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A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden, but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. While some kidney stones pass out of the body along with urine, others can block the urethra and become painful.
In addition to being painful, a kidney stone can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Since large kidney stones are usually painful, they rarely go undiagnosed. However, if a kidney stone is left untreated, it could cause the kidney to atrophy and lower the functionality of the kidney. Kidney stones that are related to an infection can also lead to chronic urinary tract infections and damage the kidney through scarring and inflammation. This could eventually lead to kidney failure.
Not all kidney stones need to be treated with surgery. If the kidney stone is very small, your doctor may prescribe plenty of water and medication to treat the pain. With plenty of water, you should be able to pass the stone in your urine. Ideally, you should take plenty of rest until the stone is passed.
Larger kidney stones may need you to be hospitalized for treatment. These are:
- Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL): To begin this of treatment, a painkiller is administered. Ultrasonic waves are used to determine the location of the kidney stone. Shock waves are then passed through the kidney stone to break it into smaller pieces, which can then pass out of the body through urine.
- Ureteroscopy: This is also called retrograde intrarenal surgery and is performed when the kidney stone is stuck in the ureter. A ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. Laser energy may then be used to break the stone into smaller pieces to unblock the ureter.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL): This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It involves a small incision being made in the back and a nephroscope passed into the kidney through it. Laser or pneumatic energy is then used to break up the stone into smaller pieces and pull them out.
- Open surgery: Open surgery is performed only in the case of an abnormally large stone or abnormal anatomy of the person. An incision is made in the back that allows the doctor to access the kidney and manually remove the stone. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Urologist.
I am suffering due to enlarged prostrate gland. As I am not in favor of surgery, I had taken treatment in homeopathy. While taking homeo medicines I used to have some uneasiness as if due to acidity. Even after three months of medication I didn't feel the improvement I am expecting. Further my eye sight also became strenuous. First I thought it may be due to my age - I am 57 now - but later felt due to deficiency of vitamins. After taking 30 capsules of becadex one each per day my sight improved considerably. Also my prostrate started feeling much easy. I am yet to take the next scanning please advise me whether the enlargement of my prostrate is due to the deficiency of vitamins.
I am 40 years old. 5 years back, my spinal surgery was held. That time cathetor used for urine. And there was a stricture in urethra. For its removal, doctors did cystoscopy. But after some period, it is again there. So I tried ayurvdic'uttarbasti. There was some improvement but urethra smelling bad and urine flow is slowed. What should I do?
I am 58 yr old, male suffering from ckd with creatinine-4.2, urea-81, hb-11.8. Can it be recovered? at present I am taking some medicine like- ketostril, nodosis-ds, shelecol-os, febutaz-80mg. Q. Whether these medicine has any action to down the creatinine my question is that what step has to be taken to recover my problem.
Hi would like to ask that I have been going through a lot of urine infection. Consulted a lot doctors but no improvement. I have white build up around clit. The whole area has become sensitive. Please help.
Hello Dr. Kuch din pehle maine apna whole abdomen ka ultrasound karvaya tha, vo is liye kyoki lagbhag 1 year pehle mere left renal me 3.5 mg ka stone tha, maine homeopathy Dr. Senior medicine li aur 2 months khai. Ye dekhne ke liye ki ab vo stone hai ki nahi maine 8 months baad ultrasound karvaya. Saari cheez to normal nikli but ek line usme ye thi ki "gall bladder is collapsed" is ka matlab nahi samajh paya. Aur kuch dino se mujhe gas aur sahi se fresh bhi nahi ho pata hu. please meri help kijiye. Report me Diagnosis hua hai- grade 1 fatty changes in liver.
A 12 years old girl has repeated pain abdomen & vomiting due to caroli's disease. Treatment advised to her is surgery after 18 years of age but till that how to manage her severe pain abdomen & vomiting which is unablely her to eat anything. At present she is on udilive.
I am 20 years old, I was having 4mm kidney stones, I have taken treatment and kidney stones are vanished. But iam having frequent urinating problem and small irritation in urethra since a year suggest me what's the problem.
I have a stone 6.6 mm in my right kidney between kidney and urine track I understand that before endoscopic intervention preliminary tests like ECG Echo etc will be undertaken what if I am found unfit after those tests then what would happen.
I am 60 years old with bypass heart surgery and diabetic for 30yrs. At present my two kidneys have failed and taking dialysis treatment weekly thrice in hospital. My creatine level is 5.3 and urea is 79 and other electrolytes are normal. please suggest me medicines so as to forgo the dialysis. With regards, k. Subbarao 8971694254.
IMPRESSION: Clear cell Renal cell carcinoma of the right kidney, Fuhrman nuclear grade 1. PT1aNX. Size of tumour: 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm. Lymphvascular invasion present. All margins are free of invasive carcinoma. No evidence of necrosis/sarcomatoid areas. Sir please tell me the meaning of this report. What to do next?
Hello doctor I was suffering from kidney stone. With 10mm now its cleared. But I am getting pain and cramps burning sentation and panic pinch pain in the right kidney. So please suggest me right diagnosis.
I am 55 years old. Frequency of urinating is very high why it is so? and what medicine are recommended?
Dear Doctor, After waking up from afternoon's sleep I passed urine after that my eyes become blank and I was shivering and I was sweat. Today noon I had heavy meal in that some items were not present added with vanaspati. Now I am laying on bed. please give suggestions to become normal.
In most cases, a urinary tract infection affects only the urethra and bladder("Lower" UTI) but in some cases, it can affect the ureters and kidneys("Upper UTI) as well. This is known as Pyelonephritis or a kidney infection. If this infection spreads to the bloodstream, it could cause serious health problems. Since women have a shorter urethra than men, they are more susceptible to kidney infections. This is because the bacteria typically enter the body through the urethra.
The most common symptoms of this type of kidney infection are:
- Frequent urges to urinate
- Painful urination
- Fever or chills
- Nausea and vomiting
- Presence of blood in the urine
- Foul smell while urinating
- Cloudy urine
Pyelonephritis is caused by the same bacteria that cause lower urinary tract infections. In some cases, it may also be caused by E. coli or klebsiella bacteria found in stool. In rare instances, bacteria from the skin can also trigger this disease. The obstruction of urine flow or reduced urine flow can increase a person’s risk of suffering from this disease. Some of the causes for this obstruction include:
- Presence of stones in the bladder, ureters or kidney
- Tumours or cancerous masses in the abdominal or pelvic area
- Benign prostatic hypertrophy
Kidney stones can also increase the risk of this disease by proving the bacteria with a place to multiply. Lastly, people suffering from diabetes or other conditions that impair the immune system are more susceptible to kidney infections.
A thorough physical examination along with a urine analysis and urine culture are the first steps to confirming a diagnosis. Some doctors may also ask for a CT scan, blood cultures and an ultrasound of the kidneys. In an ultrasound, your doctor will also look for kidney stones or birth defects that could increase your risk of this disease.
A 7-day course of antibiotics is enough to cure this disease in most cases. As long as the patient can take oral medication hospitalisation is not required but if the patient is nauseous and constantly vomits, hospitalisation may be suggested as the medicine will need to be given intravenously. In rare, extreme cases, the infection may cause the development of an abscess.
Abscesses cannot be cured by antibiotics and must be drained. Hence, kidney infections can be serious and one needs to take proper care if the symptoms are present. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Nephrologist.