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Yeast Infection - 9 Reasons Behind It!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Jayanti Kamat 86% (556 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Advanced Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai  •  27 years experience
Yeast Infection - 9 Reasons Behind It!

Yeast infections are caused due to the overgrowth of yeast, which is a fungus. This type of infection is also called as candidiasis. Most women in the world are likely to get infected with vaginal or vulvo-vaginal candidiasis at least once in their lifetime. The most common causative organism of this disease is Candida albicans. The other Candida species that might cause these are C. glabrata, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, and C. krusei.
Sometimes, it becomes chronic and may appear 4-5 times in a year.

Other types of yeast infections
Yeast infections can be caused in other parts of the body as well. When yeast infections occur in the mouth, it is called thrush or oropharyngeal candidiasis. Yeast infections are mostly found in moist, warm areas such as armpits, genital area etc. This type is called cutaneous candidiasis. Most candida infections are not very harmful. However, if they reach the blood stream, it can result in fatality. This is called invasive candidiasis and can happen by inserting an infected catheter, etc.

What causes candidiasis?
Candidiasis is caused when the natural flora of the area is thrown off balance. The most common causes of candidiasis are: 

  1. Obesity
  2. Diabetes
  3. Diseases such as HIV which suppress immunity
  4. Pregnancy
  5. Antibiotics, steroids and birth control pills
  6. Vaginal douching
  7. Using perfumed products such as soap and bubble baths
  8. Wearing tight clothing such as synthetic underwear and spandex that do not allow your genitals to breathe

    If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gynaecologist.

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