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abdul aziz riyaz

General Surgeon Clinic

st johns medical college hospital Bangalore
1 Doctor · ₹100
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abdul aziz riyaz General Surgeon Clinic st johns medical college hospital Bangalore
1 Doctor · ₹100
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We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply....more
We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply.
More about abdul aziz riyaz
abdul aziz riyaz is known for housing experienced General Surgeons. Dr. Abdul Aziz Riyaz, a well-reputed General Surgeon, practices in Bangalore. Visit this medical health centre for General Surgeons recommended by 75 patients.

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08:30 AM - 01:00 PM

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st johns medical college hospital
Bangalore, Karnataka - 560076
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Dr. Abdul Aziz Riyaz

MS - General Surgery, MBBS
General Surgeon
5 Years experience
100 at clinic
₹100 online
Unavailable today
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Mantoux Test or Tuberculin Skin Test

MD - Pathology
Pathologist, Noida
Mantoux Test or Tuberculin Skin Test

Diagnosis of tuberculosis is based on a combination of clinical features, smear examination of sputum where available, tuberculin skin testing or Mantoux test, chest X-ray and Histopathologic / cytologic examination as appropriate. Common clinical features are weight loss, persistent fever and /or cough of more than 2 weeks duration and history of close contact with another Tuberculosis patient.

Mantoux test also known as Tuberculin skin test is used for the detection of infection by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis bacteria. The test consists of slowly injecting a liquid intradermally (superficially within the layers of the skin) on the forearm, leading to formation of a raised vesicle which should be easily visible to the naked eye. This liquid, used in India, is Tuberculin PPD RT 23 strain. Tuberculin is a glycerol extract of the Tuberculosis bacteria. This is one of the two WHO accepted standard tuberculins, apart from PPD-S. In India, where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high, the recommended dose of this liquid is 0.1 ml of 1 TU (TU stands for tuberculin units) .1 TU is the strength of the liquid mentioned on the vial. This liquid is usually administered by a very tiny syringe, usually of 26 gauge. (Needle diameter).

Please click on the link to watch a video  demonstrating  how this procedure is performed.

Test principle : The individual who has been infected with Tubercle bacilli responds with a hypersensitivity reaction at the test site in the form of induration. Induration is the palpable raised hardening of the skin, while erythema refers to redness of skin. Only induration is clinically significant and measured after 48 to 72hours following injection. Diameter of the Induration is measured by a scale in millimetres perpendicular to the long axis of the forearm.

Interpretation of the tuberculin test

  1. Size of induration 15 mm and above : - signifies infection with tubercle bacilli
  2. Size of induration 10-14 mm : - could be due to infection with tubercle bacilli, BCG induced sensitivity, or due to cross reaction with other environmental mycobacteria.

It is more likely to be attributable to infection with tubercle bacilli in case of history of contact with smear positive case of pulmonary TB, clinically confirmed TB OR X-ray consistent with active TB.

  1. Size of induration 5 -9 mm: usually non tuberculous in nature generally
  2. Size of induration <5 mm : indicates absence of any type of mycobacterial infection.

Precautions during this procedure :

  1. If a raised vesicle does not appear it means that the liquid has been injected too deeply, and the test should be repeated on the other arm. If the same arm is used the injection site should be should be separated at least 5 cm from the first injection site.
  2. Occasional patients may experience severe allergic reaction to the tuberculin PPD

Comments :

