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Dr. Anuradha Kapali

Radiologist, Bangalore

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Dr. Anuradha Kapali Radiologist, Bangalore
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To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies....more
To provide my patients with the highest quality healthcare, I'm dedicated to the newest advancements and keep up-to-date with the latest health care technologies.
More about Dr. Anuradha Kapali
Dr. Anuradha Kapali is a popular Radiologist in Hosur Road, Bangalore. She is currently associated with Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology in Hosur Road, Bangalore. Book an appointment online with Dr. Anuradha Kapali on Lybrate.com.

Find numerous Radiologists in India from the comfort of your home on Lybrate.com. You will find Radiologists with more than 31 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Radiologists online in Bangalore and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology

Dr. M.H Marigowda Road, Hosur Road. Landmark: Near Diary CircleBangalore Get Directions
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I am suffering from slipped disc in cervical spine from 6 months. So my question is that I am a dance choreographer should I continue with my dance or not can you suggest me and how this problem Will be cured.

Fellowship in Joint Replacement, MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Dhamtari
24 years old with slipped cervical disc. Depends upon the extent of slip and your symptoms if you are experiencing neck pain and upper limb pain then you should not do activities involving sudden, jerking movements of neck. Medicines and neck muscle strengthening exercises can very well take care of this problem further intervention is needed only of disc is causing nerve or cord compression.
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I am a student and suffering from lumbar disc herniation since last two years or more treatments are being done but there have been no proper result but severe development in sciatic pain, numbness and feeling some effect on other leg also. And please suggest me some solution for this herniation.

MBBS, MD, DNB, FIPM, FIPP
Pain Management Specialist, Chennai
Hi lybrate-user, disc herniation is causing your nerves to get pinched when they get out of the spine. This may cause pain, tingling, numbness, etc radiating down the legs. If conservative management is not helping, you may consider a nerve root or epidural injection with a pain physician. They are effective and safe. In severe cases, you may require spine surgery. Good luck.
1 person found this helpful
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Benign & Malignant Breast Tumors - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Ghaziabad
Benign & Malignant Breast Tumors - Things You Must Be Aware Of!

The presence of a lump or a tumor in the breast is not always indicative of breast cancer. In some instances, the breast tumor can be benign or noncancerous as well. Thus, to understand breast cancer better, one should know the difference between a benign and malignant breast tumor. In this article, we will discuss the factors that differentiate a benign breast tumor from a malignant one.

Breast Fibroadenomas

  1. Breast Fibroadenomas are benign breast tumors that often affect women in their early 20s and 30s (can also affect women of other age groups). Research suggests that in spite of being benign and noncancerous, breast fibroadenomas make a woman more susceptible to breast cancer in the future.
  2. It may be difficult to decipher the underlying factor that triggers fibroadenomas. However, increased use of birth control pills (that results in an elevated estrogen level) can be a contributing factor.
  3. Thus, in spite of no discomfort, it is safe to get fibroadenomas removed by lumpectomy or by radiation therapy. There are also instances when fibroadenomas dissolved on their own.
  4. Sometimes, the lobules of the breast can undergo enlargement resulting in the formation of lumps (can be a tumor or a cyst) that are non-cancerous in nature. Such tumors are known as Adenosis.
  5. The benign tumor growth can also develop in the milk ducts of the nipples, a condition known as Intraductal papillomas (characterized by discharge from the nipples).
  6. To stay safe and lower the risk of breast cancer, doctors often recommend the removal of the tumor.

