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I have some problem on my hand. I always feel pain when I try to lift something. I used some medicine but there is no response. What should I do now?
I am 25 year old male. I have fever from yesterday night. I have joint pains and headache. My eyes are red. Can you deduce my situation?
I am a 30 years old male. Bachelor. I am having pain in my neck and shoulder from a long time. Have done exercises a lot. But no cure. What do I do?
Hello My Aunt is suffering from a problem concern with nerves. The nerves are grouping at a certain area near the crural of left leg and it is looking damm frightening. And she is feeling pain there at particular area and from there to the end of leg. What can be the problem, please let me know.
I have frozen shoulder in left hand and lots of pain in that hand. My physiotherapy treatment is working since last three months. Bt not more improvement indicated. So what to do in relief of this pain?
I am suffering from sudden pain in axilla from 5 days. It's not much painful but it pains while I raise my hand. What it could be?
I am 42 year old female .After slip disc L1toL4 problem, pain in left heel and becomes severe at times. Is it spur in the foot ,slip disc or something else.
Hi I am 25 year old female. I hve acl grade ii signal legament injury from last 7 months. As doctor prescribed me for some excerise but no satisficatry results. Some advised me for physiotherapy. Is it helpful and for how many times I should take. What is the solution and should I go for surgery?
Hello doctor I am feeling pain in my leg I do not know why it is being but I understand that it is being cause to run daily in the morning after the breaking some month. But my problem is not stopping so please give me solution if you have.
I am 21 years old, i am getting pain on my shoulders when I used to write please give some suggestions to get it off?
I am 21 year old male I have in my right knee when ever I sit and fold my legs my right knee start paining and I also have pain in my right shoulder also.
My legs are paining a lot from last 3 days Only when I sleep. If I'm walking dn there is no pain What should I do?
What is osteoporosis?
The components of the word 'osteoporosis' literally mean 'porous bones' - 'osteo' is for bones, and 'porosis' means porous - helpfully describing this condition that results in reduced bone density and increased fragility of the bones.The thinning of the bones in osteoporosis, combined with the formation of weaker bone crystals, puts people at a higher risk of Fall and Fractures.
It can affect anyone of any gender, but it is particularly prevalent in postmenopausal women due to the sudden decrease in protective oestrogen levels after menopause.
Signs and Symtom
Bone loss that develops slowly, leading to osteoporosis, does not cause any symptoms or outward signs.
As such, a patient may only discover that they have osteoporosis due to an unexpected fracture after a minor fall or a slip or strain - or even a simple cough or sneeze - may result in a fracture.Breaks in the spine can lead to altered posture, with compressed vertebrae creating the stooped appearance often seen in older people
- Osteoporosis may be diagnosed directly through the use of a bone scan that measures bone mineral density (BMD). Central or peripheral DXA.
- Osteoporosis is diagnosed when the T-score is -2.5 or below.
- Other methods of measuring bone density include x-ray, ultrasound, and CT scan
It is important to ensure the cause of low bone denisty has been properly diagnosed as the treatment will vary greatly.the decision about what treatment you need – if any – will also be based on a number of other factors. These include your:
- risk of fracture
- previous injury history
Treating osteoporosis involves treating and preventing fractures and using medication to strengthen bones.
How Can a Physical Therapist Help?
Your physical therapist can develop a specific program based on your individual needs to help improve your overall bone health, keep your bones healthy, and help you avoid fracture. Your physical therapist may teach you.
- Specific exercises : to build bone or decrease the amount of bone loss
- Proper posture
- How to improve your balance so as to reduce your risk of falling
- How to adjust your environment to protect your bone health
Typically, exercises are performed 2 to 3 times a week as part of an overall fitness program.Your exercise routine should include exercises in each of the following areas:
- Strengthening exercise
- postural exercise
- balance exercise
- Flexibility exercise
1) Strength training
Strength training is a type of exercise with the goal of improving muscular strength. It involves performing movements against resistance; it is sometimes referred to as resistance training. Exercise bands, weights, machines or even your own body weight can be used for resistance. Strength training may increase spine and hip bone mineral density.
2) Posture training
Posture training involves paying attention to how the parts of our body are aligned with each other. Some kyphosis, or curvature of the upper back, is normal, but fractures or weak back extensor muscles can cause the spine to curve more than usual, resulting in an exaggerated kyphosis or excessively curved upper back.Attention to alignment during activity and at rest, along with exercises targeting the back extensor muscles, can improve the alignment of the spine. Flexion exercises are often CONTRAINDICATED. .
3) Balance training
Balance training exercises are those that challenge your balance.Balance exercises are also important to incorporate to further reduce the risk of falls Examples include:Shifting weight to the limits of support (e.g., moving your weight more to one foot than another).
Physical activities like Tai Chi, that involve balance and coordination may also reduce falls and fractures.
Tai Chi is a very safe and effective low impact form of exercise that improves balance and reduces the risk of falls.
4) Weight bearing Aerobic (water) physical activity
Aerobic exercise is a rhythmic activity that you do for at least 10 minutes at a time continuously and it increases your heart rate and makes you breathe harder than you usually do during your daily activities.For individuals with osteoporosis, we often recommend weight-bearing aerobic exercise or physical activity like walking or cycling or swiming or guided exercises to be done in swimmimng pool
5 flexibility exercise:
These can help improve the individuals overall physical function and postural control
Start by speaking with a physical therapist or consult me to ensure you are choosing safe , specific and appropriate physical activities for you.
Remember: if you have osteoporosis, aerobic exercise is not enough. Strength training and balance training are essential to maintain bone and muscle, and prevent falls.
"Osteoporosis is not a inevitable part of aging it is preventable.So it is vital that all of us,start taking care of our bones now, before its too late"..quote by Camila Parler Bowles