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Dr. Mukta Nadig  - Gynaecologist, Bangalore

Dr. Mukta Nadig

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Gynaecologist, Bangalore

36 Years Experience  ·  400 - 500 at clinic
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Dr. Mukta Nadig MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology Gynaecologist, Bangalore
36 Years Experience  ·  400 - 500 at clinic
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Personal Statement

My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. Mukta Nadig
Dr. Mukta Nadig is a popular Gynaecologist in Malleshwaram, Bangalore. She has been a practicing Gynaecologist for 36 years. She has done MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology . She is currently practising at Cloudnine Hospital - Malleshwaram in Malleshwaram, Bangalore. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. Mukta Nadig on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Gynaecologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 36 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

Info

Education
MBBS - SMS Medical College, Jaipur - 1981
MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology - SMS Medical College, Jaipur - 1987
Awards and Recognitions
Best Doctor Award, Sultanate of Oman
Paper Presentation in International GCC Conference
Professional Memberships
Bangalore Society of Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Location

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Cloudnine Hospital - Malleshwaram

#47, 11th Main, 17th Cross, Malleswaram. Landmark: Near MES CollegeBangalore Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Isha Clinic & Diagnostics

No. 311, Sampige Road, Between 15th & 16th Cross, Next To Adigas, Malleswaram, Bangalore, Karnatka 560003Bangalore Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Columbia Asia - Hebbal

F5,Block C,4th Floor, Kirloskar Business Park, Byatarayanapura,Godrej Woodsman EstateBangalore Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Isha Diagnostics & Research Private Limited

#311, Sampige Road, Gayathri Devi Park Extension, Malleswaram, Landmark: Between 15th & 16th Cross, BangaloreBangalore Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Cloudnine

47, 11th Main, 17th Cross, Landmark : Near MES College, BangaloreBangalore Get Directions
500 at clinic
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Columbia Asia Hospital

Kirloskar Business Park, Bellary Road. Landmark: Opposite To Dairy Form & Between Kirloskar Business Park & Esteem Mall.Bangalore Get Directions
400 at clinic
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Hi, Pregnancy test is positive on 2nd so what foods I should eat (veg) to have a healthy baby?

MBBS , DGO , FIMAS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi, Pregnancy test is positive on 2nd so what foods I should eat (veg) to have a healthy baby?
eat home made nutritious food .Milk green vegetables fruits r must. avoid caffeine alcohol soft drinks and junk food.
2 people found this helpful
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On 28 June I had unprotected intercourse, taken unwanted 72 on the same day. Somehow another unwanted 72 taken on 30 June. My period date was 1st of every month. On 5&6 July I had very very less period. UPT done on 17 June & 1 August and it was negative. Ultrasound done on 1August & it was also negative. No sign of period yet. Kindly suggest what to do now.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
On 28 June I had unprotected intercourse, taken unwanted 72 on the same day. Somehow another unwanted 72 taken on 30 ...
Many times the periods become irregular due to abuse of pills. Moreover, the sedentary lifestyle, mental stress and lack of exercise can become an extra burden on the overall health of the body ( including the harmonal system ). Please adapt a very healthy lifestyle and enjoy good health. At the same time be vigilant and go for or annual health checkup for the whole family to ensure good health.
1 person found this helpful
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Postpartum Depression

DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
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Symptoms of Postpartum depression and ways to deal with it!

Hi, my name is Dr. Armaan Pandey and this talk that I'm going to have maybe very beneficial if you are a to be parent or you are a new parent. So I'm going to tell you about three aspects of postpartum mental health. Postpartum refers to post delivery, as a lot of you might know. The first thing I want to talk about is a very serious medical condition which is called as postpartum depression. So right before or after the birth of a baby a mother's body suffered through a massive hormonal changes and often these hormonal changes can result in depression. Like we see in depression too the symptoms are very very similar like loss of interest in everything, feeling sad all the time, doesn't want to take care of the babies also at time, doesn't feel like worth living, disturbance in sleep, disturbance in appetite, crying spells, suicidal thoughts and sometimes even thoughts of hurting the baby. So yes your hormones can do this to your brain. Solution is quite simple. A short course of anti-depressant therapy is very very helpful, very efficient in taking away these symptoms. The symptoms go away very quickly and it is quite safe as well.

