Depression is a mood disorder causing a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Causes may include a chemical imbalance in the brain and stressful life events, such as the loss of a loved one. The persistent feeling of sadness or loss of interest that characterizes major depression can lead to a range of emotional and physical conditions. These include the inability to sleep or concentrate on tasks. Changes in appetite, decreased energy level and thoughts of suicide are also seen. The mainstay of treatment is talk therapy with a trained psychologist or psychiatrist. Medications (for example citalopram and paroxetine) that act on the chemical imbalance in the brain are also useful treatments for major depression.
HOW IS DEPRESSION DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of depression is usually done by a psychiatrist or a psychologist. The doctor will study the patient in a discussion that will involve a question and answer session which will basically try to ascertain the causes of the condition. Also, lab tests to check for any physical ailments may be conducted.
HOW IS DEPRESSION TREATED?
Depressed mood may not require professional treatment, and may be a normal reaction to life events, a symptom of some medical condition, or a side effect of some drugs or medical treatments. A prolonged depressed mood, especially in combination with other symptoms, may lead to a diagnosis of a psychiatric or medical condition which may benefit from treatment. Different subdivisions of depression have different treatment approaches. In the United States, it has been estimated that two-thirds of people with depression do not actively seek treatment. The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2009 guidelines indicate that antidepressants should not be routinely used for the initial treatment of mild depression because the risk-benefit ratio is poor. The treatment of depression is best managed by lifestyle choices, which includes, diet, sleep, and exercise. A recent meta-analysis also indicated that most antidepressants, besides fluoxetine, do not seem to offer a clear advantage for children and adolescents in the acute treatment of major depressive disorder
DID YOU KNOW?
Depression is a medical illness and is not a sign of weakness or a mental disorder. It is treatable with medicines and counselling.
Often, when things don’t go your way, you feel dejected or demoralized. But, if that gets to you easily and your life is affected by it, it may well be a case of depression. Now, a depression is not without symptoms. Based on these symptoms of depression, there are various categories of depression, each of which requires a careful treatment by a psychologist. You may also visit a counselor which is really helpful in case of child psychology. However, adults are advised to consult a fulltime psychiatrist.
Some of the classic symptoms of depression are-
• A lack of interest in almost anything
• Disruption in terms of sleeping regularities
• Feeling tired without any reason
• Contemplation of suicides
• Loss of self-esteem to an alarming extent
However, this is not an exhaustive list in terms of symptoms of depression. Only a psychologist can tell you if you are suffering from depression or such symptoms of depression are actually indicative of something else.
Among the many types of depression, the most troublesome depression is known as the manic depression or more commonly, bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a serious disorder that can destroy your life. Bipolar disorder is tricky precisely because people who suffer from it tend to undergo extreme mood swings. When people suffering from bipolar disorder are reckless when they are happy, their rage is hardly containable. Bipolar disorder goes undetected at times because people misinterpret as bad behaviour. Often, bipolar disorder is coupled with obsessive compulsive disorder. Then, it becomes even worse and psychiatrists have to prescribe adaptive therapies.
Apart from bipolar disorder, there are several other types of depression-
• Persistent depressive disorder
• Seasonal affective disorder
• Psychotic depression
• Postpartum depression
• Situation depression
It is best to undergo a depression test if you are feeling really low for prolonged periods. A depression test is basically a series of questions that can help determine the possible symptoms of depression and where do they lead in terms of the type of depression. You can find a depression test online. These tests, while helpful in terms of primary diagnosis, can hardly provide a detailed description regarding how to overcome depression. Some disorders like bipolar disorder are hardly detectable by such a depression test. It is because people with bipolar disorder may well be happy during the time they take the test and hence, the result will hardly reflect their problem. Hence, it is best to visit your nearest psychiatrist immediately.
While there are plenty of general physicians, it may be difficult to find a psychologist or psychiatrist according to your need. Sometimes, you may need a psychologist who specializes in specific cases of bipolar disorder or child psychology. Lybrate can put you at ease by making your search easier and providing you the right psychiatrist in your location. They have an exhaustive database of physicians related to all kinds of medical problems. So, subscribe immediately, find the right counselor, psychiatrist or psychologist for you and take a step further in the path of overcoming depression. Through Lybrate you can get in touch with the top doctors across India. Find the best common cold psychologists in Surat, Thane, Thoothukudi, Vadodara, Visakhapatnam etc. Lybrate.com offers easy online access to doctors, who can effectively answer your medical queries. Subscribe to Lybrate.com and get in touch with the best doctors for effective cough remedies and cough treatment.
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