Differences between Benign and Malignant Breast Tumors

  1. One of the major factors resulting in a tumor is the abnormal growth of cells that could be triggered by an injury, an infection or prolonged inflammation.
  2. A factor that plays a pivotal role in differentiating malignant from benign breast lumps or tumors is its ability to metastasize or invade other organs, cells and tissues of the body.
  3. A malignant tumor starts off as a primary tumor that remains confined within its point of origin. Gradually, the cancerous growth metastasize, invading other neighboring as well as distant cells and body organs (Secondary cancer or tumor).
  4. Benign tumors, on the other hand, contains chemical adhesions that prevent their metastasis and invasion to the other vital organs in the body.
  5. As compared to malignant tumors, benign breast tumors, once removed, do not recur.
  6. On the cellular level, microscopic examination reveals that malignant breast tumors often contain unusual, mutated, and modified genes and chromosomes.
  7. More than often, malignant breast tumors give rise to Paraneoplastic Syndrome. The Paraneoplastic Syndrome is characterized by an elevated production of substances (can be antibodies or hormones) by the cancerous growths or tumors. The hormones or the antibodies circulate in the bloodstream and can alter the functioning of a host of vital body tissues and organs with deleterious health consequences.

Such things seldom take place in the case of benign breast tumors. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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Treatment Of Lump In The Uterus - बच्चेदानी में गांठ का इलाज

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
Treatment Of Lump In The Uterus - बच्चेदानी में गांठ का इलाज

बच्चेदानी में गाँठ, कई महिलाओं के लिए परेशानी का कारण बन जाती है. इस दौरान गर्भाशय की आंतरिक परत की कोशिकाएं आवश्यकता से अधिक मोटी और बड़ी हो जाती हैं. फाइब्रॉइड होने के कारण जो लक्षण प्रकट होते है वो इस बात पर निर्भर करते है की ये किस जगह स्थित  है , इनका आकार कैसा है और इनकी संख्या कितनी है. यदि फाइब्रॉइड बहुत छोटे हों और कम हों तो किसी प्रकार की तकलीफ नहीं होती और मेनोपॉज होने के बाद या अपने आप सिकुड़ कर मिट जाते है. लेकिन यदि फाइब्रोइड बढ़ जाते है इस प्रकार की परेशानी पैदा हो सकती है. गर्भाशय आकार में नाशपाती जैसा होता है. बच्चेदानी, महिलाओं का वो ख़ास अंग है जहां जन्म से पहले बच्चे को रखती हैं. आप इसे दो भागों में बाँट सकते हैं. एक तो है गर्भाशय ग्रीवा का पहला भाग जो योनी में खुलता है, वहीँ दुसरा भाग जो गर्भाशय का उपरी हिस्सा है जिसे कॉर्पस कहते हैं. महिलाओं के गर्भाशय में गाँठ का एक कारण कैंसर भी हो सकता है. आइए बच्चेदानी के गाँठ के कारणों और इसके संभावित उपचारों पर एक नजर डालें.
 

क्या है बच्चेदानी में गाँठ का कारण
हार्मोन

इस्ट्रोजन और प्रोजेस्ट्रोन नामक हार्मोन ओवरी में बनते है. हार्मोन के कारण हर महीने गर्भाशय में एक परत बनती है. जिसके कारण माहवारी होती है. ये हार्मोन ही इन परत के बनने के दौरान फाइब्रॉइड बनने की वजह भी बनते है.
अनुवांशिकता पारिवारिक कारण
यदि दादी, नानी, माँ या बहन को फाइब्रॉइड की समस्या है तो आपको भी यह होने की पूरी संभावना होती है.
गर्भावस्था
गर्भावस्था के समय एस्ट्रोजन और प्रोजेस्ट्रोन हार्मोन्स का स्राव बढ़ जाता है. इसलिए ऐसे समय फाइब्रॉइड होने संभावना भी बढ़ जाती है.
मोटापा
वजन ज्यादा होने की वजह से भी गर्भाशय में फाइब्रॉइड बनने की संभावना बढ़ जाती है. इसका कारण गलत प्रकार का खान-पान, शारीरिक गतिविधि का अभाव तथा गलत प्रकार की दिनचर्या भी हो सकता है.


क्या हैं इसके लक्षण?

