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Mallige Medical Centre

Multi-speciality Hospital (Dermatologist, Gynaecologist & more)

#31/32, Crescent Road Landmark : Near Race course Road & Shivananda Circle,Opposite To Hotel Bangalore International Bangalore
25 Doctors · ₹0 - 750
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Mallige Medical Centre Multi-speciality Hospital (Dermatologist, Gynaecologist & more) #31/32, Crescent Road Landmark : Near Race course Road & Shivananda Circle,Opposite To Hotel Bangalore International Bangalore
25 Doctors · ₹0 - 750
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About

We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply....more
We will always attempt to answer your questions thoroughly, so that you never have to worry needlessly, and we will explain complicated things clearly and simply.
More about Mallige Medical Centre
Mallige Medical Centre is known for housing experienced Ophthalmologists. Dr. T.M. Muddappa, a well-reputed Ophthalmologist, practices in Bangalore. Visit this medical health centre for Ophthalmologists recommended by 64 patients.

Timings

MON
10:00 AM - 08:30 PM
TUE-SAT
09:00 AM - 08:30 PM

Location

#31/32, Crescent Road Landmark : Near Race course Road & Shivananda Circle,Opposite To Hotel Bangalore International
Bangalore, Karnataka - 560020
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Doctors in Mallige Medical Centre

Dr. T.M. Muddappa

MBBS, MS - Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist
44 Years experience
350 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Purushothama K R

MBBS, MD - General Medicine
General Physician
20 Years experience
100 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Vidhya Jagirdar

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist
34 Years experience
400 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Kalyani

MBBS, DGO, MD-Gynaecology
Gynaecologist
45 Years experience
500 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Seema Shreedhar

MBBS, DGO
Gynaecologist
28 Years experience
500 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. M.M. Satish Kumar

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine, Fellowship in Nephrology
Nephrologist
20 Years experience
Unavailable today

Dr. T.S Ravindra

MBBS, MD
General Physician
34 Years experience
300 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Tarakaram Narayana

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, MCh - Neuro Surgery
Neurosurgeon
28 Years experience
350 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Basavaraj Dugani

MBBS, MRCP, FRCS - Thoracic Surgery
Cardiologist
53 Years experience
400 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. K.N. Srikanth

MS - General Surgery, Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons (FRCS)
Bariatrician
21 Years experience
100 at clinic
₹300 online
Unavailable today

Dr. Shenoy Manohar Vasudev

MBBS, MD, DVD
Dermatologist
32 Years experience
550 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. G Ravi Shankar

MBBS, Diploma in Otorhinolaryngology (DLO), DNB (ENT)
ENT Specialist
34 Years experience
400 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. B. M. Suraj

MBBS, MD - General Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist
22 Years experience
100 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Purushottam T. Acharya

MBBS, DM - Neurology, MD - General Medicine
Neurologist
38 Years experience
100 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Mahesh Gowda

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, PDCC (Endocrine Surgery)
Cosmetic/Plastic Surgeon
21 Years experience
100 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Govardhan Reddy

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist
23 Years experience
350 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Arun Raykar

MBBS, MS - ENT
ENT Specialist
13 Years experience
350 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. B.P. Mruthyunjayanna

MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist
55 Years experience
450 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Mohammed Attaullah Khan S

MBBS, DNB, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist
18 Years experience
Unavailable today

Dr. Govardhan Reddy

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MRCS (UK), F.E.B.U
Urologist
23 Years experience
350 at clinic
Unavailable today
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I had a sex with my Girlfriend for the first time I split out the sperm first in washroom den I did second time. Then blood started bleeding for her. Now periods time just for 2 hours then it was stopped suddenly later she went village My question is - will it be chance of pregnancy or periods stopped due to whether.

BHMS, MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Bhubaneswar
I had a sex with my Girlfriend for the first time I split out the sperm first in washroom den I did second time. Then...
Hello, The first sexual conjugation cause to bleed if the hymen is intact. The hymen is close to the entry, usually about 1-2 cm inside the vaginal opening. So the bleeding what you are telling not of menstruation bleeding, but due to rupture of hymen bleeding. 2nd query about the conceive that depend upon her menstrual cycle. If her menstrual cycle is 28 to 30 days cycle in every month, then any sexual conjugation within 8 days before or after of menstrual date is safe. If period is getting delay then after 10 days of expected period date do the pregnancy test. Thank you.
1 person found this helpful
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I have been experiencing severe headache for the last 2-3 days. Tried painkillers but it did not help. What to do?