Another aspect that one must be aware of when it comes to postpartum depression is a milder form called as postpartum blues. Here the woman experiences mood swings, often crying jags, easy irritibality, but these are very short lasting. So most of the days the woman is fine, the mother is fine but sometimes she may display these things and usually postpartum blues gets better on their own, you don't have to do much about it. But it is advisable that you go to a doctor, get yourself checked out and if it is depression then get treatment and get better. The second aspect of mental health, when it comes to mothers, usually when new mothers are concerned is that you have to be aware of something called as mother's guilt.

Now this has got more to do with how the society treats new mother's than what biology does to you. When you deliver your first baby, or even second child for that matter, you are loaded with a barage of instructions, you are supposed to do this, you are not supposed to do that. And these instructions comes from every corner of the world. Your spouse tells you something, parents tell you something else and your in-laws tell you something else, your doctors are also advising you, your neighbours, your relatives and even your maid servants at times. What do you do in that case, and sometimes the advises are contradictory. So, the mother has the burden of making small, tiny decisions for the baby. And every tiny decision she makes she feels guilty that maybe what I'm doing for my child is not right. You need to be aware of this, there is nothing like a perfect mother or a perfect parent. All you have to do is be a good enough parent, a good enough mother. You cannot make sure that your baby is 24x7 happy or comfortable. Your baby is going to cry when she is not comfortable, when she is hungry, when she has some pain and this is going to continue till she can vocalise or verbalise her feelings better. So, do not feel absolutely guilty if you are not able to soothe your baby immediately or if someone tells you otherwise. You have to make a decision, sometimes you have to be assertive with other individuals. Don't be aggressive, don't break into a fight but do not take everything passively too.

The third aspect that is important when it comes to mental health, especially for new parents is that you lose focus of your relationship at times. Because the baby is the centre of the family now, you start ignoring your relationship with your spouse, probably you are more engaged in taking care of the baby for the first two years, which is required, it is inevitable. But during this time a lot of couples experience distancing and people who have problems later on in their marital life often report that this was the turning point. So one has to be mindful. What I can advice you is like you treat your relationship with your partner as your first child, because your relatonship is something you both have created together. It requires constant nurturing, it requires constant attention from you. So if you have another child after your first child you are not going to ignore this first child because you are having another baby.

Of course you can't pay as much attention but you can't neglect it. So for your partner also take out some quality time, do certain small things for them that makes you happy and whenever you can find time do spend quality time together bonding with each other. Remember this fact that you are becoming parents because you are together so you have to take care of this relationship as well. If you are aware of these few aspects of mental health and a lot of other things as well pertaining to parenting I'm sure you are going to enjoy parenthood rather than be stressed about it.

For any further advices or consultation you can book an appointment through Lybrate.com .

3713 people found this helpful

Automatically Blood discharge from left nipple, I do not miss any period. I take preganews test and it says negative 2 times. I fell weakness and vomiting. Is there any thing wrong? My period is normal, as usual. Is it cancer?

BAMS
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Automatically Blood discharge from left nipple, I do not miss any period. I take preganews test and it says negative ...
Hi, Blood discharge from the nipple is not a good symptom. You need to undergo a mammography and a biopsy, if needed. Consult a breast surgeon or a gynaecologist, atleast, for further management. Please do not delay.
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Health Benefits Of Egg White

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Health Benefits Of Egg White

Health benefits of egg whites:

Protein

According to kanter, 'high-quality protein helps build muscles and allows people to feel full longer and stay energized, which can help them maintain a healthy weight.' egg whites are an excellent source of protein, with 3.6 g of protein per 17-calorie egg white. That's about 5 percent of your daily protein needs.
'although we often think of protein's function in building and maintaining muscle, newer research suggests other benefits of protein' kanter told live science' for example, numerous studies since 2010 have found that protein-rich breakfasts, including those containing eggs, result in blunted postprandial glucose and insulin responses, greater satiety, and lower energy intake at a subsequent meal, suggesting a positive role of eggs for hunger and weight management.' a study published in the american journal of clinical nutrition looked at protein-rich breakfasts in overweight or obese adolescent girls and found that high-protein breakfasts were associated with less evening snacking, as well as positive changes in 'appetitive, hormonal, and neural signals that control food intake regulation.'


