Find numerous Urologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Urologists with more than 26 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Urologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.
Book Clinic Appointment with Dr. Mohammad Sad Bellgami
Treatment Of Erectile Dysfunction
Treatment Of Male Sexual Problems
Treatment of H.I.V
Hydrocele Treatment (Surgical)
Urinary Incontinence (Ui) Treatment
Urology Minimally Invasive Surgery
Kidney Transplant Treatment
Blood In Urine (Hematuria) Treatment
Reconstructive Surgery Procedures
Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate (Turp) Pro
Reconstructive Urology Surgery
Minimally Invasive Urology Surgery
Transurethral Incision Of The Prostate (Tuip) Proc
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy Procedure
Open Prostatectomy Surgery
Submit a review for Dr. Mohammad Sad BellgamiYour feedback matters!
My grandfather is suffering from a condition of skin itching .he is doing itching or reaching skin all all ,there are wounds on skin due to it and now when we do path test his report are below kindly tell me what is it ame A/c Status Lab No. Ref By: Age: Gender: Report Status Reported Received Collected P: Final 82 Years 3/4/2018 10: 21:00 AM 3/4/2018 10: 44:17 AM 250339564 Male SELF 3/4/2018 2: 54:14 PM Test Name Results Units Bio. Ref. Interval LIVER & KIDNEY PANEL, SERUM (Reflectance Photometry, Direct ISE) Bilirubin Total 0.40 mg/dL 0.20 - 1.10 Bilirubin Direct 0.10 mg/dL <0.20 Bilirubin Indirect 0.30 mg/dL <1.10 AST (SGOT) 28 U/L 15 - 37 ALT (SGPT) 41 U/L 30 - 65 GGTP 130 U/L 5 - 85 Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) 277 U/L 50 - 136 Total Protein 7.70 g/dL 6.40 - 8.10 Albumin 3.10 g/dL 3.20 - 4.60 A: G Ratio 0.67 0.90 - 2.00 Urea 112.00 mg/dL 17.00 - 43.00 Creatinine 2.71 mg/dL 0.80 - 1.30 Uric Acid 4.50 mg/dL 3.50 - 7.20 Calcium, Total 9.40 mg/dL 8.50 - 10.20 Phosphorus 5.20 mg/dL 2.30 - 3.70 Sodium 133.80 mEq/L 136.00 - 146.00 Potassium 6.10 mEq/L 3.50 - 5.10 Chloride 102.70 mEq/L 101.00 - 109.00 URINE EXAMINATION, ROUTINE URINE, R/E (Dipstick, Microscopy) Physical Colour Pale Yellow Pale yellow Specific Gravity 1.010 1.001 - 1.030 pH 5 5.0 - 8.0 Chemical Proteins Nil Nil Glucose Nil Nil ketone Nil Nil Bilirubin Nil Nil Urobilinogen Normal Normal Leucocyte Esterase Negative Negative Nitrite Negative Negative Microscopy R.B.C. Negative Negative Pus Cells Negative 0-5 WBC / hpf Epithelial Cells Nil Few Casts Nil Nil /lpf Crystals Negative Nil Others Nil - HEMOGRAM (photometry, Double hydrodynamic sequential system, cytometry & cytochemical association, impedance, calculation, Westergren’s) Hemoglobin 13.50 g/dL 13.00 - 17.00 Packed Cell Volume (PCV) 41.90 % 40.00 - 50.00 RBC Count 4.78 mill/mm3 4.50 - 5.50 MCV 88.00 fL 80.00 - 100.00 MCH 28.20 pg 27.00 - 32.00 MCHC 32.20 g/dL 32.00 - 35.00 Red Cell Distribution Width (RDW) 11.70 % 11.50 - 14.50 Total Leukocyte Count (TLC) 9.30 thou/mm3 4.00 - 10.00 Differential Leucocyte Count (DLC) Segmented neutrophil 71.40 % 40.00 - 80.00 Lymphocytes 18.40 % 20.00 - 40.00 monocyte 6.10 % 2.00 - 10.00 eosinophil 3.80 % 1.00 - 6.00 basophil 0.30 % <2.00 Absolute Leucocyte Count neutrophil 2.00 - 7.00 6.64 thou/mm3 Lymphocytes 1.00 - 3.00 1.71 thou/mm3 monocyte 0.20 - 1.00 0.57 thou/mm3 eosinophil 0.02 - 0.50 0.35 thou/mm3 basophil 0.01 - 0.10 0.03 thou/mm3 Platelet Count 398.0 thou/mm3 150.00 - 450.00 ESR 8 mm/hr 0.00 - 20.00 GLUCOSE, FASTING (F), PLASMA (Hexokinase spectrophotometric) 155.00 mg/dL 70.00 - 100.00 C-REACTIVE PROTEIN CRP (Latex Agglutination) Positive Interpretation C-Reactive protein (CRP) is an acute phase reactant protein that has the property of showing elevations in concentrations in response to stressful or inflammatory states that occur with infection, injury, surgery, trauma or tissue necrosis. Synthesis of CRP increases within 4-6 hours of onset of inflammation, reaching peak values at 1-2 days. CRP levels also fall quickly after resolution of inflammation since its half life is 6 hours. The main limitation of CRP is in its non - specific response and should not be interpreted without a complete clinical history and evaluation.