  1. Larger the size of the induration, higher the probability of presence of infection with tubercle bacilli.
  2. Almost all reactions with induration more than 15 mm maybe considered attributable to infection with tubercle bacilli.
  3. Formation of necrosis (ulcer) at the test site, indicates high degree of tuberculin sensitivity and suggests presence of infection with tubercle bacteria.
  4. Tuberculin reaction may be suppressed (falsely low) in presence of immunosuppressive states. Like HIV, malnutrition, patient on steroid therapy etc.
  5. Mantoux test is generally not recommended for infants less than 12 weeks old. If the test turns out to be positive, then it is significant, but if the test is negative, then the test needs to be repeated again.
  6. The tuberculin test detects only the presence or absence of tuberculosis infection. The presence of infection is not synonymous with disease. It simply means, that even if you have tuberculosis infection in your body, as detected by positive Mantoux test, it does not mean you have active Tuberculosis in your body and require anti tuberculosis drugs in all cases. The clinician will correlate your mantoux test result with other tests ( as mentioned at the top of the blog) to give you a final picture.  
  7. For more such interesting articles please visit my blogsite www.doctors4patients.com
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Home Remedies For Wrinkles in Hindi

B.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Delhi
Home Remedies For Wrinkles in Hindi

एक समय था जब झुर्रियों को बुढ़ापे की निशानी माना जाता था। लेकिन, आजकल, यह आश्चर्यजनक नहीं होगा कि आप केवल 25 वर्ष के हों, तो भी यह दिखना शुरू कर दें। व्यस्त जीवनशैली, तनाव, नींद की कमी और अनुचित आहार अक्सर त्वचा का नुकसान होने के कारण होता है। 
झुर्रियां पतली, सगनी त्वचा के कारण होती हैं। वे विशेष रूप से चेहरे, गर्दन, हाथों की पीछे, और अग्र-भुजाओं के शीर्ष पर दिखाई देते हैं। झुर्रियां तब होती हैं जब त्वचा के संयोजी ऊतक में कोलेजन और इलास्टिन कमजोर हो जाते हैं और टूट जाते हैं। समय से पहले या अधिक झुर्रियां अन्य कारकों जैसे सूरज की रोशनी या कठोर वातावरण, धूम्रपान, कुछ दवाओं के उपयोग, अत्यधिक तनाव, अचानक वजन घटाने, विटामिन ई की हानि, गतिहीन जीवन शैली और आनुवंशिक पूर्ववृत्ति के कारण भी हो सकती हैं। 
 

