both of the ears is lost for any reason. Imagine your self rotating 20 times. In your dogz case it could an infection and no actual neurological issue. Kindly ask your doctor to do an otoscopy for the ear and send swab samples for culture test. Good luck.
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Within last three months My cat gave birth to too many kittens. And I came to know that to avoid this spaying is the solution. So I want to know that is there any problem after spaying a cat and how much it cost?

MVSC
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Within last three months My cat gave birth to too many kittens. And I came to know that to avoid this spaying is the ...
Hi, yes spaying is right option for your cat. It will not give birth afterwards. There will not be problem if surgery is successfull. The cost of surgery depends on ypur area doctor.
2 people found this helpful
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I adopted a 3 months old male Labrador puppy. It is having loose motions now n one episode of vomiting. It is completely vaccinated for first year. I changed its diet from pedigree to home cooked vegetarian food without any spices. What could be the reason?

B.V.Sc. & A.H., M.V.Sc
Veterinarian, Gurgaon
Sudden food change can be one ofbthe reson of stomach upset. Apart from this othet reason are stomach or inyestine infection, worms or eating unsual things. Kindly get your puppy examined from vet and follow his advice.
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I was attacked by dog on 28/3/15, luckily there was no cut on my body. But I came to know there was small spit on my hand. As doctor diagnose me and advised me injection. Same day took vaxirab and second I took 2/4/15 and third I took on 7/4/15. I know the further step and how many more injection I have to take ?

Master of sciences, B.V.Sc. & A.H.
Veterinarian, Salem
Dear sir, as far as the dog is a street dog you need to worry. In this case even thought the dog is a street dog it does not seems to be bitten case as you dint have any injury or cut wound. To get rabies you need to be: 1. Have a cut wound first then rabies dog saliva has to be in contact with the wound. 2. Have to watch the dog for 30 days. Because the rabies dog cannot survive more than 45 days. 3. Rabies is a viral diseases so it needs a proper contact with the infection wild rabid carnivores. (like hiv infection) 4. So in your cases what you have done is more than enough.
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My Dog name is bruzoo, my dog is labera. he is very week and my dog is nothing eat like food pedigree and my dog leg is very slim. Please help me.

M.V.Sc (Surgery)
Veterinarian, Mohali
You can start giving high nutritious diet to you dog like egg, chicken paneer etc. You can give him good quality feed like pedigree professional or royal canin for growth.
2 people found this helpful
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For my dog eyes are closing when she will sleep and getup why?Any medicine is there for that problem can you tell me.

MVSc, BVSc
Veterinarian,
Please check if there is any discharge from the eyes? Are the eyes red? Is the dog rubbing eyes with her paws sometimes? Please get her checked from a vet. If i' m getting you right, it could be spasms of the eyelids and may need some topical anti-inflammatory meds. Hope this is helpful.
1 person found this helpful

I have cone to know that tiles are not good for dogs? Is that true My dog can't grip on tiles or marble he slips also there is change in his way of walking So I make him walk on tough floor for 1.5 hours a day is that okay? He is just 40 days.

MVSC
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Hi lybrate-user, Yes, puppies may loose grip on too much smoothen tiles. Allow him to walk occasionally on non slippery floor to develop strength in the bones. At a time 1.5 hrs not required for your pup, give him a complete balanced diet.
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I have gsd cross breed female dog and she is 6 years old. 10 days back she had been coughing now and then. Now she is not coughing I gave medicine. But till today she is not taking food she use to drink only water.(she was not taking her food for th past 4 days). Please suggest me any medicine for her.

MVSc, BVSc
Veterinarian,
Wise to check if she has any infection and fever. Coughing could be initial sign which could have subsided, but infection could have prevailed. Share more info about her meds. Would recommend a blood test. Take care.
3 people found this helpful

My puppy (Golden Retriever) is 38 days old. It shakes its head very often. My parents are planning to give it back. So please tell me, is it really something so serious. Please give me reply Asap. Please .

MVSc (Ph.D pursuing)
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
Head shaking as if shivering or fits? it could be a simple low sugar problem to severe brain problem. Please check a simple blood sugar check like we do for humans and see if the blood glucose level is below 60.
2 people found this helpful
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I have a pair of american eskimos . But my male one is still not able to climb on bed by himself. My both dog n bitch are of same size.