Potassium

One egg white contains 54 mg of potassium, a vital mineral and electrolyte associated with heart health, bone health and overall effective cell and organ functioning, according to the university of maryland medical center. Many studies have linked potassium with lower blood pressure because it promotes vasodiliation (widening of blood vessels), according to today's dietitian. A study of 12, 000 adults, published in archives of internal medicine, showed that those who consumed 4, 069 mg of potassium each day lowered their risk of cardiovascular disease and ischemic heart disease by 37 percent and 49 percent, respectively, compared with those who took 1, 793 mg per day.
Egg whites contain almost identical amounts of potassium and sodium, minerals that work together to create an essential electrochemical gradient known as membrane potential, according to the linus pauling institute at oregon state university. Membrane potential is critical for muscle contraction, nerve impulse transmission, heart function, and transferring nutrients and metabolites throughout cells. Maintaining these membrane potentials accounts for 20-40 percent of the resting energy expenditure of a typical adult. According to livestrong. Com, egg whites help balance the potassium and sodium necessary to maintain these membrane potentials.
 
Blood pressure

'diets higher in protein have been linked with lower risk of developing hypertension,' said kanter, and new research shows that egg whites might be particularly helpful. In an animal study announced by the american chemical society, scientists at clemson university discovered that a peptide called rvpsl (a component of protein) found in egg whites 'reduces blood pressure about as much as a low dose of captopril, a high-blood-pressure drug.' it blocks angiotensin-converting enzymes, which are produced by the body and increase blood pressure.

Riboflavin

Kanter noted that egg whites are a good source of riboflavin, also known as vitamin b2. Sixty-two percent of an egg's riboflavin is contained in the white. This vitamin is associated with releasing energy from carbohydrates, thereby helping metabolism, and producing red blood cells, according to the national institutes of health, which lists eggs on its list of good sources of riboflavin. It also works as an antioxidant, breaking down dangerous free radicals (molecules that can damage or kill cells), according to the university of maryland medical center.
An american journal of clinical nutrition article discussed the problems associated with riboflavin deficiencies. These included anemia, homocysteine levels that are associated with cardiovascular disease, and increased risk of cancer in animal trials.
Hair and skin care
The protein content in egg whites has made them a popular folk treatment for hair and skin care. There is no scientific evidence to back these claims up, however.


Risks

While egg whites are a good source of protein and a great option for those suffering from diabetes, high cholesterol or cardiovascular disease, people should be careful not to assume that egg whites provide all the same nutritional benefits of whole eggs. 'most of the vitamins and minerals are contained in the yolk,' said kanter. 'nutrients found exclusively in the yolk include choline, vitamin b12, vitamin d and iron among others.'
A study published in the american journal of clinical nutrition in 2002 caused a stir when it found that raw egg whites interfere with absorption of biotin. Biotin is a b vitamin that is important to fat and sugar metabolism and blood sugar regulation, according to world's healthiest foods. Egg whites contain a glycoprotein called avidin, which binds to biotin and makes it absorbable by the digestive tract. This problem is solved by cooking egg whites.
When raw, both egg whites and whole eggs can present a risk of infecting eaters with salmonella. The centers for disease control recommends cooking all types of eggs until both the white and yolk are firm.
Some people are allergic to proteins in egg yolks and egg whites, but egg-white allergies are more common, according to the mayo clinic. As many as 2 percent of children are allergic to eggs, according to the american college of allergy, asthma and immunology. Fortunately, studies show that about 70 percent of children with an egg allergy outgrow it by age 16. Allergic reactions range from a mild rash to stomach pain to anaphylaxis, which impairs breathing and can send the body into shock.

2 people found this helpful

I had penetrated pre-ejaculatory or precum fluid into vagina does dat makes pregnant? I haven't ejaculated sperms since 4 days only precum went inside her vagina.! Will she be a pregnant? Please I need an answer!