झुर्रियों से बचाव के घरेलू उपाय
यदि आपने हाल ही में अपने चेहरे पर महीन रेखाओं पर गौर किया है या लंबे समय से उन्हें छुटकारा पाने के लिए संघर्ष कर रहे हैं, तो यहां कुछ अद्भुत घरेलू उपाय हैं जो झुर्रियों को बहुत प्रभावी ढंग से हटा सकते हैं।
1. जैतून का तेल:
जैतून का तेल आपकी त्वचा के लिए एक अद्भुत मालिश तेल है। यह एंटीऑक्सिडेंट जैसे विटामिन ए और ई, का एक अच्छा स्रोत है, जो त्वचा के लिए हानिकारक मुक्त कणों से लड़ते हैं। नियमित रूप से प्रभावित त्वचा क्षेत्र पर जैतून का तेल मालिश करना त्वचा की कोशिकाओं को मॉइस्चराइज, मरम्मत और पुनर्जीवित करेगा। 
आप 1 बड़े चमच जैतून के तेल में 1/2 चम्मच कालनजी तेल को भी जोड़ सकते हैं, इसे अधिक शक्तिशाली बनाने के लिए।
2. मेथी:
मेथी के पत्ते विटामिन और खनिजों में बहुत समृद्ध हैं जो आसानी से शरीर द्वारा अवशोषित होते हैं और झुर्रियाँ और अन्य त्वचा की समस्याओं का इलाज करते हैं। ताजी मेथी के पत्तों को पीस लें, एक पेस्ट बनाने के लिए। अपने चेहरे पर पेस्ट को लागू करें और इसे रात भर छोड़ दें। सुबह इसे गुनगुने पानी से धो लें।
आप मेथी के बीज के साथ उबला हुए पानी से भी अपना चेहरा धो सकते हैं या अपनी झुर्रियों और महीन रेखाओं पर मेथी तेल लगा सकते हैं।
3. अदरक:
यह इलास्टिन के टूटने को रोकने में मदद करता है, झुर्रियां और महीन रेखाओं के मुख्य कारणों में से एक है। अदरक एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स में समृद्ध है, इस प्रकार भी झुर्रियों को रोकने में मदद करता है। शहद की एक चम्मच के साथ कसा हुआ अदरक मिलाएं और हर सुबह इस मिश्रण को खाएं। आप अदरक और शहद वाली चाय भी पी सकते हैं।
4. एलोवेरा:
एलोवेरा विटामिन ई का एक समृद्ध स्रोत है, जो त्वचा के लिए एक बूस्टर है। एलोवेरा एंटीऑक्सिडेंट और शोथ रोधक यौगिकों के साथ सुस्त त्वचा को भी स्वस्थ कर देता है। 1 बड़ा चमचा एलोवेरा जेल और 1 अंडे के सफेद हिस्से का उपयोग करके पेस्ट बनाएँ और इससे अपने चेहरे पर मालिश करें। इसे आधे घंटे के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर धो लें।
5. केले:
केले विटामिन, खनिज और एंटीऑक्सिडेंट्स में समृद्ध हैं जो झुर्रियों और महीन रेखाओं के कारणों से मुकाबला करते हैं। एक गाढ़ा पेस्ट बनाने के लिए दो केलों को कुचल दें। झुर्रीदार क्षेत्रों पर पेस्ट को लागू करें। इसे कम से कम आधे घंटे के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर इसे गुनगुने पानी से धो लें।
6. बादाम:
बादाम में विटामिन ई होता है जो त्वचा की प्राकृतिक लोच को लौटाता है। बादाम फाइबर, लोहा, जस्ता, कैल्शियम, फोलिक एसिड, और ओलिक एसिड का भी एक उत्कृष्ट स्रोत है, जो संयुक्त रूप से बुढ़ापे की प्रक्रिया में देरी कर सकते हैं और झुर्रियों का इलाज कर सकते हैं।
रात भर के लिये कच्चे दूध में कुछ बादाम सोखें। सुबह, उन्हें छील लें और पीसकर गाढ़ा पेस्ट बनायें। इसे चेहरे पर लागू करें, 15 मिनट तक सूखा दें और फिर पानी से धो लें।
7. अनानास:
अनानास में एंजाइम होते हैं जो त्वचा लोच को बढ़ावा देते हैं, त्वचा को मॉइस्चराइज करते हैं और साथ ही मृत त्वचा कोशिकाओं को खत्म करने में मदद करते हैं। यह एंटीऑक्सिडेंट, फाइबर और विटामिन में भी समृद्ध है जो त्वचा के स्वास्थ्य को बढ़ावा देते हैं। 
प्रभावित त्वचा क्षेत्र पर अनानस मांस रगड़ें। आपकी त्वचा पर अनानस का पल्प लागू करें। इसे लगभग 20 मिनट तक सूखने के लिए छोड़ दें और फिर इसे धो लें।

1 person found this helpful

Hi Doctor, I'm Abinash! One of my friend told me that if I apply Beer (alcohol) on my face then it will glow and it really helps in removal of dead cells from the face. How far is it true?

M.D.(A.M.), BAMS
General Physician, Gurgaon
Hi Doctor, I'm Abinash! One of my friend told me that if I apply Beer (alcohol) on my face then it will glow and it r...
No such datas are available for beer to apply on face for glow.in fact many other things are easily available like ALOE VERA, HALDI with Curd etc. So just consult any expert for it.
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Natural n effective remedies for dark circles of eyes, which gives permanent solutions.

