Retinopathy of prematurity also known as ROP and Terry syndrome is an eye disorder that affects babies that are born prematurely or babies which have been in intensive neonatal care in which oxygen therapy has been used due to the lungs not being fully developed. In this disorder the blood vessels in the retina are not fully or properly developed due to the early birth or before 31 weeks.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists perform specialized tests to diagnose ROP in infants. ROP screening does not begin until the infant is four to nine weeks old. The International classification of ROP divides the ROP into 5 stages. Stages 1 and 2 do not cause blindness, while other stages may lead to blindness if left untreated.
Ophthalmologists perform eye check up after dilating eye drops are administered
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
Early treatment has been shown to improve a baby's chances for normal vision. Treatment should start within 72 hours of the eye exam. Some babies with ""plus disease"" need immediate treatment.
• Laser therapy (photocoagulation) may be used to prevent complications of advanced ROP.
• The laser stops the abnormal blood vessels from growing.
• The treatment can be done in the nursery using portable equipment. To work well, it must be done before the retina develops scarring or detaches from the rest of the eye.
• Other treatments, such as injecting an antibody that blocks VEGF (a blood vessel growth factor) into the eye, are still being studied.
DID YOU KNOW?
Rop occurs in both eyes and is the most common cause of visual loss among children.