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Overview

U Too Tablet

U Too Tablet

Manufacturer: Aeran Lab India Pvt Ltd
Medicine composition: Aceclofenac, Paracetamol
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

U Too Tablet is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), prescribed for people with painful rheumatic conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis. U Too Tablet works by blocking the effect of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) enzymes which make chemical prostaglandins at sites of injury or damage, causing pain, swelling and inflammation. It eases pain and reduces inflammation. This medicine should not be given during pregnancy or to mothers that are breastfeeding. Is not recommended for children. This drug is available in tablet form and is taken orally.

U Too Tablet has side effects including diarrhoea, stomach pain, nausea, constipation, vomiting, skin rashes etc. If the side effects are severe or persistent it is advisable to consult your doctor.

You should not be taking U Too Tablet if ?

  • You are allergic to U Too Tablet or other anti-inflammatory pain killers.
  • You ever had a problem with stomach or duodenal bleeding, such as an ulcer.
  • You have a heart condition or impaired kidney or liver function.
  • You are pregnant of breastfeeding a baby.
  • You have high blood pressure or blood clotting problems.

Alcohol should not be consumed with this medicine. U Too Tablet interacts with certain other medicines like lithium, digoxin, corticosteroids and antihypertensives and certain diseases like asthma, gastro-intestinal toxicity.

The usual dose for U Too Tablet is 100 mg tablet taken twice daily, preferably in the morning and evening. It can be taken with food or after food. Drinking an adequate amount of water minimises chances of indigestion and stomach irritations. The duration and amount of medicine should be followed as per the doctor?s prescription.

Rheumatoid Arthritis
U Too Tablet is used to treat symptoms like swelling, pain, and stiffness of joints associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Osteoarthritis
U Too Tablet is used to treat symptoms like tender and painful joints associated with Osteoarthritis.
Ankylosing Spondylitis
U Too Tablet is used to treat symptoms like stiffness and pain associated with Ankylosing Spondylitis.
Allergy
Avoid if you have a known allergy to U Too Tablet or other NSAIDs.
Asthma
U Too Tablet is not recommended if you are diagnosed with asthma.
Bleeding
U Too Tablet is not recommended if you are suffering from any bleeding disorder. It could cause severe swelling and bleeding in the stomach, colon, and anus.
In addition to its intended effect, U Too Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Abdominal Pain Major Common
Constipation Major Common
Diarrhea Major Common
Nausea and vomiting Major Common
Skin Rash Major Common
How long is the duration of effect?
This medicine is excreted in urine and the effect lasts for a duration of 12 to 16 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 1.5 to 3 hours after oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for breastfeeding women.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as U Too Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Missed Dose instructions
The missed dose can be taken as soon as you remember. However, the missed dose should be skipped if it is almost time for your next dose.
Overdose instructions
A doctor should be contacted immediately if an overdose of U Too Tablet is suspected. Signs and symptoms of overdose include rashes on the skin, confusion, pain in the chest, blurred vision etc. Immediate medical attention is needed if an overdose is confirmed.
India
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Asthma Major
U Too Tablet should not be taken if you have NSAID-sensitive asthma. Any such history should be reported to the doctor so that appropriate substitution can be done.
Gastro-Intestinal toxicity Major
U Too Tablet and other NSAIDs should be taken after consulting a doctor especially if the intended duration is longer than a month. Any symptom indicating ulceration and bleeding like chronic indigestion, appearance of coffee colored dry blood in stools or vomiting of blood should be reported immediately.
Impaired kidney function Major
U Too Tablet should be taken after consulting a doctor if you suffering from a kidney disease. Suitable adjustment in dosage and monitoring of kidney functions is required in such situations.
Interaction with Alcohol
Ethanol Moderate
This medicine should not be consumed with alcohol. Symptoms of stomach bleeding (such as the presence of dried and coffee colored blood in cough or stools) should be reported to the doctor immediately.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Lithium Major
This combination is not recommended due to the risk of increase in the lithium levels which may lead to adverse effects .Consider taking alternative medicine after consulting your doctor.
Digoxin Major
This combination is not recommended as it increases the Digoxin levels in the body. This in turn leads to an increase in Digoxin's effects on the heart. Consider taking alternative medicine after consulting your doctor.
Corticosteroids Moderate
Use with caution as this combination will increase the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding. Inform the doctor if you are taking either of the medicines. Consider taking alternative medicine after consulting your doctor.
Antihypertensives Major
If you are taking Antihypertensives with U Too Tablet, then you are at increased risk of kidney damage. This interaction is more likely to happen in the elderly population. Regular monitoring of kidney function is necessary. Advised to maintain adequate hydration and food intake.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering from rib bone fracture, last 4 days and I can't breathing ,its so much difficult for me ,plz help for reduce my pain.

MBBS, MD TUBERCULOSIS AND CHEST DISEASES, Diploma in Tuberculosis & Chest Diseases, Diploma in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Pulmonologist, Kolkata
Inspite of rib bone fracture you'll have to take deep breaths. Analgesics in form of paracetamol and aceclofenac combination will help alleviate your pain. Hot fomentation 10-15 minutes 3-4 times a day Wish you speedy recovery.
1 person found this helpful

aceclofenac+ paracetamol+serratiopeptidase (compare ASP), can it be taken orally in second week of pregnancy. I have swollen gums. Is is safe to take?

BDS, MDS Prosthodontics
Dentist, Delhi
aceclofenac+ paracetamol+serratiopeptidase (compare ASP), can it be taken orally in second week of pregnancy. I have ...
You don?t need to take medication, if needed you can get scaling done, do warm saline rinses. These are hormonal changes during pregnancy due to which swelling of gums take place.

I have problem in smell and taste problem before 5 year. I have taken some medicine as a amoxicillin, fexofenadine, antioxidant ,aceclofenac and paracetamol.

BDS, MDS
Dentist, Gorakhpur
Once medications are over you visit a dentist for professional scaling and polishing, if any cavities are present that can also be filled. Soon you will have fresh breath and taste.

