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Candida albicans Health Feed

Please suggest a lab test by which I can know if my vaginal infection is caused by yeast or by other pathogens n if its a yeast infection ,what lab test can confirm if its caused by candida albicans or other species of candida?

Dr. Sujata Sinha 92% (1860 ratings)
M.B.B.S, Post Graduate Diploma In Maternal & Child Health
Gynaecologist, Bokaro
Actually, there is no such lab test. Most of the times it is a mixed infection. If you have a problem, just go to a local doctor for check up and treatment or else take online consultation.
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I had amniotic fluid leaked at 26 wks I am worried why this happened. I didn't have any symptoms prior to it. And lost my baby. I would like to know are there any thing serious. And vaginal swab says I have candida albicans infection. Please do help me if any precautions I have to take.

MD
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
Pl see a gynaecologist with next pregnancy early as 10/12 weeks ausg at 16 weeks will help and importantly pl check the cervix and avoid sex during 2nd half of pregnancy.
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My wife is pregnant with twins. She was getting vaginal discharge 18.5 weeks, cervical length 3.4 cm. Dr. Advised for cerclage. They took vaginal swab and next day cerclage was done. After cerclage test of vaginal swab came positive for candida albicans. It means cerclage was done while candida albicans was present in vagina. My question is will it affect my baby, if yes then what is the symptoms & cure? Whether infant have some mental issue?

Dr. Upasna Setia 91% (2061 ratings)
MBBS, DGO - Preventive & Social Medicine
Gynaecologist, Sri Ganganagar
My wife is pregnant with twins. She was getting vaginal discharge 18.5 weeks, cervical length 3.4 cm. Dr. Advised for...
No no, don’t think to that extent. Its just vaginal candiasis and not fungal infection in blood stream. Meet your doctor and she will give you treatment of vulvovaginal candiasis.
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Candida Skin Infection - How It Can Be Managed?

Dr. V.Sethu Raman 90% (218 ratings)
MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy, MBBS
Dermatologist, Chennai
Candida Skin Infection - How It Can Be Managed?

Fungal infection of the skin and mucous membranes is very common. The most common species of fungus causing these infections is Candida albicans. They are present in abundance in the skin and mucous membranes and have a protective function. However, when immunity is compromised, these grow to a significant number and infection results. Some of the most common candida infections and ways to manage them are outlined below.

Athlete’s foot, nail fungal infections, diaper rash, jock itch, oral thrush, and vaginal yeast infections are the most common candida skin infections. Though they can occur anywhere, they are most common in the intertriginous areas, where two skins come in close contact, like the groin area, the armpits, the corners of the mouth, area between the toes and between the fingers. Sweat and mucous facilitate their growth further, as they provide a moist environment for their growth.

In addition, poor hygiene, hot/humid weather, and constricting clothing can lead to increased chances of developing candida infections. Patient conditions like obesity, infants, diabetics, hypothyroidism, inflammatory disorders, pregnancy, damp weather, and immunosuppressed conditions like AIDs are definite risk factors. Identifying the infection is the biggest step towards treatment. There could be rashes, patches, flaking, cracks, soreness, and erythema, white or red lesions in the mouth or genital area.

Management:

A little precaution can help in preventing infections and there are definitely ways to treat the condition also.
If someone is immunosuppressed or has other predisposing factors, it is advisable to take precautions as listed below to avoid candida infections.

  1. Keep the intertriginous areas clean, could be by bathing more frequently or using sponge baths
  2. Wear loose clothing so the skin in the areas like groynes and armpits are not irritated
  3. Diaper skin management
  4. Keep the toenails and feet area clean
  5. During pregnancy, wear loose clothing and dry thoroughly after showers to avoid infection
  6. Frequently change inner garments and socks
  7. During warm weather, wear open-toed footwear so there is adequate aeration
  8. Take supplements like multivitamins to maintain good immunity levels

Treatment:

While treatment of one-off candida infections is not uncommon, people who are prone to recurrent infections need more stringent management. In one off infections, topical anti fungal agents like lotions, powder, ointments or creams are sufficient. These could contain anti fungal agents like ketoconazole or fluconazole. It is important that these stay in touch with the skin surface for about 10 to 15 minutes.

In moderately severe infections, a course of oral anti fungal agent is used, sometimes for up to 2 weeks depending on the severity of the symptoms. IV anti fungal agents may be used in more severe and widespread cases like seen in AIDS patients. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Dermatologist.

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Are You a Good Candidate for LASIK?

Dr. Dilip Gaitonde 88% (16 ratings)
MS - Ophthalmology, DOMS
Ophthalmologist, Thane
Are You a Good Candidate for LASIK?

Are You a Good Candidate for LASIK?

First and foremost you should dislike the options of spectacles and contact lenses. It then means that you are well motivated.

Your age should be above 18 years and your spectacle power should be stable over past one year. Lasik works well for powers from about -10.0 to +6.0 including cylindrical power.

Certain tests will done to confirm you have suitable corneal curvature (topography), and that you have adequate corneal thickness (pachymetry)

 
You should have realistic expectations from the procedure this means you should expect significantly reduced dependence on spectacles and not an exact zero power. 

If you satisfy above criteria and clear a routine eye examination you should be an ideal candidate for lasik! 

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Are You The Right Candidate For IVF?

Indira Ivf 86% (47 ratings)
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
IVF Specialist, Udaipur
Are You The Right Candidate For IVF?

One of the major milestones in a woman’s life is the entry into motherhood. For most women, when this does not happen in the natural logical sequence of things, there is anxiety and lot of pressure from family and friends.

However, with advancements now, there are options like intrauterine insemination and in vitro fertilisation (IUI and IVF) available, which can help increase the chances of conception and pregnancy. IVF is where the egg is retrieved from the woman’s womb, fertilised externally and then transplanted back into the uterus where it grows to full term. However, there are always unanswered questions like how long to wait before going for IVF, is it the right procedure for me, etc.

Read on to know to find answers to some of these.

  1. Maternal age: As a woman reaches 35 and a man reaches 40, the fertility rates drop significantly. The chances that a woman at 35 will conceive is about 20%, which goes down to 5% if the woman is 40. However, this rate can be significantly increased by using IVF. The quality of the egg would gradually deteriorate, and so if a woman is nearing 40, it is better to consider IVF as the ovarian reserve would be optimal with IVF.
  2. Failed intrauterine insemination: In couples who have problems with the sperm reaching the uterus, intrauterine insemination (IUI) is first attempted. However, if 3 or more attempts of fail, it is time to consider IVF.
  3. Duration of inability to conceive: While some couples conceive quite promptly in a month or two, most take about 6 to 8 months of unprotected sex to conceive. Therefore, IVF can be an option if you are failing to conceive even after a year. Less than a year, don’t fret. Take it easy and it might just do the trick.
  4. Medical health: Both the partner’s medical health should be taken into account. Lifestyle changes like smoking, alcohol abuse, drug abuse should be considered, which can account for poor sexual performance and therefore lead to an inability to conceive. Health conditions like diabetes and heart disease can also lead to infertility. Hypothyroidism in women is another thing that must be ruled out, as it often leads to an inability to conceive.
  5. Sexual problems with the partner: One of the first things to do before going for IVF is to check that the male does not have any issues. Be it erection issues or ejaculation issues or sperm issues, they need to be ruled out. Sperm quality, quantity, and motility have to be analysed, and if they are optimal, IVF can be considered.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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