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Possibilities are there ,you may do a Urine pregnancy test if you have missed your periods date to confirm for pregnancy.
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Healthy Pregnancy

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, FNB Reproductive Medicine, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Healthy Pregnancy

Cramps in lower legs and calf muscles are common in the sixth month of your pregnancy. It might occur due to low levels of calcium and magnesium in your diet or very low salt levels. Consume adequate amount of water and try doing stretching exercises before going to sleep at night and you can notice a drastic change.

My wife is disinterested in having sex. please tell me how to generate her interest in sex.?

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
My wife is disinterested in having sex. please tell me how to generate her interest in sex.?
Its best to see her in person and discuss options and also examine and do tests to see if any obvious cause can be found.
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My wife is pregnant from 5 month she is getting problem of vomiting which is not stopping and 5 to 6 times blood also seen while vomit It is dangerous or When will stop vomit And some pain in throat after vomiting.Please tell.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
Gynaecologist, Pune
My wife is pregnant from 5 month she is getting problem of vomiting which is not stopping and 5 to 6 times blood also...
vomiting in pregnancy is always because of intolerance to smell. she has to understand what smell is causing a problem n staying away from it. alternatively ask her to take a full glass if orange juice in the morning n eat dry toasts. she can also take tab.pregnidoxin thrice daily
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How to remove vaginal odour without medicines and only through water fruits etc a natural method?

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello you should follow the below home remedies to get rid from vaginal odor:- home remedy:- 1. Apple cider vinegar:- due to its antibacterial and antiseptic properties, apple cider vinegar can be used to fight vaginal odor. In fact, taking a bath with apple cider vinegar is one of the simplest ways to get rid of the bad odor. This will help fight off the toxins and bacteria that cause vaginal odor. It will also help restore the acidic quality of the vaginal flora. 2. Another good ingredient that can be used to treat vaginal odor is yogurt. Yogurt is rich in lactobacillus bacteria, which help fight candida infection (one of the most common causes of vaginal odor) and restore the normal vaginal ph level. Once the ph level is balanced, the vaginal odor will be gone. Eat two cups of unsweetened, plain yogurt daily. You can also take probiotic supplements.
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Why Garlic Is Important For Your Health?

MD - Ayurveda, Fellowship in Cardiac Rehabilitation, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS), Yoga Instructors Certificate
Ayurveda, Bangalore
Why Garlic Is Important For Your Health?

Although a vegetable, garlic is primarily classified as a spice and is used in many dishes across cultures. However, apart from the pungent smell which is the most known characteristic of garlic, it also has medicinal properties and thus, was even used by healers for various ailments before the advent of modern medicine.

Some of the reasons garlic is considered healthy: 
Garlic is considered healthy for a multitude of reasons. Let's look at some of the ailments that garlic can prevent as well as help in healing.

  1. Great Against Common Cold: Garlic and garlic based homemade treatments are great ways to ward off the common cold. Garlic contains the chemical "allicin" which is known to aid health within the body. Having a few cloves or garlic can help you fight the common cold infection.
  2. It is Known to Improve Bone Health: Garlic is known to be very beneficial for bone health, especially in menopausal women. Women may encounter bone loss during menopause as the production of estrogen is lowered. Garlic encourages estrogen production which can stop bone loss and even protect against bone problems such as osteoarthritis.
  3. Is an effective agent in Lowering Blood Pressure: Hypertension is a known killer all across the world. Garlic contains polysulfides which are effective in vasodilation or the widening of the blood vessels and also relaxation of the muscles. This helps blood pressure being lowered within the body and is an effective home remedy if consumed in controlled amounts.
  4. Reduces Fatigue and is a Performance Enhancer: Garlic is known to reduce fatigue within people as it controls the heart rate by lowering blood pressure. Whether it is an athletic performance or other physical work related performance requirements, this spice tends to give an extra boost.
  5. Controls LDL Cholesterol, thereby reducing chances of Heart Disease: LDL cholesterol, also known as bad cholesterol, is controlled by allicin as it improves liver functions. The liver can then break down LDL cholesterol easily and thus also helps in preventing arteriosclerosis. Garlic is also known to prevent blood clots that lead to heart attacks.
  6. Garlic has anti-parasitic and anti-bacterial properties: Garlic has been known throughout the ages to be an effective anti-bacterial and anti-parasitic agent. Garlic extracts or small amounts of garlic in your diet can help you build up immunity and also kill infections within your system effectively. It is also known to be very effective against tapeworm infestations within the gut. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ayurveda.
10151 people found this helpful

My wife is suffering from deficiency of vitamin D, only 5 ng/mil and airon is also less in her body as well as her uric acid is also increase. And feels lost of pain her legs and she is suffering from PCOS disease. First what should I do. please guide me.

