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Bloating - Know Reasons Behind It!

Reviewed by
Dr. Vibhu V Mittal 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MD - Medicine, DM - Gastroenterology
Gastroenterologist, Ghaziabad  •  18 years experience
Bloating - Know Reasons Behind It!

The uneasy feeling in our abdomen, feeling inflated or growing in size is a common problem faced by people anywhere in the world. Medical professionals refer to this as ‘bloating,' i.e., a feeling of a full and tight abdomen. The abdominal system includes organs such as the stomach, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, intestines, etc. It is when the gastrointestinal tract is filled with gas, pain due to bloating arises. Such bloating brings pain in different parts of the body (which would be continuously shifting) along with a feeling of a swollen tummy (though not physically swollen actually).

This article shares the common causes of bloating and tries to help its readers find a solution. 

  • Irritable bowel syndromePeople with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are yet to know what caused it in the first place. Though the exact causes of IBS are yet to be known, many doctors blame the miscommunication between the brain and the intestinal tract of a person which causes abnormal expansion and contraction of the intestinal walls. This results in irritable pain and abnormal bowel movement.

Two cases might arise due to IBS

  • The abnormal movement of the intestinal walls might speed up the excretion process and hence, the passage of stool – diarrhea.
  • The spasms might slow down the excretion process resulting in constipation.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can occur over the years, and the absolute cure is yet to be found. Additional symptoms of IBS are – bloating and excess gas, pain in the lower belly, mucus in stools, etc.

Solutions to bloating
Bloating can be easily taken care of if the person is ready to implement certain dietary changes. For example, avoiding gassy foods such as cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, reduces the formation of gas in the stomach. Limiting the amount of fatty food and food with high fibre content, quitting milk products (if lactose intolerant), can help a lot. A diet plan, getting active and regularly exercising can help to eliminate the problem of gas and bloating.

Even though bloating can be uncomfortable and painful at times, it is not a cause for concern. Bloating can be remedied quite easily with a proper diet chart and routine exercise.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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