MVSC
Veterinarian, Hyderabad
What is the age of your dog, what is the height of the bed you are expecting to climb? is the bitch able to climb. Clarify . If the dogs are active enough don't worry, train them to climb
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Name: Teddy Breed: Golden Lab Age: 4yr 11months Sex : Male Current Problem: 2 cm growth in Urinary Bladder, Stone and Urine Infection with inflammation in prostate. Passes blood in last flow of his urine. The situation has gone worst, irregular flow of urine. Urge of urine is there but the flow is not there. Today, after the ultra sound and the X- Ray it has been further diagnosed a growth in urinary bladder and has been further prescribed to get Urine Cytology test. The quantity of stone has also increased. As per Dr?s the main concern is the abnormal growth in the bladder than the stone?s now. Treatment:- Current- Only anti biotics- Daflon 500, Augmentin 375- twice daily for 10 days till the next report Catheter was inserted Four times in two months, after which it couldn?t be inserted because of inflammation. Other than catheter, 1) Neeri ? twice daily 2) Cithral- Once Daily 3) Anti Biotic were injected as well History:- 1) As a pup, always had upset stomach. Situation was quite bad and was given steroids. 2) Two years back, he had a low blood count and non stop puking. We got Teddy when he was about 30 days old and now its been nearly 5 years. To me, he is more important to me than any one else. His Nature:- 1) Overtly friendly 2) Doesn?t bite in any condition, be it as extreme as any stranger pushing his food aside while he is having his meal. 3) When goes for a walk, prefers to be on clean places. He is also very smart and will tap you with his hand when he wants to go out. 4) Loves to run in park but hasn?t been able to. Society restrictions. Food Habits:- 1) No daal, carrot, cabbage or any other vegetables. 2) Moody on rice 3) Enjoys chicken soup, chicken, bones, egg ( boiled, raw, half fried) 4) Water intake is very less 5) Love dog biscuits, Rusk, Pizza Crust. His daily meal includes:- Summers Morning:- 4- 5 Boiled Egg and 4 Roti/ 4-5 Boiled Egg and 5 white bread. Evening:- Chicken Soup with 250gm chicken and 2 hand full of Oats/ Chicken Soup with chicken and Roti/ Chicken soup with chicken and rice Earlier used to give curd regularly. Winters: Morning: Chicken Soup with 250gm Chicken and 2- 3 handful of Oats/ Chicken soup with 250gm Chicken and bread Evening: Chicken soup with chicken and roti/ Chicken Soup with Chicken and Oats/ Chicken soup with chicken and rice His Nature Teddy has always been a family dog. He never wishes to be friends with other dogs who are always barking or are more excited than he is at that point of time. Actually, he has been friends only with Pups. In fact more than him, I think it is our insecurity/ fear or care for teddy, that we do not allow him to mix with dogs around. ( majority of them ferocious). Also, he gets very cranky and wants to go be out always during the mating season. (thrice an year). Except for the weekends, he is usually alone at home the entire day. (9.30am- 4.30pm) where he does not eat or drink anything. Food bowls remain the same as we leave it for him. ( untouched). Whenever he is in pain due to any reason, he is usually barking and becomes cranky. (doesn?t mean he cries but feel like he yells for attention) Other than the above, he is very affectionate towards his family and very eager to for backrubs and hugs. He is a very happy dog

MVSc, BVSc
Veterinarian,
Hi . Its great to know about Teddy. I'm afraid that he has to suffer with the urinary condition. Urine microscopy/cytology - would certainly be the next step further - to identify any cells and crystals he's voiding in urine. Cells will tell you about the type of growth and crystals will elaborate about type of stone/calculi. Speak to your vet about sending the urine sample for urine culture as well. Almost always - stones are accompanied with infectious element and wise to be specific about the antibiotics, than treating blindly. Understand that UTI - urinary tract infections, take a frustratingly long course to get treated. I'ld attribute his dietary habits as one of the factors leading to stones/infection. Speak to your vet about switching him to prescription diet for urinary systems - RC urinary or Hills c/d. Explore if you have access to cystoscopy - passing a tiny probe with camera into the bladder to visualize the growth, and take a biopsy if possible. Kindly share his reports if possible. Hope this is helpful. Take care.
7 people found this helpful

MVSc, BVSc
Veterinarian,
PET-SAFETY Guidelines for SUMMERS!
- Never leave a pet in a car/vehicle alone, even for few minutes. The temperature inside the car goes up substantially compared to outside temperature and can cause life threatening heat stroke in pets.
- Change timings of walks – switch to early morning walks before sun heats up, and late in the night when environment cools down – May be 8AM-8PM!
- Keep ample drinking water available all the time for the pets!
- If you are housing your pets in A/C rooms, make sure to avoid “Temperature Shock”. I.E. Do not take them out immediately from a A/C room, or vice versa. Switch off the A/C  let the room temperature become normal  and then take them out, so as to minimize temperature difference to which pets are exposed.
- Watch out for TICKS! - Summer is active tick season, and it is better to be safe than sorry. Talk to us for the preventive strategies for tick infestations so as to protect your pets from the tick borne diseases.
11 people found this helpful

Hello doctor my dog, 2yr old male great dane vomits the food particularly at night. Around 6 hours after having the food which is mainly 3 egg with rice and vegetables - home made food. The food is as it is, undigested this happened twice continuously at night now. And happens once or twice a month (anytime, no time relevance) what should be done. What is better food for him, something we can prepare at home? is it something to do with rice or egg yellow?

MVSc, BVSc
Veterinarian,
Great dane is a giant breed, and needs optimal proteins to maintain his health. The food he's currently being offered doesn't appear to fulfill his requirements. You can explore to offer him 650-750gms of boiled boneless chicken + 150gms of overcooked rice in a day. About 4 boiled egg whites can be given as well. Please avoid egg yellow. Alternatively - you can explore offering him giant breed pet food, or a combination of pet food + home cooked food. Regarding vomiting - please check food timings, overdue deworming etc. Hows his stools? you may need to add some meds to enhance emptying of stomach contents down the intestines, if he vomits the food as it is.
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