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Menstrual Disorders are a group of conditions that cause irregularity in your periods. Common menstrual disorders include painful cramps, heavy bleeding, absence of menstruation and infrequent menstruation. Symptoms of menstrual disorders depend on the type of disorder. In case of infrequent periods, the flow may be very less and interrupted. Heavy bleeding includes prolonged menstrual periods or excessive bleeding.
HOW IS MENSTRUAL DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Talking to a gynaecologist with details about the menstrual problems being experienced would help the doctor to recommend and advise various tests such as a Pap smear, blood tests, hysteroscopy and endometrial biopsy. These tests could help in diagnosing the cause of the disorders.
HOW IS MENSTRUAL DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment options for menstrual disorders include:
• Medicines such as painkillers and antibiotics.
• Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) can help regulate menstrual periods and reduce heavy bleeding. Newer continuous-dosing oral contraceptives reduce or eliminate menstrual periods. The LNG-IUS (Mirena), a progesterone intrauterine device (IUD), is often recommended as a first-line treatment for heavy bleeding
• Endometrial ablation is a surgical option. In some cases, hysterectomy may be considered.
DID YOU KNOW?
The common causes of menstrual disorders include:
• Uncontrolled diabetes
• Eating disorders
• Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
• Hyperprolactinemia (an abnormally high concentration in the blood of prolactin, a protein hormone)
• Medications, such as antiepileptics or antipsychotics
• Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)