Popular Health Tips

Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

BHMS
Homeopath, Singrauli
Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

Govt bans 344 drugs, including phensedyl, corex
Sr. No. Product name (irrational fdc) 
1 aceclofenac + paracetamol + rabeprazole
2 nimesulide + diclofenac
3 nimesulide + cetirizine + caffeine
4 nimesulide + tizanidine
5 paracetamol + cetirizine + caffeine
6 diclofenac + tramadol + chlorzoxazone
7 dicyclomine + paracetamol + domperidone
8 nimesulide + paracetamol
9 paracetamol + phenylephrine + caffeine
10 diclofenac+ tramadol + paracetamol
11 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorzoxazone + famotidine
12 naproxen + paracetamol
13 nimesulide + serratiopeptidase
14 paracetamol + diclofenac + famotidine
15 nimesulide + pifofenone + fenpiverinium + benzyl alcohol
16 omeprazole + paracetamol + diclofenac
17 nimesulide + paracetamol injection
18 tamsulosin + diclofenac
19 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
20 diclofenac + zinc carnosine
21 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine maleate + magnesium trisillicate
22 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + cetrizine
23 phenylbutazone + sodium salicylate
24 lornoxicam + paracetamol + trypsin
25 paracetamol + mefenamic acid + ranitidine + dicylomine
26 nimesulide + dicyclomine
27 heparin + diclofenac
28 glucosamine + methyl sulfonyl methane + vitamini d3 + maganese + boron + copper + zinc
29 paracetamol + tapentadol
30 tranexamic acid + proanthocyanidin
31 benzoxonium chloride + lidocaine
32 lornoxicam + paracetamol + tramadol
33 lornoxicam + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
34 diclofenac + paracetamol + magnesium trisilicate
35 paracetamol + domperidone + caffeine
36 ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
37 paracetamol + prochlorperazine maleate
38 serratiopeptidase (enteric coated 20000 units) + diclofenac potassium & 2 tablets of doxycycline
39 nimesulide + paracetamol suspension
40 aceclofenac + paracetamol + famotidine
41 aceclofenac + zinc carnosine
42 paracetamol + disodium hydrogen citrate + caffeine
43 paracetamol + dl methionine
44 disodium hydrogen citrate + paracetamol
45 paracetamol + caffeine + codeine
46 aceclofenac (sr) + paracetamol
47 diclofenac + paracetamol injection
48 azithromycin + cefixime
49 amoxicillin + dicloxacillin
50 amoxicillin 250 mg + potassium clavulanate diluted 62.5 mg
51 azithromycin + levofloxacin
52 cefixime + linezolid
53 amoxicillin + cefixime + potassium clavulanic acid
54 ofloxacin + nitazoxanide
55 cefpodoxime proxetil + levofloxacin
56 azithromycin, secnidazole and fluconazole kit
57 levofloxacin + ornidazole + alpha tocopherol acetate
58 nimorazole + ofloxacin
59 azithromycin + ofloxacin
60 amoxycillin + tinidazole
61 doxycycline + serratiopeptidase
62 cefixime + levofloxacin
63 ofloxacin + metronidazole + zinc acetate
64 diphenoxylate + atropine + furazolidonee
65 fluconazole tablet, azithromycin tablet and ornidazole tablets
66 ciprofloxacin + phenazopyridine
67 amoxycillin + dicloxacillin + serratiopeptidase
68 azithromycin + cefpodoxime
69 lignocaine + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + beclomethasone
70 cefuroxime + linezolid
71 ofloxacin + ornidazole + zinc bisglycinate
72 metronidazole + norfloxacin
73 amoxicillin + bromhexine
74 ciprofloxacin + fluticasone + clotrimazole + neomycin is
75 metronidazole + tetracycline
76 cephalexin + neomycin + prednisolone
77 azithromycin + ambroxol
78 cilnidipine + metoprolol succinate + metoprolol tartrate
79 l-arginine + sildenafil
80 atorvastatin + vitamin d3 + folic acid + vitamin b12 + pyridoxine
81 metformin + atorvastatin
82 clindamycin + telmisartan
83 olmesartan + hydrochlorothiazide + chlorthalidone
84 l-5-methyltetrahydrofolate calcium + escitalopram
85 pholcodine + promethazine
86 paracetamol + promethazine
87 betahistine + ginkgo biloba extract + vinpocetine + piracetam
88 cetirizine + diethyl carbamazine
89 doxylamine + pyridoxine + mefenamic acid + paracetamol
90 drotaverine + clidinium + chlordiazepoxide
91 imipramine + diazepam
92 flupentixol + escitalopram
93 paracetamol + prochloperazine
94 gabapentin + mecobalamin + pyridoxine + thiamine
95 imipramine + chlordiazepoxide + trifluoperazine + trihexyphenidyl
96 chlorpromazine + trihexyphenidyl
97 ursodeoxycholic acid + silymarin
98 metformin 1000/1000/500/500mg + pioglitazone 7.5/7.5/7.5/7.5mg + glimepiride
99 gliclazide 80 mg + metformin 325 mg
100 voglibose+ metformin + chromium picolinate
101 pioglitazone 7.5/7.5mg + metformin 500/1000mg
102 glimepiride 1mg/2mg/3mg + pioglitazone 15mg/15mg/15mg + metformin 1000mg/1000mg/1000mg
103 glimepiride 1mg/2mg+ pioglitazone 15mg/15mg + metformin 850mg/850mg
104 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 2mg
105 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 1mg
106 metformin 500mg/500mg+gliclazide sr 30mg/60mg + pioglitazone 7.5mg/7.5mg
107 voglibose + pioglitazone + metformin
108 metformin + bromocriptine
109 metformin + glimepiride + methylcobalamin
110 pioglitazone 30 mg + metformin 500 mg
111 glimepiride + pioglitazone + metformin
112 glipizide 2.5mg + metformin 400 mg
113 pioglitazone 15mg + metformin 850 mg
114 metformin er + gliclazide Mr. + voglibose
115 chromium polynicotinate + metformin
116 metformin + gliclazide + piogllitazone + chromium polynicotinate
117 metformin + gliclazide + chromium polynicotinate
118 glibenclamide + metformin (sr)+ pioglitazone
119 metformin (sustainded release) 500mg + pioglitazone 15 mg + glimepiride 3mg
120 metformin (sr) 500mg + pioglitazone 5mg
121 chloramphenicol + beclomethasone + clomitrimazole + lignocaine
122 of clotrimazole + ofloxaxin + lignocaine + glycerine and propylene glycol
123 chloramphennicol + lignocaine + betamethasone + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + antipyrine
124 ofloxacin + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
125 gentamicin sulphate + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
126 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + ofloxacin + lignocaine
127 becloemthasone + clotrimazole + chloramphenicol + gentamycin + lignocaine ear
128 flunarizine + paracetamole + domperidone
129 rabeprazole + zinc carnosine
130 magaldrate + famotidine + simethicone
131 cyproheptadine + thiamine
132 magaldrate + ranitidine + pancreatin + domperidone
133 ranitidine + magaldrate + simethicone
134 magaldrate + papain + fungul diastase + simethicone
135 rabeprazole + zinc + domperidone
136 famotidine + oxytacaine + magaldrate
137 ranitidine + domperidone + simethicone
138 alginic acid + sodium bicarbonate + dried aluminium hydroxide + magnesium hydroxide
139 clidinium + paracetamol + dicyclomine + activated dimethicone
140 furazolidone + metronidazole + loperamide
141 rabeprazole + diclofenac + paracetamol
142 ranitidine + magaldrate
143 norfloxacin+ metronidazole + zinc acetate
144 zinc carnosine + oxetacaine
145 oxetacaine + magaldrate + famotidine
146 pantoprazole (as enteric coated tablet) + zinc carnosine (as film coated tablets)
147 zinc carnosine + magnesium hydroxide + dried aluminium hydroxide + simethicone
148 zinc carnosine + sucralfate
149 mebeverine & inner hpmc capsule (streptococcus faecalis + clostridium butyricum + bacillus
Mesentricus + lactic acid bacillus)
150 clindamycin + clotrimazole + lactic acid bacillus
151 sildenafil + estradiol valerate
152 clomifene citrate + ubidecarenone + zinc + folic acid + methylcobalamin + pyridoxine + lycopene
+ selenium + levocarnitine tartrate + l-arginine
153 thyroxine + pyridoxine + folic acid
154 gentamycin + dexamethasone + chloramphenicol + tobramycin + ofloxacin
155 dextromethorphan + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + zinc
156 nimesulide + loratadine + phenylephrine + ambroxol
157 bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorepheniramine maleate
158 dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaiphenesin
159 paracetamol + loratadine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
160 nimesulide + phenylephrine + caffeine + levocetirizine
161 azithromycin + acebrophylline
162 diphenhydramine + terpine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride + menthol
163 nimesulide + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
164 paracetamol + loratadine + dextromethophan + pseudoepheridine + caffeine
165 chlorpheniramine maleate + dextromethorphan + dextromethophan + guaiphenesin + ammonium
Chloride + menthol
166 chlorpheniramine maleate + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate
167 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zinc gluconate
168 ambroxol
+ guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
169 dextromethorphen + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine maleate + guaiphenesin
170 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + guaiphenesin
171 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + chlorpheniramine maleate 
172 cetirizine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine +
Menthol
173 hlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + caffeine
174 dextromethorphan + triprolidine + phenylephrine
175 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + menthol
176 chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol syrup
177 enrofloxacin + bromhexin
178 bromhexine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + menthol
179 levofloxacin + bromhexine
180 levocetirizine + phenylephrine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + paracetamol
181 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + paracetamol + menthol
182 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + dextromethorphan+cetirizine
