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Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH is a condition where the prostate gland gets enlarged. This is mostly common in men who are ageing. When the prostate gland gets enlarged, the flow of urine through the urethra gets blocked, and hence, several problems related to urination may occur. BPH occurs as a result of hormonal imbalance. If untreated, BPH can lead to severe bladder and urinary health conditions.
There are several symptoms and signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Here are 7 common symptoms:
- A frequent need for urination: Men affected by BPH feel an increased need to urinate frequently. This gets enhanced during the night and is called nocturia. The patient may even need to urinate more than eight times a day. Due to the enlarged prostate gland, more pressure is put on the urethra, which leads to uncontrollable urination.
- Urinating difficulties: The act of urination becomes difficult. Because of enhanced pressure on the urethra, the flow of urine to the penis from the bladder gets blocked. This makes a urine stream hard to start. The urine stream gets weak and interrupted, and more difficulty may be experienced during the end of urination.
- Pain during urination and ejaculation: Due to pressure on the urinary tract and reproductive system, pain can accompany urination and ejaculation. Some patients tend to push urine out, which results in pain. The pain may also occur because of infection during BPH.
- Blood in urine and an unusual color/smell: Urine may take a dark color and have an unusual smell due to urinary retention. Unpleasant urine smell signifies urinary tract infection. Blood in the urine may also result because of dilated veins present on the surface of the enlarged prostate.
- Urinary retention: When a patient is unable to pass any urine, it is called urinary retention. Such a condition requires immediate treatment, and you need to consult a doctor immediately.
- Urinary tract infections: Bacteria may start growing in the bladder when the bladder is not fully emptied of urine. This bacterial infection causes darkening of the urine, and emission of a foul odor.
- Bladder stones: Bladder stones may develop because of the inability of the bladder to empty itself completely. This is a major symptom of BPH. Hard lumps of minerals or bladder stones are formed when the urine present in the bladder gets highly concentrated, which causes the crystallization of minerals. Bladder stones may cause infections, result in blood in urine, cause bladder irritation and may also block urine flow.
So you see that benign prostatic hyperplasia involves the enlargement of the prostate gland, and results in several problems related to urination and different symptoms. Hence, immediate treatment is advisable. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
I am suffering from prostate -as per psr it is .84 I am taking allopathic tablet for this. I am having problem of frequent urine. Is there some ayurvedic medicine to cure this for ever I r goel.
Skin cancer is a condition with abnormal and cancerous skin growth. This often develops due to the over exposure of skin to the sun rays. The three main types of skin cancer include basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Skin cancer affects those areas of skin which remains sun-exposed, including ears, neck, chest, scalp, lips, face, hands, arm and legs. It can also develop on those areas of skin that are not exposed to sunlight like beneath toenails or fingernails, on palms and on genital area.
Here are some of the factors which increase your risks of getting skin cancer:
- Fair complexion: Low levels of the pigment melanin in skin causes fair complexion. Fair- skinned individuals who have a history of hazel or blue eyes, repeated sunburns and people who have red or blond hair are highly susceptible to developing this form of cancer. Less pigment in skin makes an individual more vulnerable to skin damage from harmful UV radiation.
- Excessive sun exposure: Exposure to the sun may lead to the development of skin cancer, if you don't protect your skin by sunscreen and clothing. Tanning beds and lamps may also increase the risk of developing this type of skin cancer.
- High-altitude places: The exposure to sunlight is more intense in areas of high altitude and near the equator. Living at higher elevation also makes you more vulnerable to radiation because the sunlight is strongest there.
- Moles: People with abnormal moles are at a higher risk of developing skin cancer. These moles are irregular in shape and are larger than normal moles.
- Precancerous skin lesions: Your risk of developing skin cancer increases if you have skin lesion. These are scaly and rough patches that range from brown to dark pink in color. The most commonly affected areas are head, hands and face of fair-skinned people.
- Weak immune system: Weak immune system caused by HIV or AIDS and immunosuppressant drugs that you take after an organ transplant may increase your risk of developing skin cancer.
I have listened that falling of hair is one of the symptom of cancer. Is it really the only symptom by which we can regonize it? What are the early symptoms or starting symptoms for recognizing cancer?
I am male, 81 years old, having prostate problem and taking one Urimax 0.4 mcg every night and have moderate difficulty in passing urine and I have to get up 4 times in the night for this purpose. And I have hyper tension (140/90) and taking Olways-AM one tablet every day. Kindly advise if I am on the right medication and can the enlargement of prostate is curable at my age? Thank you gentlemen.
My wife age is 36 years and she has some kind of Rasoli in her head. She has no pain but day by day those are increase in her head. What should I do at this stage? Kindly suggests me in situations?
My grandmother just now detected 2nd stage cancer in uretus (bachhadani) she is 86 years old. Is it beneficial to treat it with chemotherapy or in this age any other treatment like naturopathy etc. She is doing well no diabetes but hypertensive please recommend.