BHMS, DEMS
Homeopath, Pune
Natural n effective remedies for dark circles of eyes, which gives permanent solutions.
Yes many people suffer from dark circles under the eyes, it is embarrassing and make you look older than you are. Oversleeping and lack of sleep. Can cause dark circles. Stress, eczema, allergies, iron deficiencies are other causes. Excessive smoking or drinking alcohol, coffee and use of cocaine, can cause under eye circles. Excessive exposure to the sun, which causes body produces more melanin. Follow this tips to remove dark circles under eyes - * Avoid exposure to sun. * Avoid excessive intake of salt, smoking, drinking. * Drink plenty of water, and have nutritious diet. * Eat food that contain antioxidants, i.e. Parsley, onion, black currant, green tea and blueberries which contribute to make skin healthy. * Apply sunscreen lotion of an SPF above 30 under the eyes. * Keep slices of cucumber or potato over the eyes for 15 - 20 minutes, will rest the eyes and make them look fresh and alert. For better results you can consult me on Lybrate privately. Take care.
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Which is the best cream with hydroquinone tretinoin mometasone furoate for skin lightening?

MBBS, Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Delhi
Which is the best cream with hydroquinone tretinoin mometasone furoate for skin lightening?
Skin lite is a unique triple-combination topical therapy for the short-term treatment of the dark spots associated with moderate-to-severe facial melasma. Skin lite Cream should always be used in conjunction with sun-avoidance measures, like using sunscreens and wearing protective clothing. Skin lite may improve the appearance of melasma but is not a cure. Such medications should be used only under careful observation of your dermatologist.
1 person found this helpful
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Mai 38 years old hu. Par 4 mahinose muze eka hi din blooding Hoti hai. Badame bus spot dikhate hai. Aur mere chehare me bahot sare pimals AA Gaye hai. Skin bhi dry ho gai hai. Aur pigmentation ho Gaya hai.

BHMS, MD(AM)
Homeopath, Kota
Mai 38 years old hu. Par 4 mahinose muze eka hi din blooding Hoti hai. Badame bus spot dikhate hai. Aur mere chehare ...
* hormonal pills, weakness or stress ki wajah se aapko hormonal imbalance ho gaya hai. * jiski wajah se cysts & obesity ho sakte hai. * start homeopathic treatment from classical homeopath or consult me online for hormonal regulation. * saath me balance diet ka or digestion ka bhi dhyan rakha jaye.
1 person found this helpful
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My Mother 40 have a black small patches on her hand in other words black circle mark on her hand please suggested her some home remedy or treatment and tell us how it come please it's your most kindness. thanks.

BAMS, PG Dip (Medical Education), (FAGE) Fellow of Academy of General Education, MBA (Healthcare)
Ayurveda, Bangalore
My Mother 40 have a black small patches on her hand in other words black circle mark on her hand please suggested her...
Hi, Apply coconut oil mixed with turmerixnom the affected part everyday and wash it with besan powder instead of any soap. You can also rinse neem leaves on oil overnight and us wht mixture for application. Regards Dr. Krishna Kumar Keva Ayurveda - Good health for all.
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45 years old lady and having a very bad ulcer problem not only in my mouth but also in the stomach. Most of the time feel something warm in the mouth and stomach. I have completely avoid spicy food from 4 month but nothing improve. Pls let me know what should I do and what is exactly this problem called? My test report shows: observation scope passed till D2 D1, D2: duodenitis at D1, Normal D2 stomach- Antral gastritis, normal body and fundus of the stomach. GE Junction - 35 cm with hiatus hernia. Esophagus - esophagitis Impression- Antral Gastritis and duodenitis with hiatus hernia.

BHMS
Homeopath, Secunderabad
As it is already a diagnosed problem and your doctor might have discussed the problem and its management, it important for you to take the right measures with lot of self discipline. Please have patience as it will take time to heal. Keep yourself active because that will keep you digestion regular. Eat simple and freshly prepared homemade food every 3-4 hrs I small portions. If required you can add Homeopathy which is safe and compatible with your regular medications. A detailed personal information is essential to give medicines suitable for your constitution. You can contact me for a private consultation or come for online chat.
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From few months I was in a depression of my health but now I was cleared everything and because of that depression my skin became dull (I have no bad habits) now what should I do to get chubby and fair skin as I am moving to my Post graduation.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Delhi
From few months I was in a depression of my health but now I was cleared everything and because of that depression my...
Hi start having a healthy protien and carbohydrate full diet. Eat fruits regularly as summers leads to excess fluid loss and skin also becomes dehydated easily. Drink appropriate amount of water (1.5-4 L). Add exercise to your routine.
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I feel pain during passing stools. Even sometimes I see blood. I do not feel my stomach empty. Pet saf nhi hota hai. Wht I have to do to get rid of this.