183 diphenhydramine + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + bromhexine
184 chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + paracetamol
185 dextromethorphen + promethazine
186 diethylcabamazine citrate + cetirizine + guaiphenesin
187 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + dextromethophan + menthol
188 ambroxol + terbutaline + dextromethorphan
189 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + guaiphenesin
190 terbutaline + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + dextromethorphan
191 dextromethorphan + tripolidine + phenylephirine
192 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
193 codeine + levocetirizine + menthol
194 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
195 cetirizine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + menthol
196 roxithromycin + serratiopeptidase
197 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine
198 cetirizine + acetaminophen + dextromethorphan + phenyephrine + zinc gluconate 
199 diphenhydramine + guaifenesin + bromhexine + ammonium chloride + menthol
200 chlopheniramine maleate + codeine syrup
201 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc gluconate + menthol
202 paracetamol + phenylephrine + desloratadine + zinc gluconate + ambroxol
203 levocetirizine + montelukast + acebrophylline
204 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + ammonium chloride + menthol
205 acrivastine + paracetamol + caffeine + phenylephrine
206 naphazoline + carboxy methyl cellulose + menthol + camphor + phenylephrine
207 dextromethorphan + cetirizine
208 nimesulide + paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + caffeine
209 terbutaline + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + zinc + menthol
210 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + triprolidine
211 ammomium chloride + bromhexine + dextromethorphan 
212 diethylcarbamazine + cetirizine + ambroxol
213 ethylmorphine + noscapine + chlorpheniramine
214 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + ambroxol
215 ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
216 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + zinc gluconate
217 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + paracetamol + caffeine
218 dextromethophan + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
219 levocetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc
220 paracetamol + phenylephrine + levocetirizine + caffeine
221 chlorphaniramine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride
222 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + phenylephrine + diphenhydramine
223 salbutamol + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + menthol
224 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaifenesin
225 diethyl carbamazine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
226 ketotifen + cetirizine
227 terbutaline + bromhexine + etofylline
228 ketotifen + theophylline
229 ambroxol + salbutamol + theophylline
230 cetririzine + nimesulide + phenylephrine
231 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zink gluconate
232 acetaminophen + guaifenesin + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
233 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tulsi
234 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + ambroxol + caffeine
235 guaifenesin + dextromethorphan
236 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
237 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
238 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
239 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
240 ketotifen + levocetrizine
241 paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephirine + zink gluconate
242 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine + caffeine
243 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + cetirizine
244 caffeine + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine
245 ammonium chloride + dextromethorphan + cetirizine + menthol
246 dextromethorphan + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
247 chlorpheniramine + terpin + antimony potassium tartrate + ammonium chloride + sodium
Citrate + menthol
248 terbutaline + etofylline + ambroxol
249 paracetamol + codeine + chlorpheniramine
250 paracetamol+pseudoephedrine+certirizine+caffeine
251 chlorpheniramine+ammonium chloride + menthol
252 n-acetyl cysteine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + levocertirizine
253 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tripolidine + menthol
254 salbutamol + certirizine + ambroxol
255 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + bromhexine + guaifenesin + chlorpheniramine
256 nimesulide + certirizine + phenylephrine
257 naphazoline + chlorpheniramine + zinc sulphate + boric acid + sodium chloride + chlorobutol
258 paracetamol + bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
259 salbutamol + bromhexine
260 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + certirizine + acetaminophen
261 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamo
262 chlorpheniramine + ammonium chloride + chloroform + menthol
263 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + ambroxol
264 chlorpheniramine + codeine phosphate + menthol syrup
265 pseudoephedrine + bromhexine
266 certirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + caffeine + nimesulide
267 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
268 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
269 ambroxol + salbutamol + choline theophyllinate + menthol
270 paracetamol + chlorpheniramine + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine
271 chlorpheniramine + vasaka + tolubalsm + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + menthol
272 bromhexine + cetrizine + phenylephrine ip+guaifenesin + menthol
273 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + ammonium chloride + chlorpheniramine + menthol
274 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + zinc + menthol
275 terbutaline + n-acetyl l-cysteine + guaifenesin
276 calcium gluconate + levocetirizine
277 paracetamol + levocetirizine + pseudoephedrine
278 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + carbocisteine
279 chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
280 calcium gluconate + chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
281 chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + caffeine
282 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
(as enteric coated granules) 10000 sp units
283 paracetamol + pheniramine
284 betamethasone + fusidic acid + gentamycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline (ichq
285 clobetasol + ofloxacin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
286 clobetasole + gentamicin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
287 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + paracetamol
288 permethrin + cetrimide + menthol
289 beclomethasone + clotimazole + neomycin + lodochlorohydroxyquinone
290 neomycin + doxycycline
291 ciprofloxacin + fluocinolone + clotrimazole + neomycin + chlorocresol
292 clobetasol + ofloxacin + ketoconazol + zinc sulphate
293 betamethasone + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
294 clobetasol + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinone + ketoconazole
295 allantoin + dimethieone + urea + propylene + glycerin + liquid paraffin
296 acriflavine + thymol + cetrimide
297 betamethasone + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorohydroxyquinoline + cholorocresol
298 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + clotrimazole
299 ketoconazole + tea tree oil + allantion + zinc oxide + aloe vera + jojoba oil +
Lavander oil + soa noodels
300 clobetasol propionate + ofloxacin + ornidazole + terbinafine
301 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
302 beclomethasone diproprionate + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline +
Chlorocresol
303 betamethasone + gentamycin + zinc sulphate + clotrimoazole + chlorocresol
304 borax + boric acid + naphazoline + menthol + camphor + methyl hydroxy benzoate
305 bromhexine + dextromethorphan
306 dextromethophan + chlopheniramine + bromhexine
307 menthol + anesthetic ether
308 dextrometharphan + chlopheniramine + ammonium + sodium citrate + menthol
309 ergotamine tartrate + belladona dry extarct+caffeine + paracetamol
310 phenytoin + phenobarbitone
311 gliclazide 40mg + metformin 400mg
312 paracetamol + ambroxol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
313 oflaxacin + ornidazole suspension
314 albuterol + etofylline + bromhexine + menthol
315 albuterol + bromhexine + theophylline
316 salbutamol+hydroxyethyltheophylline (etofylline) + bromhexine
317 paracetamol+phenylephrine+levocetirizine+sodium citrate
318 paracetamol + propyphenazone + caffeine
319 guaifenesin + diphenhydramine + bromhexine + phenylephrine
320 dried alumnium hydroxie gel + prophantheline + diazepam
321 bromhenxine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol
322 beclomethasone + clotrimazole + gentamicin + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
323 telmisartan + metformin
324 ammonium citrate + vitamin b 12 + folic acid + zinc sulphate
325 levothyroxine + phyridoxine + nicotinamide
326 benfotiamine + metformin
327 thyroid + thiamine + riboflavin + phyridoxine + calcium pantothenate + tocopheryl acetate +
Nicotinamide
328 ascorbic acid + manadione sodium bisulphate + rutin + dibasic calcium phosphate +
Adrenochrome mono semicarbazone
329 phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + bromhexine + caffeine
330 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + lignocaine + ofloxacin + acetic aicd + sodium methyl paraben +
Propyl paraben

