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Primary Health Centre, Karuna Trust

  4.6  (145 ratings)

General Physician Clinic

Kempapura Main Road, Yemluru Bangalore
1 Doctor · ₹100
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Primary Health Centre, Karuna Trust   4.6  (145 ratings) General Physician Clinic Kempapura Main Road, Yemluru Bangalore
1 Doctor · ₹100
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Our goal is to offer our patients, and all our community the most affordable, trustworthy and professional service to ensure your best health....more
Our goal is to offer our patients, and all our community the most affordable, trustworthy and professional service to ensure your best health.
More about Primary Health Centre, Karuna Trust
Primary Health Centre, Karuna Trust is known for housing experienced General Physicians. Dr. Harika Rahul Raj, a well-reputed General Physician, practices in Bangalore. Visit this medical health centre for General Physicians recommended by 99 patients.


02:00 PM - 02:30 PM


Kempapura Main Road, Yemluru
Bangalore, Karnataka - 560037
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Dr. Harika Rahul Raj

General Physician
92%  (145 ratings)
100 at clinic
₹250 online
Available today
02:00 PM - 02:30 PM
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Types of Headache

General Physician, Bangalore
Types of Headache

Types of Headache

1 person found this helpful

My wife suffering from varicose veins. Kindly advice a homely treatment. My name: Kuldip mathur.

General Physician, Bangalore
Practice foot end elevation like pillows under foot while sleeping sitting use stockings while walking.
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General Physician, Bangalore
A number of infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another by contaminated hands. These diseases include gastrointestinal infections, such as Salmonella, and respiratory infections, such as influenza. Washing your hands properly can help prevent the spread of the germs (like bacteria and viruses) that cause these diseases.

Some forms of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections can cause serious complications, especially for young children, the elderly, or those with a weakened immune system.
When to wash your hands

You should wash your hands thoroughly:

-after using the toilet or changing nappies
-before,during and after preparing food
-between handling raw and cooked or ready-to-eat food
-before eating
-after using a tissue or handkerchief
-before and after attending to sick children or other family members.
-after smoking
-after handling rubbish or working in the garden
-after handling animals

How to wash your hands properly

To wash hands properly:

Wet your hands with clean, running water, turn off the tap.
Apply soap and lather well for 20 seconds (or longer if the dirt is ingrained).
Rub hands together rapidly across all surfaces of your hands and wrists.
Don’t forget the backs of your hands, your wrists, between your fingers and under your fingernails.
If possible, remove rings and watches before you wash your hands, or ensure you move the rings to wash under them, as microorganisms can exist under them.
Rinse well under running water and make sure all traces of soap are removed.
Dry your hands using a clean towel or air dry them
It is best to use paper towels (or single-use cloth towel).
Dry under any rings, as they can be a source of future contamination if they remain moist.
Hot air driers can be used.
An idea at home: give each family member their own towel and wash the towels often.

Use running water

Use running water instead of a basin of standing water that could become contaminated through use. Warm water may be better than cold for handwashing as soap lathers (soaps up) better with warm water. However, cold water and soap are still suitable. Hot water can damage the skin’s natural oils. Over time, this can cause dermatitis.

Soap is important

Washing hands with soap and water will remove substantially more disease causing organisms than washing hands with water alone. For people who find that soap causes skin irritation, it is useful to note that soaps can have a different pH – they may be neutral, slightly alkaline or slightly acidic, and perfumes in soap may also cause irritation. Changing soap may help some people

Liquid soap is best

Generally, it is better to use liquid soap than bar soap, particularly at work. However, bar soap is better than no soap.

LESS advantage to using antibacterial soap

When following the handwashing steps outlined above, all soaps are equally effective at removing disease causing germs. Antibacterial soap is unnecessary and does not offer an advantage over regular soap.

Take care of your hands

Handwashing is only one part of hand hygiene. Looking after your skin generally is important, as your skin is your most effective barrier against infection. After your hands have been dried thoroughly, you can help to look after your hands if you:

Apply a water-based absorbent hand cream three to four times a day, or more frequently if your hands are constantly in water.
-Use gloves to wash dishes to protect your hands.
-Use gloves when gardening to prevent a build-up of ingrained soil or scratches.
-Consult a doctor if a skin irritation develops or continues.


General Physician, Bangalore

What is typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is an acute illness associated with fever caused by the salmonella typhi bacteria. It can also be caused by salmonella paratyphi, a related bacterium that usually causes a less severe illness. The bacteria are deposited in water or food by a human carrier and are then spread to other people in the area.