  • माहवारी के समय या बीच में ज्यादा रक्तस्राव जिसमें थक्के शामिल होते है.
  • नाभि के नीचे पेट में दर्द या पीठ के निचले हिस्से में दर्द.
  • पेशाब बार बार आना.
  • मासिक धर्म के समय दर्द की लहर चलना.
  • यौन सम्बन्ध बनाते समय दर्द होना.
  • मासिक धर्म का सामान्य से अधिक दिनों तक चलना.
  • नाभि के नीचे पेट में दबाव या भारीपन महसूस होना.
  • एनीमिया.
  • पैरों में दर्द.
  • पेट की समस्याएं सूजन.
  • सम्भोग के समय दबाव महसूस होना.
  • फाइब्रॉइड का पता कैसे चलता है

यदि उपरोक्त लक्षण दिखाई दें तो महिला चिकित्सक से जाँच करानी चाहिए. जाँच करने के बाद यदि उन्हें गर्भाशय में गांठ यानि फाइब्रॉइड होने का शक हो डॉक्टर सोनोग्राफी कराने के लिए कह सकते है. सोनोग्राफी से गर्भाशय की सही स्थिति का पता चलता है. कहाँ, कितनी संख्या और कितने बड़े फायब्रॉयड है इसका भी पता चल जाता है. यह सोनोग्राफी दो तरह से होती है – पहली समान्य प्रकार से पेट के ऊपर से और दूसरी योनी के अंदर से जिसे ट्रांसवेजिनल अल्ट्रासॉउन्ड कहते है.
योनि के अंदर से सोनोग्राफी होने पर फाइब्रॉइड की स्थिति का ज्यादा स्पष्ट रूप से पता चलता है. क्योंकि उसमे मशीन गर्भाशय के ज्यादा पास तक पहुँच पाती है. डॉक्टर के बताये अनुसार सोनोग्राफी कराने से किस प्रकार का इलाज  होना चाहिए यह पता चलता है. इसके अलावा एम.आर.आई., एक्सरे या सीटी स्केन की जरुरत के अनुसार कराने की सलाह दी जा सकती है.
 

क्या है इसका उपचार
यदि फाइब्रोइड के कारण किसी प्रकार की तकलीफ ना हो तो सामान्यतः किसी प्रकार के इलाज की आवश्यकता  नहीं होती है. यहाँ तक की थोड़ा बहुत अधिक रक्तस्राव की स्थिति से निपट सकें तो कोई इलाज ना लें तो चलता है.
मेनोपॉज होने के बाद इसके कारण हो रही तकलीफ कम हो जाती है या कभी कभी बिल्कुल मिट भी जाती है. लेकिन यदि तकलीफ ज्यादा होती है तो इलाज लेना जरुरी हो जाता है.
फायब्रॉइड का इलाज उम्र , शारीरिक स्थिति , फाइब्रॉइड का आकार , उनकी संख्या और उनकी स्थिति के अनुसार तय किया जाता है. हो सकता है कुछ दवाओं से फाइब्रॉइड ठीक हो जाएँ अन्यथा ऑपरेशन की जरुरत भी पड़ सकती है. आपरेशन कई प्रकार से होते है. जिसमें मशीनों की सहायता से फाइब्रॉइड को बिना किसी चीर फाड़ के लेजर से नष्ट किया जाता है.
यदि इसके द्वारा इलाज संभव नहीं हो तो गर्भाशय को निकाल देना पड़ता है. उस स्थिति में माँ बनने की संभावना समाप्त हो जाती है. इस आपरेशन में ओवरी निकाल देनी है या नहीं यह डॉक्टर मरीज की परिस्थिति और जरुरत को देखते हुए निर्णय लेते है.
फाइब्रोइड होने पर डॉक्टर से इस प्रकार के प्रश्न किये जा सकते है. इनके जवाब समझने पर यह निर्णय करना आसान होता है कि अब क्या करना चाहिए. दवा लें या सर्जरी करायें. डॉक्टर की राय भी ली जा सकती है ताकि निर्णय लेना आसान हो जाये.
यदि गर्भाशय में मौजूद गांठ या रसौली प्रारंभिक अवस्था में हो या छोटी हों तो आयुर्वेदिक दवाओं से या होमिओपेथिक दवाओं से इन्हें ठीक करने की कोशिश की जा सकती है. ज्यादा बड़े फाइब्रॉइड होने पर और ब्लीडिंग अधिक होने पर सर्जरी जरुरी हो जाती है. सर्जरी के बाद महीने डेढ़ महीने कुछ परहेज रखने की जरुरत होती है. सर्जरी के बाद सभी तरह की परेशानियों से मुक्ति मिल जाती है.