The sound of the word cancer can be really traumatic and the fact the one may most of the time be unaware of this condition can be hard to handle. The same is the situation in the case of lung cancer as it does not produce any remarkable signs and symptoms in its early stages. However, there are ways in which you can be aware of this life-threatening ailment. Here are some tell-tale signs of an early stage of lung cancer:
A stubborn cough:
Beware when a cough is lingering on for long with no sign of relief. When a cough is related to cold and respiratory infection, it will subside within a week or so. But in case the cough is persistent, it can be a symptom of lung cancer. You should never dismiss a stubborn cough regardless of whether it is dry or producing mucus. You should talk to a doctor right away as he can check the lungs and may order for other tests to determine whether you have cancer.
Becoming easily winded or shortness of breath is considered the most prominent symptoms of lung cancers. This may occur when cancer blocks or inhibit the airway or when the fluid from the tumor starts building up in the chest. If you find that it is becoming difficult for you to breathe in doing tasks that you found easy before, you should not ignore it.
When the airways become inflamed, blocked or constricted, then the lungs would produce a wheezing and whistling sound while breathing. It can be associated with a host of other causes that are easily treatable but could also be due to lung cancer.
Even though headaches are considered one of the most common health problems, if there is a persistent headache, then it could be a sign that lung cancer has spread to the brain. It is important to understand that all headaches are not associated with the brain metastases. There are times when the lung cancer creates pressure on the superior vena cava which is in charge of supplying blood to the upper part of the brain. This pressure can also lead to headaches.
Pain in the bone:
If the lung cancer has spread to the other parts of the body, then it may produce mild pain in the back and other parts of the body. It tends to become worse during the night when you are resting on your back. But it can be difficult for a commoner to differentiate between muscle and bone pain. In case you are suffering from bone pain, you will see that it is becoming worse with movement. Moreover, lung cancer is also associated with pain in the shoulder, neck, and arm even though it is very rare. You should be very attentive to the pain and aches in the body and consult with an expert at the earliest.
You can easily combat lung cancer if diagnosed and treatment is started in its early stages.
Good Morning, everyone, my name is Dr Ninad Katdare I am a cancer surgeon and I specialise in gastrointestinal cancers and gynae cancer and peritoneal cancers. I practise at H.N. Reliance Hospital, Charni Road, Global Hospital, Parel, Raheja Hospital, Mahim, BSES Hospital, Andheri and HCG Cancer Centre at Borivali. Today we will be speaking about peritoneal cancer peritoneal cancers is one of the least understood cancer and as such many of these patients don't receive good form of treatment, so I will be taking you through a short presentation about what is peritoneal cancer and what are the new modalities which can be actually curative in certain cases of peritoneal cancers. So the presentation is titled peritoneal cancers which are no more a death sentence which was the situation just 5 years ago. So basically what are peritoneal cancer so those can be one, the last stage of Cancer such as colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, appendix cancer, gallbladder cancer and pancreas cancer. In all of these the fourth stage is presents with peritoneal disease and what is known as peritoneal metastasis. It can also be a third stage cancer in ovarian cancer when the disease spread out of the ovary and through the pelvis into the rest of the abdominal cavity it present with peritoneal cancer. It can also present as a primary peritoneal cancer which is called as primary peritoneal adenocarcinoma and a rare case of cancer called as mesothelioma, and there is one specific NDT called as Pseudomyxoma pertonei, all these diseases basically are club together because the routine chemotherapy which is the IV chemotherapy given through your veins is very less effective in this type of cancers. Hence newer technologies which are called as HIPEC and PIPAC which I will come to it shortly are used and this can have curative effects on this type of cancer. So why does chemotherapy fail because usually this peritoneum receive only 1% of cardiac volume that is the amount of blood which your heart pumps, that is 5 litre per minute only 1% of that is received by your peritoneum and there is something called as a peritoneum plasma barrier so whatever chemotherapy which is given through your saline, very less quantity reaches to the peritoneum and as such the routine chemotherapy does not work on this peritoneal cancers. Hence, to combat that we have interesting new technologies the first is called as Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC so CR stands for Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC stands for Heated Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy.
In Cytoreductive surgery what we aim is to remove all the visible disease from your abdominal cavity and once that has been clear we circulate a chemotherapy solution which is heated to around 43 degrees and is kept circulating in the abdominal cavity for 90 minutes. Using a combination of Cytoreductive surgery and HIPEC, in many of these peritoneal cancers you can have a cure, it exceeding 5 years and which is a standard patient with the standard chemotherapy with the patient would like for more than 6 months. So in such cases from 6 months, the survival goes to beyond 5 years. Certain cases which are not suitable for this CRS and HIPEC we have a revolutionary technology known as PIPAC. So what is PIPAC stand for is Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy, in this basically the chemotherapy which is in the liquid form is converted into a gas form and through small keyholes surgery that is called as Laparoscopy we introduce this gaseous chemotherapy into your abdominal cavity. It has been found that patients who have stopped responding to routine chemotherapy also a response to this gaseous chemotherapy. So with the help of this HIPEC and PIPEC many of the peritoneal carcinomatosis are almost 30% can be cured and another 30% can be controlled with this kind of therapy and these patients normally would have died in 6 months, some of them alive for even after 2 years and even 30% of them are alive even 5 years after the diagnosis of their disease. So these therapies can really make a difference in your treatment, thank you. For any further questions, you can contact me on lybrate.com.