BHMS, Doctor of Homeopathic Medicine (H.M.D.)
Homeopath, Pune
I feel pain during passing stools. Even sometimes I see blood. I do not feel my stomach empty. Pet saf nhi hota hai. ...
It seems to be constipation, drink plenty of water, take semisolid food, add fibres in your diet like raw food fruits, vegetables, oats, daliya, daily physical activity. Avoid maida products, outside food. Try this for 15 days, if no recovery then consult a doctor.
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Allergic Contact Dermatitis - Ways It Can Be Treated!

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL), Diploma in Venerology & Dermatology (DVD)
Dermatologist, Nanded
Allergic Contact Dermatitis - Ways It Can Be Treated!

Has your skin become dry or itchy? Has it darkened or reddened after contact with a foreign material or substance? These symptoms may indicate allergic contact dermatitis (ACD), a skin condition which is caused by an allergic reaction of the skin after coming in contact with an external material. The condition usually arises after some time of the skin coming in contact with the material.

Causes
ACD is commonly caused due to skin contact with nickel or gold jewellery, latex gloves, several chemicals present in cosmetics, perfumes and poison oak. After being exposed to a foreign substance, the body releases inflammatory chemicals, which lead to irritation and itching on the skin. The skin may become scaly, flaky, appear leathery and dry blisters may develop.

Treatment
There are several ways to treat ACD. They are as follows:

  1. Avoiding the cause: Identification and avoidance of the allergens and irritants which cause ACD is the first step of treatment. By avoiding these allergens or reducing your exposure to them, the symptoms can be reduced.
  2. Emollients: Emollients offer a form of moisturizing treatment and are directly applied to the skin for reduction of water loss. A protective film covers the skin. They are efficient in treating conditions such as dry and scaly skin. There are different types of emollients.It is recommended that you apply a mix of emollients, which include an ointment for dry skin and a cream or lotion for dry skin. You should use emollients in place of soaps and should add them to your bath water as well. Make sure you use different emollients on your face, hands and body.
  3. Topical corticosteroids: In case your skin is severely red, inflamed or sore, a topical corticosteroid can be applied to your skin directly. This helps in reducing the inflammation quickly. Corticosteroids are different from anabolic steroids and are quite safe for the treatment of ACD. There are topical corticosteroids of different strengths and the dosage to be used depends upon the severity and location of ACD.

You may be instructed to use a strong topical corticosteroid in case of intense ACD. When the condition is mild, a weaker dosage of corticosteroid should be used. For treating contact dermatitis on the face, genitals or in the crease of the joints, a weaker dosage is used, whereas for treating it on the soles of your feet and the palms, a stronger dosage is required. Major cases of ACD go away on their own. However, when the condition is severe and the rashes are developed near the eyes or mouth, you should consult a doctor right away for proper and timely treatment.

287 people found this helpful

Hpyer-pigmentation can be removed by laser permanently? If yes what will be the charge for treating both the cheeks?

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO)
ENT Specialist, Bangalore
Hpyer-pigmentation can be removed by laser permanently? If yes what will be the charge for treating both the cheeks?
There is a huge variation in charges for similar procedures in different cosmetology centers. However, yes, the 880nm Diode LASER will remove hyperpigmentation of skin permanently.
1 person found this helpful
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I have dark spots on my face due to wound can you say any cream or any other remedy for it plz.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
I have dark spots on my face due to wound can you say any cream or any other remedy for it plz.
Please Use skin light cream by Himalaya Twice a day Take Mahamnjishtadi kadha 20 ml Twice a day for 3 months Lohasav 10 ml Twice a day for 3.
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I am having very very dark circles since many year ,I tried lots of remedies and also improve my diet to get rid of it but there is no improvement .pls help me.

