Lack of iodine in the body is referred to as iodine deficiency. It is also called the lack of trace element iodine and leads to malfunction of the thyroid gland along with Goiter. The most common symptoms of this deficiency include signs of cretinism, fibrocystic breast changes, mental retardation in children, growth along the neck and other thyroid dominated areas.
HOW IS IODINE DEFICIENCY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Iodine Deficiency is based on physical examination and evaluation of symptoms. General physician may order for a 24-hour urine iodine collection test for confirming diagnosis of Iodine Deficiency. A random iodine-to-creatinine ratio also helps in diagnosis
HOW IS IODINE DEFICIENCY TREATED?
It is best managed by ensuring that common foods that people eat contain sufficient levels of iodine. Since even mild deficiency during pregnancy can have effects on delivery and the developing baby, all pregnant and breastfeeding women should take a multivitamin. Medicines and iodine supplements are the primary treatment of the deficiency.
DID YOU KNOW?
Patients who are suffering from this problem are at a high risk of developing hyperthyroidism later because of long-standing goiters.