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Knee Pain Treatment
Spinal Surgery Disorders
Treatment of Neurological Problems
Treatment of Knee replacement
Treatment of Joint And Muscle Problems
Treatment of Nerve And Muscle Disorders
Acl Reconstruction Procedure
Hip Replacement Surgery
Joint Dislocation Treatment
Knee Care Procedures
Joint Replacement Surgery
Ankle Pain Treatment
Treatment of Spondylosis
Arthritis And Pain Management Treatment
Treatment of Joint Dislocation
Treatment Of Disk Slip
Treatment Of Herniated Disc
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I have frequent swelling of fingers of legs and hand around the edges of the nails and after some time yellow liquid is also coming when pressed slightly , please advise
Sir, I am 55 years old. Recently for one month, while climbing stair case up and down getting slight pain in the knees. What shall I do for the ailment. The reason I suspect that I am not going for morning walk for the last three months.
I have pain in my backbone. I got advice's from many doctors. But no use. They said to me it is a type of disk problem. What I do?
How to increase the gap between the both legs of knees. When it bring close in defence field medical test?
Hi 33 yr old female. Ht 5' 4" weight 76. Married for 7 years. First delivery 2009, forcep delivery. L4-l5 disectomy oct 2010 triggered by overflow incontinence. Second delivery feb 2013. Movement in l4-l5 again causing pain radiating to legs. Kindly advise treatment. Currently due to pain not able to exercise
I have back pain from last 2-3 days above my hip bone at lover back, and i'm also having pain while walking and using my hands, it's live my nerves stretches when I move any of these parts. Please respond me asap coz I don't know how to deal with it
I am having a serious pain in my leg. It is paining in yhe middle side of my right leg. It usulayy happened in one or twice in a month. I am suffering this problem from 7-8 years. Please suggest some things.
The secret to avoiding bone and joint related injuries revealed!
An average person experiences two fractures during his or her lifetime and same holds true for joint related injuries. The severity of this condition depends on a number of factors, ranging from the forces responsible for injury and location to the damage done to the nearby tissues and bones.
How age plays a role in your chances of getting a fracture?
Your risk and severity of developing a fracture, depends, to a certain extent on your age.
A very common occurrence during childhood is crippling joint related injuries, the fractures that you tend to have during this time are generally less complex than the broken bone instances that you stand to experience when you enter adulthood.
With time, your bones become fragile and you become prone to broken bones sustained from falls, which you wouldn't when you were young. Furthermore, as you step into your 50th year, you can get struck by the bone condition osteoporosis, a leading cause of bone fractures during this time. For women, menopause makes them more susceptible to osteoporosis (as infrequent periods and hormonal changes at this time lead to loss of bone mass) and subsequently broken bones.
Preventing crippling joint injuries need many steps in younger generation known as prehab especially for sporting population and adult population involved in day to day activities requiring your body getting subjected to physical stress.
Simple steps to get your joints back to normal in case you do get into injuries.
- having a calcium and vitamin d rich diet to strengthen bones
- exercising to strengthen bone and muscle health as well as your balance
- taking relevant medicines to make your bones strong
- going for timely bone mineral density test to determine the health of your bone
- exposing yourself to the sun for about 20 minutes everyday
- having a requisite calcium intake of 1000 mg and 1200 mg for pre- and postmenopausal women respectively
- preventing a fracture by modification in your household furniture, extra clothings, sometimes addition of simple orthotic devices, improving your muscle reaction time etc go in long way to help prevent falls.
Help me sir mera bp 145/90 hua (April) mne ECG normal nhi tha fir doctor next mujhe ECHO krane ko kha report normal thi Doctor next mujhe nebistar 5 mg di for 15 days OD MNE USE 5 DAYS KHA KR CHOD DI MERA 15 DAYS KA BD M DOCTOR K PSS GYA THO MERA BP NORMAL THA FIR BHI DOCTOR NE MUJHE TELMA 20 MG FOR 30 DAYS DE DI MNE USE EK DIN KHI FIR MNE BND KR DI MERA BP KBHI 138/78 ON 3/7/17 11: 30 AM. 120 /78 ON 12/7/17 11: 00 AM KYA mujhe bp ki medicine ki leni chiye?