DGO, MD, MRCOG, CCST, Accredation in Colposcopy
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
She needs to start VIT-D supplements along with iron tablets. Also I would advice her to avoid fried and junk foods and refined flour/ maida. She should try a optimise her body weight if obese. Further treatment for PCO if needed should be reviewed in 3 months.
4 people found this helpful
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My wife aborted due to miscarriage and it was only of 5 weeks, I want to know that, after how many days she can conceive again and plan for baby.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
My wife aborted due to miscarriage and it was only of 5 weeks, I want to know that, after how many days she can conce...
Hello, Since she has just aborted it is advisable to use contraception for 3 months and then plan thereafter.
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Hello doctor I am thyroid and pcod patient from five years and my periods are irregular please consult any medicine to make it on regular basis soon I am getting married also.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FCPS, DGO, Diploma of the Faculty of Family Planning (DFFP)
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Hello doctor I am thyroid and pcod patient from five years and my periods are irregular please consult any medicine t...
PCOD is a disease where there is hormonal imbalance. Depending on your complaints, examination, reports and stage of life treatment differs and it also needs more time so get yourself treated with patience. Meet Gynecologist in whom you have trust as you will need to go for long time to him/her. Need treatment for thyroid for long time but easier to manage same.
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I got married 3 months ago my wife didn't get pregnant till date. so, please tell what to do.?

MBBS
Sexologist, Panchkula
I got married 3 months ago my wife didn't get pregnant till date. so, please tell what to do.?
Get your semen analysis test done and then go for private consultation from me if there is any problem in semen.
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On 7.4. 16 prolactin level of my blood is 8.42. Period date was 12.3. 16. It is still now absence. There is any chance if pregnancy.? I want to conceive ad soon as possible. please help me.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
On 7.4. 16 prolactin level of my blood is 8.42. Period date was 12.3. 16. It is still now absence. There is any chanc...
Prolactin level is absolutely normal and your weight is also within normal limits and as you said menses are not irregular, means you have very high chance of getting pregnant, if you have regular sex i. E. 3-4 times a week in the middle part of your menstrual cycle.
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Feet Massaging At Night - Know Its Benefits!

B.A.M.S
Ayurveda, Noida
Feet Massaging At Night - Know Its Benefits!

Reflexology says that foot massage aids in releasing the blocks that hold the energy from flowing through the body. Known by the name, Padabyang in Ayurveda, the massaging of the feet at specific points have many health benefits, and at the same time, helps in the curing of some diseases as well. Ayurveda considers feet massage as a beneficial therapy that offers amazing health benefits.

What are the advantages of feet massaging at night?
Any kind of massage contributes to enhancing your well-being and feet massage is no different. The massaging of the feet at night without fail has several benefits that are as enumerated below:

  1. Relaxation: Massaging the feet at night gives a perfect relaxation and helps you to cope with the long and tiring day. It is simply a great way for the reduction of stress and feels relaxed.
  2. Improving blood circulation: We all know that a good blood circulation is an essence of maintaining good health. If blood cannot circulate freely, it may give rise to many health problems. A foot massage at the specific point before going to bed significantly helps in the improvement of the flow of blood.
  3. Good sleep: Massaging the feet at night plays a crucial role in having a good night’s sleep which is extremely beneficial for good health.
  4. Reduce PMS: Pre Menstrual Syndrome abbreviated as PMS is a difficult battle that all women have to deal with. PMS causes a lot of pain accompanied by a lot of physical changes. To effectively deal with PMS feet massaging at night is an excellent option.
  5. Reduce pains and aches: Massaging the feet every night before going to bed is a very effective way in the reduction of various types of pains and aches of the body. A proper and regular massage is recommended in this situation for more effective relief from pains.
  6. Good for headaches and migraines: Another amazing benefit of feet massaging at night is that it helps to give you a great relief from headaches and migraines. It gives you a quick relief and most importantly without taking any medicines or having to face any other side effects.
  7. Reduces heel pain: Many experience difficulties with heel pain in the morning after waking up. Feet massage at night before going to bed is a great way for the reduction of pain in the heels. At the same time, it also helps to deal with pain from flat feet.
  8. Fights depression: A feet massage at night time also helps to fight depression effectively, and in this case, it is recommended to give a self-massage.