MBBS, Craniosacral Balancing, Quantum Touch, Visceral manipulation
Pain Management Specialist, Panchkula
I have been experiencing severe headache for the last 2-3 days. Tried painkillers but it did not help. What to do?
Headache is usually due to some known or unknown stress/ tension. You can have some anxiolytic along with pain killer. Wishing you a healthy life.
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I got married 10 months back. Trying for having a baby but no results. Is any specific time period for having sexual intercourse to have a child. So n so days before or after the womens periods. Or etc. Or anytime if we have intercourse we can get successful. please clarify.

MBBS, MS - Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
I got married 10 months back. Trying for having a baby but no results. Is any specific time period for having sexual ...
Hello! if your wifes' menstrual cycle is regular of 28 days then you should have intercourse between 10 to 16th day of cycle.
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I am suffering from high cholesterol. I can not balance when waking? Please advise

MBBS
General Physician, Varanasi
I am suffering from high cholesterol. I can not balance when waking? Please advise
Before starting any medicine we should first see the reports and also do some further tests like blood sugar level. How to reduce cholesterol level best thing is to do is control your diet and eat low fatty food. Avoid oily and fried food. Eat green leafy vegetables and fruits daily.
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What are the side effects of night fall on our brain. I mean to say on cerebrum? Please tell me.

BAMS, PG Diploma (Sexual Therapy), PG Certificate (Cosmetology & Laser Therapy), PG Diploma in sexology, psychosexual medicine, infertility, Fellowship in Sexology, Fellowship in Medical Trichology, Fellowship in Clinical Cosmetology, Advance Medical Skin Aesthetics and Laser, PG Diploma in clinical Cosmetology, PG Diploma in Medical Trichology, Hair Transplant Assistant, OZONE THERAPY, MD-BIO CHEMIC MEDICINE
Sexologist, Kolhapur
What are the side effects of night fall on our brain. I mean to say on cerebrum? Please tell me.
There are no such side effects of night fall on our brain. Infact, it is a natural procedure .jab hum bahot dino tak sexual act nahi karte hai to seminal vesicle me semen jama Ho jata Hai. Vesicle jab poori Tarah Se bhar jata hai tab, brain Ke command nusar night fall hota hai, jo ki ek natural procedure hai.
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I have a problem that is I can't breath by nose and I try steam water treatment for 2 weeks but 0% relief and now please help me. And I do regular exercise and running 1 mile since 8 months so breath is morning breakfast for me instead of that no relief so please help me please?

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Morena
I have a problem that is I can't breath by nose and I try steam water treatment for 2 weeks but 0% relief and now ple...
You take dalchini powder and milk with haldi use and avoid junk, cold product not use If you want more better treatment than you can take online consultation.
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I am married I have problems When I do Latrine, then the watery semen comes out from Penis. I need a proper treatment.

BAMS, PG Diploma (Sexual Therapy), PG Certificate (Cosmetology & Laser Therapy), PG Diploma in sexology, psychosexual medicine, infertility, Fellowship in Sexology, Fellowship in Medical Trichology, Fellowship in Clinical Cosmetology, Advance Medical Skin Aesthetics and Laser, PG Diploma in clinical Cosmetology, PG Diploma in Medical Trichology, Hair Transplant Assistant, OZONE THERAPY, MD-BIO CHEMIC MEDICINE
Sexologist, Kolhapur
I am married I have problems When I do Latrine, then the watery semen comes out from Penis. I need a proper treatment.
Dear friend don't worry about this. It's not a semen, it's a prostate fluid. If you examine this fluid, you will not get sperm in it. This may happen due to infection in urinary tract. There are some ayurvedic remedies like chandraprabha and gokshuradi guggul, which may give you better results. And you may take Tab. Norflox 400 mg twice a day for 5 days prior, then you can continue the ayurvedic medicines for 3 months.
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Hello sir my problem is hair losses. How to stop this problem. Sir please help me.