I'm 30 years female and em experiencing back pain and knee pain. I feel ike my bones are fragile to bear pressure. Moreover I have problem in loosing weight. Although my diet is completely under check. Can you suggest any test that I should take to check my calcium level?
I am 46 year of age male. Suffering from whole body joints pain. Maximum knee and arms (shoulders) pains. I am slim and height of 5.6. Last 2 yeas I have this problem. I take many tab but no effect. Pain as it is. Please suggest.
I am 66 years Old, Ex Serviceman Indian Navy no Self Employed. Married vvith Three Children All Married. I am T2 Type Diabetic, last about 12 * 15 Years Slovvly My Right Knee & Then Left Knee Stared Paining, and Novv I am unable to stand for long or vvalk due to pain and vice ness. I am normal Built views about 50 kg. What do you suggest!
Hi myself 29 years old female I always hav lot of pain in my knees I always consumes pain killers and also apply ointment but yet no relief pls tell me what should I do ?
Delayed onset muscle soreness (doms), also called muscle fever, is the pain and stiffness felt in muscles several hours to days after unaccustomed or strenuous exercise.
The soreness is felt most strongly 24 to 72 hours after the exercise. It is thought to be caused by eccentric (lengthening) exercise, which causes microtrauma to the muscle fibers. After such exercise, the muscle adapts rapidly to prevent muscle damage, and thereby soreness, if the exercise is repeated.
Delayed onset muscle soreness is one symptom of exercise-induced muscle damage. The other is acute muscle soreness, which appears during and immediately after exercise.
The soreness is perceived as a dull, aching pain in the affected muscle, often combined with tenderness and stiffness. The pain is typically felt only when the muscle is stretched, contracted or put under pressure, not when it is at rest. This tenderness, a characteristic symptom of doms, is also referred to as" muscular mechanical hyperalgesia.
Although there is variance among exercises and individuals, the soreness usually increases in intensity in the first 24 hours after exercise. It peaks from 24 to 72 hours, then subsides and disappears up to seven days after exercise.
The soreness is caused by eccentric exercise, that is, exercise consisting of eccentric (lengthening) contractions of the muscle. Isometric (static) exercise causes much less soreness, and concentric (shortening) exercise causes none.
The mechanism of delayed onset muscle soreness is not completely understood, but the pain is ultimately thought to be a result of microtrauma mechanical damage at a very small scale to the muscles being exercised.
Doms was first described in 1902 by theodore hough, who concluded that this kind of soreness is" fundamentally the result of ruptures within the muscle. According to this" muscle damage" theory of doms, these ruptures are microscopic lesions at the z-line of the muscle sarcomere. The soreness has been attributed to the increased tension force and muscle lengthening from eccentric exercise. This may cause the actin and myosin cross-bridges to separate prior to relaxation, ultimately causing greater tension on the remaining active motor units. this increases the risk of broadening, smearing, and damage to the sarcomere. When micro-trauma occurs to these structures, nociceptors (pain receptors) within muscle connective tissues are stimulated and cause the sensation of pain.
Another explanation for the pain associated with doms is the" enzyme efflux" theory. Following microtrauma, calcium that is normally stored in the sarcoplasmic reticulum accumulates in the damaged muscles. Cellular respiration is inhibited and atp needed to actively transport calcium back into the sarcoplasmic reticulum is also slowed. This accumulation of calcium may activate proteases and phospholipases which in turn break down and degenerate muscle protein. This causes inflammation, and in turn pain due to the accumulation of histamines, prostaglandins, and potassium.
An earlier theory posited that doms is connected to the build-up of lactic acid in the blood, which was thought to continue being produced following exercise. This build-up of lactic acid was thought to be a toxic metabolic waste product that caused the perception of pain at a delayed stage. This theory has been largely rejected, as concentric contractions which also produce lactic acid have been unable to cause doms. Additionally, lactic acid is known from multiple studies to return to normal levels within one hour of exercise, and therefore cannot cause the pain that occurs much later
Relation to other effects
Although delayed onset muscle soreness is a symptom associated with muscle damage, its magnitude does not necessarily reflect the magnitude of muscle damage.
