Endometriosis is a condition that affects women, where the endometrium or the tissue lining the inside of the uterus, also starts growing on the outside. It is greatly painful and may affect everyday life largely. Here is a look at how the condition is diagnosed and how it can be treated.
Diagnosis of Endometriosis
Diagnosing the disorder can involve a few tests. Patients who visit the doctor, usually complain about the pain experienced during sexual intercourse or urination. The doctor will ask you a few questions regarding the symptoms that you experience and the general area where you feel the pain.
- Pelvic Exam- This is the first test that the doctor may perform to determine the cause of the problem. The doctor will manually look for cysts and other abnormalities in the pelvic region. However, this examination is often inconclusive.
- Ultrasound- High frequency sound waves are used to detect any abnormalities during this test. However, an ultrasound is only capable of revealing cysts, in the absence of which endometriosis cannot be confirmed through this test.
- Laparoscopy- In this slightly invasive procedure, the doctor will use a specialized equipment to look inside the uterus. However, the condition is generally medically managed, before a laparoscopy is ordered, as the procedure involves some risks.
Endometriosis treatment relies on both medication and surgery. Since the symptoms and intensity of the problem differs from one woman to the next, finding the right drug to use may be challenging. Here is a detailed look at the treatment options for Endometriosis.
- Pain medications- Over-the-counter pain medications can help deal with some of the discomfort that accompanies endometriosis. However, since the intensity of pain varies from one patient to the next, the correct dosage for medications may be difficult to determine. Patients will need to report whether the current dosage of medicine is working or whether a higher dosage may be required.
- Hormone therapy- Supplementing certain hormones in the body may provide relief from the pain in some cases. Hormonal contraceptives, progestin therapy and hormone altering drugs are used.
- Hysterectomy- In case of severe Endometriosis, women who do not want to conceive can consider surgically removing their uterus. This is usually the last resort.
Ensure that you find a doctor whom you trust completely when you are diagnosed with the condition. Treatment becomes much simpler under the care of such a physician.