Comparison of Side Effects of Different Contraceptive Methods

Written and reviewed by
MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Mumbai  •  19years experience
Comparison of Side Effects of Different Contraceptive Methods

Contraceptive methods of birth control are usually quite successful. By  these methods, you can enjoy your life  without the worry of pregnancy. Modern technology has led to the formulation of avid techniques of contraception; some are temporary and the others permanent. However, no matter how well these methods work, almost all of them have got a variety of side effects on your body and health.

Here is a list of different modes of contraception and the side effects they may cause:

Hormonal implants
This long term method of birth control is an effective one. The side effects are:

  • A surgery is required where rods are inserted under your skin. This might be risky surgery
  • If you want to remove it, again another surgery has to be carried out
  • An Infection may develop in the area where the thin rods are inserted

Intra Uterine Device
A device is fitted into the uterus, which does not cause pregnancy. An effective method with the following side effects:

  • There is a risk of the device falling off
  • This causes puncture in the uterus
  • The device made of copper may lead to menstrual cramps and spotting

Depo Provera Hormonal Injection

This mode of contraception involves taking an injection, which restricts pregnancy for a period of three months. The side effects are:

  • Gaining of extra weight, fatigue
  • Decrease of bone density
  • Menstrual bleeding along with spotting takes place

Birth Control Pills
Birth control pills are one of the most common and most effective ways of birth control or contraception. However, several side effects may be observed.

  • Causes nausea, headaches and also blood clots in rare cases
  • In case you use other prescribed medicines along with birth control pills, severe damage may be inflicted

Vaginal Ring
This mode of contraception is very effective. It also helps in making menstrual periods of women much lighter and in continuity. The side effects are:

  • May cause nausea and headache
  • There is a vast increase in appetite
  • There is a risk of blood clot formation.

A very successful mode of contraception where a diaphragm is inserted and fitted into the vagina. The negatives of this mode are:

  • It may get out of place during sex and is likely to cause damage
  • The process can be a mess
  • Causes urinary infections

All modes of contraception irrespective of their effectiveness have got some side effects on your health. Hence, you must choose them wisely.

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