Certificate Course in Fitness Management
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Faridabad
I am having very very dark circles since many year ,I tried lots of remedies and also improve my diet to get rid of i...
Hello, The best remedy is to have ample amount of sound and undisturbed sleep at night for at least 8- 10 hours. You can also take a 30-45 mins nap after your lunch. Reduce your screen time (computer, phone TV etc.) Wash your eyes with cold water for 5-10 mins after waking up in the morning. Then wash your face with tea tree facewash. Follow with a soothing toner like rose water. Use Kojic Acid based cream below eyes for at least 4 months to help lighten your dark circles. Hope this solves your problem.
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There is pimple on my out side of my anus hole. Its paining like a wound. Its almost 4th time im suffering from this. I consulted from a allopathic doctor. I want a final cure for this issue, and also I want the reason why it's happening often. Please help me to sort this out.

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kanpur
You may be having fissure in ano, which happens due to hard stool and tight sphincter, so you need to be examined by surgeon and proctoscopy to be done, by the time keep your stool soft by taking plenty of water orally and syp cremaffin 3 to 6 tsf hs use ointment lox anally before defecation to reduce pain. If it is a fissure than sphincter relaxing ointment may be added, and surgery is the final answer if not treated by medicine.
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When I go to the toilet blood comes out of my bum I am really worried about it what should I do?

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Kanpur
When I go to the toilet blood comes out of my bum
I am really worried about it what should I do?
You may be having fissure or pile so you need to be examined by surgeon and proctoscopy to be done to know what exactly it is, by the time keep your stool soft by taking plenty of water orally and take high fiber diet, hard stool cuts piles and blood comes out.
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I have small spots on my shoulders which excretes solid black substance. There are multiple such spots which looks like acne but has solid black substance filled in them.

MBBS
General Physician, Kolkata
I have small spots on my shoulders which excretes solid black substance. There are multiple such spots which looks li...
Hi This seems that it is due to excessive secretion of sebum. From your skin, that can not come out properly due to blocked sebaceous duct. You can use calamine lotion. Astringent lotion. Ice compress and antibiotic ointment such as soframycin. Use pure cotton garments. Take bath 3 to 4 times a day.
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5 Factors That Determine The Frequency Of Breast Examination

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chandigarh
5 Factors That Determine The Frequency Of Breast Examination

A breast examination is a way of detecting early changes that may find lumps of other growth in the breast. This is a manual form of examination that may be carried out by the doctor or even by the patient. This kind of examination helps in detecting the onset of breast cancer and helps in successful treatment of the same. It is an essential screening strategy that all women must go through. Let us cast a glance on the various details regarding this examination, and also how frequently it must be conducted.

  1. Age: Women who have reached the age of 18 are said to have matured physically and sexually. They should perform this examination once they have reached the said age in order to detect any anomalies in the way the physical changes occur in the breast tissue.
  2. Procedure: One should begin by looking at one's reflection in the mirror to find any rashes or dimpling in the breasts. The shape, size and colour of the breasts and nipples must also be studied so as to check for any anomalies. Inverted nipples, redness and soreness must also be reported to the doctor. Once you are done checking the visuals, you can raise your arms and look for any changes. Then, you will need to lie down and feel your breasts by using a circular motion. The finger pads must be used in order to check for any lumps. One must start from the centre and move the breasts sideways. Any wet and slippery feeling must be reported to the doctor immediately.
  3. Pressure: During the breast examination, you must use light pressure for the skin and tissue that lie beneath the breasts, while medium to moderate pressure should be used for the middle portion of the breasts. One must use a firm hand to check the tissue that lies at the back of the breasts, near the rib cage.
  4. Frequency: One must get into the habit of conducting a breast examination at least once a fortnight or once a month, without fail. You can also go to the gynaecologist for an examination in case you are not confident of conducting it on your own with proper movements and accuracy. You may also journalise your breast examination findings.
  5. Menstrual Cycles: When you are going through your menstrual cycle or period, it is important to remember that your breasts can become tender just before or after the start of the cycle. So, do not panic if you think you have found a lump or any other growth at this time. It is best to check again after a week and then visit the doctor about checking the same. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.
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Anti-Aging Serums: How Effective They Are?

