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Dr. Rajeev Sudan talks about Glaucoma.
Hi, I am Dr. Rajeev. I am a consultant in Glaucoma Arch perfunctory surgery and Cataracts. Today I am going to talk about Glaucoma- a very important health issue. We must understand first, what Glaucoma is? Glaucoma is a condition in which the intraocular pressure of the eye doesn’t commensurate with its normal functioning.
Let’s talk about intraocular pressure and what intraocular pressure is? I’ll show you the diagram, the cut section of the eye. As you can see that eye is a hollow organ and so is to maintain its shape there has to be some intraocular pressure inside. This pressure is formed by the constant secretion of the fluid called aqueous and there is a constant ingress and egress which matches and maintains an intraocular pressure within a narrow range. Glaucoma is a condition in which the pressure of the eye increases and this increase in pressure effects the blood circulation to the optic nerve and as a result there is an optic nerve damage. This is how the vision of the eye is lost. This condition is called as Kala Motia. This is called Kala Motia because it’s a condition which silently destroys the vision and patient doesn’t come to know about it.
Glaucoma is a condition which doesn’t have any specific symptoms. There can be non-specific symptoms like heaviness of the eyes, frequent change of glasses, colored hallows round the eye, difficulty in moving around in dim light and in extreme cases you may have difficulty in walking around and missing objects in the periphery of eye. Glaucoma is a condition which can be hereditary if your parents or any of your siblings, sisters or cousins have suffered from Glaucoma then you have an increased high risk of developing Glaucoma late in your life.
If you are 45 and you have a family stay of Glaucoma, you must consult your ophthalmologist and get a screening for Glaucoma. The screen test involves testing your intraocular pressure. If the pressure is persistently beyond 28mm of mercury and the ocular findings are suggestive of Glaucoma, then we order certain special tests. The treatment is indicated if your pressure is persistently high and your visual feels or null fiber analysis shows abnormality. Open angle Glaucoma is a condition which is imminently treated with medication. We have very effective medicines available which can control intraocular pressure.
The surgery is needed only in cases where medicines cannot control intraocular pressure. In case you need any further information you can contact me through Lybrate or can contact me online through Lybrate.
Hello I am manpreet singj I am 21 year old my eyesight is weak I used specks for my eyes. But my right eye has weak eyedit then left it decrease continuously please suggest me ome good medicine.
Before one month. My friend playing cricket unfortunately cricket ball bite his left eye. Itz turn into red colour. Then he consult a doctor. Doctor gave some eye drops. Then eye became normal after some days his both eyes became red colour please help him.
I'm 21 years old female. I am wearing specs for the past 9 yrs. It is possible to reduce my eye power by eating habits so that I do not need to wear glasses anymore?
I am having itching in my eyes. Is there a domestic remedy which I can use to suppress or cure it? The irritation is persistent when I am in prolonged exposure with dust and smoke. Y.
Hello, I have an age of 23, I have been wearing eyeglasses for a year now I have lens of 0.25 is it gonna be ok by itself.
Sir I had meet with. Accident on17 Dec 2015 from that time I facing problem of double vision doc say fourth never got damage and. It will recover automatically now its six month can you advice how much time more it will take. To. Get recover completely. My recovery. Is. Almost more than 90% and taking neurobion medicine.
I am 23 year old and I have irritating in my eyes and became redness. What can I do? Redness occurs past two weeks.
My eyes are reddish and are itching very badly which medicine should I take to get rid of reddish eyes.
I have an issue with my left eye, having patch inside my left eye and it is increasing, just want to know what should I do for that.
Sir I want to go the defence side but I has small site will I do laser treatment then they can't identify that I has site and also tell me about laser treatment and in laser treatment what they will do.
I am 25 years old M, I have astigmatism and myopia with combined power of 4 in each eye, I want to get LASIK surgery done. What is the success rate of the surgery.
We all have only a pair of eyes, so it is imperative that one understands the importance of vision. When the normally clear lens of one’s eye becomes clouded, the condition is known as cataract. A person suffering from cataract finds his vision to be hazy, discoloured and blurred somewhat like looking outside a frosted window. It causes difficulty in reading, driving a vehicle or seeing the familiar expression on a loved one’s face.
It is a silent killer of vision and initially magnification and lighting in addition to vision aids are helpful, but eventually a surgery becomes imminent.
The exact reason for cataract are debatable, but one can take measures to protect oneself, boost one’s eyes’ defence mechanisms, and protect them from harmful elements. Ultra violet (UV) light has been correlated with incidents of cataract and has a damaging effect on one’s eyes. This requires one to wear sunglasses that block ultraviolet B (UVB) rays when one is outdoors. Smoking also increases the risk of cataract thus giving one another reason to stay away from active as well as passive smoking.
One must include antioxidants as zeaxanthin, vitamin C, lutein and vitamin A in daily diet to counteract with the daily damage. The addition of a variety of fruits and vegetables to one’s diet ensures that one is getting many vitamins and nutrients. The health of the eyes can be maintained with fruits and vegetables as they have many antioxidants. One must go for eye examination to ophthalmologists in a time bound and regular manner so to detect the onset of cataract at the earliest.
One must maintain a healthy weight by reducing the calorie intake. Excessive consumption of alcohol also increases the risk of cataract. If one is suffering with other health conditions like hypertension and diabetes, it becomes all the more important that one must follow the treatment plan diligently. The exposure to ionizing radiation like X-rays and cancer treatment via chemotherapy increase the risk of cataract.
Cataract develops when aging or injury changes the tissue that makes up one’s eye's lens while some cataract are due to inherited genetic disorders causing other health problems. In some cases eye conditions, medical conditions such as diabetes, long term usage of steroids, trauma or past eye surgery also leads to cataracts.
As one ages, the eye lenses become less flexible, less transparent and thicker. Ageing causes break down and clumping together of tissues within the eye lens leading to clouding small areas within the lens. As the cataract continues to develop, the clouding becomes denser and involves a greater part of the lens. Thus, although one cannot prevent cataract, but if one takes the above mentioned steps, then he can reduce the risks of getting it. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.