Avoid this combinations and be safe.

39 people found this helpful

Haemorrhoids - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

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General Surgeon, Kota
Haemorrhoids - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Prevention

Haemorrhoids (also known as piles) are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum or anus. Typical symptoms are pain, itching and bleeding around the anal area. Treatment and prevention will often involve non-prescription ointments, other home treatments and lifestyle changes. Haemorrhoids that don’t clear up may require a visit to your doctor and, in some cases, minor surgery.

Causes

Haemorrhoids are caused by an increase in pressure in the lower rectum from: 

  • straining during bowel movements
  • sitting for long periods of time, especially on the toilet
  • chronic (long lasting) constipation or diarrhoea
  • being overweight or obese
  • pregnancy
  • anal intercourse
  • low-fibre diet
  • spinal cord injury
  • poor posture.

Haemorrhoids are common and occur in most people at some stage during their lives. They tend to occur more frequently later in life due to age-related weakening and stretching of the tissues supporting the veins in the rectum. 

Signs and symptoms

Symptoms often depend on whether a haemorrhoid is located on the inside or outside of the body. 

Internal haemorrhoids lie inside the rectum and usually do not cause discomfort. However, straining or irritation when passing a stool can damage the surface of a haemorrhoid causing it to bleed. Sometimes, straining can push an internal haemorrhoid through the anal opening resulting in a protruding or prolapsed haemorrhoid, which can cause pain and irritation. 

External haemorrhoids lie under the skin around the anus. When irritated they can itch or bleed. Blood can pool inside an external haemorrhoid and form a clot, which causes severe pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Signs and symptoms of haemorrhoids may include: 

  • pain or discomfort, especially when sitting
  • pain during bowel movements
  • itching or irritation around the anal region
  • bright red blood on your stools, toilet paper or in the toilet bowl
  • swelling around the anus
  • one or more lumps near the anus, which might be tender or painful.

Bleeding during bowel movements is the most common sign of haemorrhoids. Rectal bleeding can, however, indicate a more serious condition, such as bowel cancer or anal cancer.  You should consult your doctor if your haemorrhoids:

  • bleed frequently or excessively
  • do not respond to self-treatment
  • if haemorrhoid symptoms have been accompanied by an obvious change in bowel habits
  • if you are passing black or maroon-coloured stools
  • blood clots have formed
  • blood is mixed in with the stool.

Diagnosis

 A visual inspection should allow your physician to see if you have external haemorrhoids. 