BAMS, M.D.Alternative Medicines
Ayurveda, Belgaum
Hello sir my problem is hair losses. How to stop this problem. Sir please help me.
HELLO, CAUSES OF your HAIR FALL OR LOSS- 1.Nutritional deficiencies - Specially Biotin, Vit B Complex, iron,folate, calcium,vit d deficiency. 2.Harmonal imbalances-Androgens Thyroid stress harmones etc 3.Infections-Scalp skin infections. 4.Autoimmunity and other systemic diseases. 5.Psychological- stress anxiety etc. 6.Diet.Ireegular unhealthy bfood habits excess salt sodium. 7.High fluorides Bore well water. 8.Improper sleep paterns. 9.Concentrated drugs dyes shampoos and chemicals. 10. Dehydration and increased body temperature. TREATMENT DEPENDS UOPN UNDERLINING CAUSE. TIPS TO AVOID HAIR FALL- 1.Nutritional Diet rich in vitamins proteins minerals. Fruits dry fruits and green leafy vegitables. 2.Suppliments with Biotin rich multivitamin multiminerals. 3.Mild herbal antifungal shampoos to counter infections. 4.Huygein care. Head baths twice at least in a week. 5.Identifications hormonal status and correcting harmones. 6.Autoimmune diseases management, 7.Managing stress anxiety good night sleep. 8.Low salt sodium diet. Avoiding fast and junk foods. 9.Avoidingstrongs drugs and hair dyes and creams. 10. Yoga sheershasan. HOME REMEDIES 1.Sweetcoconut burfi, amla candy intake. 2.Hibiscus oil, til oil, almond oil, amla oil application. 3.Amalaki aloevera Juice intake. 4.Drinking 4 liters of water per day. 5.Regular oil head massage. 6.Taking fruits dry fruits per day. Dates apicrots almonds etc. AYURVEDIC OILS- 1.Mahabhrigaraj oil. 2.Neelibhrugyadi oil. I need your detailed history investigations and previous medication details to understand what is the cause and solution for your problems. I HAVE VERY GOOD TREATMENT FOR AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR HAIR FALL/LOSS. NO SIDE EFFECTS. U Can consult me for this problem. I wish you happy healthy and prosporous life ahead…. GOD BLESS U.
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Sir I had a sex with my wife without protection after having a child of 32 days. Are there any chance of pregnancy?

Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S)
Sexologist, Bhopal
Sir I had a sex with my wife without protection after having a child of 32 days. Are there any chance of pregnancy?
No but You should wait until any bleeding after the birth (lochia) has stopped, which should be by about threeweeks after your baby's birth. This is because the wound left in your uterus (womb) by the placenta coming out is still healing. If you havesex before the bleeding has stopped, you may get an infection.
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Hi, what is the home made medicine for anal fissure? Is it will get cure by applying castor oil? Advice me.

M.D. Consultant Pathologist, CCEBDM Diabetes, PGDS Sexology USA, CCMTD Thyroid, ACDMC Heart Disease, CCMH Hypertension, ECG
Sexologist, Sri Ganganagar
Hot water setz and take lot of salad and fruits and green vegetables. Pilorute ointment application.
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Hi, My wife is six months pregnant but there is a pain in vagina when she sleep or sit on a bed. She is unable to sleep properly. What should I have to do? Movement of baby is good but there is a pain in vagina.

M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Hi, My wife is six months pregnant but there is a pain in vagina when she sleep or sit on a bed. She is unable to sle...
Image result for pain vagina at 6th month during pregnancy Pain during early pregnancy. If you're experiencing vaginal or pelvic pressure in the first trimester, or early in the second, don't blame your baby just yet. A cramping sensation in the early weeks of pregnancy may be due to your expanding uterus. Between your growing baby, the increased volume of your blood, and the undeniable law of gravity, vaginal and pelvic pressure are common complaints for many moms-to-be. Interestingly, it’s not just the third trimester when those telltale aches and general feelings of heaviness may strike. Some women report vaginal and pelvic pressure in the first and second trimesters, too. The exact reason for vaginal or pelvic pressure can be tricky to diagnose. But rest assured: It’s very normal. Here’s what’s likely causing it, how to alleviate it, and when you should call your doctor.
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Hello sir I have fungal infection (dad-khaj) on near sexual my part and that skin have become dark red itching l have used lost of cream just like surfing sn ringgurd Tigbodrim medicine etc there is no effect please me any good cream and medicine.

