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Gastritis - Symptoms & Diagnosis Of It!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Prashant K Vaidya 90% (18372 ratings)
Diploma In Gastroenterology, Diploma In Dermatology, BHMS
Homeopathy Doctor, Hyderabad  •  12 years experience
Gastritis - Symptoms & Diagnosis Of It!

Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining - known as the mucosa - is inflamed. The stomach lining contains special cells that produce acid and enzymes, which help break down food for digestion, and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid.  When the stomach lining is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus.

Gastritis may be acute or chronic. Sudden, severe inflammation of the stomach lining is called acute gastritis. Inflammation that lasts for a long time is called chronic gastritis. If chronic gastritis is not treated, it may last for years or even a lifetime.

Erosive gastritis is a type of gastritis that often does not cause significant inflammation but can wear away the stomach lining. Erosive gastritis can cause bleeding, erosions, or ulcers. Erosive gastritis may be acute or chronic.

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

Many people with gastritis do not have any symptoms, but some people experience symptoms such as

  1. upper abdominal discomfort or pain
  2. nausea
  3. vomiting

These symptoms are also called dyspepsia.

Erosive gastritis may cause ulcers or erosions in the stomach lining that can bleed. Signs of bleeding in the stomach include:

  1. Blood in vomit
  2. Black, tarry stools
  3. Red blood in the stool
  4. Abdominal bloating
  5. Indigestion
  6. Burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night
  7. Hiccups
  8. Loss of appetite

DIAGNOSIS

  1. Upper gastrointestinal (GI) series. The patient swallows barium, a liquid contrast material that makes the digestive tract visible in an x ray. X-ray images may show changes in the stomach lining, such as erosions or ulcers.
  2. Blood test. The doctor may check for anemia, a condition in which the blood’s iron-rich substance, hemoglobin, is diminished. Anemia may be a sign of chronic bleeding in the stomach.
  3. Stool test. This test checks for the presence of blood in the stool, another sign of bleeding in the stomach.
  4. Tests for H. pylori infection. The doctor may test a patient’s breath, blood, or stool for signs of infection. H. pylori infection can also be confirmed with biopsies taken from the stomach during endoscopy.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult a specialist & get answers to your questions!
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