Disk l4 l5 mildly bulged diffusely and posture bilaterally mildly narrowing lateral recesses. I have phasing problem from last 2 months now I got MRI so I got above impression .Is it major and what is the solution and I am getting pain back to but.

Erasmus Mundus Master in Adapted Physical Activity, MPT, BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
This is a general low back ache and for this you can follow these measures: one keep a pillow right under the knee while sleeping, next is you can keep ice in the painful area for about 5--10 minutes, if pain still persists you can stretch your body by twisting the waist on both sides how we used to do in the school drill similarly you can try which will help you relax as well will reduce the pain. It looks like you are anaemic. If you have back pain after you sit for long hours then it is due to your haemoglobin levels as it is important to check that. Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired and also having back / leg pain though there may not be any pathological reasons for back pain. If you have leg pain then you have to rule out the casues for having leg pain. First of all check your weight and your haemoglobin levels, as Anaemia always leads to the symptoms of being tired and also having leg pain though there are no issues with the knee joint or back pain. If not if the pain radiates down the back of thigh and legs then it might be due to sciatica. Kindly consult the nearby physiotherapist. Hope you recover soon from the leg pain. •Standing hamstring stretch: Place the heel of your injured leg on a stool about 15 inches high. Keep your knee straight. Lean forward, bending at the hips until you feel a mild stretch in the back of your thigh. Make sure you do not roll your shoulders and bend at the waist when doing this or you will stretch your lower back instead of your leg. Hold the stretch for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat 3 times. •Cat and camel: Get down on your hands and knees. Let your stomach sag, allowing your back to curve downward. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Then arch your back and hold for 5 seconds. Do 3 sets of 10. •Quadruped arm/leg raise: Get down on your hands and knees. Tighten your abdominal muscles to stiffen your spine. While keeping your abdominals tight, raise one arm and the opposite leg away from you. Hold this position for 5 seconds. Lower your arm and leg slowly and alternate sides. Do this 10 times on each side. •Pelvic tilt: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Tighten your abdominal muscles and push your lower back into the floor. Hold this position for 5 seconds, then relax. Do 3 sets of 10. •Partial curl: Lie on your back with your knees bent and your feet flat on the floor. Tighten your stomach muscles. Tuck your chin to your chest. With your hands stretched out in front of you, curl your upper body forward until your shoulders clear the floor. Hold this position for 3 seconds. Don't hold your breath. It helps to breathe out as you lift your shoulders up. Relax. Repeat 10 times. Build to 3 sets of 10. To challenge yourself, clasp your hands behind your head and keep your elbows out to the side. •Gluteal stretch: Lying on your back with both knees bent, rest the ankle of one leg over the knee of your other leg. Grasp the thigh of the bottom leg and pull that knee toward your chest. You will feel a stretch along the buttocks and possibly along the outside of your hip on the top leg. Hold this for 15 to 30 seconds. Repeat 3 times. •Extension exercise: Lie face down on the floor for 5 minutes. If this hurts too much, lie face down with a pillow under your stomach. This should relieve your leg or back pain. When you can lie on your stomach for 5 minutes without a pillow, then you can continue with the rest of this exercise.
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Fractures - How To Diagnose Them?

MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS
Orthopedist, Chennai
Fractures - How To Diagnose Them?

Fractures are simply a break in a bone. They can be caused due to injury, (traumatic fractures) or a pre-existing condition like osteoporosis that causes weakening of bones (pathologic fractures). There are many ways to classify fractures. All fractures fall into the major categories of simple and compound fractures. Simple fractures are fractures where bones remain inside the skin and don’t jut out. They are also called closed fractures.

Compound fractures, also called open fractures, are broken bones that penetrate through the skin. These types expose the bone and deep tissues to the environment. Compound fractures are more serious of the two. The healing here may be affected due to deep infections for which antibiotics need to be used. There are many different sub types of fractures and we’re only going to skim through them here.

  1. Comminuted fractures: Severe fractures in which a bone breaks into several smaller pieces.
  2. Avulsion fractures: A small piece of bone is completely torn off from the main bone due to fierce pulling off a part of the body.

Other types of fractures are characterised by the many different angles the bone breaks into like transverse, oblique and spiral fractures.

Diagnosis
When a bone is broken there are symptoms like swelling that doesn’t subside on its own and pain. In such a case it’s imperative that one goes to a doctor for a diagnosis. Doctors can usually recognise most fractures by examining the injury and taking an X-ray. The X-ray also provides a clear idea about the type of fracture and the degree of displacement of the bone. And, it’s important that the patient doesn’t wait too long before approaching a doctor. This is because bones begin to heal very quickly after a fracture and the bone tissue will heal using any tissue available. This can lead to a misalignment of broken pieces of bone and cause disability and loss of function.

There are cases when X-ray may not show a fracture. This is especially common in fractures in the hip and wrist in older people. For diagnosing these, doctors will get some other tests done such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), or a bone scan.

Treatments
Fractures have to be treated by doctors. The doctors set the fractured bones in their proper place and hold them there so that they can heal. Setting a bone is called "reduction." Reduction without surgery is called "closed reduction." But if the fracture is serious, it’s going to require surgery with bone repositioning, called open reduction.

In extreme cases, pins, plates, screws, rods, or glue are used to hold the fractured bones in place, inside the body. Once the bone abutment has been treated, the bone is immobilised to allow the broken pieces to heal. In most cases, the fractured part is set in a rigid cast. The fractured ends of the bone can be fixed into place using metal pins connected to an external frame. This is removed after the bone has healed. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an orthopedist.

I got spine l4 l5 disc herniation surgery in which my QI nerve was compressed on 13 Feb 2016 .I'm all fit now but I want to know that can I continue gym in future. Along with precautions.

ms orthopaedics, mbbs
Orthopedist, Noida
Yes you can do gymming and heavy wieghts. Precautions: 1. Use professional belts while gymming. 2. Avoid any exercises that make you bend forward. 3. Avoid exercises that being head and foot/knees together. 4. Perform spine extension exercises. 5. Always warm up and limber down. 6. Realise your body potential and don't think of lifting really heavy weights.
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Breast Cancer - 8 Things You Must Do To Avoid it!

DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MBBS
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Breast Cancer - 8 Things You Must Do To Avoid it!

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women about 1 in 8 women in the USA develop invasive breast cancer. The incidence of breast cancer has increased with changes in lifestyle including smoking, drinking and loss of physical activity. The risk factors are age, ethnicity and family history cannot be changed. However, there are some risk factors that can definitely be acted upon to reduce the chances of developing breast cancer.