Tests and procedures to diagnose internal haemorrhoids may include: 

  • a digital rectal examination in which your doctor inserts a lubricated gloved finger into your rectum to feel for anything unusual, such as growths
  • a visual inspection of the inside of your anal canal and rectum using a viewing device such as an anoscope, proctoscope or sigmoidscope
  • a colonoscopy may be performed to do a more extensive examination of your entire bowel (colon) if your signs and symptoms suggest that you might have another digestive system disease, or if you have risk factors for colorectal cancer

Treatment

Most cases of haemorrhoids can be self-treated. More serious or repeat cases may require medication or a surgical procedure. Haemorrhoids can recur after treatment; hence, they are controlled rather than cured. 

Self-treatment 

Home treatment is often all that is required to relieve mild pain, swelling, and inflammation associated with haemorrhoids. Home treatments include: 

  • use of non-prescription haemorrhoid ointments, creams, suppositories, or pads containing a mild corticosteroid, e.g. hydrocortisone, or witch hazel extract
  • soak the anal area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes two or three times a day
  • use stool softeners, which help stools to be passed more easily
  • ensure that the anal area is kept clean by bathing or showering daily – soap is not necessary and the affected area can be dried with a hair dryer
  • use moist towelettes or wet toilet paper (that do not contain perfume or alcohol) rather than dry toilet paper, to help keep the anal area clean after passing a stool
  • applying ice packs or cold compresses on the affected area can relieve swelling
  • taking oral pain medication, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, can help to relieve discomfort.

Non-surgical and surgical procedures 

For an external haemorrhoid in which a clot has formed, prompt relief can be obtained from your doctor performing a simple incision to remove the clot. 

For persistent bleeding or painful haemorrhoids, the following non-surgical procedures to destroy the haemorrhoid can be performed in a doctor’s office:

  • rubber band ligation, involves using a rubber band to cut off the blood supply to the haemorrhoid causing it to shrivel and die
  • injection (sclerotherapy), involves injecting a substance into the haemorrhoid to make it harden and shrink
  • laser or infrared coagulation, which is a type of heat treatment that causes the haemorrhoid to harden and shrivel.
  • If non-surgical procedures are not successful or if the haemorrhoids are particularly large, one of the following surgical procedures may be necessary:
  • haemorrhoidectomy - removal of a haemorrhoid with a scalpel or laser
  • haemorrhoid stapling - removal of a haemorrhoid with a special staple gun that also inserts a ring of staples to close the wound and prevent bleeding. 

Prevention

Keeping your stools soft is the best way to prevent haemorrhoids from occurring. The following steps can help to prevent haemorrhoids from occurring and reduce symptoms of existing haemorrhoids:

  • eat high-fibre foods
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • consider using fibre supplements
  • avoid straining when on the toilet
  • go to the toilet as soon as you feel the urge
  • get plenty of exercise
  • avoid sitting for long periods.
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All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

MBBS, DNB ( General Surgery)
Liver Transplant Surgeon, Pune
All That You Wanted To Know About Liver Transplantation!

The liver has many functions, including building proteins and other substances for the body to use, removal of waste products and toxins from the blood drug metabolism and energy storage. Liver disease causes these crucial functions to fail and when the failure is too severe to respond to medication liver transplantation may be an option.

Apollo Hospitals is among the few recognized transplantation centers in the country and has one of the largest transplantation registries. As liver transplantation is a major surgical procedure, the patients and family have quite a lot of concern areas. This broucher provides brief answer to frequently asked questions.

The information contain herein is of general nature and should not be construed as specific medical advice. Please consult your doctor for more details.

GLOSSARY

  1. Ascites: A build up of fluid in the abdomen.
  2. Autoimmune: A condition that results when the bile ducts inside and outside the liver don’t have normal openings. Bile becomes trapped in the liver causing jaundice and cirrhosis. If this condition is present from birth then without surgery it may cause death.
  3. Biopsy: Removing a small piece of tissue to view under a microscope.
  4. Cirrhosis: A chronic liver condition cause by scar tissue and damage to cells. Cirrhosis makes it hard for the liver to remove poisons (toxins) like alcohol and drugs from the blood. These toxins build up in the blood and may affect the brain.
  5. Cyclosporine: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  6. Immunosuppressant: Medicines that stop your immune system from attacking bacteria viruses and transplanted organs.
  7. Jaundice: A symptoms of many disorders. Jaundice causes the skin and white of eyes to turn yellow.
  8. Mycophenolate mofetill: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  9. Sirolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  10. Steroids: A group of immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.
  11. Tacrolimus: An immunosuppressant used after transplantation to prevent rejection.

What are the donor organ options that are used for transplantation in children?

  • Reduced size liver graft: a piece of a liver is taken from a beain-dead person(cadaver donor)
  • Living donor transplant: A piece of a liver from adult living donor and is used as a transplant for a child. Over the past 10 year, nearly 1000 of these transplants have been done throughout the world. They have been just as successful as transplants of whole organs. There are some risks of adult donation for transplant to a child. These risks seem to be much smaller than the risks of a living donor transplant to an adult.

Are there technical problems in doing a transplant on a child?

Yes. It is a little more difficult because the blood vessels are very small. Also, the care after surgery must be done in ICUs that can handle such small children.

Do children get the same ani-rejection drugs as adults?

In general, children get the same type of drugs that adults get. However, children may have different side effects. Therefore, only doctors who specialize in this field should handle the follow-up of children after transplants.

What makes a transplant successful?

First, you must have good medical care. Then, families and patients should make every effort to keep in touch with their medical terms. Children who get liver transplants will need to take drugs on schedule, see their doctor often and may need more procedures. All this will help to make transplants successful and will help to give long and healthy lives to the children. So make sure you stay in touch with your transplant team and follow their advice. Ask for counseling when you have any problems.

What does my liver do?

  • It helps digest your food
  • It clears some wastes from your blood
  • It makes proteins that help your blood to clot
  • It helps control the way your body, uses food and works with the body’s defense system
  • It helps use and store vitamins
  • It breaks down many drugs

What are the signs of liver problems?

Some signs of liver problems are:

  • Feeling weak and sick in your stomach and losing appetite
  • Muscle wasting(becoming skin and bones)
  • Fluid build-up in the abdomen(ascites)
  • Yellow skin and eyes(Jaundice)
  • Forgetfulness, confusion or coma(encephalopathy)
  • Swollen hands/ legs
  • Itching
  • Bruising, bleeding easily and nose bleeds
  • Blood in vomitus, bloody/ black bowel movements

What is liver transplantation?