BHMS, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Research (PGDCR)
Homeopath, Indore
Hello sir I have fungal infection (dad-khaj) on near sexual my part and that skin have become dark red itching l have...
For Homeopathic treatment fast, safe and cost effective you can pay here mean while start Tellurium 200 (3-3 drop) morning and evening with lukewarm water.
2 people found this helpful
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Homeopathic Remedies For Autism!

CCAH, BHMS
Homeopath, Palakkad
Homeopathic Remedies For Autism!

A mental condition that takes shape during early childhood, Autism is identified by characteristics like difficulty in communication, the use of language, understanding abstract concepts and building bonds with other people. This brain development disorder is also characterized by the performance of repetitive behaviors in the affected individual.

Homeopathy approach in treating Autism

Diagnosis of the condition by a homeopath requires the adoption of an extensive and intensive approach. From collecting detailed information about symptoms like a reaction to vaccines, thermal sensitivities and medical history of the family to understanding sleep postures; treatment of this condition requires an understanding of every vital factor associated with the condition. The hardcore approach is vital for understanding the stimulus/response connection of symptoms. This is because whenever an autistic child undergoes stressful situations, the reaction is a sign that a homeopath cannot ignore. By completely understanding the cycle of stress and reaction, a homeopath can only be able to suggest the right treatment program.

What about the remedies prescribed for treating the condition?

Being a holistic branch of medicine, homeopathy takes into account the complete physical as well as the mental makeup of the individual. Additionally, in this alternative medicine, the homeopath also takes into consideration the details of the disease while recommending remedies. Remedies like Carcinocin, Secretin and Thuja are favored the most for treating the condition. At the same time, the appropriate remedies are recommended after having a thorough understanding as to whether the individual falls within the constitutional makeup of the remedies considered.

Another essential aspect of this branch of medicine in the treatment of this brain development disorder is the practice of using LM potencies (homeopathic medicines on the last scale of potencies). These remedies are not only acted faster but are also gentler compared to others. They have been found to be very effective in preventing the individual from falling prey to the old symptoms and can be frequently repeated as well as used for a long time. 

1 person found this helpful

4 Things That Happen When You Skip A Meal!

Diploma in Dietetics Health and Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Sciences, Principle of Nutrition, Doctorate Biomedical Science , MSC Master of Science
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Ghaziabad
4 Things That Happen When You Skip A Meal!

Skipping a meal has become a common phenomenon among most working people. You tend to miss breakfast on off days or skip dinner since you are too tired or sleepy. Skipping a meal once in a while may not have any serious effects although making a habit out of it can alter your body metabolism. The way your body reacts to skipped meals varies depending on your age, diet and health. Here are a few negative effects skipping a meal can have on your body-

1. Low brain function - There are times when you choose to compensate for a heavy meal you had by skipping another altogether. Your body weakens even if you skip one meal and subsequently your brain can't function actively and you tend to lose your focus. The brain runs on glucose primarily, hence, you can't think clearly because of low blood sugar level due to skipping a meal. It worsens in case you have made a regular habit out of it.

2. Mood swings and stressMood swings and irritable attitude is very common in case you are starving yourself. Due to low blood sugar level in your body, you tend to snap and get easily annoyed. The symptoms worsen if you make it a habit. You tend to get more stressed and face trouble in making decisions. Skipping meals regularly can make you really moody and jittery all the time. You tend to have angry outbursts in situations where you would otherwise deal tactfully.

3. More chances of overeatingFasting increases the chances of overeating. You may choose to skip a meal as a compensatory act but there are more possibilities that you will end up binging later. Denying your body the appropriate amount of food only makes it crave for more. Most of the times you are likely to end up eating junk food and make up for the skipped meal. It's best to eat proper nutritious meals than loading up on junk food.

4. Gaining weightThere are high chances of gaining pounds if you skip a meal routinely. You tend to overeat usually when your body feels deprived and gives you hunger pangs. If you restrict yourself too much then it interferes with your body metabolism. Your body goes into a survival mode and starts storing everything you consume as fat. That way whatever you eat adds to your waistline and does not do much good.

2 people found this helpful

5 Myths About Acne Busted - Know The Facts!

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Chennai
5 Myths About Acne Busted - Know The Facts!