The incidence of typhoid fever in the united states has markedly decreased since the early 1900s, when tens of thousands of cases were reported in the u. S. Today, less than 400 cases are reported annually in the united states, mostly in people who have recently traveled to mexico and south america. This improvement is the result of better environmental sanitation. India, pakistan, and egypt are also known as high-risk areas for developing this disease. Worldwide, typhoid fever affects more than 21 million people annually, with about 200, 000 people dying from the disease.

How do people get typhoid fever?

Typhoid fever is contracted by drinking or eating the bacteria in contaminated food or water. People with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through stool, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. Contamination of the water supply can, in turn, taint the food supply. The bacteria can survive for weeks in water or dried sewage.

About 3%-5% of people become carriers of the bacteria after the acute illness. Others suffer a very mild illness that goes unrecognized. These people may become long-term carriers of the bacteria -- even though they have no symptoms -- and be the source of new outbreaks of typhoid fever for many years.

How is typhoid fever diagnosed?

After the ingestion of contaminated food or water, the salmonella bacteria invade the small intestine and enter the bloodstream temporarily. The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow, where they multiply and reenter the bloodstream. People develop symptoms, including fever, at this point. Bacteria invade the gallbladder, biliary system, and the lymphatic tissue of the bowel. Here, they multiply in high numbers. The bacteria pass into the intestinal tract and can be identified in stool samples. If a test result isn't clear, blood samples will be taken to make a diagnosiswhat are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
The incubation period is usually 1-2 weeks, and the duration of the illness is about 3-4 weeks.

Symptoms include:

Poor appetite
Generalized aches and pains
Fever as high as 104 degrees farenheit
Chest congestion develops in many people, and abdominal pain and discomfort are common. The fever becomes constant. Improvement occurs in the third and fourth week in those without complications. About 10% of people have recurrent symptoms after feeling better for one to two weeks. Relapses are actually more common in individuals treated with antibiotics.

How is typhoid fever treated?

Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics which kill the salmonella bacteria. Prior to the use of antibiotics, the fatality rate was 20%. Death occurred from overwhelming infection, pneumonia, intestinal bleeding, or intestinal perforation. With antibiotics and supportive care, mortality has been reduced to 1%-2%. With appropriate antibiotic therapy, there is usually improvement within one to two days and recovery within seven to 10 days.

Several antibiotics are effective for the treatment of typhoid fever. Chloramphenicol was the original drug of choice for many years. Because of rare serious side effects, chloramphenicol has been replaced by other effective antibiotics. The choice of antibiotics is guided by identifying the geographic region where the infection was contracted (certain strains from south america show a significant resistance to some antibiotics.) if relapses occur, patients are retreated with antibiotics.

Those who become chronically ill (about 3%-5% of those infected), can be treated with prolonged antibiotics. Often, removal of the gallbladder, the site of chronic infection, will provide a cure.

For those traveling to high-risk areas, vaccines are now available.

Typhoid fever at a glance
Typhoid fever is caused by salmonellae typhi bacteria.
Typhoid fever is contracted by the ingestion of contaminated food or water.
Diagnosis of typhoid fever is made when the salmonella bacteria are detected with a stool culture.
Typhoid fever is treated with antibiotics.
Typhoid fever symptoms are poor appetite, headaches, generalized aches and pains, fever, and lethargy.
Approximately 3%-5% of patients become carriers of the bacteria after the acute illness.

General Physician, Bangalore
Vaccine Schedule

Epi schedules as recommended by govt. Of india 

-birth -15 days- bcg + opv (zero dose)
-6 weeks- opv1 + dpwt1 + hep b1 + hib 1*
-10 weeks- opv2 + dpwt2 + hep b2+ hib 2*
-14 weeks- opv3 + dpwt3 + hep b3+ hib 2*
-9 months- measles vaccine
-15 months-18 months- 1st booster of opv/ dpwt + mmr*
-5 years -6 years- 2nd booster of dpwt
-10 years- tetanus toxoid
-16 years- tetanus toxoid

* these vaccines have been introduced in few states currently, hep b = hepatitis b vaccine.

General Physician, Bangalore
Prevention of dengue

To prevent the spread of dengue fever, you must first prevent the breeding of its vector, the aedes mosquito. The aedes mosquito is easily identifiable by the distinctive black and white stripes on its body. It prefers to breed in clean, stagnant water easily found in our homes. You can get rid of the aedes mosquito by frequently checking and removing stagnant water in your premises.

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