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ROP or retinopathy of prematurity is an eye condition that affects prematurely born babies. Premature babies kept in intensive neonatal care under oxygen therapy generally develop this disease. It is difficult to make out if the child has ROP by simply looking into their eyes. Symptoms are:
• Abnormal eye movements
• White pupils
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by an ophthalmologist who would check the baby’s weight first and then conduct International classification of retinopathy of prematurity (ICROP).
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Treatment of ROP depends on the stage of the disease. Children with mild ROP (stages 1 and 2) recover as they grow. Photocoagulation through laser therapy, cryopexy, scleral buckling and vitrectomy are common treatment methods for advanced stages of ROP.
DID YOU KNOW?
This disease was first described in a premature baby in 1942. Between 1941–1953, over 12,000 babies worldwide were affected by it. Soul musician Stevie Wonder, actor Tom Sullivan, and jazz singer Diane Schuur are a few famous people who have the disease.