Most people have suffered from acne at some point of their life or the other. However, acne is one of the most misunderstood skin conditions. Let's take a look at 5 myths and facts about acne.

Acne is caused by poor hygiene habits - Myth
Acne is not caused by dirty skin. Contrary to popular belief, washing your face too many times can make the condition of your skin deteriorate. This can also worsen your acne breakout. Aggressively soaping your skin and excessive use of astringent can also traumatize the skin and make it look worse after treatment. You should ideally wash your face twice a day; once in the morning and once before going to bed. However, if you feel a buildup of oil on your face, you can wash it with luke warm water and a mild soap.

Acne affects people of all ages - Fact
Acne is most common amongst teenagers but can affect people of all races and ages. Hormonal changes and stress are two of the most common triggers for acne. Acne that begins after the age of 25 years is known as 'late onset acne'. Hormonal changes associated with a woman's menstrual cycles often trigger acne eruptions.

There is no treatment for acne - Myth
Acne does not go away on its own. At the same time, toothpaste and 'picking pimples' are not the best form of treatment for this condition. Acne can be easily treated with over the counter and prescription drugs. In some cases, you may also need antibiotics or hormonal medication. If left untreated, acne can result in permanent scarring that mars your beauty.

Moisturizing skin can help prevent acne - Fact
It may seem contradictory at first glance but keeping your skin moisturized can help prevent acne. Dehydrated skin produces more oil than hydrated skin. Thus keeping your skin hydrated is essential. Choose a light moisturizer instead of heavy crams.

Makeup causes acne - Myth
Makeup has often been misunderstood as trigger for acne. However, makeup itself does not cause acne. The fault lies in not removing makeup properly at the end of the day. If you have oily skin that is prone to acne, choose powder based foundations instead of liquid foundations that can clog your pores. If you use a lot of makeup through the day, give your skin time to breathe at night. Ensure that every trace of makeup is removed before you go to bed.

8 people found this helpful

Prostatic Hyperplasia - Know The Most Common Signs Of It!

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery
Urologist, Pune
Prostatic Hyperplasia - Know The Most Common Signs Of It!

Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH is a condition where the prostate gland gets enlarged. This is mostly common in men who are ageing. When the prostate gland gets enlarged, the flow of urine through the urethra gets blocked, and hence, several problems related to urination may occur. BPH occurs as a result of hormonal imbalance. If untreated, BPH can lead to severe bladder and urinary health conditions.

There are several symptoms and signs of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Here are 7 common symptoms:

  1. A frequent need for urination: Men affected by BPH feel an increased need to urinate frequently. This gets enhanced during the night and is called nocturia. The patient may even need to urinate more than eight times a day. Due to the enlarged prostate gland, more pressure is put on the urethra, which leads to uncontrollable urination.
  2. Urinating difficulties: The act of urination becomes difficult. Because of enhanced pressure on the urethra, the flow of urine to the penis from the bladder gets blocked. This makes a urine stream hard to start. The urine stream gets weak and interrupted, and more difficulty may be experienced during the end of urination.
  3. Pain during urination and ejaculation: Due to pressure on the urinary tract and reproductive system, pain can accompany urination and ejaculation. Some patients tend to push urine out, which results in pain. The pain may also occur because of infection during BPH.
  4. Blood in urine and an unusual color/smell: Urine may take a dark color and have an unusual smell due to urinary retention. Unpleasant urine smell signifies urinary tract infection. Blood in the urine may also result because of dilated veins present on the surface of the enlarged prostate.
  5. Urinary retention: When a patient is unable to pass any urine, it is called urinary retention. Such a condition requires immediate treatment, and you need to consult a doctor immediately.
  6. Urinary tract infections: Bacteria may start growing in the bladder when the bladder is not fully emptied of urine. This bacterial infection causes darkening of the urine, and emission of a foul odor.
  7. Bladder stones: Bladder stones may develop because of the inability of the bladder to empty itself completely. This is a major symptom of BPH. Hard lumps of minerals or bladder stones are formed when the urine present in the bladder gets highly concentrated, which causes the crystallization of minerals. Bladder stones may cause infections, result in blood in urine, cause bladder irritation and may also block urine flow.

So you see that benign prostatic hyperplasia involves the enlargement of the prostate gland, and results in several problems related to urination and different symptoms. Hence, immediate treatment is advisable.