Soreness is one of the temporary changes caused in muscles by unaccustomed eccentric exercise. Other such changes include decreased muscle strength, reduced range of motion, and muscle swelling. It has been shown, however, that these changes develop independently in time from one another and that the soreness is therefore not the cause of the reduction in muscle function.
Possible function as a warning sign
Soreness might conceivably serve as a warning to reduce muscle activity so as to prevent further injury. However, further activity temporarily alleviates the soreness, even though it causes more pain initially. Continued use of the sore muscle also has no adverse effect on recovery from soreness and does not exacerbate muscle damage. It is therefore unlikely that soreness is in fact a warning sign not to use the affected muscle.
After performing an unaccustomed eccentric exercise and exhibiting severe soreness, the muscle rapidly adapts to reduce further damage from the same exercise. This is called the" repeated-bout effect.
As a result of this effect, not only is the soreness reduced, but other indicators of muscle damage, such as swelling, reduced strength and reduced range of motion, are also more quickly recovered from. The effect is mostly, but not wholly, specific to the exercised muscle: experiments have shown that some of the protective effect is also conferred on other muscles.
The magnitude of the effect is subject to many variations, depending for instance on the time between bouts, the number and length of eccentric contractions and the exercise mode. It also varies between people and between indicators of muscle damage. Generally, though, the protective effect lasts for at least several weeks. It seems to gradually decrease as time between bouts increases, and is undetectable after about one year.
The first bout does not need to be as intense as the subsequent bouts in order to confer at least some protection against soreness. For instance, eccentric exercise performed at 40% of maximal strength has been shown to confer a protection of 20 to 60% from muscle damage incurred by a 100% strength exercise two to three weeks later. Also, the repeated-bout effect appears even after a relatively small number of contractions, possibly as few as two. In one study, a first bout of 10, 20 or 50 contractions provided equal protection for a second bout of 50 contractions three weeks later.
The reason for the protective effect is not yet understood. A number of possible mechanisms, which may complement one another, have been proposed. These include neural adaptations (improved use and control of the muscle by the nervous system), mechanical adaptations (increased muscle stiffness or muscle support tissue), and cellular adaptations (adaptation to inflammatory response and increased protein synthesis, among others).
Delayed onset muscle soreness can be reduced or prevented by gradually increasing the intensity of a new exercise program, thereby taking advantage of the repeated-bout effect.
Soreness can theoretically be avoided by limiting exercise to concentric and isometric contractions. But eccentric contractions in some muscles are normally unavoidable during exercise, especially when muscles are fatigued. Limiting the length of eccentric muscle extensions during exercise may afford some protection against soreness, but this may also not be practical depending on the mode of exercise. A study comparing arm muscle training at different starting lengths found that training at the short length reduced muscle damage indicators by about 50% compared to the long length, but this effect was not found in leg muscles.
Static stretching or warming up the muscles does not prevent soreness.[needs update] overstretching can by itself cause soreness.
The use of correctly fitted, medical-grade, graduated compression garments such as socks and calf sleeves during the workout can reduce muscle oscillation and thus some of the micro-tears that contribute to doms, proper nutrition to manage electrolytes and glycogen before and after exertion has also been proposed as a way to ease soreness. consuming more vitamin c may not prevent soreness, but oral curcumin (2.5 gram, twice daily) likely reduces it.
The soreness usually disappears within about 72 hours after appearing. If treatment is desired, any measure that increases blood flow to the muscle, such as low-intensity activity, massage, hot baths, or a sauna visit may help somewhat.
Immersion in cool or icy water, an occasionally recommended remedy, was found to be ineffective in alleviating doms in one 2011 study, but effective in another. There is also insufficient evidence to determine whether whole-body cryotherapy compared with passive rest or no whole-body cryotherapy reduces doms, or improves subjective recovery, after exercise.
Counterintuitively, continued exercise may temporarily suppress the soreness. Exercise increases pain thresholds and pain tolerance. This effect, called exercise-induced analgesia, is known to occur in endurance training (running, cycling, swimming), but little is known about whether it also occurs in resistance training. There are claims in the literature that exercising sore muscles appears to be the best way to reduce or eliminate the soreness, but this has not yet been systematically investigated.