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Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Cervical Dysplasia

Dr. Vishakha Munjal 88% (26 ratings)
Visiting Consultant - (Apollo Cradle - Nehru Enclave) , MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MBBS, Apollo Spectra - Kailash colony,Paras Bliss - East of kailash, Moolchand - Lajpat Nagar Neelkanth - Gurgaon
Gynaecologist, New Delhi  •  32 years experience
Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Cervical Dysplasia

Cervical dysplasia is a type of condition, which occurs before cancer. This condition is associated with abnormal cell growth occurring in the cervix, uterus, vagina and endocervical canal. Cervical dysplasia is most commonly caused by the human-papillomavirus and is a sexually transmitted infection or STI. This disease is common in young women under 30 years of age. It is worth noting however, that cervical dysplasia can occur at any age whatsoever. Here are the causes of cervical dysplasia.

Causes:

  1. HPV infection: An infection caused by the human papillomavirus is the main reason why cervical dysplasia occurs. It is worth noting that HPV is most commonly transmitted through sex.
  2. Smoking: People who smoke are twice as likely to suffer from cervical dysplasia in comparison to those who do not.
  3. Immunosuppressive drugs: These are more likely to cause cervical dysplasia because they weaken the immune system of your body.
  4. Organ transplant: Organ transplant also increases your chances of cervical dysplasia due to the fact that it weakens your immune system.
  5. HIV-AIDS: This is a disease, which also weakens your immune response and therefore increases your chances of contracting cervical dysplasia.

Symptoms:
There are not too many symptoms of cervical dysplasia and it can only be diagnosed using a Pap test without, which more complicated tests have to be performed.

Treatment:
Once the diagnosis for this is complete, several factors will have to be considered before deciding, which treatment to give the patient. These include the age of the patient and the severity of the condition. However, in most of the cases women who have cervical dysplasia are not treated and the cell growth goes away on its own however when it is treated the following treatments are used.

  1. LEEP
  2. Cone biopsy
  3. Cryosurgery
  4. Electrocauterization
  5. Laser surgery
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