Thus, a foot massage at night is highly beneficial, and Ayurveda encourages massaging with oil as the benefits are multiplied when the foot is massaged with medicated oils. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

8506 people found this helpful

Process of Fertility

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Post Doctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Medicine, Fellowship in Infertility, Diploma in Assisted Reproductive Technology & Embryology
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
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Good morning everybody. I am Dr Vandana Hegde. I am practising reproductive medicine, the department of Hegde fertility centre for the last 10 years. Today I would be speaking about the various aspects of fertility. So I will start from the basics to know what happens exactly and what are the problems that arise.

So here is a normal menstrual cycle of the female. There are certain things you need to know. What happens is during the onset of the periods, when the menstrual cycle starts, the eggs start maturing. Now, this egg grows in a wall filled substance which is called Follicle. So normally when the egg starts maturing, it reaches the complete maturity level on the 14th day of the cycle, an average of 12-16 days. As the egg starts maturing, the follicle size increases. Now when the maximum diameter of an egg is reached, the follicle burst and egg comes out. This process is called Ovulation.

If this ovulation happens on the correct 14th day of our cycle, over the next 14th day if there is no pregnancy then a girl will resume her menses which is a failure to conceive. If it happens regularly then the girl will have a regular menstruation cycle of 28-30 days. And if a girl is having the irregular menstrual cycle, then the ovulation is not happening correctly on time. So this is known as Ovulatory disorders. Now, what happens after the ovulation round.

Once the egg is released, it is caught by fallopian tubes. Fallopian tube has finger like projection and the eggs are normally kept on the last part of the tubes. Now when the couples meet, the sperm is released in the vagina. The sperms have basically the head, body and the tale. As I had mentioned earlier, once the ovulation happens, the eggs do not have any tale, so it needs a tube to collect it an d store it in the tube. The sperms will move into the uterine cavity and move into the fallopian tube and have to reach the other part of the tube. So at this point, the sperms will be reaching the egg.

There are certain criteria for normal semen. So when do we know that it is a fertile semen for which there are some criteria like the volume should be atleast more than 1.5 ml ejaculate.And the sperm count should be more than 15 million per ml of sperm. Because of the tale fraction of the mortality, there should be active mortality of the sperm for more than 30%. So when the sperm enters the egg, the process is called Fertilization. And the egg and the sperm will fuse to form an Embryo. The early embryo is called Zygote which is a single cell. So when this forms, the embryo has to divide. In that tube the embryo undergoes division. So in that cell, the embryo will divide into 2 cells, 4 cells, 8 cells. As the embryo is progressively dividing, the tube is going to push the embryo back slowly into the uterine cavity. During this process of egg maturation, the follicle growth, the ovulation, there is another process happening in the uterus.

So here is the uterus and this is the Uterine bed. So, as the follicles are increasing in size, so it produces a hormone called estrogen which is actually acting on the uterine bed. And the uterine bed is ready, there is an increase in thickness for an embryo to come here. And once the ovulation happens, there is a pregnancy favouring hormone called Progesterone which is increasing in the second half of the menstrual cycle. When this comes, there is a lot of blood flow coming to the uterine bed. So this is the time when the embryo is actually reaching the uterine bed. This process, when the embryo reaches the uterine bed and when the embryo sticks to the uterine bed, this process is called Implantation. Basically what is happening here is the blood collection between the uterus and the embryo. That is how the nutrients from the mother's body are transferred to the embryo which grows further and establishes a pregnancy.

So when the couples conceive, these are the things which have to happen in a natural way for them to conceive. Now what happens when they do not conceive when they try for more than a year after the marriage and still unable to conceive, so we evaluate the problems. Evaluation of problem depends on the steps which I have told.

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