Doctor it feels that I can not urinate whole of my urine and feels still some urine is left. I give more pressure in order to make it empty. I have frequent urge of urination. I had u. T few months back and doctor said its cured after having medicine. I have heard enlargement of prostrate also blocks urine. I still have the same problem as mentioned above. What is the remedy if prostate has enlarged and it is creating problem in me? Help plz.
Nephrotic syndrome is a type of kidney disorder wherein, the body passes out the excess amount of proteins through urine, owing to the damage caused to the tiny clusters of blood vessels in the kidneys. The symptoms include putting on excessive weight as a result of fluid retention, foamy urine and severe swelling around the region of the feet, ankles and eyes.
The main feature of nephrotic syndrome is that the kidneys leak a lot of protein. Normally, urine contains virtually no protein. In nephrotic syndrome the urine contains large amounts of protein. What happens is that filters in the kidneys (the glomeruli) become 'leaky' and protein, instead of remaining in the blood, leaks out into the urine. Protein in the urine is called proteinuria.
The other key features of nephrotic syndrome are:
- A low level of protein in the blood as a result of protein loss in the urine. Although there is a drop in many of the proteins normally found in the bloodstream, the main protein that leaks from the blood into the urine is called albumin. A low blood level of albumin is main feature of nephrotic syndrome.
- Fluid retention (oedema). This is a consequence of the low level of albumin in the bloodstream, and other complex factors not fully understood.
- A high blood level of cholesterol and other fats (lipids). This is due to the change in the balance of various protein levels in the blood due to the protein leakage.
- Normal kidney function, at least initially. This means that the 'waste clearing' function of the kidneys is not affected - at least not at first. However, some of the conditions that cause nephrotic syndrome can progress to cause chronic kidney disease.
- Other typical symptoms and signs of nephrotic syndrome are discussed later.
Common causes behind it
Minimal change disease (also known as nil disease) leads to the abnormal functioning of the kidneys.. Most common cause almost 90% of children have this entity. No body knows why the Minimal change disease nephrotic syndrome occurs. Other reasons for nephrotic syndrome are infections, autoimmunity mediated and few medications.
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is the name given to a collection of kidney-related findings in your child’s body. These include:
- proteinuria—high levels of protein in the urine (based on your child’s age and size)
- hypoalbuminemia—low levels of protein in your child’s blood, since it’s being passed out of his body in his urine
- edema—swelling. This happens because the proteins in your child’s blood act as a sponge to keep fluid in the blood. With fewer proteins to do this, the fluid may leak out of the blood into your child’s tissues, causing them to swell, especially around the stomach area.
- high cholesterol (blood fat) levels—low levels of protein in the blood stimulate the body to overproduce certain kinds of blood fats
- While nephrotic syndrome is not a disease, it can be the first sign of disease that can damage the kidney's tiny blood-filtering unit (glomeruli) where urine is made.
Here’s what you need to know about nephrotic syndrome:
- In the vast majority of children, NS is idiopathic, meaning that doctors don’t yet know what causes it.
- Nephrotic syndrome always affects both kidneys.
- It usually appears between the toddler and elementary school years, although it may appear later.
- There are thought to be two forms of nephrotic syndrome, minimal change disease (MCD) and focal sclerosis (FSGS).
- MCD is much more common in children, and likely to respond to therapy.
- FSGS is a more aggressive disease, and may lead to kidney damage.
- Most children with NS outgrow it by young adulthood.
Pediatric Nephrotic syndrome is mainly treated by high dose steroids. So we classify Nephrotic syndrome as Steroid sensitive Nephrotic syndrome and Steroid Resistant Nephrotic syndrome. As long as the Nephrotic syndrome is steroid sensitive, kidneys usually do not fail and eventually the child recovers. Other aspect of management of Nephrotic syndrome in kids is, that is a relapsing and remitting disease in more than 2/3 of patients, so parents must be making a Nephrotic diary as suggested by the doctor so that the relapse of disease is picked before the swelling appears. Target of Nephrotic syndrome treatment is to make the child grow normally and using steroid sparing agents in kids with frequent relapses and Steroid dependence else they can develop high blood pressure, short stature, cataract, glaucoma and diabetes which all are irreversible. Never start or stop the steroids on your own considering the side effect profile. All vaccines including oral polio drops are not to be given in children receiving daily dose steroids. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a pediatrician.