  1. Weight management: Obesity is one of the major risk factors for breast cancer and managing weight and a good body mass index will help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. This is especially important in women undergoing menopause.
  2. Reducing smoking: The benefits of quitting it are manifold and reducing the risk for breast cancer is one of them. This will, as a byproduct, also result in a host of other benefits including improved quality of life, reduced chances of heart disease, stroke, and other cancers.
  3. Physical activity: In addition to helping in weight management, this also helps reduce the risk of breast cancer. Ideal recommendation is 30 minutes of physical activity per day, plus strength training.
  4. Breastfeeding: This helps in reducing the risk of breast cancer. Prolonged feeding is shown to have a greater protective benefit.
  5. Hormone replacement therapy: When possible, limit the use of hormone replacement therapy for prolonged periods of time. Explore options of non-hormonal substitutes or use the least permissible or required dose. Be sure to get periodic check-ups when on hormone therapy.
  6. Reduce exposure to environmental pollution: Higher levels of pollutants are linked to a higher incidence of breast cancer. When possible, avoid getting exposure to environmental pollutants.
  7. Screening: If there is a strong family history or other risk factors, then screening can help detect breast cancer very early in the process. Recommended ages for mammography are as follows:
    • If you are age 40 – 44: Go for annual mammograms after discussing risks and benefits with the doctor.
    • If you are age 45 – 54: Go for annual mammogram.
    • If you are age 55 or over: Mammograms are recommended every other year. You can choose to continue to have them every year. Self-breast exams are not sufficient. However, if being done, they can also be an input to an abnormality.
  8. Cautious use of birth control pills: Birth control pill usage to be discussed with your gynaecologist if you are above 35 years of age and smoke. The good news is that the risk associated with it disappears slowly after the pill is stopped.

These will help reduce the risk of developing breast cancer, early detection, and improved prognosis.

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Liver Cancer - 5 Common Signs Of It!

MS - General Surgery, MCH - Oncology , MBBS
Oncologist, Pune
Liver Cancer - 5 Common Signs Of It!

Liver cancer is when the cells in the liver grow uncontrolled. As the liver filters blood from all parts of the body, one of the most common reasons for liver cancer is perhaps metastasis, which is spread from other parts. Through the blood, cancer cells from other parts reach the liver for filtration and can then make the organ cancerous.

In addition to this, there are other risk factors that can lead to liver cancer. For example, people suffering from obesity, alcohol and tobacco abuse, viral hepatitis (B or C), chronic liver disease (especially in men, who are more prone than women to develop cancer), cirrhosis and someone who has a history of a prolonged use of steroids can suffer from the disease. Also, while liver cancer is very rare in the Americas, it is very common in Africa and Southeast Asia as the prevalence of hepatitis is higher in these regions.

When it comes to the symptoms, it’s acceptable that liver cancer is insidious, and the exact point of origin cannot be identified. It continues to grow until symptoms become evident, which are also nonspecific. Before analyzing your health on your own, it’s always recommendable to seek an expert’s final word on it. Let’s take a look at the top signs that might point out towards liver cancer.

  1. Abdominal pain: When you suffer a strong pain in the abdominal area, especially in the upper portion on the right side, it can signal a lump or a growing tumor in the liver. This can also be accompanied by middle or lower back pain.
  2. Weight lossMany a time, women who suffer from a sudden loss of weight can be going through a deadly disease like this one. In most cases, these weight loss cases show no attempts on the patient’s side, that is, the weight loss occurred for unknown reasons. A loss of appetite, without any reasons, is another indicator. These can result due to unexplained reasons and should be taken seriously.
  3. White, chalky stools:This one is another tell-tale sign of liver cancer. Often, people tend to ignore stools in light, flaky colors. It is always better to consult a doctor, as you might be ignoring a sign of potential cancer.
  4. BloatingWhen you feel certain heaviness or bloating in the upper part of the abdomen due to fluid accumulation it indicates, which is one of the indicators for testing liver cancer.
  5. Frequent body conditions: Apart from the above mentioned symptoms, one can also consider personal health history when facing any liver- related problems. Recurring severe nausea and vomiting and general signs of lethargy and weakness can also indicate liver cancer. Also, personal health history with claims the patient suffered from jaundice (due to the accumulation of bile pigments in the sclera and skin) can also be taken into consideration. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult an Oncologist.
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