M Derm, MBBS
Dermatologist, Delhi
Anti-Aging Serums: How Effective They Are?

As the number of candles on our birthday cakes increases, so do the number of wrinkles on our faces. As more and more wrinkles emerge on our faces, the number of bottles containing anti-ageing serums grows on our dressing tables too. But, do these serums work as promised? can you expect a serum to make you really look younger than you are?

- First, understand the difference between anti-ageing creams and serums!

The key to differentiating between anti-ageing creams and serums is looking at how they work. In essence, both offer the same benefits. An anti-ageing cream or serum treats acne, wrinkles, sunspots and other common signs of ageing. However, while creams hydrate and nourish the skin, serums work their way past the epidermis and thus penetrate deeper layers.

- Serums do moisturize the skin

Keeping the skin hydrated is the secret of good skin. To this effect, anti-ageing serums deliver as promised. By locking the moisture into your skin, they make your skin look healthy and supple and thus indirectly make the skin appear firmer and younger.

- Each serum affects different people in a different way

Skin care efficacy differs from person to person. While for some people exfoliating twice a week can make your skin brighter, others need a little more care. Don't look at the price to determine the effectiveness of the serum on your skin but take a look at the ingredients. If you're looking to reverse the damage of the past years on your skin, look for antioxidant-based serums.

- Anti-ageing serums can be used at any age but can also produce side effects

Some anti-ageing serums claim that women should start using them from when they turn 20, to maintain the glow of their skin. However, before you start using an anti-ageing serum, you must know what you're putting on your skin. Retinol that stimulates collagen production in the latter years can be not only ineffective but can also act an irritant for the skin. Overusing a serum can also make your skin dry.

- The same anti-ageing serum doesn't work for all ages

As mentioned above, anti-ageing serums can be used by women of all ages. Since each anti-ageing serum addresses a different symptom of ageing, the type of serum you should use depends on the symptom of ageing you want to address. Thus, while you might want to use an anti-ageing serum that prevents wrinkles right now, later on, you may want to use one that removes sunspots.

To sum it up, an anti-ageing serum can't make your skin actually younger, but the right anti-ageing serum can make it appear so.

3 people found this helpful

I have dark circles very intensely around the eyes and I want get it cured permanently!

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
I have dark circles very intensely around the eyes and I want get it cured permanently!
Dark circle around the eyes appear due to stress, lack of adequate sleep, hectic life style ,hormonal changes, hereditary Natural method of treatment 1.Mix 1 tsf of tomato juice with 1 tsf of lemon juice, apply it on affected area, leave it for 10 minutes, wash it with water, repeat the process twice daily 2.Apply little almond oil (it is rich in Vitamin E) on dark circle and massage it gently leave it overnight and wash it off in the morning 3. Mix orange juice with few drops of glycerin, apply it over dark circle, keep it for 10 minutes and wash it off with water 4.Put sliced cucumber in fridge for 30 minutes, take them out and place it over dark circle, leave it for 10 minutes, wash it off with cold water 5.crush few mint leaves with water forming a paste, apply it on affected area, leave it for 10 minutes, wash it with cold water 6.Soak cotton ball in rose water, apply it on affected area, leave it for 15 minutes wash it 7.Drink tomato juice mixed with lemon juice and mint leaves 8.do regular yoga and meditation to relieve stress 9.Consult skin specialist for further advice and treatment.
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