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Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Dr. Shailendra Kumar Goel 89% (52 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, M. Ch. (Urology), DNB (General Surgery), MBA
Urologist, Ghaziabad  •  23 years experience
Urinary Tract Infection - Causes And Symptoms!

Infection caused in the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra or prostate gland is known as urinary tract infection(UTI). According to doctors, sexually active women are generally more at risk of suffering from this condition. Females other than sexually active age group and men are otherwise immune for urinary tract infections. If they got UTI, they should be thoroughly investigated for its cause by a urologist

Some of the causes which contribute to the development of this infection are: 

  1. Females have short urethra: Due to the short length of the urethra, a lot of bacteria got entry into the urinary bladder from the vagina, during sexual intercourse. Therefore, it is wise for females to urinate after intercourse so that bacteria flush out in urine. If not, these bacteria will lead to UTI. 
  2. Prostatitis is very common in young males: Infection of the prostate gland is very common in young males. Semen is naturally produced. If a young male does not ejaculate regularly, this stocked up semen leads to prostatitis. That’s why regular ejaculation is very important for males. Therefore, Masturbation is healthy, not harmful. 
  3. Urination after ejaculation in males is harmful: If male urinates immediately after ejaculation, then some urine refluxes into the open mouth of prostate glands. Urinary chemicals cause prostatitis. Therefore, males should not void immediately after ejaculation. 
  4. Phimosis: In male children, if prepuce does not open properly, it may cause infection. 
  5. Unprotected sexual intercourse: Unprotected intercourse may transmit infections to the other partner if one partner has got the infection.

Other common reasons 

  1. Uncontrolled diabetes 
  2. Kidney, ureteric and bladder stones 
  3. Prostate Enlargements 
  4. Urethral stricture 
  5. Congenital disorders in children 

Some of the symptoms of urinary tract infection are: 

  1. A nagging urge to urinate: One of the most predominant symptoms of urinary tract infection is a persistent, nagging urge to urinate.
  2. There is a burning sensation when you urinate: If you feel a burning sensation while urinating, chances are extremely high that you are suffering from urinary tract infection. 
  3. Red colored urine: Sometimes your urine may contain a perceptible amount of blood in them. 
  4. Foul smelled urine: An internal infection in the urinary tract manifests itself in different ways. One of the chief symptoms of this infection is discharging foul smelling urine. 
  5. Pain in the pelvic area: Women who suffer from urinary tract infection experience excruciating pain near the pelvic area, sometimes extending to the pubic bone. 
  6. Fever with chills: Severe infection may lead to fever with chills and rigors. 
  7. Frequent urge for urination: Frequent urination may be a sign of infection.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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