Liver transplantation is surgery to remove a diseased liver and replace it with a healthy one. This kind of surgery has been done for four decades. Across the world thousands of people have had liver transplants and now lead normal lives.

Being tired and losing your appetite can be signs of liver problems. Liver transplants can help adults and children.

PEDIATRIC LIVER TRANSPLANTAION

Liver transplantation is now one of the best treatments for fatal liver diseases in children. New drugs and ways of doing surgery have greatly improved patient survival rates. In the liver transplants for children, there are two main issues.

  1. What caused the liver failure in the first place?
  2. What is the severity of disease process and how soon does the child need a liver transplant.

Why do children need liver transplant?

  • Billiary artesia: This is a disease in which a child is born with no bile ducts. It is the most common reason for liver transplants in children
  • Problems in digesting and using food: ‘Inborn errors of metabolism’ including the following conditions:
  • Alpha-I-antitrypsin deficiency tyrosinemia and wilson’s disease.
  • Lipid storage(Gaucher’s disease, Niemann-pick disease, Wolman’s disease, cholesterol ester storage disease)
  • Carbohydrate storage diseases(galactoserria and glycogen storage diseases)
  • Liver Cancers: Some liver cancers are found only in children
  • Sudden liver failure: This is a sudden liver failure that can cause death. It can have many causes. Mostly it comes from too much paracetamol or other drugs. In this kind of liver failure, a liver transplant can cure the problem if done early.

What is involved in the donor-evaluation process?

Donors undergo a thorough check-up that includes:

  1. Blood tests: Determine donor’s blood type, to see that it matches that of the person in need of the transplant. Blood tests are done to test the donor’s liver, kidney, and thyroid. Other trests are done to check for viruses such as hepatitis and HIV(the virus that causes AIDS)
  2. Physical Examination: If donor and recipient blood types are a close match the donor will get physical examination.
  3. Ultrasound: An ultrasound is done for the liver, other organs and the blood vessels
  4. Other Tests: Such as MRI, and CT Scans, help to give a complete view of the donor’s organs
  5. Tests of the lungs and heart may also be done. It takes 2 to 4 days for a donor to go through these tests. In an emergency situation, it can be done in as little as 48 hours

For how long does the donor remain hospitalized?

Donors stay in the hospital for up to 7 days after surgery. They may spend their first night after surgery in the ICU. The nest day they often go to the general surgical floor where the nurses have experience in caring for liver donors. Donors are encouraged to get out of bed and walk as soon as they are able.

How long before the liver donor is fully recovered?

For the most part, it takes about 4 weeks to recover from surgery. In the month after leaving hospital donors return to the hospital regularly to be checked. Donors often get back to work within 3 to 6 weeks. The medical staff will let you know when it is safe to return to normal life.

What are the donor’s health care costs?

The health insurance of the person who gets the transplant covers the donor’s health care costs. This includes the costs of the check up, doctor’s fess, hospital costs, and follow-up visits after surgery.

What are the reasons for needing a liver transplant?

In adults, the most common reason for liver transplantation is Liver cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is caused by many different types of liver injuries that destroy healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissue. Cirrhosis can be caused by viruses such as hepatitis B and C, alcohol, autoimmune liver disease, build-up of fat in the liver and hereditary liver diseases. Sometimes the cause of liver cirrhosis is not known.

In children, the most common reason for liver transplantation is a billiary atresia. Bile ducts, which are tubes that carry bile out of the liver, are missing or damaged in this disease and obstructed bile causes cirrhosis. Bile helps digest food.

Other reason for needing liver transplantation is certain liver cancers, benign liver tumors, and hereditary diseases.

Sudden or rapidly developing liver failure may sometimes affect children and adults. The common causes of certain viral illness and reaction to some medicines like excess does of pain killers and even certain herbal/ traditional medicines. A liver transplant can save a life if undertaken at the right time.

How will I know whether I need a liver transplant?

Based on your sickness and liver disease status, your doctor may recommend you to the liver transplant unit for further evaluation. You will meet the liver transplant team. The team is usually led by a liver transplant surgeon and includes liver specialists (hepatologists), nurses, and other health care professionals. The transplant team will arrange blood tests, x rays, and other tests to help make the decision about whether you need a transplant and whether a transplant can be carried out safely.

Other aspects of your health like the condition of your heart, lungs, kidneys, immune system, and mental health will also be checked to be sure you’re strong enough for surgery.

Can anyone with liver problems get transplant?

You cannot have transplant if you have

  • Cancer in another part of your body
  • Serious heart, lung or nerve disease
  • Active alcohol or illegal drug abuse
  • An active severe infection
  • Inability to follow your doctor’s instructions

How did living-donor liver transplantation begin and how common is it?

Living donor transplants were first done in children because of the long waiting period for cadaver organs and increasing death rate on the list. It was done in children in the 1980s and is now being done in adults for the last 8 years. In India because of relative lack of cadaveric organs, the majority of transplants are done using living donor organs.

Who can become a donor?

People who want to be liver donor are carefully checked to ensure that they can safely give a part of their liver and that their liver is healthy. The first concern is the safety of the donor as well as being sure that the graft will work for the person in need. The risks to the donor are real. Discuss this with your doctor. In general liver donors must:

  • Be good in health
  • Have a blood type that is a close match to the blood of the person in nedd.
  • Not have a selfish motive for donating

There should be no pressure of any kind on a person to donate part of his liver nor should there be any money given or received.

LIVING DONOR TRANSPLANTATION

What is a living donor liver transplant?

A living-donor transplant is when someone who is alive gives a part of his or her liver to a person who needs a transplant. Family members such as parents, sisters, brothers, adult children or someone close, such as a spouse, may offer to give part of his or her healthy liver. This can be done because a healthy liver can grow new tissues. After the transplant, the liver parts of both the donor and person in need will grow and form complete organs.

What are the benefits of living donor liver transplantation?

The best reason for living donor transplant is that it shortens the waiting time for a liver. The timing of the surgery can be planned. The chance for as successful transplant is increased. Today, thousands of patients await liver transplantation but only handful cadaveric organs become available every year. A living-donor transplant gives those in need an early transplant before their liver failure gets worse and their livers are in danger.

How long does it take to get a new liver?

If the transplant team recommends that you need a transplant, you will be counseled regarding your options of living donor liver transplant or cadaver liver transplant.

If you have a living donor in your family your waiting time could be as short as one week. The living donors and donated livers are tested before transplant surgery. The testing makes sure the liver is healthy, matches your blood type and is the right size so that it has the best chance of working in your body.