2 people found this helpful

Why is Sleep so Important to Your Physical and Mental Health?

Ph. D - Psychology, Professional Certified Coach
Psychologist, Ahmedabad
Why is Sleep so Important to Your Physical and Mental Health?

Sleep is the normal physiological process of our body which is as important as respiration and digestion. Sleep is vital for maintaining our physical and mental health. Normal adults require 8 hours of sleep every day, whereas it 14 to 15 hours of sleep is recommended for for infants and toddlers.

What are the different stages of Sleep

Every human has a natural circadian clock in their body, which is responsible for maintaining our sleep - wake homeostasis. The different stages of sleep include REM and NREM that is rapid eye movement sleep and non rapid eye movement sleep respectively. REM is the deep sleep stage in which it is very difficult to wake up the person as this stage includes the sensory inhibition and all voluntary muscles along with almost all interactions with the surroundings are inhibited. Therefore, a person’s physical stress and tiredness also gets relieved during this stage of sleep. NREM sleep is the stage between REM and awakening and here the person may have sensory connection with his or her surroundings, but may not respond.

Sleep and its benefits
Sleep and stress have a very strong connection with each other. The best way to relieve stress and any other mental disturbance is sleep. It is essential to have knowledge about sleep psychiatry for almost all physicians as they face many sleep deprived patients in their day to day practice.

  1. Sleep is not only responsible for relieving mental stress and depression, but has other benefits as well
  2. Sleep is also essential for the normal physiological growth in early infancy and it is vital for development of normal alertness, attention and knowledge
  3. It also relaxes our voluntary muscles and thereby, relieves us from physical stress
  4. Sleep disturbance may also aggravate diseases in our body. Sleep is also the state of recovery and healing.

Sleep psychiatry also insist on meditation and ensures that people have normal pattern of sleep, in order to maintain the mental health of the person in a normal state.
 

4 people found this helpful

Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Reasons Behind It!

CCT, DMAS, Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (MRCOG), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Chennai
Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding - Reasons Behind It!

Monthly menstrual cycles become a part of woman’s life after a certain stage. They get accustomed to it and adapt their lifestyle too. However, there could be abnormal vaginal bleeding, which is defined as:
Bleeding that is outside of the menstrual cycle (bleeding outside of the expected dates). This is also known as intermenstrual bleeding or metrorrhagia.

Causes: It is important to realise that abnormal vaginal bleeding is only a symptom and not the disease per se. In most women, there are underlying reasons that lead to abnormal bleeding, some of them are listed below.
In some women, ovulation can cause a mid-cycle bleeding, which becomes a pattern for most women, and they know it is nothing to worry about.

  1. Miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy: Vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of miscarriage and requires immediate medical attention.
  2. Hormonal imbalances: This can be caused due to starting and stopping of birth control pills, thyroid abnormalities, or ovarian malfunctions. This requires investigation and management based on the underlying cause.
  3. Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): This presence of multiple cysts in the ovaries also has hormonal changes and can cause bleeding in affected women.
  4. Infections: Infections along the gynecologic tract including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries can cause bleeding. Sexually transmitted infections including gonorrhoea and chlamydia are also causes for bleeding
  5. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID): It can cause inflammation of the entire gynecologic tract and induce bleeding
  6. An abnormally placed intrauterine device (IUD): It can also alter the regular menstrual flow.
  7. Other reasons: Fibroids, endometriosis, cancers of the uterine cavity are other reasons for abnormal vaginal bleeding.

Prevention/Management of vaginal bleeding: Abnormal bleeding requires investigation to find out the underlying cause and needs to be treated accordingly.

  1. Birth control: When using birth control measures, be it pills or patches, expect some bleeding during the first 3 months before things settle down. Similarly, intrauterine devices can cause some bleeding (foreign body effect).
  2. Pregnancy complications: Bleeding during pregnancy requires immediate medical attention. In most cases, it indicates a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy (where the embryo is planted in the fallopian tubes and not the uterus).
  3. Infections: While STDs can be prevented, once acquired, like other infections, they also require antibiotics and supportive care.
  4. Medical conditions: Be it polycystic ovaries, fibroids, endometriosis, cancer, or PID, all these require detailed investigation and management on a case-to-case basis.

If you experience abnormal vaginal bleeding, do not ignore it and reach out for medical help.

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