In case you do not have a living donor, your name will be placed on a waiting list with your consent. Your blood type, body size and how sick you are, plays a role in deciding your place on the list. Currently, the sickest people are at the top of the list, so you may have to wait your turn.

While you wait for a new liver you and your doctor should talk about what you can do to stron for the surgery. You will also start learning about taking care of a new liver.

Where do the livers for transplantation come from?

Whole livers come from people who are brain dead (heart beat still present). These people are on breathing machines in various hospital ICUs. This type of donor is called “cadaveric donor”. Alternatively, a healthy person in the family can donate a part of his or her liver for the patient with liver failure. This kind of donor is called a ‘living donor’. More information on living donor liver transplantation is included in the latter part of this booklet.

Financial resources/ Health Insurance

You should check to be sure that you will be able to cover the cost of liver transplantation and prescription medicines. You will need certain medicines after the surgery and some for the rest of your life. Check with your employer, health insurance policy or aid organizations if they can support you in part or full.

What happens in the hospital?

When a liver is available, you will be prepared for the surgery. If your new liver is from a living donor, both of you and the donor will be in surgery at the same time. If your new liver is from a person who has recently died, your surgery will start when the new liver arrives at the hospital.

Can I go back to my daily activities?

Yes. After a successful liver transplant, most people can go back to their normal daily activities. Getting your strength back will take some time, depending on how sick you were before the transplant.

You will need to check with your doctor on how long your recovery period will be

  • After recovery, most people are able to go back to work
  • Most people can go back to eating as they eat before. Some medicines may cause you to gain weight others may cause diabetes or rise in your cholesterol. Meal planning and a balance low fat diet can help you remain healthy.
  • Most people can engage in physical activity after a successful liver transplant
  • Most people returned to normal sex life after liver transplantation. It is important for a woman to avoid becoming pregnant in the first year after transplantation.

You should talk to your transplant team about sex and reproduction after transplantation.

If you have any questions, you may check with your doctor before starting any activity.

Eating a healthy diet and taking the medications are part of taking care of your new liver.

What are the other problems that can damage the liver transplant?

Return of the problem that made the transplant necessary in the first place in less than 10% of patients with liver transplants. Also hepatitis C virus may damage a transplant if the patient was infected before the operation took place.

Rarely occurring problems include:

  • Blockage of the blood vessels going into or out of the liver
  • Damage to the tubes that carry bile in to the intestine

What if the transplant doesn’t work?

About 90% transplanted livers are still working after 1 year and about 85% livers are working at 5 years after transplant. If the new liver does not work or if your body rejects it, your doctor and the transplant team will decide whether another transplant is necessary.

How do I take care of my liver after I leave the hospital?

After you leave the transplant center at the hospital, you will see your doctor often to be sure your new liver is working well. You will have regular blood tests to check that your new liver is not being damaged by rejection, infections or problems with blood vessels and bile ducts. You will need to avoid sick people and report any illness to your doctor. You will need to eat a healthy diet, exercise and not drink alcohol. You should only use medicines, including ones you can buy without a prescription, after counseling your doctor. It is important to do what your doctor says to take care of your new liver.

During Surgery

The surgery can take from 6 to 14 hours. While the surgeon removes your diseased liver, other doctors will prepare the new liver.

The surgeon will disconnect your diseased liver from your bile ducts and blood vessels before removing it. The blood that flows into your liver will be blocked or sent through a machine to return to the rest of your body. The surgeon will put the healthy liver in place and reconnect it to your bile ducts and blood vessels. Your blood will then flow into your new liver.

After Surgery

You will stay in the hospital for an average 2 to 3 weeks to be sure your new liver is working. You will take medicines to prevent rejection of your new liver and to prevent infections. Your doctor will check for bleeding, infections and rejection. During this time you will start to learn how to take care of yourself and use your medicines to protect your new liver after you go home.

In the hospital, you will start eating again. You will start with clear liquids, then switch to solid food as your new liver starts to work.

What are the likely complications following a liver transplant?

Minor wound infection and discharge of liquefied fat is seen in about 10% of people. This will settle with little or no intervention. Major wound infection needing another surgery is extremely rare.

By now you are aware that liver transplantation involves making a lot of connections. There is an extremely small chance that these connections can become too tight or too loose. We have a very highly trained team of doctors who are able to treat them with minimally invasive techniques without resorting to another surgery.

Hepatic Artery Thrombosis (HAT) / Clotting of the hepatic artery is a rare complication seen in less than 4% of the patients and portal vein thrombosis is even rarer and is seen in less than 1% of the patients. When identified, the clot will have to be removed and it will involve another surgery. In spite of all this, if we are not successful, re-transplantation will be necessary.

What is rejection?

Rejection occurs when your body’s natural defenses, called the immune system, damage the new liver. Your immune system keeps you healthy by fighting against things that don’t belong in your body, such as bacteria and viruses. After a transplant, it is common for your immune system to fight against the liver and try to destroy it.

How is rejection prevented?

To keep your body from rejecting the new liver, you will have to take medicines. These drugs such as tacrolimus, cyclosporine, steroids, sirolimus and mycophenolate mofetil are called immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants weaken your immune system’s ability to reject your new liver.

Do immunosuppressants have any side effects?

Yes. You can get infections more easily because these drugs weaken your immune system. You will need to stay away from people who are sick. These drugs may also increase your blood pressure, cause your cholesterol to rise, cause diabetes, weaken your bones and may damage your kidneys in the long run. Steroid drugs may also cause changes in how you look by causing weight gain. Your doctor and the transplant team will monitor these effects and treat you for any complications that may occur.

What are the signs of rejection?

Doctors will check your blood for liver enzymes at the first sign of rejection. Often rejection does not make you feel ill. Sometimes rejections can cause- pain, fever, jaundice, and changes in liver function tests.

Often a liver biopsy is needed to diagnose rejection. For a biopsy, the doctor takes a small piece of the liver to examine under a microscope. Blood tests will show if the new liver is being rejected.

Why liver is an important organ of the body?

The liver is one of the largest organs in your body. It helps digest the food you eat and convert it into energy. It also helps fight infections and cleans your blood, thus making it a very vital organ.

How lifestyle can affect the health of liver?

Due to our changing life style patterns, alcohol is consumed either as a status symbol or to cope up with stress. Alcohol puts a lot of stress on the liver, such continuous state of stress usually results in liver damage.

What are the different common diseases related to liver?

Cirrhosis, Viral hepatitis (Most common form across the world are Hepatitis A, B & C), fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disorders are the common disease of liver.

What is a liver transplant and why is it done?

Simply put ‘Liver Transplantation’ is surgery to remove a diseased or injured liver and replace it with a healthy one from another person, also called as a donor.In adults, the most common reason for needing a liver transplant is ‘Cirrhosis’. This is caused by various different types of diseases which destroy the healthy liver cells and replace them with scar tissues.

What are the types of liver transplants?

There are two types of liver transplants – Living Donor and Deceased Donor Transplants. In case of the 'living donor' Liver Transplant, a portion of Liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in the recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, the liver regenerates to necessary size in about 6 to 8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate. In deceased donor liver transplants, the donor is a brain dead person.

How much time is needed for patient to recover after liver transplant?

Recovery time ranges from 1 to 2 weeks. Proper care, follow-up and life-long medications are required for the new Liver to function properly.

Can liver grow back to normal after the transplant?

Yes. Liver is the only organ which can regenerate in case of living donor liver transplant, a portion of liver from the living donor is removed and transplanted in recipient patient. In both recipient and donor, liver regenerates to necessary size in 6-8 weeks. Only near relatives can donate liver in this case.

What does Sahyadri Hospital has in offering for Liver care?

Sahyadri Hospitals has an A-Z Liver Wellness Clinic dedicated for management of all types of diseases related to Liver, Pancreas, Bile ducts & Gall bladder. It Offers state-of-the-art facilities for Liver, Kidney & Pancreas Transplant with 24/7 availability of dedicated multi-disciplinary ‘Liver Team’, including Hepatologist, Critical Care Physicians and Liver Transplant Surgeons, a well-equipped Intensive care unit with dedicated nurses, physiotherapist and nutritionist.

What are the major risks in donating?

As with any major surgery, there will be pain from the incision, which will get better with time. Other risks to the donor include bleeding, infection, and temporary bile leaks. Fatalities in transplantation have been reported from certain transplant centers in the world but it is rare. Most have full recoveries and are healthy. Discuss regarding risk to the donors with your transplant surgeon.

What happens during donor surgery?

The incision is the shape of mirror image of ‘L’. The gallbladder is always removed. The donor’s liver is split into two parts. One part is removed for the transplantation. The surgeon then closes the wound with sutures and staples. There are later removed at a follow-up visit to the surgeon’s office. The liver begins to heal and grow new tissue. It takes about 8-21 weeks for the liver to grow back to its normal size.

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Chicken Pox - 10 Ways To Manage The Symptoms!

MEM , Diploma In Geriatric, MBBS
General Physician, Panchkula
Chicken Pox - 10 Ways To Manage The Symptoms!

Chicken Pox is an extremely infectious viral disease that leads to itchy blister like formations ((rashes)) on the skin. It can also be accompanied by mild fever and a general loss of appetite. The pathogen responsible for this disease is the ‘Varicella-Zoster’ virus. It usually affects children under the age of 15, but it can affect an adult too and in such a case, the symptoms are usually more severe. Vaccination is generally recommended in order to prevent the occurrence of this disease.

Tips to manage the Symptoms

  1. To tackle symptoms such as high fever, paracetamol is generally administered.
  2. Calamine lotion might be applied on to the rashes to manage the severe itching. Emollient (soothing) creams can also be applied to ease the effects of the rash.
  3. An antihistamine (eases out the itch and also makes one feel a bit drowsy) can also be administered if the itch happens to cause extreme discomfort.
  4. You should trim your fingernails to prevent any deep accidental scratches as that will only worsen the symptoms.
  5. The patient’s clothes and his immediate surroundings must be properly disinfected.
  6. The fabric should be strictly limited to cotton so the infected person doesn’t feel overly hot or cold. Cotton is a comfortable wear as well.
  7. Drink sufficient water to keep yourself hydrated and flush out the toxins from the body.
  8. The diet should be kept simple and absolutely non-spicy. Mild stews are a good option. Plain chicken soup works fine as well.
  9. A medication called ‘acyclovir’ is sometimes administered as it can help pacify the effects of the virus to an extent; if taken within 24 hours of the onset of the rashes.
  10. Limit alcohol consumption and quit smoking. Try and turn a new leaf with respect to your lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle devoid of such unhealthy habits can strengthen your immune system. A strong well-functioning immune system goes a long way in preventing diseases of different kinds. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.
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Homeopathy Treatment For Chicken Pox!

MD - Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Homeopathy Treatment For Chicken Pox!

One of the most pervasively contagious diseases known to affect our lives, chickenpox affects almost every 9 out of 10 children. Even adults suffer from this disease occasionally. Caused by a special breed of the herpes virus, chickenpox manifests itself on the infected person in the form of reddish blisters all over the body. Moderate fever, loss of appetite, fatigue, weakness are some of the most common symptoms of chickenpox. A general feeling of malaise prevails in the course of the disease.

It is recommended that the infected person is kept in isolation for a span of seven days. While recuperation usually happens in the natural process, it is time sustaining. One also has to partake numerous antiviral drugs and paracetamols to abate the symptoms of chickenpox. One of the most prominent side effects is acute weakness. Thus, as an alternative therapy, one may approach homeopathic remedies. These not only heal in the most natural way, but also avert all kinds of possible side effects. Homeopathy helps in rebuilding the body’s immunity system for a speedier recovery.

Some of the most reliable remedies are listed as follows.

  1. Aconitum: This largely helps in keeping the body hydrated and therefore keeps the signs of weaknesses at bay. It also keeps the temperature fluctuations in control.
  2. Antimonium Crud: Antimonium Crud reduces the skin irritability and itchy pustules which are symptomatic of chicken pox. It also relieves the patient of white disposition on the tongue and thus helps in gaining back the appetite. However, the patient must be at rest throughout for Antimonium Crud to work effectively.
  3. Apis: Certain bouts of chicken pox leave an unhealthy stench on the patient’s body. Apis helps in bettering it. It also soothes the sting that one might have to endure from the scabs of chicken pox.
  4. Belladonna: Certain chronic forms of chicken pox result in hot flushes, headaches and sleeplessness. Belladonna helps in curing all such symptoms and palliating all such sufferings during chicken pox.
  5. Rhus Tox: One of the reliable remedies for the extreme itching sensation that affects the patient suffering from chicken pox, Rhus Tox is extremely beneficial for regaining body strength also. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
3200 people found this helpful